Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 9-10

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Foeniculum vulgare Mill.


Foeniculum vulgare Mill. 


Myanmar: samon-sabar, samon-saba. English: fennel.


Native to the Old World. Now worldwide in tropical and temperate climates; perennial in temperate regions. Cultivated at altitudes up to 1.8 km. In Myanmar, found in Shan.


Whole plant: Used as a digestive and circulatory stimulant, to promote good heart functioning, and to treat a sluggish bowel. Leaf: Juice from the crushed leaves consumed to improve urinary functioning and for urinary tract infections. Fruit: Used as galactogogue and stomachic. Seed: Oil extracted from the seeds is an ingredient in remedies for gastrointestinal problems, including flatulence. A water extract made from fennel seeds soaked overnight in water is sipped to reduce fever; seeds are also eaten to reduce phlegm, flatulence, coughs, nausea, and vomiting. A tea made from seeds steeped in boiling water and then cooled is given to babies with colic and indigestion. Fennel crushed together with young bael ( Aegle marmelos  ) fruits is taken for indigestion and diarrhea. A mixture of equal parts fennel and sugar is taken at bedtime as a remedy for eye infections.


Medicinal uses of this species in India are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991). Medicinal use of this species in China is discussed by Duke and Ayensu (1985).


Nordal (1963), Agricultural Corporation (1980).