Heterospilus sinuatus Marsh

Marsh, Paul M., Wild, Alexander L. & Whitfield, James B., 2013, The Doryctinae (Braconidae) of Costa Rica: genera and species of the tribe Heterospilini, ZooKeys 347, pp. 1-474: 164-165

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.347.6002

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:52232D18-DD78-4A84-882C-ACA428B4A9D2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/20AEABE6-F88B-406E-B02A-EBB32A302D8B

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:20AEABE6-F88B-406E-B02A-EBB32A302D8B

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Heterospilus sinuatus Marsh
status

sp. n.

Heterospilus sinuatus Marsh  sp. n. Figure 112

Female.

Body size: 2.5-3.5 mm. Color: body entirely honey yellow; scape yellow without lateral longitudinal brown stripe, flagellum yellow basally to brown apically; legs yellow; wing veins brown, stigma yellow. Head: vertex transversely striate; frons transversely striate; face rugose; temple in dorsal view broad, not sloping behind eye, width about 1/2 eye width; malar space less than 1/4 eye height; ocell-ocular distance about 1.5 times diameter of lateral ocellus; 19-25 flagellomeres. Mesosoma: mesoscutal lobes granulate; notauli scrobiculate, meeting at scutellum in triangular rugose area; scutellum granulate; prescutellar furrow with one distinct cross carina; mesopleuron usually smooth, often weakly granulate; precoxal sulcus smooth, shorter than mesopleuron; venter granulate; propodeum with basal median areas margined, granulate, basal median carina absent, areola not distinctly margined, areolar area rugose, lateral areas entirely rugose. Wings: fore wing vein r usually slightly shorter than vein 3RSa, occasionally equal, vein 1cu-a beyond vein 1M, vein RS+Ma distinctly curved or sinuate; hind wing vein SC+R present, vein M+CU equal in length to vein 1M. Metasoma: first tergum longitudinally costate, apical width equal to length; second tergum longitudinally costate; anterior transverse groove present, straight; posterior transverse groove present; third tergum costate basally, smooth apically; tergum 4 costate basally, smooth apically; terga 5-7 smooth; ovipositor as long as terga 1+2 combined.

Male.

Essentially as in female; hind wing with small stigma at base.

Holotype female.

Top label (white, partially printed and hand written) - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: (blank) [;] Dates: 4-24.v.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label (white, printed) - [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible; third label (red, partially printed and hand written) - HOLOTYPE [;] Heterospilus [;] sinuatus [;] P. Marsh. Deposited in ESUW.

Paratypes.

7 ♀♀, same data as holotype, except dates of 23. iii– 13.iv.1986, 13. iv– 4.v.1986, 24. v– 14.vi.1986, 23. vi– 13.iv.1986, 28.xii.85-18.i.1986, 14. viii– 6.ix.1986, 31. i– 21.ii.1987, and second labels as follows: [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully isolated part of day; [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible; [BH] Bosque Humedo [;] mature evergreen dry forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated part of day; [H] open regenerating [;] woodland <10 years old [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible; [H] open regenerating [;] woodland <10 year old [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated pert of day (ESUW). 1 ♀, Costa Rica, Guanacaste Pr. [;] Guan. Conservation Area [;] Santa Rosa Hdq., 200m [;] Malaise trap 26-30-VI-1997 [;] 3x night L.J. van der Ent (ESUW). 1 ♀, Costa Rica, Guanacaste Pr. [;] Guan. Conservation Area [;] Santa Rosa hdq., 200m [;] lighttrap, 7-VII-1997 [;] L.J. van der Ent (ESUW). 1 ♀, Costa Rica, Guanacaste [;] PN Guanacaste, 7km E HQ [;] near "small house" [;] 9.iii.1990, J. S. Noyes. 1 ♀, top label, Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa National Pk. [;] 300m, Malaise, Ian Gauld [;] 24. v– 14.vi.1986; second label, Bosque san Emilio [;] 50yr Old deciduous [;] forest, sun (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, top label - COSTA RICA [;] Guanacaste Prov. [;] D.H.Janzen et al. [;] #VI-20 - 1972.027 and 016; second label - Taboga, 16km. [;] SW. Canas, Savannah [;] grassland 27Jan1972 [;] Bauhinia pauletia; third label - Bruchids: [;] Gibbobruchus [;] guanacaste [;] G. cristicollis (NMNH). 1 ♀, 2 ♂♂, top label - COSTA RICA [;] Guanacaste Prov. [;] D.H.Janzen et al. [;] #VI-20 - 1972.027; second label - LaPacificaRanch ][;] 6km. N. Canas [;] Jan 20 1972; third label - Bauhinia glabra; fourth label - bruchids: [;] Caryedes [;] x-liturus [;] C. cavatus (NMNH). 1 ♀, top label - E.J.N., M. Ag.21km [;] S.Canas, Guanacaste, [;] Costa Rica, Malaise [;] Trap, VII-29-1990 (TAMU).

Biology.

Reared from Bauhinia pauletia  and Bauhinia glabra  invested with the bruchids Gibbobruchus guanacaste  , Gibbobruchus cristicollis  , Caryedes x-liturus  and Caryedes cavatus  .

Comments.

This species is distinguished by the distinctly curved or sinuate fore wing vein RS+Ma, the yellow body, prescutellar furrow with one cross carina and short ocell-ocular distance

Etymology.

The specific name is from the Latin sinuatus, meaning curved or bent, in reference to the distinctly curved fore wing vein RS+Ma.