Sinoe chambersi Lee

Lee, Sangmi & Brown, Richard L., 2012, Review of the genus Sinoe (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) with descriptions of two new species, Zootaxa 3332, pp. 49-59 : 55-57

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.208573

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6170251

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/F01E87EA-7A60-E66A-FF2A-D887FAC0FCD5

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sinoe chambersi Lee
status

sp. nov.

Sinoe chambersi Lee , sp. nov.

( Figs. 4 −6 View FIGURES 1 − 9 , 11 View FIGURES 10 − 12 , 14 View FIGURES 13 − 15 )

Description. Adult ( Figs. 4−6 View FIGURES 1 − 9 ): Wing length 11.4−11.6 mm. Head white mixed with gray and brown. Thorax gray mixed with white. Antennae brownish gray, 2 / 3 length of forewing, each flagellomere with basal row of scales dark brown and apical row gray. Labial palpi with outer side of second segment dark brown, some specimens with white annuli beyond middle and at tip, inner side white; third segment white with two black annuli. Forewing dark gray to brown, subbasal fascia dark brown, with a brown basal patch extending from subbasal fascia to base and from dorsum to near R vein, some specimens with dark brown median spot at base; costa with two dark brown spots, one at 1 / 3 length and one at 2 / 3 length, some specimens with a third dark brown spot near base; discal cell with dark brown median streak, some specimens with streak surrounded by brown; apical area with black median streak beyond discal cell and dorsum with dark brown spot at 2 / 3 length. Hindwing light gray or brown with brown or gray fringe; male with yellow hair pencil at base and narrow line of yellowish orange sex scales from base to CuA 2.

Male genitalia ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 10 − 12 ). Uncus squared with apical margin convex, 2 x length of gnathos; gnathos stout, spatulate, middle of gnathos broader than base, 0.5 x length of tegumen; valva with costal part slender, longer than tegumen, with bulbous base; saccular part absent; vinculum projecting posteriorly as pair of spatulate processes, sparsely setose on basal 1 / 3, densely setose on apical 2 / 3, apices rounded, almost 1 / 3 x length of phallus; phallus 1.5 x length of costal part of valva, with a cornutus, fulcrum not developed.

Female genitalia ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 13 − 15 ). Apophyses posteriores 2.5 x length of apophyses anteriores; apophyses anteriores 2 x length of abdominal segment VIII; sterigma sclerotized, cone-shaped; signum hook-shaped with basal end having lateral flanges.

Diagnosis. S. chambersi can be distinguished from other species of Sinoe by the forewing having a brown basal patch extending from the subbasal fascia to the wing base ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 1 − 9 ), a dark brown median streak in the discal cell, and the male hindwing with a hair pencil at base. The male genitalia differ by having the uncus squared apically, the valva with costal part present and saccular part absent, and the vinculum projecting posteriorly as a pair of spatulate processes. The female genitalia have a cone-shaped sterigma surrounding the ostium bursae ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 13 − 15 ).

Holotype. Male, Mississippi, 6 mi SW Starkville, 24 Feb 1985, R.L. Brown and B.B. Brown (genitalia slide MEM 1754). Deposited in USNM.

Paratypes (n= 136: 102 males, 34 females). CANADA: Alberta: Lac La Biche, 20−30 km E Torchwood Lake Rd., Rge 10 Twp 67 Sec 32 W4, 18 May 1995, D. Langor et al. (1m 3, 6Ƥ). Buck Lake, 54.656 ºN 112.522 ºW, 31 May 2007, M. Schwarzfeld (13). Dunvegan Provincial Park, 55.9256 ºN 118.594 ºW, 10 May 2006, J.J. Dombroskie & S. Bromilow (33). Edmonton, University of Alberta campus, 28 Apr 1983, J.-F. Landry (13). Wagner Bog, 53.5652 ºN 113. 832 ºW, 15 May 2006, J.J. Dombroskie et al. (13). Manitoba: Aweme, 5 May 1920, N. Criddle (13), 10 May 1930 (23, 1Ƥ). Ontario: Algonquin Park, Beechnut Lake Rd., 2 May 1999, J.J. Dombroskie (13); Canisbay Township, Old railway bike trail nr Pog Lake Dam, 1 May 2001, J.J. Dombroskie (13); East Beach, 9 May 2003, J.J. Dombroskie et al. (13); Peck Township, Found Lake Staffhouse, 1 May 2001, J.J. Dombroskie (1 Ƥ), 10 May 2003 (1 Ƥ); Source Lake Rd., 5 May 2003, J.J. Dombroskie (1 Ƥ). Merivale, 2 May 1938, T.N. Freeman (13). Ottawa, 22 Apr 1906, C.H. Young (13, 1Ƥ). Quebec: Gatineau, Aylmer, Ch. Klock, 45.43933 ºN 75.8535 ºW, 10 May 1993, B. Landry (13); Ch. Park, 45.39675 ºN 75.8436 ºW, 6 May 1993, B. Landry (13); Parc de la Gatineau, Mt. King, 45.49059 ºN 75.8671 ºW, 23 May 1993, B. Landry (1 Ƥ), 18 May 1989 (1 Ƥ); Hull, Manoir des Trembles, rue des Chardonnerets, 80 m, 45.42283 ºN 75.7699 ºW, 5 May 1987, J.-F. Landry (43, 1Ƥ); Hull, 26 Apr 1938, G.W. Walley (1 Ƥ). Pontiac, Luskville, 45.54 ºN 76.022 ºW, 15 May 1991, B. Landry & S. Laplante (23). St. Mathieu-du-Parc, Lac Bellemare, 46.5841 ºN 72.9368 ºW, 6 May 1999, L.-P. Landry (13). Montérégie, Mont- Saint-Hilaire, Chemin des Lots, 45.50583 ºN 73.1333 ºW, 23 Apr 2007, A. Charpentier (3 Ƥ); 545, boul. Laurier, 45.56889 ºN 73.1806 ºW, 7 May 2005, A. Charpentier (33); Rang des Étangs, 45.54111 ºN 73.1842 ºW, 25 May 2006, A. Charpentier (13); Réserve naturel Gault, Le refuge, 45.54139 ºN 73.1544 ºW, 30 Apr 2006, A. Charpentier (13); Réserve naturel Gault, le pré, 45.54111 ºN 73.1603 ºW, 30 May 2006, A. Charpentier (13); Chemin des Lots, 45.50583 ºN 73.1333 ºW, 23 Apr 2007, A. Charpentier (13). Rougemont, Érablière Mont Rouge, 45.61361 ºN 72.9833 ºW, 3 Jun 2005, A. Charpentier (13); Saint-Hyacinthe, Parc des Salines, 45.65167 ºN 72.96 ºW, 7 May 2007, A. Charpentier (63, 1Ƥ). Chelsea, 7 May 1936, W.J. Brown (23, 1Ƥ). USA: Alabama: Madison Co., Maysville, Berry Mtn., T 3 SR 2 E,Sec8, 16 Feb 2002, R.L. Brown and H. Grisham (33, genitalia slide MEM 1757). California: El Dorado Co., S Rd. 193 at Greenwood Creek, 9 Mar 1997, B. Landry (13). Indiana: Elk Co., 18 Apr 1998, J. Vargo (13), 22 Mar 2000 (13), 24 Mar 2000 (93, 1Ƥ). Michigan: St. Joe Co., 30 Apr 1999, J. Vargo (1 Ƥ). Mississippi: Forrest Co., Brooklyn, 26 Jan − 15 Feb 1997, R. Kergosien (1 Ƥ). Grenada Co., 5 mi S Holcomb, 33 º 41 ’ 51 ”N 90 º01’ 47 ”W, 8 Feb 1994, R.L. Brown and D. Pollock (83, wholebody slide MEM 2240, genitalia slide MEM 1753). Lowndes Co., T 17 NR 16 E, Sec 34, Black Belt Prairie, 18 Feb 1994, D.M. Pollock (33, genitalia slide MEM 1478). Oktibbeha Co., Starkville, Mississippi State University, 6 Mar 1991, R.L. Brown (23, genitalia slide MEM 1485); 3 mi W of Adaton, 33 º 29 ’00”N 88 º 58 ’ 13 ”W, 21 Feb 1996, T.L. Schiefer (13), 23 Feb 1996 (13, genitalia slide MEM 1757); 5 mi S of Starkville, 33 º 22 ’ 47 ”N 88 º 49 ’ 44 ”W, 30 Jan 2002, R. Brown and S. Lee (13, 1Ƥ, Ƥ wholebody slide MEM 1736); T 19 NR 15 E, Sec 6, 20 Mar 1991, D.M. Pollock (1 Ƥ); 6 mi SW Starkville, 4 Feb 1985, R.L. Brown and B.B. Brown (13), 9 Mar 1986 (1 Ƥ, genitalia slide MEM 2445), 11 Mar 1986 (1 Ƥ, wholebody slide MEM 2241); Dorman Lake, 22 Mar 1984, R.L. Brown (1 Ƥ, genitalia slide MEM 2986). Tishomingo Co., Tishomingo St. Pk., 10 Mar 1986, S. Cho (13). Warren Co., Vicksburg, 29 Jan 2002, R. Patterson (13), 3 Feb 2002 (13), 14 Feb 2003 (13). Winston Co., Tombigbee Natl. Forest, 33 º 10 ’ 20 N 89 º03’ 55 W, 9 Feb 1999, R.L. Brown, J. MacGown (13, wholebody slide MEM 1735), 33 º 12 ’ 53 ”N 89 º06’ 10 ”W, 23 Mar 1990, D.M. Pollock (1 Ƥ), 23 Mar 1990, J. MacGown (13, genitalia slide MEM 1756). Ohio: Cincinnati, 7 May 1904, A.F. Braun (2 Ƥ, genitalia slide USNM 94326). Tennessee: Sevier Co., Great Smoky Mtns. N.P., 35 º 41 ’ 56 ”N 83 º 33 ’05”W, 30 Mar 2006, S. Lee and J.G. Hill (113, 6Ƥ), 31 Mar 2006 (73, 1Ƥ). Wilson Co., Cedars of Lebanon S.F., 36 º05’ 26 ”N 86 º 22 ’ 41 ”W, 8 Mar 2000, R.L. Brown (13, genitalia slide MEM 1756). Pennsylvania: Susquehanna Co., Dimock, 1 Jun 1968, D.F.B. (1 Ƥ, genitalia slide USNM 94331). Paratypes deposited in CNC, MEM and USNM.

Distribution and flight period. This species has a wide distribution extending in the United States from Pennsylvania to Mississippi and also in California and in Canada from Alberta to Quebec with flight times from January to June. The single record from California identified by barcode data and confirmed by dissection of genitalia and may represent an introduction (J.-F. Landry, personal communication.)

Biology. Host data are lacking for this new species, but it differs from S. robiniella by its earlier flight period. Sinoe chambersi is a spring species that flies during late January through March in southern latitudes and March through June in northern latitudes. The early flight periods of S. chambersi before trees have leaves suggest that oviposition occurs in leaf buds or on flowers of its host.

In the northern parts of its distribution in Alberta, Canada, e.g., Lac La Biche and Dunvegan, the species occurs in the boreal zone where plant diversity is limited. Potential hosts among deciduous trees include aspen, poplar, birch, and dogwood as well as Amelanchier and wild rose (J.-F. Landry, personal communication).

Etymology. The specific epithet is a patronym for V.T. Chambers, to recognize his work on Gelechiidae .

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Gelechiidae

Genus

Sinoe