Sinoe kwakae Lee

Lee, Sangmi & Brown, Richard L., 2012, Review of the genus Sinoe (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) with descriptions of two new species, Zootaxa 3332, pp. 49-59 : 57-58

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.208573

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6170253

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/F01E87EA-7A6E-E66B-FF2A-DDC0FCD1FBD6

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sinoe kwakae Lee
status

sp. nov.

Sinoe kwakae Lee , sp. nov.

( Figs. 7 −9 View FIGURES 1 − 9 , 12 View FIGURES 10 − 12 , 15 View FIGURES 13 − 15 )

Description. Adult ( Figs. 7−9 View FIGURES 1 − 9 ): Wingspan 9.2−12.4 mm. Head white mixed with gray and brown. Thorax white mixed with gray. Antennae brown, 2 / 3 length of forewing, each flagellomere with basal row of scales dark brown and apical row gray. Labial palpi with outer side of second segment dark brown with white annuli at 2 / 3 length and at apex, inner side white; third segment white with two dark brown annuli. Forewing dark gray to brown, subbasal fascia dark brown, with dark brown median spot at base; costa with three dark brown spots, one near base, one on 1 / 3 length, one on 2 / 3 length; a dark brown median streak beyond discal cell, surrounded by brown; terminal area with black median streak beyond discal cell; dorsum with dark brown spot at 2 / 3 length. Hindwing light gray or brown with silvery brown or gray fringe, male with yellowish orange sex scales on anal margin from base to CuA 2, on cubital vein from near base to margin, and on costal margin.

Male genitalia ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 10 − 12 ). Uncus squared with apical margin concave, 2 x length of gnathos; gnathos broader and pointed to apex, 0.5 x length of tegumen; valva without costal part and with saccular part club shaped, without seta; vinculum projecting posteriorly as pair of spatulate processes, sparsely setose from base to apex, almost 0.5 x length of phallus, apices rounded; phallus without cornuti, 2 x length of saccular valva, fulcrum not developed.

Female genitalia ( Fig. 15 View FIGURES 13 − 15 ). Apophyses posteriores 2 x length of apophyses anteriores; apophyses anteriores 2 x length of abdominal segment VIII; sterigma sclerotized, ring-shaped; signum hook-shaped with posterior end having lateral flanges.

Diagnosis. S. kwakae can be distinguished from S. fuscopalidella by the forewing with two medial streaks, the male hindwing with yellowish orange sex scales, the male genitalia with the uncus squared apically, the gnathos being half the length of the uncus, the vinculum having spatulate processes, and the female genitalia with a ringshaped sterigma. S. kwakae can be distinguished from S. chambersi by the forewing with an incomplete basal patch, the male hindwing without a hairpencil and with yellowish orange sex scales on cubital vein and costal margin, the male genitalia without the costal part of the valva, the vinculum projections being sparsely setose from base to apex, the phallus lacking cornuti, and the female with a ring-shaped sterigma.

Holotype. Male, Alabama: Baldwin Co., Bon Secour NWR, 30 º 15 ’ 46 ”N 87 º 45 ’ 27 ”W, 12 May 1994, R.L. Brown and D. Pollock. Deposited in USNM.

Paratypes (n= 49: 27 3, 22 Ƥ). USA: Alabama: Baldwin Co., Bon Secour NWR, T 9 SR 2 E,Sec 25 N, 11 Oct 1991, R. Brown and D. Pollock (13, 1Ƥ, 3 genitalia slide MEM 1455, Ƥ genitalia slide MEM 2446), T 9 SR 2 E,Sec24, 18 Jan 1993, R.L. Brown (13, 1Ƥ, 3 genitalia slide MEM 1489), T 9 SR 2 E,Sec 25 S, 12−16 Oct 1991, R.L. Brown and D. Pollock (2 Ƥ), 30 º 15 ’ 46 ”N 87 º 45 ’ 27 ”W, 12 May 1994, R.L. Brown and D. Pollock (1 Ƥ, genitalia slide MEM 2444); Weeks Bay NER Res., 30 º 25 ’03”N 87 º 49 ’ 50 ”W, 5−6 Apr 2002, R.L. Brown and S. Lee (13, genitalia slide MEM 1446). Monroe Co., Haines Island Park, 31 º 43 ’ 23 ”N 87 º 28 ’ 10 ”W, 30 May 1995, J. MacGown and R.L. Brown (13). Florida: Hillsborough Co., T 30 SR 18 E,Sec15, 18 Dec 1990, D.M. Pollock (2 Ƥ). Georgia: Emanuel Co., Ohoopee Dunes N.A., 32 º 31 ’ 51 ”N 82 º 27 ’ 23 ”W, 18 Jun 2002, R.L. Brown and S. Lee (1 Ƥ). Louisiana: Bossier Parish, Barksdale A.F.B., 32 º 31 ’ 13 N 93 º 35 ’ 46 W, 21 May 1996, R.L. Brown and D. Pollock (13, genitalia slide MEM 1459), 9 May 1996, D.M. Pollock (2 Ƥ), 32 º 29 ’ 29 ”N 93 º 35 ’07”W, 21 May 1996, R.L. Brown and D. Pollock (13), 5 May 1996, D.M. Pollock (1 Ƥ), 13 Sep 1996, R.L. Brown (1 Ƥ), 32 º 30 ’ 42 ”N, 93 º 32 ’ 42 ”W, 18 May 1996, R.L. Brown (13, genitalia slide MEM 1758), 21 Aug 1996, D.M. Pollock (1 Ƥ), 32 º 29 ’00”N 93 º 35 ’ 29 ”W, 17 May 1996, R.L. Brown (13, 1Ƥ, 3 genitalia slide MEM 1482), 32 º 43 ’05”N 93 º 31 ’ 43 ”W, 20 May 1996, R.L. Brown and D. Pollock (2 Ƥ, genitalia slide MEM 2826). Mississippi: George Co., 4.5 mi NNW Lucedale, T 1 SR 6 W, Sec 6 E, 11 Mar 1991, D.M. Pollock (13, genitalia slide MEM 1488). Grenada Co., T 21 NR 2 E, Sec 12,13N &R 3 E, Sec 7 S, 18 N, 21−28 May 1991, R.L. Brown (1 Ƥ), 10 Apr 1991 (1 Ƥ). Hancock Co., Bay St. Louis, 16 Feb 1992, R. Kergosien (13), 7 Sep 1992 (13). Harrison Co., Long Beach, 5 Dec 1994, R. Kergosien (13), 15 Feb 1995 (13, genitalia slide MEM 1480), 19 Feb 1995 (13), 26 Feb 1996 (13), 13 May 1996 (13), 24 Jun 1996 (1 Ƥ), 15 Sep 1996 (13), 7 May 1997 (23), 24 Jun 1997 (13, genitalia slide MEM 1483), 28 Apr 1995 (1 Ƥ), 25 Apr 1998 (1 Ƥ), 27 Apr 1998 (13), 16 May 1998 (13, genitalia slide MEM 2413), 13 Jan 1999 (13). Hinds Co., Clinton, 2 Feb 1962, B. Mather (13, genitalia slide MEM 1484). Lee Co., Tombigbee St. Pk. 5 Feb − 10 Mar 1995, R. Kergosien (23). Warren Co., Vicksburg, 12 Dec 2001 (13, genitalia slide MEM 1466). Winston Co., Tombigbee Natl. Forest, 33 º 10 ’ 20 ”N 89 º03’ 55 ”W, 20 Apr 1999, R.L. Brown and J. MacGown (1 Ƥ). Paratypes deposited in MEM and USNM.

Distribution and flight period. Southeastern United States from Louisiana to Florida with flight times from January through December.

Biology. Unknown.

Etymology. The specific epithet is a patronym for No-bong Kwak, the mother of the senior author, in appreciation for her early encouragement to become an entomologist.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Gelechiidae

Genus

Sinoe