Prasmodon johnbrowni Fernandez-Triana & Whitfield, 2014

Fernandez-Triana, Jose L., Whitfield, James B., Smith, M. Alex, Braet, Yves, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel H., 2014, Review of the Neotropical genus Prasmodon (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Microgastrinae), with emphasis on species from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, northwestern Costa Rica, Journal of Hymenoptera Research 37, pp. 1-52 : 21-23

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scientific name

Prasmodon johnbrowni Fernandez-Triana & Whitfield

sp. n.

Prasmodon johnbrowni Fernandez-Triana & Whitfield sp. n. Figs 35-39 View Figures 35–39 , 103 View Figure 102–103

Type locality.

COSTA RICA, ACG, Alajuela Province, Sector Rincon Rain Forest, Estación Llanura, 135m, 10.93332, -85.25331.


♀ in CNC. Specimen labels: 1. DHJPAR0035300. 2. Voucher: D.H.Janzen & W.Hallwachs, DB:, Area de Conservación Guanacaste, COSTA RICA, 09-SRNP-44366.


5 ♀, 2 ♂ (CNC, NMNH). COSTA RICA, ACG database code: DHJPAR0038172, DHJPAR0038174, DHJPAR0038175, DHJPAR0038177, DHJPAR0038922, DHJPAR0039993.


Female. Body length 4.5-4.6 mm, 4.7-4.8 mm, 4.9-5.0 mm, rarely 5.1-5.2 mm. Fore wing length 4.9-5.0 mm, 5.1-5.2 mm, rarely 5.3-5.4 mm. Body color: meso- and metasoma entirely yellow-orange (with the exception of a very small black spot on axillar complex) ( Figs 35, 38, 39 View Figures 35–39 ). Scape color: partially dark brown to black. Flagellomeres color: all flagellomeres brown to black ( Fig. 35 View Figures 35–39 ). Tegula and humeral complex color: tegula pale, humeral complex dark. Mesotibia color: posterior 0.1-0.2 dark brown to black. Metatibia color: posterior 0.1-0.3 dark brown to black ( Fig. 37 View Figures 35–39 ). Metatibia spurs color: dark brown to black ( Figs 35, 37 View Figures 35–39 ). Metatarsus color: dark brown to black (except for anterior 0.7 or less of first metatarsomere). Fore wing color pattern: uniformly and entirely infumate (except for small hyaline area near veins (RS+M)b and 2M). Fore wing veins color: all veins dark brown ( Fig. 36 View Figures 35–39 ). Pterostigma color: entirely dark brown ( Fig. 38 View Figures 35–39 ). Hypostomal carina: not raised. Scutoscutellar sulcus: with 6 impressions, rarely with 5 impressions. Areolet height÷vein r length (fore wing): 0.3 ×. Hind wing subbasal cell: mostly without setae. Hind tarsal claws: with pectination uniform, teeth thick and relatively evenly spaced. Shape of mediotergite 1: distinctly narrowing posteriorly, width at posterior margin clearly less than width at anterior margin and median width ( Fig. 39 View Figures 35–39 ). Mediotergite 1 length÷width at posterior margin 6.1-6.5 ×. Mediotergite 2 width at posterior margin÷length: 2.6-3.0 ×. Ovipositor sheaths length: 0.5 × as long as metatibia or 0.6 × as long as metatibia.

Male. Morphologically similar to females.

Molecular data.

Sequences in BOLD: 12, barcode compliant sequences: 12 ( Fig. 105 View Figure 105 ).

Biology and ecology.

Hosts: Crambidae , Asturodes fimbriauralis DHJ02, Asturodes fimbriauralis , Eulepte alialis , Piletosoma thialis , Phostria Janzen05.


Costa Rica, ACG rain forest.


This species is named in honour of John Brown of the SEL/USDA laboratory in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C, in recognition of his decades of taxonomic knowledge and support contributing to understanding the species-level and higher taxonomy of the Tortricoidea of ACG, INBio and Costa Rica, as well as other parts of the world.