Orientopius europaeus van Achterberg

Achterberg, Cornelis van, Gumez, Jean-Luc, Martinez, Michel & Rasplus, Jean-Yves, 2012, Orientopius Fischer (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Opiinae) new for Europe, with first notes on its biology and description of a new species, Journal of Hymenoptera Research 28, pp. 123-134: 125-131

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Orientopius europaeus van Achterberg

sp. n.

Orientopius europaeus van Achterberg  ZBK  sp. n. Figs 1, 215-2532, 33

Type material.

Holotype (RMNH), ♀, "C. Bulgaria, Bania, nr [= between Panagyurishte and] Pazardzhik, 25.VII.-10.VIII.2006, c. 500 m, Malaise trap in garden, C. v. Achterberg, RMNH’06”. Paratypes (INRA (CBGP), RMNH: 13 ♀): 1 ♀, "[N. France], Aisne (02), Bouconville-Vauclair, forêt domaniale de Vauclair, J.L. Gumez", "pupe le 23.V.1990, éclos sous abri le 15.VI.1990", "Ex pupe de Phytobia carbonaria  (Zetterstedt) sur Crataegus monogyna  "; 1 ♀, "[N. France], Aisne (02), Bouconville-Vauclair, forêt domaniale de Vauclair, J.L. Gumez", "pupe le 18.VII.1990, éclos sous abri le 9.X.1990", "Ex pupe de Phytobia cerasiferae  (Kangas) sur Prunus spinosa  "; 1 ♀, "[N. France], Aisne 02, Bouconville-Vauclair, forêt domaniale de Vauclair, J.L. Gumez ", "pupe le 1-VI-1989, éclos sous abri le 2-VI.1989", "Ex pupe de Phytobia carbonaria  prélevée sous un Crataegus monogyna  "; 1 ♀, id., but emerged 19.VI.1989; 1 ♀, "[N. France], Aisne (02), forêt domaniale de Samoussy, J.L. Gumez", "pupe le 26-V-1989, éclos sous abri le 20.VI.1989", "Ex pupe de Phytobia carbonaria  prélevée sous un Crataegus monogyna  "; 3 ♀, "[N. France], Aisne (02), Bouconville-Vauclair, forêt domaniale de Vauclair, J.L. Gumez", "pupes les 19 et 20-V-1990, éclos sous abri le 11-VI-1990", " Ex pupes de Phytobia carbonaria  sur Crataegus monogyna  "; 2 ♀, id., but emerged 12.VI.1990; 2 ♀, "[N. France, Aisne], 02, forêt [domaniale] de Vauclair, J.L. Gumez", "ex pupe de Phytobia  sur Crataegus monogyna  ", "pupe le 19 et 23.V[I].1990, éclos [sous] abri [le] 11.VI.1990"; 1 ♀, "[N. France, Aisne, 02, forêt domaniale de Vauclair, J.L. Gumez] CN E1", "ex [pupe de] P[hytobia] carbonaria  [sur Crataegus monogyna  ]", “[éclos sous abri le] 15.VI.1990".


Vein SR1 ends near apex of fore wing (Figs 15, 32); vertex moderately densely punctate, with interspaces mostly equal to diameter of punctures or wider (Fig. 21); antenna yellowish-brown; pterostigma dark brown; second tergite 1.7-1.9 times as long as third tergite; third tergite 0.5 times longer than its basal width; third metasomal tergite subparallel-sided, subrectangular and densely reticulate-rugose (Figs 18, 33); fourth tergite of female smooth and retracted (Figs 1, 2, 32); setose part of ovipositor sheath 0.6-0.7 times as long as combined first-third metasomal tergites, 0.3 times as long as fore wing and 1.0-1.1 times as long as hind tibia (Fig. 32).


Holotype, ♀, length of body 2.8 mm, of fore wing 2.5 mm.

Head. Antenna with 28 segments and 1.2 times as long as fore wing; third segment 1.3 times as long as fourth segment, length of third, fourth and penultimate segments 3.1, 2.5 and 1.5 times their width, respectively; length of maxillary palp 0.9 times height of head; labial palp segments slender; occipital carina widely removed from hypostomal carina and dorsally absent; hypostomal carina narrow; length of eye in dorsal view 7.3 times temple; temples directly narrowed (Fig. 21) and largely sparsely punctulate; frons slightly depressed behind antennal sockets and with some rugulae, remainder slightly convex and setose, largely coarsely punctate, with interspaces mostly somewhat wider than punctures; face medio-dorsally elevated, coarsely punctate, with interspaces slightly wider than punctures and some rugae latero-dorsally; width of cly-peus 2.7 times its maximum height and 0.55 times width of face; clypeus flat, smooth and its ventral margin rather thin and medially straight; hypoclypeal depression wide and deep (Fig. 20); labrum flat but with upcurved rim; malar suture complete; with punctures between malar suture and clypeus; length of malar space 1.3 times basal width of mandible (Fig. 22); mandible strongly constricted and twisted apically, without distinct ventral carina (Fig. 22), second tooth medium-sized.

Mesosoma. Length of mesosoma 1.2 times its height; dorsal pronope not visible because of head, but in paratypes obsolescent, small and round; pronotum short and steep anteriorly; pronotal sides smooth but oblique and posterior grooves coarsely crenulate (Fig. 17); epicnemial area crenulate dorsally; precoxal sulcus distinctly im pressed, but absent posteriorly, and coarsely crenulate (Fig. 17); pleural sulcus distinctly crenulate; mesosternal sulcus deep and coarsely crenulate; postpectal carina only medio-ventrally present; metapleuron coarsely punctate-reticulate, but medially smooth; notauli crenulate and largely present on disk, only posteriorly absent near elongate elliptical medio-posterior depression mesoscutum setose and punctulate, but middle lobe largely moderately punctate; scutellar sulcus wide and with 3 coarse crenulae (Fig. 16); scutellum rather flat and sparsely punctulate; metanotum with complete median carina; surface of propodeum coarsely reticulate (Fig. 16).

Wings. Fore wing (Fig. 15): pterostigma elliptical; 1-R1 ending close to wing apex and 1.3 times as long as pterostigma; r:3-SR:SR1 = 5:15:49; 2-SR:3-SR:r-m = 17:15:7; r slender; 1-M and SR1 slightly curved; m-cu just postfurcal; cu-a slightly postfurcal and 1-CU1 hardly widened; first subdiscal cell closed, CU1b medium-sized; M+CU1 sclerotized. Hind wing: M+CU:1-M:1r-m = 25:18:14; cu-a straight; m-cu absent.

Legs. Length of femur, tibia and basitarsus of hind leg 3.0, 5.9 and 3.4 times as long as wide, respectively (Fig. 25); hind femur with medium-sized setae and tibia densely short setose; third and fourth segments of fore tarsus about as long as wide.

Metasoma. Length of first tergite 0.8 times its apical width, its surface punctate in front of dorsal carinae and longitudinally reticulate behind carinae, convex and dorsal carinae united and with median carina posteriorly (Fig. 18); second suture crenulate, nearly straight and moderately impressed; second and third tergites longitudinally reticulate-rugose; median length of second tergite 1.7 times median length of third tergite; following tergites smooth and largely retracted below carapace; length of setose part of ovipositor sheath 0.32 times fore wing, 0.6 times first-third tergites combined and 1.1 times longer than hind tibia; hypopygium far retracted, truncate apically and about 0.3 times as long as metasomal carapace.

Colour. Dark brown (including pterostigma and veins); antenna (but scapus yellow), mesoscutum (but laterally and antero-medially dark brown), scutellum and mesopleuron dorsally, posteriorly and narrowly below precoxal sulcus yellowish-brown; head and mandible yellow; ovipositor sheath blackish; clypeus, labrum, palpi, tegulae and legs (but telotarsi slightly darkened) pale yellow; wing membrane slightly infuscate.

Variation. Length of fore wing 2.5-3.2 mm and of body 2.8-3.4 mm, antenna of female with 28 (1), 30 (3) or 31 (7) segments, vein 3-SR of fore wing 0.7-0.9 times as long as vein 2-SR; setose part of ovipositor sheath 0.29-0.32 times as long as fore wing.


Bulgaria, France.


Reared from puparia of Agromyzidae (Diptera) cambium miners, Phytobia carbonaria  (Zetterstedt, 1848) in Crataegus monogyna  and Phytobia cerasiferae  (Kangas, 1955) in Prunus spinosa  .


Name derived from “Europa”, because it is the first species of this genus known from Europe.


The species can be separated from the other (all East) Palaearctic species as follows:

Other Braconidae reared from Phytobia  spp. in North France


Epimicta  marginalis (Haliday, 1839)

Reared from Phytobia carbonaria  in Sorbus aucuparia  Linnaeus and in Crataegus monogyna  . First record of a host of this species.

Trachionus hians  (Nees, 1816)

Reared from Phytobia cambii  (Hendel, 1931)in Populus  x canadensis [cv. “robusta”] and in Betula verrucosa  Linnaeus.

Trachionus pappi  (Zaykov, 1982)

Reared from Phytobia cerasiferae  in Prunus spinosa  . Trachionus pappi  is new for France and this is the first host record for this species.

Trachionus ringens  (Haliday, 1834)

Reared from Phytobia cambii  in Populus  x canadensis [cv. “robusta”] and Carpinus betulus  Linnaeus.