Triplocania bravoi, Da Silva Neto, Alberto Moreira, Rafael, Jose Albertino & Aldrete, Alfonso N. Garcia, 2015

Da Silva Neto, Alberto Moreira, Rafael, Jose Albertino & Aldrete, Alfonso N. Garcia, 2015, New species of Triplocania Roesler (Psocodea, ' Psocoptera', Ptiloneuridae), from Brazil and Ecuador, ZooKeys 505, pp. 103-116 : 104

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publication LSID

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scientific name

Triplocania bravoi

sp. n.

Taxon classification Animalia Psocodea Ptiloneuridae

Triplocania bravoi sp. n. Figures 1-7


Ecuador, Napo: Reserva Étnica Waorani, 1 Km S. Onkone Gare Camp, 220m, 0°30'10"S, 76°26'0"W, fogging terre firma forest, 12.II.1995, T. L. Erwin et al. leg.


Holotype male, mounted on one slide; thorax in a separate microvial. Original label: Ecuador. Napo. Reserva Étnica Waorani, 1 Km S. Onkone Gare Camp. 220m. 12.II.1995. 0°30'10"S: 76°26'0"W. Fogging terre firma forest. T. L. Erwin et al. (EPN, slide 160, vial 160).


This species is dedicated to the Ecuadorian entomologist Freddy Rubén Bravo Quijano, of the Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil, in recognition to his important contributions in the taxonomy of Neotropical Psychodidae ( Diptera ), also for the support to AMSN, to pursue a career studying Psocodea , ' Psocoptera '.


Differing from the known species of Triplocania , in having the hypandrium with side sclerites fused proximally to the central piece, and having two forked posterior projections, horn shaped; also by having a U–shaped phallosome, a phallobase with lateral extensions covering partly the anterior pairs of endophallic sclerites, and in having ornamented areas on the endophallus.


Color. Compound eyes black, ocelli hyaline, with ochre centripetal crescents; head pattern (Fig. 1). Scape and pedicel pale yellow, f1-f3 pale yellow, with apex white. Mx4 pale brown. Femora pale yellow; tibiae yellow, distally pale brown; tarsomere 1 pale yellow, tarsomeres 2-3 pale brown. Forewing with a brown marginal band from R4+5 to almost CuA2; a brown, almost rectangular band, well pigmented proximally and distally, weakly pigmented in the middle, from the apex of the areola postica to posterior end of the pterostigma; pterostigma with proximal and distal brown bands. Proximal third of forewing dark brown, limited posteriorly by level of crossvein Rs–M, as illustrated (Fig. 2). Veins brown. Hindwing with area below CuP dark brown, and a marginal pale brown band from R4+5 to almost CuA (Fig. 3).


As in diagnosis, plus the following: compound eyes without interommatidial setae. Outer cusp of lacinial tip broad, with five denticles (Fig. 4). Forewing pterostigma long, widest in the middle. Areola postica very wide basally, slanted posteriorly, tall proximally with apex round and narrow, distally sinuous and low; R2+3 and R4+5 sinuous, M stem slightly concave proximally, M1, M2 and M3 sinuous. Hindwing Rs almost straight, R2+3 straight, R4+5 almost straight, M sinuous. Hypandrium of three sclerites, central piece anteriorly convex, with side projections almost parallel to side sclerites, forked posterior projections densely setose, other setae as illustrated (Fig. 5). Phallosome U-shaped, side struts independent, V shaped, fused posteriorly to external parameres, these stout, bearing a field of pores distally, each with an small projection heavily sclerotized distally; three pairs of endophallic sclerites, a posterior pair, curved outwards distally, close to the ends of the external parameres, a mesal pair, originating from behind the side struts, crossing behind the external parameres, distally dilated, with a small, acuminate projection apically; anterior pair stout, curved inwards, apically pointed and proximally rounded; phallobase with anterior border concave; lateral extensions covering partly the anterior pair of endophallic sclerites; endophallus membranous, with areas thickened and ornamented as illustrated (Fig. 6). Paraprocts broad, a field of setae along inner margin, other setae on apex; sensory fields with 27-28 trichobothria on basal rosettes (Fig. 7). Epiproct wide based, posteriorly rounded, with three large mesal setae, next to anterior margin, other setae as illustrated (Fig. 7).


(in microns). FW: 3289, HW: 2108, F: 774, T: 1377, t1: 285, t2: 59, t3: 117, f1: 466, f2: 397, f3: 270, Mx4: 201, IO: 440, D: 332, d: 186, PO: 0.56.