Hycleus arlecchinus Bologna

Bologna, Marco A., Amore, Valentina & Pitzalis, Monica, 2018, Meloidae of Namibia (Coleoptera): taxonomy and faunistics with biogeographic and ecological notes, Zootaxa 4373 (1), pp. 1-141: 61-67

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4373.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:202AFD20-7B37-405A-9CBA-051EF24E9FB2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F72687E4-FFAB-FF8F-FF5F-FD4DFB394E7C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hycleus arlecchinus Bologna
status

sp. n.

Hycleus arlecchinus Bologna  sp. n. ( Fig. 3XView FIGURE 3)

Types. Holotype male ( SMWNAbout SMWN) labelled “ Aurus Mts. , S., SE 2716 Cd, Diamond Area 1, 26–27 Oct. 1977, Coll. S. Louw M.L. Penrith; H35099View Materials  . 1 female paratype (CB) labelled “ Namibia, Hoogstepunt, Aurus Mts.  , 25 Oct. 1977, V.S. Whitehead ”  . 1 male and 2 females paratypes ( SMWNAbout SMWN), labelled “ Heioab , Diamond Area 1, 25-26 Oct. 1977, Coll. S. Louw M.L. Penrith  , H35062”. The male paratype of this last locality has one broken antenna and the second one broken and glumed on a separate label.

Type locality. The type locality (27.6500°S 16.3167°E) and all other known sites are located in the Karas region, Lüderitz district, Diamond Area 1, in the Namibian extension of the Succulent Karoo biome.

Diagnosis. One Hycleus  species with 10 black antennomeres and the mesosternum intermediate in shape between the Mesotaeniatus and Mesoscutatus types, with narrow and small fore modified area, labial palpomere II scarcely modified, with a unique black elytral pattern composed by two longitudinal undulate stripes connected to apex.

Description. Body shiny and unicolor black, ventrally with very vague dark blue reflexions, elytra shiny anteriorly and subopaque posteriorly, brown-orange with black pattern ( Fig. 3XView FIGURE 3) composed by two longitudinal stripes, one humeral and one sutural, connected to the wide black apex, the humeral one widened on the posterior third, forming a subrounded inclined spot, sutural one widened on fore third and on posterior third. Body setation black, denser and longer on ventral side of head, pronotum and metanotum and on fore legs; elytra glabrous with sparse microsetae. Maximal body length: 15–24 mm.

Head transverse, subrectangular, temples as wide as the maximum width at level of eyes; punctures deep, wide and relatively dense, denser and subrugose on frons, intermediate surface microreticulate; frons and occiput almost flat; eye subglobose, with antero-dorsal margin not sinuate; temples parallel, about as long as longitudinal diameter of eye. Clypeus narrower than interocular width, rounded on sides, convex and with same puncturation of frons, not punctate and shiny on fore third; fronto-clypeal suture well visible; labrum slightly longer than clypeus, fore margin slightly sinuate, punctures finer than on clypeus. Maxillary palpomeres subcylindrical, IV only slightly enlarged anteriorly, with black setae on the external side of apex of each palpomere (except IV), particularly on III; male maxillae not modified with stipes narrow and elongate in lateral view; II labial palpomere widened, last one short and stout; mandibles robust, curved in fore half, sharp at apex, slightly longer than labrum. Antennae ( Fig. 12DView FIGURE 12) with 10 antennomeres, I –V shiny, VI –X opaque and microsetate; I slightly shorter than II –III together, II subglobose; III –V slender and subcylindrical, III slightly longer than IV –VI; VII –IX subtrapezoidal, apically widened on inner side, increasing in width and length from VII to IX; X at base as wide as IX but two times longer, the apical half evidently and conically narrowed, apex obtuse, without tracks of fusion of two antennomeres.

Pronotum subcampaniform, slightly longer than wide, wider than head, side slightly widened from base to middle and then evidently narrowing anteriad; fore portion transversally subdepressed; middle furrow extended only in middle, base shortly depressed just in front of mesonotum; puncturation similar than on head, but slightly sparse. Elytra parallel, dorsally convex, punctures similar in size to those of pronotum but shallower, denser on sides and on black parts, while inner orange-brown surface with micro-puntures and very short setae. Mesosternum ( Fig. 12EView FIGURE 12) intermediate in shape between Mesotaeniatus and Mesoscutatus types, with narrow and small fore modified area, smooth and shiny; fore margins of mesepisterna well defined, narrow concave and evidently depressed, at the same level of the sclerite. Legs slender, both tibial spurs on all legs slender, external metatibal spur only slightly rounded at apex; ventral blade of claw regularly developed, scarcely curved.

Ventrites shiner with more scattered punctures and shorter but dense setae. Male penultimate ventrite widely arcuate on posterior margin, last one widely and scarcely emarginated. Gonoforceps slender in both lateral and dorsal views ( Fig. 12 A, 12BView FIGURE 12); aedeagus ( Fig. 12CView FIGURE 12) with two apical hooks, distal smaller and lesser inclined than prossimal.

Remarks. No species of the genus have a similar elytral pattern. Affinities of this species among those with a mesosternum Mesotaeniatus - type are totally unknown.

Etymology. The name of the new species refers to the elytral pattern, which is reminiscent of the clothes of Arlecchino, the Venetian “maschera”, as painted by Cézanne.

Distribution. SW Namibia  .

Hycleus basibicinctus ( Marseul, 1872)  comb. n. ( Fig. 3YView FIGURE 3)

Mylabris (Mylabris) basibicincta Marseul, 1872 

Types. Types of this species were examined at MNHN.

Distribution. Botswana, southern Namibia  (new species for this country), and South Africa

Material examined and literature records. [Hardap] Rehoboth Rural: D1206 10 km NE Bullsport, 24.10313°S 16.4456°E (CB). Gibeon : Asab , 25.4667°S 17.9500°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . [Karas] Keetmanshoop Rural: Khabus 146, 26.3167°S 18.2500°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; C11, 1 km jct. M26, 27.0915°S 19.5372°E (CB); Karas distr.GoogleMaps  , 27.1352°S 19.4941°E (CB); D608, Grunau , 5 km jct. C12, 27.4901°S 18.1608°E (CB). LüderitzGoogleMaps  : Plateau 38, 26.6667°S 16.5333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  .

Other records: Namib Sand Sea desert ( Seely 2012); Namibia ( Pitzalis et al. 2014)  .

Remarks. Probably Zonabris singularefasciata Pic, 1941  from Cape represents a synonym of H. basibicinctus  .

Hycleus bifucatus ( Marseul, 1879)  ( Fig. 4 AView FIGURE4)

Mylabris bifucata Marseul, 1879 

Distribution. Angola and Namibia  .

Material and literature records. [Kunene] Epupa: Hartmannberge, 17.4333°S 12.2833°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . Opuwo: 21 km E of Orupembe , 18.1785°S 12.4136°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Kaokoveld, Anabib (Orupembe), 100 miles W Ohopoho   , 18.1833°S 12.5167°E ( Kaszab 1956 as ab. rufobimaculata, , type locality); Kaokoveld , 11 miles E OmutatiGoogleMaps  , 60 miles WSW Ohopoho , 18.2500°S 13.0833°E ( Kaszab, 1956); Sanitates, 18.2833°S 12.6667°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Othutemba, 40 miles SE Ohopoho   , 18.5667°S 14.1500°E ( Kaszab, 1956); 42 km NW Giribes Vlakte GoogleMaps  , 18.8180°S 13.1130°E (SMWN). Sesfontein: D2650, near Kamanjab, 19.8087°S 14.5128°E (CB); Palmwag 702, 19.8333°S 13.8833°E (SMWN). Khorixas: Torra Bay Road, 30 km W turnoff, 20.1190°S 13.1010°E (SMWN); Bethanis 514, 20.4000°S 14.4000°E (SMWN); Krone 721, 20.5373°S 13.9799°E (SMWN); main road Omaruru-Khorixas, near Terra Mea, 20.6950°S 14.8590°E (SMWN); Doros, 20.7534°S 14.2202°E (SMWN); Duineveld 529, 20.7833°S 14.6333°E (SMWN). Kamanjab: C39, 25 km E Khorixas, 20.30608°S 15.1867°E (CB). [Erongo] Dâures: Okonyenye Mt. Otjihorongo ReserveGoogleMaps  , 21.1500°S 15.3167°E (SMWN); Gross Spitzkoppe, 21.8167°S 15.1667°E (CB); Spitzkoppe, 21.8518°S 15.1484°E (SMWN). Karibib: D1953, near Karibib, 45 km jct. C32, 22.2963°S 16.0658°E (CB). Arandis: Lower Dome Gorge GoogleMaps  , 22.4667°S 15.0667°E (SMWN); Upper Ostrich Gorge , 22.4833°S 14.9833°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . Walvis Bay Rural: Rostock, Windhoek, 23.3833°S 15.7500°E (SMWN). [Hardap] Gibeon: C14, 12 km S Waltevrede, 24.2377°S 15.9040°E (CB). [Karas] Berseba: Itzawisis 9, 26.2000°S 18.1333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  .

Other records: Namib Sand Sea desert ( Seely 2012); Namibia ( Pitzalis et al. 2014)  .

Remarks. Types of this species were examined at MNHNAbout MNHN.

Hycleus burmeisteri (Bertoloni, 1850)  ( Fig. 4BView FIGURE4)

Mylabris burmeisteri Bertoloni, 1850 

Distribution. Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia  , South Africa, and Zimbabwe.

Material examined and literature records. [Kunene] Opuwo: Opuwo town , 18.05°S 13.8333°E (CB). Kamanjab: 40 km S OkaukuejoGoogleMaps  , 19.5818°S 15.8848°E (CP); C39, 23 km W Outjo, 20.1798°S 15.948°E (CB); C39, 29 km W Outjo, 20.19834°S 15.8831°E (CB). Outjo: Damaraland: Abachaus, 19.7167°S 16.5800°E (as ab. perssoni: Kaszab, 1956, paratypes); "Abachaus" 50 km N Otjwarongo GoogleMaps  , 19.7500°S 16.5833°E (CB); C39, 10 km W Outjooad, 20.0100°S 16.0100°E (CB); road Outjo-Kalkfeld, 162 km S Outjo GoogleMaps  , 20.3333°S 16.1500°E (CB). [Oshikoto] Omuthiyagwiipundi: Okashana Agric. Experimental Station GoogleMaps  , 18.4167°S 16.6500°E (SMWN); 30 km E Etosha N.P. Mokuti Lodge, 18.8000°S 17.0333°E (CB); Etosha N.P., Okaukuejo, 19.1833°S 15.9333°E (CP); Gobaub, Etosha N.P., 19.3000°S 16.4167°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . Guinas: B1, 10 km S Oshivelo, 18.7556°S 17.2420°E (CB); C38, 1 km jct. B1, 18.7725°S 17.2491°E (CB); Otjikoto Lake GoogleMaps  , Tsumeb, 19.1833°S 17.5500°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN). Tsumeb: 5 km E Tsumeb GoogleMaps  , 19.2600°S 17.7500°E (CB). [Oshana] Uuvudhiya: W jct. Wolnes-Okondeka rd. GoogleMaps  , Etosha Game Park, 19.0500°S 15.8667°E (SMWN); Ongava Lodge, Row III, Etosha N.P., 19.2770°S 15.9120°E (SMWN). [Otjozondjupa] Otavi: Dakota 424, 19.4833°S 17.1333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Kudib 426, 19.5118°S 17.2475°E (SMWN); B8, 10 km E Otavi, 19.6500°S 17.4167°E (CB). Grootfontein: Groofontein, 19.5667°S 18.1167°E (SMWN). Otjiwarongo: D2430, 25 km N Otjiwarongo, 20.2667°S 16.6167°E (CB); Outjo-Otjivarongo, 20.341°S 16.383°E (CB); Cleveland 17, 20.4050°S 16.6590°E (SMWN); Garfield, 20.4450°S 16.0830°E (SMWN). Omatako: Waterberg Plateau Park, on plateau, 20.4167°S 17.2500°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Rodenstein 307, 20.5626°S 17.2418°E (SMWN); Hamakari S 285, 20.5833°S 17.3333°E (SMWN); Hamakari S 285, 20.6167°S 17.3500°E (SMWN); Waterberg, jct.. C222 and C512, 20.6333°S 17.1500°E (CB); Hamakari S 285, 20.6667°S 17.3833°E (SMWN); Hamakari S 373, 20.6667°S 17.3833°E (SMWN); Hamakari S 373, 20.6667°S 17.4000°E (SMWN); B1, 28 km S Otjiwarongo, 20.6806°S 16.7787°E (CB); Okonjima 128, 20.8650°S 16.6670°E (SMWN); Sukses 62 km S Otjiwarongo, 21.0000°S 16.8000°E (CB); Mount Etjo Safari Lodge GoogleMaps  , 21.0167°S 16.4167°E (CB). Okahandja: Ongambeanavita, 21.5800°S 16.5900°E (SMWN). [Erongo] Omaruru: Otjikoko-Sud, 21.2833°S 16.3667°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . [Omaheke] Steinhausen: C30, 8 km S jct. C29, 21.8207°S 18.3307°E (CB); 10 km E Witvlei ( AMNHAbout AMNH)GoogleMaps  .

Kehoro S 939, Gobabis, 22.0833°S 18.6167°E (SMWN); Omitara, C 29, 15 km jct. D1535, 22.2168°S 18.0407°E (CB). [Khomas] Windhoek Rural: Hochberg 158, 21.9167°S 17.7167°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Windhoek, 22.3400°S 17.0500°E (SMWN); D1535, near Windhoek, 5 km jct. B6, 22.3681°S 17.6675°E (CB); D1525, Windhoek- Gobabis to Bodenhausen, 1 km N jct. B6, 22.3968°S 17.6600°E (CB); Brakwater, 20 km N Windhoek GoogleMaps  , 22.4000°S 17.0667°E (CB); Excelsior 286, 22.4500°S 17.6333°E (SMWN); Windhoek Airport, 22.5333°S 17.2500°E (CB). Windhoek East: Windhoek, 22.5667°S 17.0833°E (SMWN). [Hardap] Gibeon: Harmonie, 24.7167°S 16.3833°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  .

Other records: Namib Sand Sea desert ( Seely 2012); Namibia  ( Bologna 2000a; Pitzalis et al. 2014).

Hycleus damarensis ( Borchmann, 1928)  ( Fig. 4CView FIGURE4)

Mylabris damarensis Borchmann, 1928 

Distribution. Namibia  (endemic).

Material examined and literature records. [Kunene] Khorixas: Bethanis 514, 20.4000°S 14.4000°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . [Erongo] Omaruru: Otjingoro 20, 20.8833°S 15.6333° ( SMWNAbout SMWN)  ; C33, 30– 20 km N Karibib, 21.6833°S 15.9667°E (CB). Karibib: Daheim 106, 21.8167°S 15.8167°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; D1953, near Karibib, jct. C32, 21.9552°S 15.8493°E (CB); B2, 8 km W Usakos, 21.9876°S 15.5057°E (CB); Navachab 67, 22.0167°S 15.7333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; D1980, 26– 28 km S Karibibad, 22.1500°S 15.8333°E (CB). Dâures : Brandberg, Königstein pan, 21.1467°S 14.5714°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Spitzkoppe , 21.8518°S 15.1484°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . Arandis: 6 km N Arandis , 22.3667°S 14.9833°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Upper Ostrich Gorge , 22.4833°S 14.9833°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Lower Ostrich Gorge , 22.5000°S 14.9667°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . [Otjozondjupa] Okahandja: Okahandja , 21.9833°S 16.9167°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . [Khomas] Windhoek Rural: D1535, near Omitara, 11 km jct. B6, 22.3460°S 17.7240°E (CB); Excelsior 286, 22.4500°S 17.6333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Daan Park, 22.5333°S 16.9667°E (CP); C23, 26 km S Dordabis, 23.0575°S 17.9329°E (CB); Kos 28, 23.2667°S 16.1333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . [Omaheke] Aminius : Leonardville, Gobabis, 23.5000°S 18.8000°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . Steinhausen: 10 km E Witvlei , 22.4826°S 18.4949°E ( AMNHAbout AMNH)GoogleMaps  . [Hardap] Rehoboth Rural: Garies Oos 489, 23.9500°S 16.5500°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . Gibeon: C19, 62 km W jct. C14, 24.8944°S 16.2092°E (CB); Alwynkop , 24.9167°S 16.2333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  ; Gorraris 99, 25.3184°S 15.9089°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . [Karas] Keetmanshoop Rural: Koes 202, 25.9500°S 19.1167°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  .

Other records: Namib Sand Sea desert ( Seely 2012); Namibia  ( Bologna 2000a; Pitzalis et al. 2014).

Remarks. Types of this species were not examined, but specimens compared with them were studied at HMNHAbout HMNH.

Hycleus derosus ( Péringuey, 1909)  comb. n. ( Fig. 4DView FIGURE4)

Mylabris derosa Péringuey, 1909 

Types. Types of this species were examined at SAMC.

Distribution. Eastern Namibia  (new species record for this country) and northern South Africa. Material examined. [Omaheke] Gobabis: C22, 2 km N jct. B6, 22.4205°S 19.0037°E (CB). Other records: Namibia ( Pitzalis et al. 2014)  .

Remarks. This is one of the few species oft the genus Hycleus  with the abdomen red.

Hycleus mimulus ( Borchmann, 1940)  ( Fig. 4EView FIGURE4)

Mylabris mimula Borchmann, 1940 

Distribution. Northern Namibia  (endemic).

Material examined and literature records. [Oshikoto] Tsumeb: Tsumeb , 19.2333°S 17.7167°E ( Borchmann 1940). [Otjozondjupa] Otavi : Dakota 424, 19.4941°S 17.1287°E (CB; SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  .

Other records: Namibia ( Bologna 2000a)  .

Remarks. Types of this species, characterized by a very distinctive elytral pattern, are probably lost. The elytral pattern is similar to that of some Ceroctis species of the angolensis  group.

Hycleus pruinosus (Gerstäcker, 1854)  comb. n. ( Fig. 4FView FIGURE4)

Mylabris pruinosa Gerstäcker, 1854 

Types. Types of this species were not examined, but specimens compared with them were studied at HMNHAbout HMNH. Distribution. Mozambique, Namibia  (new species for this country), and Zimbabwe. Material examined. [Khomas] Windhoek East: Windhoek, 22.5700°S 17.0836°E (CB). Remarks. Types of this species were not examined but specimens compared with therm were studied at HMNHAbout HMNH.

Hycleus svakopinus ( Marseul, 1872)  ( Fig. 4GView FIGURE4)

Mylabris (Mylabris) svakopina Marseul, 1872 

Distribution. Namibia  (endemic).

Material examined and literature records. [Kunene] Epupa: Swartbooisdrift, 17.3406°S 13.7706°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Okokatuwo, KaokolandGoogleMaps  , 17.4000°S 12.7333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Hippo Pool on Kunene River 20 km W of Ruacana GoogleMaps  , 17.4092°S 14.2185°E (CB); Okokatuwo, Kaokoland, 17.4500°S 12.7000°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN). Opuwo: 30 km WNW Orupembe GoogleMaps  , Koakoland , 18.1167°S 12.3500°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); D3710, near OpuwoGoogleMaps  , 18.2011°S 13.8994°E (CB); C35, Kamanjab-Ruacana, 18.9027°S 14.3903°E (CB); C 35, 110 km NW Kamanjabad GoogleMaps  , 18.9167°S 14.3833°E (CB). Sesfontein: Khorixas distr. GoogleMaps  , 19.4333°S 13.8667°E (SMWN); D2650, near Kamanjab, 19.8087°S 14.5128°E (CB); Grootberg Pass, Damaraland, 19.8333°S 14.1167°E (SMWN); Palm 708, Damaraland, 19.9000°S 13.9833°E (SMWN). Kamanjab: 40 km S Okaukuejo , 19.5818°S 15.5515°E (CP); Beulah 256GoogleMaps  , 19.6000°S 14.9167°E (SMWN); Kamanjab, 19.6333°S 14.8333°E (SMWN); Otjitambi, 19.8167°S 15.1667°E (SMWN); Heila 317, 19.8333°S 14.8667°E (SMWN); Hoas 273, 19.9200°S 14.7500°E (SMWN); Ehobib 209, 20.0496°S 14.7829°E (SMWN); C39, 25 km E Khorixas, 20.30608°S 15.1867°E (CB). Khorixas: Fransfontein, Damaraland, 20.1833°S 15.0167°E (SMWN); Bethanis 514, 20.4000°S 14.4000°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Damaraland, 41 km W Khorixas: Petrified Forest GoogleMaps  , 20.4163°S 14.4158°E (CB); Sebraskop 410, Damaraland, 20.7333°S 15.1500°E (SMWN); C35, 54 km N Uis, 20.7788°S 14.8692°E (CB); Damaraland, near Rooipoort, farm at Ugab RiverGoogleMaps  , 20.8750°S 14.8750°E (JP). Outjo: road Outjo-Kalkfeld 16–20 km S Outjo GoogleMaps  , 20.3333°S 16.1500°E (CB). [Omusati] Okahao: Kamanjab- Ruacana 25 km NW of Kamanjab on C35GoogleMaps  , 18.4775°S 14.6977°E (CB); C35, Kamanjab-Ruacana, 77 km NW of Kamanjab GoogleMaps  , 19.2528°S 14.4442°E (CB). Ruacana: Ekango, Kaokoland, 18.6833°S 14.3167°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN). [Otjozondjupa] Otjiwarongo: Otjiku 192GoogleMaps  , 20.2667°S 16.8167°E (SMWN). Omatako: Waterberg Plateau N.P., 20.5167°S 17.2333°E (CB); Hamakari 285, 20.6167°S 17.3500°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Mount Etjo Safari Lodge GoogleMaps  , 21.0167°S 16.4167°E (CB); D2414, Etjo-Kalkfeld, 38 km SE of Kalkfeld GoogleMaps  , 21.1288°S 16.3883°E (CB). Okahandja: D2192, near Okahandja, 4 km jct. B2, 21.9490°S 16.5763°E (CB); Okahandja, 21.9833°S 16.9167°E (CP; SMWN); Okahandja, Gross Barmen, 22.1000°S 16.7500°E (CP). [Omaheke] OtjombindeGoogleMaps  : Northern Veter. fence, 5 km E of Gam roar, Hereroland East  , 20.5167°S 20.7333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN). Aminius: C20, Gobabis-Leonardville 5 km S of Aais GoogleMaps  . 23.2593°S 18.7237°E (CB); Leonardville, Gobabis, 23.5000°S 18.8000°E (SMWN); C20, 15 km S Leonardville, 23.6376°S 18.7918°E (CB). [Erongo] Dâures: N end Tsisab, BrandbergGoogleMaps  , 21.0833°S 14.6667°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Brandberg Hungorob Valley GoogleMaps  , 21.1900°S 14.5282°E ( Bologna 2000a; SMWNAbout SMWN); Brandberg Messum Valley GoogleMaps  , 21.2248°S 14.5163°E ( Bologna 2000a; SMWN); Uis Townland, Damaraland, 21.2333°S 14.9000°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Messum RiverGoogleMaps  , 21.2586°S 14.4714°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); 6 km W Uis GoogleMaps  , 21.27807°S 14.83835°E (CB); Spitskoppe, Damaraland, 21.8518°S 15.1484°E (SMWN). Omaruru: D2329, near Omaruru, 21.4333°S 15.9333°E (CB); Omaruru Townland, 21.4667°S 15.9667°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); C33, 3– 9 km S of Omaruru GoogleMaps  , 21.4948°S 15.9705°E (CB). Karibib: D1935, 30 km NNW Usakos, 21.7833°S 15.5000°E (CB); Karibib, 21.9333°S 15.8333°E (CP); Karibib- Okahandja, 21.9333°S 15.8333°E (CP); B2, Usakos-Karibib, 16 km W of Karibib GoogleMaps  , 21.9358°S 15.7056°E (CB); Karibib, 21.9417°S 15.8509°E (CB); D1953, near Karibib, jct. C32, 21.9552°S 15.8493°E (CB); B2, 8 km W Usakos, 21.9876°S 15.50567°E (CB); B2, 2, 6 km W Usakos GoogleMaps  , 21.9989°S 15.5647°E (CB); Navachab 67, 22.0167°S 15.7333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); 26–28 km S Karibib (road 1980)GoogleMaps  , 22.1500°S 15.8333°E (CB); B2, 66 km W Usakos, 22.2505°S 15.13681°E (CB); C28, Boshua Pass, 22.7000°S 16.0333°E (CB). Arandis: 6 km N Arandis GoogleMaps  , Damaraland , 22.3667°S 14.9833°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Rossing MineGoogleMaps  , 22.4667°S 15.0333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Lower Dome Gorge GoogleMaps  , 22.4667°S 15.0667°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Upper Ostrich Gorge GoogleMaps  , 22.4833°S 14.9833°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Upper Panner Gorge GoogleMaps  , 22.4833°S 15.0167°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Lower Ostrich Gorge GoogleMaps  , 22.5000°S 14.9667°E (SMWN); C14, Kuiseb Pass, 23.3045°S 15.7526°E (CB). Walvis Bay Rural: Gorob Mine, Namib Desert ParkGoogleMaps  , 23.5333°S 15.4167°E (SMWN); C14, 36 km N Solitaire, 23.5823°S 15.8182°E (CB). [Khomas] Windhoek Rural: Otjiseva 45GoogleMaps  , 22.3000°S 16.9667°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Windhoek, Heroes Acre, 22°37820’S 17°04.016’E, ( OSUAbout OSU); Brakwater 20 km N Windhoek GoogleMaps  , 22.4000°S 17.0667°E (CB); Daan Viljoen Game Park, 22.5333°S 16.9333°E (CB); Daan Park, 22.5333°S 16.9667°E (CP); Richtofen 126, 22.5667°S 17.7500°E (SMWN); C23, 28 km jct. with B6, 22.7719°S 17.4551°E (CB); Wasservalley (W), 22.9167°S 16.3667°E (SMWN); C23, 26 km S Dordabis, 23.0575°S 17.9329°E (CB); C23, 38 km S Dordabis, 23.0715°S 18.0434°E (CB); Garib-Ost 275, 23.1167°S 17.6333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); 20 km N Rehoboth GoogleMaps  , 23.1223°S 17.1062°E (SMWN); Kos 28, 23.2500°S 16.1333°E (SMWN); D1228, 7 km ENE Rehoboth, 23.2833°S 17.2333°E (CB). Windhoek East: Windhoek, 22.57°S 17.0836°E (CB; SMWNAbout SMWN). [Hardap] Rehoboth West Urban: Rehoboth town GoogleMaps  , 23.3167°S 17.0667°E (CB); near Rehobot, 23.3167°S 17.0833°E (CP); Rehoboth, 23.3500°S 17.0667°E (SMWN). Mariental Rural: 20 km S Derm , 23.8337°S 18.1926°E (CB); M42, Leonardville 40 km SGoogleMaps  , 23.8370°S 18.9010°E (CB); M29, 7 km E Mariental, 24.6570°S 18.0408°E (CB); M29, 25 km E Mariental, 24.7825°S 18.1612°E (CB); M29, 88 km S Mariental, 25.2410°S 18.5155°E (CB); M 29, 118 km S Mariental GoogleMaps  , 25.4479°S 18.6138°E (CB). Rehoboth Rural: Garies Oos 489, 23.9500°S 16.5500°E (SMWN). Gibeon: C19, 8 km S Solitaire, 23.9774°S 16.0063°E (CB); C1, Bullsport-Solitaire 5 km W of Bullsport GoogleMaps  , 24.104°S 16.3093°E (CB); Bullsport 172, 24.1167°S 16.3333°E (SMWN); Waltevrede Game Farm, 24.1779°S 15.9802°E (CB); C14, 10 km S Waltevrede, 24.23774°S 15.90401°E (CB); Sukses 133, 24.3°S 15.8833°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); C14, Maltahohe-Bullsport, after Fish RiverGoogleMaps  . 24.4022°S 16.8172°E (CB); Sesriem 137, 24.4833°S 15.8°E (SMWN); Sesriem 137, River, 24.4833°S 15.9500°E (SMWN); Sesriem Canyon Plain, 24.5167°S 15.8000°E (SMWN); C14, 1 km W Maltahöhe, 24.8589°S 16.9751°E (CB); C19, 62 km W jct. C14. 24.8944°S 16.2092°E (CB); Kwessiegat 173, 24.9000°S 15.9500°E (SMWN); jct. C14-C19, 24.9025°S 16.8964°E (CB); Alwynkop, 24.9167°S 16.2333°E (SMWN); C19, western slope Tsaris Pass, 24.9346°S 16.4159°E (CB); Wereldend 115, 25.1500°S 16.2333°E (SMWN); Gorraris 99, 25.3184°S 15.9089°E (SMWN). Mariental Urban: C19, 11 km W Mariental, 24.6167°S 17.8500°E (CB); Mariental town GoogleMaps  , 24.6167°S 17.9500°E (CB); Mariental, 24.6333°S 17.9667°E (CP); C19, near Mariental, 6 km jct. B1, 24.6467°S 17.9122°E (CB). [Karas] Berseba: Mukorob 14, NamalandGoogleMaps  , 25.5000°S 18.1667°E (SMWN); Goab, 25.7500°S 17.3833°E (SMWN); Auas S, 25.8000°S 17.0167°E (SMWN); Oreylingen 48, 26.1333°S 17.0333°E (SMWN); C14, 51 km N Bethanien, 26.2919°S 17.0535°E (CB); B4, 73 km W Keetmanshoop, 26.7809°S 17.4657°E (CB). Lüderitz: Numabis Pan, Diamond Area 2GoogleMaps  , 25.5167°S 15.5833°E (SMWN); near Aus, 26.6667°S 16.2667°E (CP); Plateau 38, 26.6667°S 16.5333°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN). Keetmanshoop Rural: M29, 4 km S jct. D3919GoogleMaps  , 25.6205°S 18.6135°E (CB); Koes, 25.9500°S 19.1167°E (SMWN); Khabus 146, 26.2833°S 18.2333°E (SMWN); Khabus 146, 26.3000°S 18.2167°E (SMWN); Wildheim Ost 384, 26.4833°S 19.5667°E (SMWN); Keetmanshoop, 26.9169°S 18.6746°E (CB); Swarbaas West 276, 27.0167°S 19.7000°E (SMWN); C11, 1 km jct. M26. 27.0915°S 19.5372°E (CB); Karas distr., 27.1352°S 19.4941°E (CB). Karasburg: 75 km S Keetmanshoop GoogleMaps  , Guigatsis River, 27.3750°S 18.6250°E (JP); Keimas 99GoogleMaps  , 28.7667°S 19.1167°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN); Fish River canyon, Hiker PointGoogleMaps  , 27.7765°S 17.6049°E (CB alcohol).

Other records: Swakop ( Marseul 1872, type locality); Swakop River (CB); Namib Sand Sea desert ( Seely 2012); Namibia  ( Bologna 2000a; Pitzalis et al. 2014).

Remarks. Types of this species were examined at MNHNAbout MNHN.

In this species, the mesosternal “scutum” is very narrow, almost absent as in the Mesogorbatus lineage. The antennae are short and compact, with 11 antennomeres.

Hycleus transvaalicus ( Péringuey, 1904)  comb. n. ( Fig. 4HView FIGURE4)

Decatoma transvaalica Péringuey, 1904  Types. Types of this species were examined at SAMC.

Distribution. Botswana, Namibia  , South Africa, and Zimbabwe.

Material examined and literature records. [Oshikoto] Guinas: Tsumeb, Uithoek 770, National road, 19.3300°S 17.6600°E ( SMWNAbout SMWN)GoogleMaps  . [Kunene] Outjo: Abachaus , 19.7167°S 16.5800°E ( Kaszab 1959a, as ab. simplicior). [Otjozondjupa] Okahandja: 25 km N of OkahandjaGoogleMaps  , 21.7619°S 16.8743°E (CB). [Omaheke] Steinhausen : C30, 8 km S jct. with C29, 21.8207°S 18.3307°E (CB); 10 km E WitvleiGoogleMaps  , 22.4876°S 18.4939°E (AMNH). Gobabis: C22, 2 km N jct. with B6, 22.4205°S 19.0037°E (CB). Kalahari: C20, Gobabis-Leonardville 16 km S of Gobabis on, 22.9500°S 18.9422°E (CB). [Khomas] Windhoek Rural: D1535, near Windhoek, 5 km jct. B6, 22.3681°S 17.6675°E (CB); D1525, Windhoek-Gobabis, 1 km N jct. B6, 22.3968°S 17.6600°E (CB); C23, 26 km S Dordabis, 23.0575°S 17.9329°E (CB). [Hardap] Rehoboth West Urban : Rehoboth, 23.3167°S 17.0833°E (CP).GoogleMaps 

Other records: Namibia  ( Bologna 2000a; Pitzalis et al. 2014).

Remarks. Species with 10 antennomeres, characterized by a very distinctive elytral pattern.

SMWN

State Museum

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

HMNH

Hayashibara Museum of Natural History

OSU

Ohio State University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Meloidae

Genus

Hycleus

Loc

Hycleus arlecchinus Bologna

Bologna, Marco A., Amore, Valentina & Pitzalis, Monica 2018

2018
Loc

Hycleus basibicinctus ( Marseul, 1872 )

Bologna & Amore & Pitzalis 2018

2018
Loc

Hycleus derosus ( Péringuey, 1909 )

Bologna & Amore & Pitzalis 2018

2018
Loc

Hycleus transvaalicus ( Péringuey, 1904 )

Bologna & Amore & Pitzalis 2018

2018
Loc

Hycleus mimulus (

Borchmann 1940

1940
Loc

Mylabris mimula

Borchmann 1940

1940
Loc

Hycleus damarensis (

Borchmann 1928

1928
Loc

Mylabris damarensis

Borchmann 1928

1928
Loc

Mylabris derosa Péringuey, 1909

Peringuey 1909

1909
Loc

Decatoma transvaalica Péringuey, 1904

Peringuey 1904

1904
Loc

Hycleus bifucatus (

Marseul 1879

1879
Loc

Mylabris bifucata

Marseul 1879

1879
Loc

Mylabris (Mylabris) basibicincta

Marseul 1872

1872
Loc

Hycleus svakopinus (

Marseul 1872

1872
Loc

Mylabris (Mylabris) svakopina

Marseul 1872

1872