Nabidae

Novoselsky, T., Freidberg, A., Dorchin, N., Meltzer, N. & Kerzhner, I., 2014, The Nabidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) of Israel and the Sinai Peninsula, Zootaxa 3827 (4), pp. 471-492 : 472-473

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3827.4.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6AE606D7-62DE-49E9-8F6F-52D7B400670F

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6143227

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/F77B87F5-FF84-F816-788A-4C34FA57EAC7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nabidae
status

 

Key to the species of Nabidae in Israel

1. Fore femur strongly turgid, distinctly widest at mid-length (except in Prostemma sanguineum (Rossi)) and with 2–3 dense rows of black spinules ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1 – 4 ); fore tibia strongly widened from base to apex ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1 – 4 ). Usually brachypterous (Subfamily Prostemmatinae )......................................................................................... 2

-. Fore femur moderately turgid, without projection and rows of black spinules; fore tibia not widened ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 4 ). Usually macropterous (Subfamily Nabinae )....................................................................... 6

2. Pronotum dull. Connexivum delimited from sternites by row of small oblique ribs. Genitalia anterior to tip of abdomen ventrally ( Figs. 13–14 View FIGURES 11 – 14. 11 – 12 ). Channel of metathoracic scent gland not directed cephalad ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 5 – 10 ). Body dark brown to black, without yellow areas; hemelytron off-white; legs black or yellow. Body length 2.4–3.0mm.............. Phorticus velutinus Puton

-. Pronotum shiny ( Fig. 46–49). Connexivum not delimited from sternites by row of small oblique ribs. Genitalia at tip of abdomen ( Figs. 11–12 View FIGURES 11 – 14. 11 – 12 ). Channel of metathoracic scent gland curved, with apical part directed cephalad or medio-cephalad ( Figs. 6–9 View FIGURES 5 – 10 ). Body light brown with yellow areas; hemelytron reddish; legs yellow. Body length 3.6–5.2mm................... 3

3. Fore and mid femur with submedial projection and rows of black spinules. Channel of metathoracic scent gland directed medio-cephalad ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 5 – 10 ). Body black-brown with yellow areas. Body length 3.3–5.0mm... Alloeorhynchus flavipes (Fieber)

-. Only fore femur with projection (absent in Prostemma (Prostemma) sanguineum ) and rows of black spinules. Channel of metathoracic scent gland directed cephalad ( Figs. 6, 7, 8, 10 View FIGURES 5 – 10 ). Body black and red.................................. 4

4. Dorsal part of middle and hind femora black or dark brown. Pronotum never with red sheen. Body length 7.9–10.3 mm ( Fig. 49)................................................................. Prostemma (Prostemma) aeneicolle Stein

-. Femora entirely red. Pronotum sometimes with red sheen...................................................... 5

5. Pronotum and scutellum entirely black ( Figs. 46–47). In brachypterous individuals, hemelytron truncate distally and membrane vestigial in the form of narrow stripe. Body length 7.2–10.1mm. Parameres and phallus as in Figs. 15 View FIGURES 15 – 26 , 31 View FIGURES 31 – 34 ............................................................................. Prostemma (Prostemma) guttula (Fabricius)

-. Pronotum and scutellum red ( Fig. 48). In brachypterous individuals, hemelytron rounded distally and membrane larger. Body

length 5.2–7.5mm. Parameres and phallus as in Figs. 16 View FIGURES 15 – 26 , 32 View FIGURES 31 – 34 ................ Prostemma (Prostemma) sanguineum (Rossi) 6. Connexivum not delimited from sternites. Posterior corner of pronotum obliquely truncate. Body yellowish or grayish. Head and scutellum with one longitudinal black stripe; anterior lobe of pronotum with three such stripes; posterior part of fore femur and apex of hind femur brown or black ( Figs. 53–54 View FIGURES 50 – 55 ). Paramere as in Fig. 17 View FIGURES 15 – 26 , vagina as in Fig. 44 View FIGURES 39 – 45 . Body length 7.2– 9mm ............................................................................ Himacerus (Anaptus) major (Costa)

-. Connexivum delimited from sternites by distinct furrow or slit. Posterior corner of pronotum not truncate. Body coloration variable. Stripes on head, pronotum and scutellum present or absent. Posterior part of fore femur and usually also apex of hind femur yellow. Paramere and vagina different................................................................ 7

7. Body green, sometimes with reddish or brownish pattern....................................................... 8

-. Body yellowish or grayish, usually with brown median stripe on head, pronotum and scutellum........................ 9

8. Fore femur and mid femur ventrally with several yellowish or brown bristles situated on brown tubercles ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 1 – 4 ). Rostrum not extended beyond fore coxa. Paramere with keel (extension of posterior margin of hypophysis) reaching middle of paramere ( Fig. 21 View FIGURES 15 – 26 ). Subbasal hook of phallus claw-like ( Fig. 30 View FIGURES 27 – 30. 27 – 28 ). Vagina constricted in basal third, with very large parietal glands ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 39 – 45 ). Body length 6.2–7.5mm.................................................... Nabis (Aspilaspis) indicus (Stål)

-. Fore femur and mid femur with pale, hair-like bristles, or bristles brown and spine-like only on mid-femur, rarely one or two dark bristles on fore femur without brown tubercles at bases. Rostrum extended beyond fore coxa. Keel on paramere shorter, not reaching middle of paramere ( Figs. 22–23 View FIGURES 15 – 26 ). Subbasal hook of phallus not claw-like ( Fig. 29 View FIGURES 27 – 30. 27 – 28 ). Vagina not constricted, with small parietal glands ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 39 – 45 ). Body length 6 –7.2mm............................. Nabis (Aspilaspis) viridulus Spinola

9. Body elongate oval, 3.2–3.5 times as long as pronotum width ( Fig. 51 View FIGURES 50 – 55 ). Connexivum with brown spots. Paramere markedly elongate ( Fig. 24 View FIGURES 15 – 26 ). Vagina as in Fig. 45 View FIGURES 39 – 45 . Body length 6.5– 8mm ..................... Nabis (Halonabis) sareptanus Dohrn

-. Body more slender, 4–7 times as long as pronotum width ( Fig. 50 View FIGURES 50 – 55 ). Connexivum without brown spots. Paramere wider ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 15 – 26 )................................................................................................ 10

10. Delicate species with long legs and antennae; hemelytron, and usually also apex of corium, extended far beyond apex of abdomen ( Fig. 50 View FIGURES 50 – 55 ). Paramere with distal 2 / 3 of disc triangular, and recurrent plate not strongly bent ( Figs. 18–19 View FIGURES 15 – 26 ). Phallus with two hooks pointing in opposite directions ( Figs. 33 View FIGURES 31 – 34 , 37 View FIGURES 35 – 38 ). Vagina strongly asymmetrical, with round sac-like projection covering base of common oviduct dorsally ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 39 – 45 ). Body length 7–9mm ............... Nabis (Tropiconabis) capsiformis Germar

-. Stouter species with shorter legs and antennae; hemelytron not extended beyond apex of abdomen; apex of corium not extending to apex of abdomen. Paramere with distal 2 / 3 of disc more or less rounded, not triangular, and recurrent plate variable ( Figs. 20, 25–26 View FIGURES 15 – 26 ). Phallus with one or two hooks, if two, then facing same direction ( Figs. 34 View FIGURES 31 – 34 , 38 View FIGURES 35 – 38 ). Vagina more or less symmetrical, without sac-like projection ( Figs. 42–43 View FIGURES 39 – 45 ).......................................................... 11

11. Corium always with small brownish spots at bases of hairs. Recurrent plate of paramere not curved ( Fig. 20 View FIGURES 15 – 26 ). In Israeli subspecies, phallus with two hooks ( Figs. 34 View FIGURES 31 – 34 , 38 View FIGURES 35 – 38 ), vagina with two parietal glands and straight base ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 39 – 45 ). Body length 6.3–8.5mm............................................................... Nabis (Nabis) pseudoferus orientarius Remane

-. Corium often without brownish spots at bases of hairs. Recurrent plate of paramere strongly curved ( Figs. 25–26 View FIGURES 15 – 26 ). Phallus with one hook ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 35 – 38 ), vagina with one parietal gland and asymmetrical sac-like projection at base ( Fig. 43 View FIGURES 39 – 45 ). Body length 7 –8.5mm................................................................ Nabis (Nabis) palifer Seidenstücker

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Nabidae