Lerneca inalata beripocone

Lima, Raysa Martins, Martins, Luciano De Pinho, Pereira, Marcelo Ribeiro, Ganchev, Todor D., Jahn, Olaf, Lhano, Marcos Gonçalves, 2016, Lerneca inalata beripocone subsp. nov. (Orthoptera: Phalangopsidae; Luzarinae): a new taxon for the northern Pantanal of Brazil, Zootaxa 4175 (4), pp. 366-376: 369-373

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4175.4.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3BF463B8-FEBA-4C54-BB1E-2F42F83D9C10

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F81A8781-116C-B424-FF74-FDE5FD9A7F04

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lerneca inalata beripocone
status

 

Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, Martins & Lhano, subsp. nov.

( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2)

http://lsid.speciesfile.org/urn:lsid: Orthoptera  .speciesfile.org:TaxonName:492155

Type locality. Brazil, Mato Grosso State, Poconé municipality, Fazenda Pouso Alegre : -16.50824°, -56.75050°. 

Type material. HOLOTYPE (male): CEMT 52041; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal ( FPAP), -16,50824°, -56,75050°, 29.x.2013, active collection, Lima, R.M. coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, Martins & Lhano det.. ALLOTYPE (female): CEMT 52042  ; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal ( FPAP), -16,50893°, -56,75367°, 25.ix.2013, active collection, Lima, R.M. coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, Martins & Lhano det.. 

Other material examined. PARATYPES: 6 females CEMT 52043, 52044, 52045, 52046, 52047, 52048  ; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal , -16,50303°, -56,74533°, 19–29.x.2013, active collection, R.M. Lima coll.; 7 males  : 1 male, CEMT 52049; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal , - 16.50384º, -56.73959º, 19.x.2013, active collection, R.M. Lima coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, R.M., Pereira, M.R., Martins, L.P., Lhano, M.G. det.; 1 male, CEMT 52050  ; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal , -16.50303°, -56.74533°, 01.xi.2013, active collection, Lima, R.M. coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, R.M. Pereira, M.R., Martins, L.P., Lhano, M.G. det.; 1 male, CEMT 52051  ; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal , -16.50252°, -56.74226°, 07.x.2013, active collection, R.M. Lima coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, R.M., Pereira, M.R., Martins, L.P., Lhano, M.G. det.; 1 male, CEMT 52052  ; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal , -16.50824°, -56.75050°, 15.x.2013, active collection, R.M. Lima coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, R.M., Pereira, M.R., Martins, L.P., Lhano, M.G. det.; 1 male, CEMT 52053  ; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal , 23.x.2013, active collection, Lima, R.M. coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, R.M., Pereira, M.R., Martins, L.P., Lhano, M.G. det.; 1 male, CEMT 52054  ; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal , -16.50824°, -56.75050°, 15.x.2013, active collection, Lima, R.M. coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, R.M., Pereira, M.R., Martins, L.P., Lhano, M.G. det.; 1 male, CEMT 52055  ; BRAZIL, MT, Poconé, Fazenda Pouso Alegre, Pantanal , -16.50893°, -56.75367°, 25.ix.2013, active collection, Lima, R.M. coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, R.M., Pereira, M.R., Martins, L.P., Lhano, M.G. det.; 1 male, CEMT 52056  ; BRAZIL, MT, Advanced Pantanal Research Base ( BAPP) of the Federal University of Mato Grosso, -16.500947°, -56.413267°, 28.vii.2013, active collection, R.M. Lima & L.P. Martins coll., Lerneca inalata beripocone  Lima, R.M., Pereira, M.R., Martins, L.P., Lhano, M.G. det.. 

Etymology. In honor of the indigenous tribe ‘Beri-Poconé’ (Bororo ethnic group) which inhabited the region where the subspecies is present and from which originated the name of the municipality of Poconé, Mato Grosso state.

Diagnosis. This subspecies is distinguished by the combination of the following characters: (i) male genitalia with six spines on the ventral region of sclerite B, with the first spine on the anterior portion having a subtle bifurcation ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 A); (ii) sclerite C with slightly concave curvature in the direction of the dorsal region of the genitalia ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 C); (iii) tegmina: ratio between speculum length and apical area length c. 2.9, and radio between width and apical area length c. 3.16 ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 A, B).

Description. Head: Dark brown with 4 light brown longitudinal stripes, short bristles over full extent and long black bristles on the frons ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 D). Antenna dark brown with scape, pedicel and antennomere whitened in the proximal region. Frons, gena, clypeus, labrum, and mandibles dark brown. White maxillary palpus, with 3 rounded segments and bristles over its entire length ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 F). First segment darker on base, and last segment wider and flatter than the others. Labial palpus smaller and darker than maxillary palpus. Thorax and abdomen: Dorsal disc of pronotum with small dark spots, pubescent, with larger and darker bristles on the anterior and posterior margins. Lateral lobe of pronotum dark brown. Metanotum with two drop-shaped stains. The ventral region of the thorax and abdomen light brown, with longitudinal rounded spots that extend all over the abdomen. Prothorax tergites and abdomen dark brown. Metanotal glands like a pair of small dilatations. Tibia and tarsus I, II, and III and femur I and II dark brown, marked with light spots. Tibia I tympanum present on both sides, oval and subequal in size. Femur III darker in the distal half, with dark brown spots, with the inner surface brighter than the outer ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 C). Trapezoidal supranal plate light brown, with apex rounded and narrower than the base ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 G). Subgenital plate light brown with dark dots, apex with invagination in the middle portion with sclerite B spines ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 H). Cerci light brown.

Observations of Paratypes.

Genitalia. Sclerite B with rounded apex and 6 ventral spines, the anterior 4 being more developed than the posterior 2 ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 A, C). The first spine in the basal portion of sclerite B with slight bifurcation ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 A). Sclerite C dorsally projected, concave, with denticles all over the dorsal surface ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 A). Mid-region of pseudepiphallus strongly sclerotized, with basal area larger than the apex ( Figs. 3View FIGURE 3 A, B). Sclerotized proximal pseudepiphallus invagination bent and projected towards the ectophallic apodeme ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 C). Pseudepiphallic paramere membranous in more than 50% of its area slightly longer and curved to the medio-anterior portion of the dorsal face ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 C).

Left tegmen. Brown with light yellow stains, lighter colored veins, speculum length 2.92 ± 0.13 mm (n=16), speculum width 3.19 ± 0.14 mm (n=16); length of apical area 1.01 ± 0.1 mm (n=16). Speculum length-apical area length ratio is 2.95 (2.92 x 1.01 = 2.95) and speculum width-apical area length ratio is 3.22 (3.19 x 1.01 = 3.22). Stridulatory row with 145 ± 11.54 teeth (129–168, n=15). Right tegmen smaller and lighter than left ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2).

Calling songs. ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5, n=3, BIINORPHLEINBE-45IPBC, 28ºC, 7:24 pm, 18.09.2013; BIINORPHLEINBE- 22IPBC, 23ºC, 06:00 pm, 28.07.2013; BIINORPHLEINBE-90IPBC, 28ºC, 06:30 pm, 15.10.2013). Chirps with 29 to 40 pulses, frequency band between 4.0 and 5.7 kHz; dominant frequency 4.5 kHz, each chirp preceded by a single pulse with lower frequency and duration. Pulse frequencies and durations increase gradually over the whole chirp, chirp duration of 253 ± 29.38 ms (n=15), interval between chirps of 707 ± 216.62 ms (n=15), pulse duration of 4.35 ± 0.63 ms, inter-pulse interval of 3.91 ± 0.41 ms (n=157), pulse period of 8.35 ± 0.78 ms (n=157), pulses with 17.77 ± 5.28 sound cycles (n=9), calling song activities during twilight and nocturnal periods, and during the day (one observation at 09:00 am, 27ºC, BIINORPHLEINBE-89IPBC).

Female. Similar to male. Larger in size ( Table 1). Differs from male by tegmina with parallel longitudinal veins. Very small subgenital plate, truncated apex, concave margin, 2 drop-shaped dark brown spots ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 A). Ovipositor dorso-ventrally flattened, valve apex slightly acuminated, smooth edge ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 C –E).

*Numbers of studied individuals not provided.

Female genitalia. Copulatory papilla elongated, tapered apex with transverse folds ( Figs. 4View FIGURE 4 F –H). Basal portion covered by membranes that separate the papilla from the elongated channel that extends to the small rounded spermatheca.

Occurrence. Known only from the municipality of Poconé, Mato Grosso, Brazil ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1). Individuals of this subspecies were frequently observed on leaf litter inside the deciduous and semi-deciduous forests, or near the border areas between forest and pasture.

TABLE 1. Body measurements of L. inalata males and females, measurements (mm), with max., min., mean, and standard deviation values. Abbreviations: BL = body length; PL = pronotum length; PW = pronotum width; IOD = interocular distance; RTL = right tegmen length; RTW = right tegmen width; PFL = posterior femur length; PTL = posterior tibia length; OL = ovipositor length.

IOD
7.45
0.54 0.19 0.23
11.9 7.65 8.15
0.47 0.12 0.18 0.21 0.27 0.29