Pseudocoptosperma De Block

Block, Petra De, Rakotonasolo, Franck, Ntore, Salvator, Sylvain G. Razafimandimbison, & Janssens, Steven, 2018, Four new endemic genera of Rubiaceae (Pavetteae) from Madagascar represent multiple radiations into drylands, PhytoKeys 99, pp. 1-66: 1

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scientific name

Pseudocoptosperma De Block

gen. nov.

Pseudocoptosperma De Block  LSID  gen. nov.


Differing from species within the Coptosperma  assemblage by the combination of the following characters: 3 ovules pendulous from a small placenta attached to the upper half of the septum and keeled triangular stipules with well-developed awn (vs. stipules not keeled and without awn, of the "bec du canard" type).

Type species.

Pseudocoptosperma menabense  Capuron ex De Block

Shrubs; vegetative parts except for young shoots glabrous. Leaves persistent, petiolate with petioles short and canaliculate above; blades coriaceous; domatia absent; margins revolute. Stipules triangular with well-developed awns, keeled, with 2 or 3 rows of colleters at the base but otherwise glabrous on the inner surface. Inflorescences terminal, sessile, multiflorous, cymose with trichotomous branching; partial inflorescences compact; all parts (axes, bracts, bracteoles, pedicels) densely pubescent; bracts and bracteoles small, triangular. Flowers hermaphroditic, pentamerous, sessile to shortly pedicellate; all parts (ovary, calyx, corolla) glabrous outside; secondary pollen presentation present. Calyx with short tube and small lobes. Corolla white, turning yellowish with age; tube narrowly cylindrical, short; lobes contorted to the left in bud and spreading at anthesis. Stamens inserted in the sinuses of the corolla lobes at the level of the throat; filaments short; anthers completely exserted from corolla tube at anthesis, basifixed, with sagittate base and short sterile apical appendix. Disc annular, fleshy, glabrous. Ovary cup-shaped, bilocular; placentation axile, with 3 ovules pendulous from the base and the lateral sides of a small placenta attached to the upper half of the septum. Style and stigma exserted from the corolla tube at anthesis; stigmatic lobes fused over their entire length, receptive zone along the lines of fusion of the lobes. Fruits drupaceous, spherical, glabrous, crowned by the persistent calyx, containing 1 pyrene; pyrene crustaceous, spherical, formed by the outer convex parts of one developed and one aborted locule (the septum remaining membraneous and pushed to the side by the developing seed), with a small central apical protuberance on the adaxial side, opening along the line of fusion of the locules, containing 1 seed; seed subspherical; hilum superficial, ovate, annulus around hilum absent; exotesta cells parenchymatic and filled with tannins; endotesta consisting of crushed cell layers without crystals; endosperm ruminate. Pollen grains 3-zonocolporate, exine microreticulate to perforate, supratectal elements absent.

A genus with a single species, endemic to western Madagascar.


The genus is named for its resemblance to Coptosperma  .