Technomyrmex formosensis

Yamane, Seiki, Leong, Chi-Man & Lin, Chung-Chi, 2018, Taiwanese species of the ant genus Technomyrmex (Formicidae: Dolichoderinae), Zootaxa 4410 (1), pp. 35-56: 47-49

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4410.1.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E39EEEFA-30D3-4E8C-929E-669A0126E6EA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/FE0B8785-FFF2-2C0B-D38C-FCDB1ECDA081

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Technomyrmex formosensis
status

sp. nov.

Technomyrmex formosensis  sp. nov.

HTTP://zOObANK.ORg/8C13E50F-48A7-4F50-AC47-60 B40734View Materials A2A0 ( FIgS. 11View FIGURE 11, 12View FIGURE 12)

HOLOTYPE WORKER: SUN MOON LAKE (760 M ALT.), CA. 23.8574°N, 120.9384°E, 5.VII.2017, NEST IN DECAYED WOOD (SK. YAMANE LEg., TW17-SKY-39) [NMNS, UNIqUE SPECIMEN IDENTIFIER YLL01]. PARATYPE WORKERS: 12 WORKERS FROM THE SAME COLONY [NMNS, SKYC, TFRI, UNIqUE SPECIMEN IDENTIFIERS YLL02–13].

Worker diagnosis. TL 2.5–3.5. SCAPE LONg ( FIg. 11View FIGURE 11); SI>1.30. PROPODEAL DORSUM ROUNDED INTO DECLIVITY, WITHOUT DISTINCT ANgLE bETWEEN THEM ( FIg. 12AView FIGURE 12); STRAIgHT-LINE LENgTH OF PROPODEAL DORSUM LESS THAN LENgTH OF DECLIVITY TO SPIRACLE. METATHORACIC SPIRACLE LOCATED CLOSE TO METANOTAL gROOVE; DISTANCE bETWEEN THEM USUALLY AROUND ONE SPIRACLE DIAMETER. BODY ALMOST ENTIRELY DARK bROWN TO bLACK EXCEPT FOR LEgS, WHICH ARE PARTLY WHITISH OR YELLOWISH, AND MID- AND HIND COXAE MILKY WHITE ( FIg. 12A, BView FIGURE 12).

Worker description. MEASUREMENTS (N=10 INCLUDINg HOLOTYPE; VALUES FORAbout FOR HOLOTYPE ARE IN PARENTHESES). TL 2.5–3.5, HW 0.69–0.76 (0.69), HL 0.78–0.89 (0.80), SL 0.88–0.99 (0.91), EW 0.15–0.18 (0.17), EL 0.20–0.24 (0.22), PRW 0.46–0.54 (0.46), MSW 0.28–0.36 (0.29), CI 85–89 (86), SI 127–132 (132). HEAD SEEN IN FULL-FACE VIEW LONgER THAN bROAD, WITH WEAKLY CONVEX LATERAL MARgIN AND ALMOST STRAIgHT TO SHALLOWLY EMARgINATE POSTERIOR MARgIN, bROADEST AT LEVEL OF EYE ( FIg. 11View FIGURE 11). CLYPEUS POSTERIORLY DEMARCATED FROM FRONS bY WEAK SUTURE, ANTERIORLY bROADLY EMARgINATE FORMINg LARgE LATERAL LObES; INNER MARgIN OF THIS EMARgINATION SMOOTHLY MEETINg WITH ANTERIOR MARgIN OF CLYPEUS (LObE) WITHOUT ANgLE. EYE LOCATED SLIgHTLY IN FRONT OF MIDLENgTH OF HEAD; ITS OUTER MARgIN APPROACHINg LATERAL MARgIN OF HEAD bUT NOTAbout NOT bREAKINg THE LATTER ( FIg. 11View FIGURE 11); DISTANCE bETWEEN ANTERIOR MARgIN OF EYE AND MANDIbULAR bASE SUbEqUAL TO EYE LENgTH. ANTENNAL SCAPE SURPASSINg POSTERIOR MARgIN OF HEAD bY 2/5 OF ITS LENgTH OR MORE. PRONOTUM IN DORSAL VIEW MUCH LONgER AND bROADER THAN MESONOTUM ( FIg. 12BView FIGURE 12); POSTEROLATERAL CORNER OF PRONOTUM PRODUCED bACKWARD. WITH MESOSOMA IN PROFILE ( FIg. 12AView FIGURE 12), MESONOTUM SLOPINg FROM LEVEL OF PRONOTUM TOWARD METANOTAL gROOVE; MESOPLEURON NOTAbout NOT DIFFERENTIATED FROM MESONOTUM. METANOTAL gROOVE DISTINCT ( FIg. 12BView FIGURE 12); METATHORACIC SPIRACLE CLOSE TO gROOVE ( ANTERIOR MARgIN OF PROPODEUM), DISTANCE SEPARATINg THEM ONE SPIRACLE DIAMETER OR SLIgHTLY MORE. PROPODEUM IN PROFILE WITH DORSAL MARgIN CONVEX AND gRADUALLY ROUNDED INTO DECLIVITY; NO DISTINCT ANgLE PRESENT bETWEEN DORSUM AND DECLIVITY; STRAIgHT-LINE LENgTH OF DORSUM LESS THAN LENgTH OF DECLIVITY TO SPIRACLE ( FIg. 12AView FIGURE 12).

HEAD VERY FINELY AND DENSELY PUNCTO-RETICULATE AND MAT; SCULPTURE WEAKER ON VENTER OF HEAD AND LEgS; MESOSOMA WITH STRONgER AND COARSER PUNCTO-RETICULATION THAN ON HEAD. SCULPTURE ON MANDIbLE AND LOWER PART OF PROPODEAL DECLIVITY MUCH WEAKER. PETIOLE SMOOTH AND SHINY.

DORSUM OF CRANIUM WITHOUT STANDINg HAIRS; CLYPEUS WITH TWO PAIRS OF LONg HAIRS ARISINg FROM ANTERIOR MARgINgS OF LATERAL LObES ( FIg. 11View FIGURE 11). MESOSOMA WITHOUT STANDINg HAIRS. GASTRAL TERgITES 2–4 EACH WITH 2 PAIRS OF LONg HAIRS. BODY DARK bROWN TO bLACK. MANDIbLE LIgHT bROWN; FLAgELLUM AND LEgS RATHER REDDISH. TROCHANTERS OF ALL LEgS AND MID- AND HIND COXAE WHITISH; bOTH EXTREMITIES OF FEMORA, AND TARSI OF ALL LEgS YELLOWISH.

QUEEN AND MALE UNKNOWN.

Distribution. TAIWAN.

Additional non-type material examined ( MNMS, SKYC, TFRIAbout TFRI). CHIAYI COUNTY: 1 WORKER, ALISHAN, SHUISHELIAO, 3.VII.2017, E  . AND SK. YAMANE LEg. CHANgHUA COUNTY: 2 WORKERS, CHANgHUA-SHI, MT. BAgUS, 24.0789°N, 120.5481°E, 6.VII.2017, SKGoogleMaps  . AND E. YAMANE LEg. NANTOU COUNTY: 1 WORKER, WUSHE, 23.VIII. 1 987, M. TERAYAMA LEg.; 16 WORKERS, SUNAbout SUN MOON LAKE (760 M ALTAbout ALT.), CA  . 23.8574°N, 120.9384°E, 5.VII.2017, NEST UNDER STONE, SK. YAMANE LEg. (TW17-SKY-51); 2 WORKERS, SAME LOC. AND DATE, E. AND SK. YAMANE LEg.; 6 WORKERS, HUISUN EXP. FOREST (500-800 M ALT.), 24.0896°N, 121.0305°E, 27–30.IV.2017, SECONDARY FOREST, C. M. LEONg LEg.

Remarks. Technomyrmex formosensis  sp. nov. IS IN COLORATION AND STRUCTURE VERY SIMILAR TO T. kraepelini  FOREL, 1905 INHAbITINg THE SUNDALAND REgION (SYNTYPE IMAgES EXAMINED; ANTWEb, 2017). HOWEVER, IT IS DISTINgUISHED FROM THE LATTER bY A MORE SLENDER bODY AND LONgER ANTENNAL SCAPE. SCAPE INDEX IS ALWAYS MORE THAN 125 (UP TO 132) IN THE FORMER, WHILE IT IS CONSTANTLY LESS THAN 125 (MINIMUM 90) IN THE LATTER. THE DORSUM OF THE PROPODEUM ROUNDLY CONVEX, WITH NO ANgLE bETWEEN IT AND THE DECLIVITY IN THE FORMER, WHILE THE PROPODEUM HASAbout HAS A MORE OR LESS FLAT DORSAL SURFACE, WITH A ROUNDED ANgLE WITH THE DECLIVITY IN THE LATTER. THE PRESENT NEWAbout NEW SPECIES IS ALSO SIMILAR TO T. antennus  ZHOU, 2000 FROM SOUTHERN CHINA ( ZHOU, 2000) IN SOME RESPECTS SUCHAbout SUCH AS THE SHORT DORSUM OF THE PROPODEUM AND LONg ANTENNAE. HOWEVER, IN T. antennus  THE bODY COLOUR IS REDDISH bROWN AS IN T. horni  ( DARK bROWN TO bLACK IN T. formosensis  sp. nov.), PROPODEAL jUNCTION IS ANgLED ( WITHOUT ANgLE IN THE LATTER), AND THE ANTENNAE AND LEgS ARE YELLOWISH bROWN (MAINLY bLACK IN THE LATTER).

FOR

Forssa Museum of Natural History

NOT

Nottingham City Natural History Museum

TFRI

Taiwan Fisheries Research Institute

SUN

Sunderland Museum

ALT

Curtis Museum

HAS

Funda��o Zoobot�nica do Rio Grande do Sul

NEW

University of Newcastle

SUCH

Sukhumi Botanical Garden of Georgian Academy of Sciences