Zelus auralanus Zhang & Hart

Zhang, Guanyang, Hart, Elwood R & Weirauch, Christiane, 2016, A taxonomic monograph of the assassin bug genus Zelus Fabricius (Hemiptera: Reduviidae): 71 species based on 10,000 specimens, Biodiversity Data Journal 4, pp. 8150-8150: 8150

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.4.e8150

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:262DB958-2422-46B6-92E6-1675C3C07DB1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/CAC4A476-3BAE-4988-9D67-010CB3072C13

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:CAC4A476-3BAE-4988-9D67-010CB3072C13

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Zelus auralanus Zhang & Hart
status

sp. n.

Zelus auralanus Zhang & Hart  ZBK  sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00069892; recordedBy: J. R. de la Torre-Bueno; sex: Adult Male; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Amazonas; locality: Vista Alegre [in formerly-named 'Rio Branco' territory] ; decimalLatitude: 0.4578; decimalLongitude: -66.2489; georeferenceSources: Gazetteer; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1924-09-06; Record Level: institutionCode: KUGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00009502; occurrenceRemarks: Drake Collection; recordedBy: L. E. Peńa; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BOLIVIA; stateProvince: Cochabamba; locality: Sajta, Chapare ; decimalLatitude: -17.00861; decimalLongitude: -64.78663; georeferenceSources: Google Earth; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1992-03-01; Record Level: institutionCode: USNMGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00069893; occurrenceRemarks: Previously designated as 'allotype' of his manuscript name Zelusauralanus by Hart. This type status is not used in the formal publication of this name (Zhang et al.) and this specimen is instead designated as a paratype.; recordedBy: J. R. de la Torre-Bueno; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Amazonas; locality: Vista Alegre [in formerly-named 'Rio Branco' territory] ; decimalLatitude: 0.4578; decimalLongitude: -66.2489; georeferenceSources: Gazetteer; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1924-09-06; Record Level: institutionCode: KUGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00069894; recordedBy: J. R. de la Torre-Bueno; sex: Adult Male; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Amazonas; locality: Vista Alegre [in formerly-named 'Rio Branco' territory] ; decimalLatitude: 0.4578; decimalLongitude: -66.2489; georeferenceSources: Gazetteer; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1924-09-06; Record Level: institutionCode: KUGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00006073; recordedBy: B. Malkin; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Mato Grosso; locality: Barra do Tapirape ; decimalLatitude: -10.46666; decimalLongitude: -50.51667; georeferenceSources: Gazetteer; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1962-12-26; Record Level: institutionCode: CASGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00019695; recordedBy: B. Malkin; sex: Adult Male; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Mato Grosso; locality: Barra do Tapirape ; decimalLatitude: -10.46666; decimalLongitude: -50.51667; georeferenceSources: Gazetteer; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1962-12-26; Record Level: institutionCode: CASGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00019696; recordedBy: B. Malkin; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Mato Grosso; locality: Barra do Tapirape ; decimalLatitude: -10.46666; decimalLongitude: -50.51667; georeferenceSources: Gazetteer; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1962-12-26; Record Level: institutionCode: CASGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00019697; recordedBy: B. Malkin; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Mato Grosso; locality: Barra do Tapirape ; decimalLatitude: -10.46666; decimalLongitude: -50.51667; georeferenceSources: Gazetteer; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1962-12-26; Record Level: institutionCode: CASGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00019698; recordedBy: B. Malkin; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Mato Grosso; locality: Barra do Tapirape ; decimalLatitude: -10.46666; decimalLongitude: -50.51667; georeferenceSources: Gazetteer; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1962-12-26; Record Level: institutionCode: CASGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00046999; recordedBy: D. Engleman; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Mato Grosso; locality: Mato Gr. ; decimalLatitude: -10.41666; decimalLongitude: -59.46667; georeferenceSources: Label; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1977-03-17 to 1977-03-22; Record Level: institutionCode: AMNHGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00047080; recordedBy: M. Alvarenga; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Para; locality: Tucurui ; decimalLatitude: -3.7; decimalLongitude: -49.7; georeferenceSources: Gazetteer; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1979-01-01; Record Level: institutionCode: AMNHGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00009459; recordedBy: B. C. Ratcliffe; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: BRAZIL; stateProvince: Rondonia; locality: 62 km S Ariquemes, Fazenda Rancho Grande ; verbatimElevation: 300 m; decimalLatitude: -10.3; decimalLongitude: -62.86666; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1991-11-11 to 1991-11-22; Record Level: institutionCode: USNMGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00072667; recordedBy: Unknown; sex: Adult Male; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: ECUADOR; stateProvince: Napo; locality: 30 km E of Pto Napo ; verbatimElevation: 410 m; decimalLatitude: -1.04256; decimalLongitude: -77.60111; georeferenceSources: Label; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 2005-03-04; Record Level: institutionCode: UCRGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00072668; recordedBy: Unknown; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: ECUADOR; stateProvince: Napo; locality: 30 km E of Pto Napo ; verbatimElevation: 410 m; decimalLatitude: -1.04256; decimalLongitude: -77.60111; georeferenceSources: Label; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 2005-03-06; Record Level: institutionCode: UCRGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00009474; occurrenceRemarks: Lot#992 - Collection code moved to this field to prevent duplication; Drake Collection; recordedBy: T. L. Erwin et al.; sex: Adult Male; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: ECUADOR; stateProvince: Orellana; locality: Reserva Etnica Waorani, 1 km S. Onkone Gare Camp, Transect Ent. ; verbatimElevation: 216 m; decimalLatitude: -0.65714; decimalLongitude: -76.453; georeferenceSources: Label; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: samplingProtocol: Fogging; eventDate: 1995-02-10; Record Level: institutionCode: USNMGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00006072; recordedBy: E. I. Schlinger & E. S. Ross; sex: Adult Male; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: PERU; stateProvince: Huanuco; locality: Monzon valley, Tingo Maria ; decimalLatitude: -9.27816; decimalLongitude: -76.05562; georeferenceSources: Google Earth; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1954-12-11; Record Level: institutionCode: CASGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: UCR_ENT 00047094; recordedBy: B. Malkin; sex: Adult Female; Taxon: scientificName: Zelusauralanus; family: Reduviidae; genus: Zelus; scientificNameAuthorship: Zhang and Hart, 2016; Location: country: ECUADOR; stateProvince: Pastaza; locality: Cuisimi, on Rio Cuisimi, 150km SE of Puyo ; verbatimElevation: 350 m; decimalLatitude: -2.43129; decimalLongitude: -77.03292; Identification: identifiedBy: G. Zhang; dateIdentified: 2013; Event: eventDate: 1971-06-01 to 1971-06-05; Record Level: institutionCode: AMNHGoogleMaps 

Description

Figs 36, 37, 38

Male: (Fig. 36a, b, c, d) Medium-sized, total length 12.64-14.37 mm (mean 13.61 mm, Suppl. material 2); slender. COLORATION: Nearly entire surface medium dark brown; apices of femora dark colored; abdomen light brown to yellowish-brown. VESTITURE: Densely setose. Body surface covered with short, adpressed to recumbent setae, dorsal setae on head and pronotum golden, shining; ventral surface of head and abdomen with longer, erect setae; sometimes setae covered with white waxy exudation. Dense, long, erect setae on paramere; bush of short, erect, spine-like setae on posterior surface of medial process. Corium and clavus with short, recumbent setae. STRUCTURE: Head: Cylindrical, L/W = 2.63. Postocular lobe long; in dorsal view anteriorly gradually narrowing, posterior portion constant, slightly narrower. Eye prominent; much wider than postocular lobe; dorsal and ventral margins removed from surfaces of head. Labium: I: II: III = 1: 2.0: 0.4. Basiflagellomere diameter slightly larger than that of pedicel. Thorax: Anterolateral angle bearing small projection; medial longitudinal sulcus shallow near collar, deepening posteriorly. Posterior pronotal lobe with rugulose surface; disc about same level as humeral angle; humeral angle armed, with dentate or spinous process. Scutellum long; apex blunt, not projected. Legs: Slender. Hemelytron: Slightly surpassing apex of abdomen, not more than length of abdominal segment seven; quadrate cell small, relatively broad; Cu and M of cubital cell converging towards R. GENITALIA: (Fig. 37) Pygophore: Ovoid; slightly expanded laterally near base of paramere in dorsal view. Medial process triangular; slender; long; anteroposteriorly compressed; semi-erect; curved at middle; apex in posterior view acute, with small hooklike projection. Paramere: Cylindrical; moderately long, slightly exceeding medial process; directed posteriad, slightly curved towards medial process; basally narrower; curved ventrad; apical part very slightly enlarged. Phallus: Dorsal phallothecal sclerite somewhat pandurate, medially strongly constricted; laterally with dorsally directed small sharp projection at mid-portion; apical portion of phallothecal sclerite gradually tapering, lateral margin narrowly angulate, angulation ending anteriorly in sharp, dorsad projection; apex rounded, medially emarginate; posterior margin of foramen inversely V-shaped. Struts attached to dorsal phallothecal sclerite; apically separate, connected by bridge; basally almost completely fused. Basal plate arm moderately robust; separate; converging; in lateral view severely curved, nearly semi-circular; bridge short; extension of basal plate expanded onto arm.

Female: (Fig. 36e, f) Similar to male, except for the following. Larger than male, total length 17.21-18.32 mm (mean 17.85 mm, Suppl. material 2). Eye moderate size, smaller than in male.

Diagnosis

Can be readily recognized by the uniformly brown dorsal coloration; the darkened tibial apex; the humeral angle elevated to level of disc; the dorsal setae on head and pronotum appearing somewhat golden, shining when viewed under magnification. Males can also be recognized by the gradually enlarged paramere; the triangular medial process, curved slightly posteriad in the middle, apex with a hooklike projection; and the dorsal phallothecal sclerite with short, dorsad projections sub-laterally.

Etymology

The species epithet indicates the somewhat reddish tone of the coloration.

Distribution

South America (Fig. 38). Countries with specimen records: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Reduviidae

Genus

Zelus