Cyphorhinus arada ( Hermann, 1783 )

Bocalini, Fernanda & Silveira, Luís Fábio, 2016, A taxonomic revision of the Musician Wren, Cyphorhinus arada (Aves, Troglodytidae), reveals the existence of six valid species endemic to the Amazon basin, Zootaxa 4193 (3), pp. 541-564: 550

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Cyphorhinus arada ( Hermann, 1783 )


Cyphorhinus arada ( Hermann, 1783) 

English name: Musician Wren

Portuguese-name: Uirapuru

Type-locality: Cayenne, French Guiana.

Diagnosis: black collar with conspicuous longitudinal white stripes on shoulders and upper back, forehead and crown dark red (M 2.5YR 3/6), chestnut nape (S 1.0YR 3/5) and very pale brown (M 10YR 7/4) belly.

Voice: mostly consists of a variety of simple phrases accompanied by low guttural notes. The phrases generally have few notes (6–12), a short duration (2–3 s), slow pace (3–5 notes/s), high minimum frequency values (565– 1200 Hz). Each phrase type is repeated several times before changing to the next. Distribution: to the east of the Rio Negro, on the northern bank of the Amazon River, including southeastern and eastern Venezuela, the Guianas and northeastern Brazil ( Figure 4View FIGURE 4).