Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) impressa , Kohout, R. J., 2007

Kohout, R. J., 2007, Revision of the subgenus Aulacomyrma Emery of the genus Polyrhachis F. Smith, with descriptions of new species., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 186-253: 224-226

publication ID

21282

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/FF289B3D-5F81-31B4-A797-BDF96F6AAB9D

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) impressa
status

new species

Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) impressa  HNS  , new species

Figures 73, 76, 79

TYPE MATERIAL

HOLOTYPE: PAPUA NEW GUINEA, Huon Pen., lower Busu R. , 10. v. 1955, lowl. rf., E. O. Wilson # 1003 (worker). PARATYPES: data as for holotype, but 27. iv. 1955, E. O. Wilson # 706 (worker)  ; 10. v. 1955, E. O. Wilson # 988 (2 workers)  ; 12. v. 1955, E. O. Wilson # 1018 (worker) and 17. v. 1955, E. O. Wilson # 1054 (7 workers, 1 dealate [[ queen ]]). Type distribution: holotype, 1 paratype worker and paratype [[ queen ]] in MCZC; 2 paratype workers each in ANIC, BMNH, CASC and QMBA  .

WORKER

Dimensions: TL c. 5.09 - 5.69 (5.19); HL 1.31 - 1.47 (1.34); HW 1.12 - 1.28 (1.12); CI 83 - 89 (83); SL 1.34 - 1.47 (1.34); SI 120 - 122 (120); PW 0.94 - 1.09 0.94); MTL 11.25 - 1.34 (1.28) (12 measured).

Anterior clypeal margin arcuate, narrowly truncate medially; basal clypeal margin flat, indicated only by hairline break in cephalic sculpture. Frontal triangle indistinct. Frontal carinae relatively short, strongly raised. Sides of head in front of eyes weakly converging towards mandibular bases; strongly rounded behind into rather short preoccipital margin. Eyes convex, somewhat sunk into shallow concavity in cephalic sculpture on sides of head; in full face view only moderately extending beyond lateral cephalic outline. Mesosoma laterally immarginate with dorsum rounding onto sides in unbroken curve. Pronotal humeri armed with short, acute spines. Promesonotal suture deeply impressed; metanotal groove lacking. Propodeal dorsum delimited posteriorly by distinct transverse ridge that separates dorsum from declivity, posterolaterally with minute, somewhat dorsally raised, rounded prominences. Petiole with sharp dorsal margin; lateral spines acute, weakly curved backwards and upwards. First gastral segment shallowly concave anteriorly, anterodorsal margin of concavity blunt.

Sculpture of head and mesosoma mostly consisting of regularly spaced striae; longitudinal on sides of head, converging anteriorly on clypeus and vertex; somewhat inversely U-shaped on pronotal dorsum and obliquely rounding onto sides. Striae on mesosomal and propodeal dorsa forming incomplete semicircles, outermost striae continued obliquely on sides of propodeum. Both faces of petiole shagreened. First gastral segment with dorsum finely striate; intensity of sculpture increasing laterally with sides of gaster very distinctly longitudinally striate.

Relatively short, off-white and yellowish hairs scattered over all dorsal surfaces of head, mesosoma and gaster; hairs silvery and distinctly shorter along dorsal and lateral borders of propodeal declivity and dorsal margin of petiole. Off-white or silvery appressed pubescence, generally directed towards midline, present over all dorsal surfaces of body; most dense on pronotal humeri and dorsum and sides of propodeum. Gastral pubescence golden, rather dense, almost completely obscuring underlying sculpture dorsally.

Body black. Antennae, femora, proximal ends of tibiae and basal tarsal segments black or very dark brown; extreme tip of apical funicular segment, distal end of trochanters, tibiae and apical tarsal segments medium to light yellowish to reddish brown.

QUEEN

Dimensions: TL c. 6.20; HL 1.56; HW 1.31; CI 84; SL 1.53; SI 117; PW 1.25; MTL 150 (1 measured).

Queen essentially as worker, with usual characters identifying full sexuality, including three ocelli and complete thoracic structure with wings. Sculpture of head and body similar to worker, direction of striae following structural characteristics of fully developed mesosoma.

Male and immature stages unknown.

ETYMOLOGY

The name impressa  HNS  is derived from a self explanatory term ‘ impressive ’ relating to the rather striking appearance of this species.

REMARKS

P. impressa  HNS  is very similar to P. orokana  HNS  described below and both species share the laterally immarginate mesosomal dorsum, strong transverse ridge separating the propodeal dorsum from declivity and virtually identical sculpture of the mesosomal dorsum. They can be distinguished by the shape of the fused mesonotal-propodeal dorsum which is about as wide as long in impressa  HNS  and is strongly transverse, distinctly wider than long in orokana. The eyes in impressa  HNS  are only moderately convex and situated in a shallow depression in the cephalic sculpture, only partly extending beyond the lateral outline of the head in full face view. In contrast, the eyes in orokana are strongly convex, protuberant and in full face view they fully extend beyond the lateral cephalic outline. The antennal scapes in impressa  HNS  bear numerous hairs over all their surfaces, while in orokana the hairs are confined to their leading edges. The petiole in impressa  HNS  has the lateral spines relatively long and weakly bent backwards, while they are rather short and virtually straight in orokana.

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

CASC

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

CASC

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

CASC

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

CASC

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

CASC

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum