Homidia taibaiensis, Yuan, Xiang-Qun & Pan, Zhi-Xiang, 2013

Yuan, Xiang-Qun & Pan, Zhi-Xiang, 2013, Two new species of Entomobryidae (Collembola) of Taibai Mountain from China, ZooKeys 338, pp. 67-81 : 68-73

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Homidia taibaiensis

sp. n.

Homidia taibaiensis sp. n. Figures 1-21


1♀ on slide, Baoji City, Mei County, Haoping Temple manage department, Shaanxi Province, CHINA, 34°05.67'N, 107°42.40'E, sample number S4333, collected by Xiang-Qun Yuan and Zhi-Xiang Pan, 13.VII.2012.


2♀ on slide and 3 in alcohol, same data as holotype, all types deposited in School of Life Sciences, Taizhou University.


Named after the type locality.


Body length up to 2.95 mm.

Colour pattern. Ground colour yellow in alcohol, including ventral side; ommatidium patches dark blue; whole head dark brown; antennae yellow except Ant. IV with slight brown pigment and gradually deeper from base to tip; dorsal side of Th. II to Abd. II with slight brown pigment and gradually lighter, posterior Abd. II with a middle and narrow white band close to Abd. III; Abd. III and Abd. V dark brown except bilaterally; Abd. IV with brown pigment and gradually deeper from anterior to posterior edge; coxae of fore and mid leg with slight brown pigment; ventral tube and furcula also yellow (Figs 1-3).

Head. Ommatidia 8+8, G and H smaller than others and always difficult to observe under light microscope; interocular chaetae as p, r, t, chaeta p largest (Fig. 4). Antenna 2.05-3.31 times as long as cephalic diagonal; antennal segments ratio as I: II: III: IV = 1: 1.24-1.97: 0.91-1.52: 1.71-2.46. Ant. I base with 3 dorsal spiny chaetae, ventral side unclear; Ant. II with 2 dorsal, 3 ventral basal smooth chaetae (Fig. 5), 2-5 distal rod-like S-chaetae (Fig. 6); Ant. III organ with 2 rod-like and 3 short guard S-chaetae (Fig. 7); apical bulb of Ant. IV bilobed (Fig. 8). Dorsal cephalic chaetotaxy with 3 antennal (A), 3 ocellar (O) and 5 sutural (S) mac, posterior cephalic chaetotaxy unclear (Fig. 4). Prelabral and labral chaetae as 4/5, 5, 4, all smooth, without labral papillae. Maxillary outer lobe with 1 apical, 1 subapical chaetae and 3 sublobal hairs on sublobal plate, subapical chaeta slightly larger than apical one (Fig. 9). Proximal with 5 smooth chaetae. Chaetal formula of labial base as MREL1L2, all ciliate (Fig. 10). Five papillae A–E on labial palp with 0, 5, 0, 4, 4 guard chaetae, respectively. Lateral process (l.p.) with tip not reaching apex of papilla E (Fig. 11). Mandible with 4/5 (left/right side) teeth.

Thorax. Complete body s as 22/122 (Abd. IV unclear) 3; ms as 10/10100. Th. II with 4 (m1, m2, m2i and m2i2) medio-medial, 3 (m4, m4i and m4p) medio-sublateral and 3 S-chaetae (ms antero-internal to s); posterior with 26-30 mac; p4, p4i, p4i2 and p5 as mac, p6 as mic. Th. III with about 40 mac and 2 S-chaetae; p4 as mac (Fig. 12). Coxal macrochaetal formula as 3 (2 p)/4+1, 3 (3 p)/4+2 (number of pseudopores unclear). Trochanteral organ with 40-45 smooth chaetae (Fig. 13). Tenent hair clavate and slightly shorter than inner edge of unguis in length. Distal smooth chaeta on hind leg subequal to tenent hair in length. Unguis with 4 inner, 2 lateral and 1 outer teeth. Unguiculus lanceolate with outer edge serrated (Fig. 14).

Abdomen. Abd. IV as 6-11 times as Abd. III in dorsal axial length. Abd. I with 12-14 (a1-3, a1a, a5, m2-4, m2i, m4i, m4p and m5; one unclear homological mac near to pseudopore and m2i2 sometimes absent) mac and 2 S-chaetae (ms antero-external to s). Abd. II with 6 (a2, a3, m3, m3e, m3ea and m3ep) central, 1 (m5) lateral mac and 2 S-chaetae. Abd. III with 2 (a2 and m3) central, 4 (am6, pm6, p6 and m7a) lateral mac and 3 S-chaetae (Fig. 15). Abd. IV with many (precise number unclear) elongate and 2 (as and ps) short S-chaetae; “eyebrow” with 8-10 mac arranged in irregular transverse row; posterior central with 8-9 (A4-6, Ae6, Ae7, B4-6; Ae5 sometimes absent). Abd. V with 3 S-chaetae; m3a as mic and a5i as mac (Fig. 18). Anterior face of ventral tube (VT) with many ciliate chaetae, 3+3 of them as mac, line connecting proximal (Pr) and external-distal (Ed) mac parallel to median furrow (Fig. 16); posterior face with 3 or 4 (1+1+1 or 2+2) subapical smooth chaetae; lateral flap with 6 smooth and 16-18 ciliate chaetae on each side (Fig. 17). Manubrial plaque with 3 pseudopores and 8-11 ciliate chaetae (Fig. 19). Dentes with 32-49 spines; basal chaetae (bs1 and bs2) spiny, bs1 shorter than bs2; pi ciliated and slightly longer than bs2 (Fig. 20). Mucro bidentate with subapical tooth larger than apical one; basal spine short, with tip not reaching apical tooth; distal smooth part of dentes subequal to mucro in length (Fig. 21). Tenaculum with 4+4 teeth and 1 large, multi-laterally basal ciliate chaeta.


Found in the leaf litter of Brassica campestris L. on farmland, altitude 1165 ± 8 m.


This new species is characterized by unique colour pattern, such as ground colour yellow (especially VT and furcula), dark brown head (including ventral side), Abd. II with posterior white band, labial basal chaetae E and L1 ciliate, m5 as mac on Abd. I and 8 mac present on median posterior Abd. IV.

The new species is closest to Homidia socia Denis, 1929 in chaetotaxy, relative to the ciliate labial base chaetae E and L1, m5 on lateral Abd. I as mac, A4-6 and B4-6 as mac on posterior Abd. IV. However, it can be easily discriminated from the latter by colour pattern (without longitudinal stripe in the former, three stripes in the latter) and other characters, such as 3 mac in S sets on dorsal head (4 in the latter), m3 as mac on middle Abd. III (as mic in the latter) and without mac anterior to “eyebrow” on Abd. IV (with 2 mac in the latter). Also, this species is similar to Homidia similis Szeptycki, 1973 in chaetotaxy, detailed differences between them are listed in Table 1.