Nephasoma diaphanes (Gerould),

Cutler, Edward B., Schulze, Anja & Dean, Harlan K., 2004, Zealand species, Zootaxa 525, pp. 1-19: 7-8

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.158002

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/020087E4-4247-0B67-5F4D-F9E3FD7BFDD7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nephasoma diaphanes (Gerould)
status

 

Nephasoma diaphanes (Gerould) 

Phascolosoma diaphanes Gerould, 1913: 395  .

Type locality: Off eastern seaboard of the U.S., Cape Cod to New Jersey, 90–2400 m.

Remarks: These 99 worms are commonly 2–10 mm long with a few large ones in the 15–20 mm range, and one 25 mm giant. They are slender, transparent, have small pale scattered hooks, and reduced lobe­like tentacles. The papillae are usually inconspicuous, but in some individuals those towards the posterior end may be quite distinct and dark reddish­brown. It is not uncommon to find this species living inside arenaceous foraminiferan tests or vacated polychaete tubes. A parasitic nematode was living within the body cavity of a worm from Stn S 201.

Distribution: Cosmopolitan from 82 ° N to 78 ° S in cold water, mostly from bathyal and abyssal depths, down to 5300 m. Edmonds (1976) reported the species from off New Zealand in 600–660 m at 46 ° S, 171 ° E. These records strengthen the assertion that this is a truly cosmopolitan cold­water species.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Sipuncula

Class

Sipunculidea

Order

Golfingiiformes

Family

Golfingiidae

Genus

Nephasoma

Loc

Nephasoma diaphanes (Gerould)

Cutler, Edward B., Schulze, Anja & Dean, Harlan K. 2004
2004
Loc

Phascolosoma diaphanes

Gerould 1913: 395
1913