Dicraeanthus Engl. (Engler 1905: 94)

Bidault, Ehoarn, Boupoya, Archange, Ikabanga, Davy U., Nguimbit, Igor, Texier, Nicolas, Rutishauser, Rolf, Mesterhazy, Attila & Stevart, Tariq, 2023, Novitates Gabonenses 93: a fresh look at Podostemaceae in Gabon following recent inventories, with a new combination for Ledermanniella nicolasii, Plant Ecology and Evolution 156 (1), pp. 59-84 : 59

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Dicraeanthus Engl. (Engler 1905: 94)


Dicraeanthus Engl. (Engler 1905: 94) View in CoL View at ENA


Endemic to Cameroon. Dicraeanthus africanus Engl. is widely distributed in Cameroon, and D. zehnderi H.E.Hess is restricted to the Sanaga and Mbam watershed.

Habitat and ecology.

Rapids and falls in rivers ca 50 to 600 m wide, 5-1050 m in elevation.


Dicraeanthus was mentioned as present in Gabon by Sosef et al. (2006), based on one collection (Reitsma 2431) gathered in 1986 at the Poubara waterfalls on the Ogooué river. The collection was determined by the collector and was not observed by Cusset. This collection was supposedly deposited at WAG but could not be retrieved there. Duplicates of Reitsma collections are also present in NY, but this number could not be retrieved there either. The presence of this genus in Gabon could not be confirmed, despite the fact that the Poubara site was visited again in 2019. This collection by Reitsma might have been misidentified as Dicraeanthus , especially since a species name was not assigned by the collector. Since a hydroelectric dam was built at Poubara between 2008 and 2013, it is also possible that the Dicraeanthus population sampled by Reitsma in 1986 has since disappeared due to disturbance to the local environment, though four other Podostemaceae species were collected there in 2019: Ledermanniella pusilla , L. aloides s.l., Inversodicraea annithomae , and Tristicha trifaria . The presence of the genus Dicraeanthus in Gabon remains uncertain, and we choose to not accept it as present until the collection Reitsma 2431 can be observed by a specialist, or the species is collected in the field.