Porcellanidae

Osawa, Masayuki, 2007, Porcellanidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) from New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands, Zootaxa 1548, pp. 1-49: 4-5

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.178040

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:49DAF7AD-8803-4D20-82AC-6A1576DECCFE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03809477-FF8D-BF16-ACF1-EF5F4F99992E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Porcellanidae
status

 

Key to Indo-West Pacific genera of the Porcellanidae  

1. Antennal peduncle with movable (second to fourth) articles freely accessible to orbit .............................. 2

- Antennal peduncle with movable articles excluded from orbit by projection of immovable (first) article meeting anterior margin of carapace ........................................................................................................... 6

2. Chelipeds flattened. Pterygostomian flap entire .......................................................................................... 3

- Chelipeds robust. Posterior part of pterygostomian flap composed of 1 or more pieces separated by mem- branous interspaces from anterior part ............................................................ Pachycheles   Stimpson, 1858

3. Rostrum narrow, triangular, with row of spines on each lateral margin. Telson composed of 5 plates ........ ................................................................................................................................ Petrocheles   Miers, 1876

- Rostrum broad, unarmed except for sometimes with supraocular spine on each lateral margin. Telson composed of 7 plates ................................................................................................................................... 4

4. Carapace with gastric region strongly elevated. Ambulatory legs subcylindrical......................................... ..................................................................................................................... Neopetrolisthes   Miyake, 1937 a

- Carapace flattish or somewhat convex on dorsal surface. Ambulatory legs flattish ................................... 5

5. Carapace uneven on dorsal surface. Median lobe of rostrum with pair of lateral elevations........................ ........................................................................................................................... Novorostrum   Osawa, 1998 a

- Carapace genarally even on dorsal surface. Median lobe of rostrum without lateral elevations .................. .......................................................................................................................... Petrolisthes   Stimpson, 1858

6. Carapace broader than long ......................................................................................................................... 7

- Carapace as long as or longer than broad .................................................................................................. 11

7. Ambulatory legs with dactyli each terminating in simple claw (no corneous spines present on flexor mar- gin) .................................................................................................................... Raphidopus Stimpson, 1858

- Ambulatory legs with dactyli each with biunguiculate claw....................................................................... 8

8. Branchial margins of carapace armed with spines, outer orbital angle terminating in small spine............... ................................................................................................... Aliaporcellana   Nakasone & Miyake, 1969

- Branchial margins of carapace without spines, outer orbital angle unarmed .............................................. 9

9. Carapace with pair of transverse ridges along cervical regions. Telson composed of 5 plates ..................... ........................................................................................................................ Heteropolyonyx   Osawa, 2001

- Carapace with weak or distinct, cervical grooves. Telson composed of 7 plates ...................................... 10

10. Carapace with dorsal regions well defined by grooves; cervical and gastric grooves formed by thinning and gradual decalcification of cuticle ........................................................Eulenaios Ng & Nakasone, 1993

- Carapace with dorsal regions not distinctly defined by grooves .......................... Polyonyx   Stimpson, 1858

11. Carapace distinctly elongate. Dactyli of ambulatory legs triunguiculate or quadriunguiculate................ 12

- Carapace not elongate. Dactyli of ambulatory legs each terminating in a single claw ............................. 13

12. Carpi of chelipeds longer than broad. Dactyli of ambulatory legs quadriunguiculate .................................. ............................................................................................................................. Porcellanella   White, 1852

- Carpi of chelipeds broader than long. Dactyli of ambulatory legs triunguiculate......................................... .................................................................................................... Pseudoporcellanella Sankarankutty, 1961

13. Carapace strongly areolate on dorsal surface ............................................................................................ 14

- Carapace nearly smooth or striate on dorsal surface ................................................................................. 15

14. Branchial margins of carapace with spines. Chelae flattened ........................... Enosteoides Johnson, 1970  

- Branchial margins of carapace without spines. Chelae inflated ..................... Capilliporcellana   Haig, 1978

15. Chelipeds subequal, dactyulus of smaller cheliped not twisted .......................... Porcellana   Lamarck, 1801

- Chelipeds unequal, dactylus of smaller cheliped usually twisted.............................................................. 16

16. Carapace with dorsal regions clearly defined. Rostrum broadly triangular or rounded in dorsal view, median lobe strongly deflexed ............................................................................... Ancylocheles Haig, 1978

- Carapace with dorsal regions weakly defined. Rostrum horizontal, tridentate or trilobate in dorsal view [except for Pisidia dispar ( Stimpson, 1858)   with rostrum strongly bent ventrally, broadly rounded in dor- sal view]..................................................................................................................................................... 17

17. Chelae rather flattish, showing pronounced sexual dimorphism in spinulation as well as in degree of dis- tortion of fingers ............................................................................................................ Pisidia   Leach, 1820

- Chelae subcylindrical, generally similar in both sexes ...................................... Lissoporcellana   Haig, 1978