Petrolisthes lamarckii ( Leach, 1820 ), Leach, 1820

Osawa, Masayuki, 2007, Porcellanidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) from New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands, Zootaxa 1548, pp. 1-49: 25-26

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.178040

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:49DAF7AD-8803-4D20-82AC-6A1576DECCFE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03809477-FF96-BF0B-ACF1-ECC0490B9BEE

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Petrolisthes lamarckii ( Leach, 1820 )
status

 

Petrolisthes lamarckii ( Leach, 1820)  

Pisidia lamarckii Leach, 1820: 54   (type locality: not specified).

Porcellana dentata H. Milne Edwards, 1837: 251   (type locality: Java).

Porcellana pulchripes White, 1847: 129   (nomen nudum).

Porcellana speciosa Dana, 1852: 417   (type localities: Drummond Island, Kingsmills Group; Wake Island; Mangsi Islands, Philippines; Raraka, Tuamotu Archipelago); 1855: pl. 26, fig. 8.

Petrolisthes lamarckii   .— Stimpson, 1858: 227.— Borradaile, 1898: 464.— Miyake, 1942: 342, text-figs. 7, 8.— Kropp, 1984: 100.— Haig, 1992: 315, fig. 11.

Porcellana bellis Heller, 1865: 76   (type locality: Nikobar).

Material examined. New Caledonia. Amédée, lagon, low tide, 17 Sep. 1978, coll. C. Vadon, 2 males CL 4.2, 5.4 mm, 1 female CL 5.3 mm, 2 ovig. females CL 5.7, 7.1 mm. Poingam, lagoon, low tide, 10 May 1997, coll. B. Richer de Forges, 1 female CL 3.7 mm. Platier de Thio, St Gabriel, lagoon, low tide, 0.8 m, 19 May 1996, coll. B. Richer de Forges, 2 females CL 4.5, 4.9 mm, 3 ovig. females CL 4.8 –5.0 mm. Nouméa, Ricaudy, 20 Jun. 2001, coll. Berthault, 1 male CL 6.2 mm.

Remarks. Kropp (1984) discussed in depth the Petrolisthes lamarckii   species complex of Borradaile (1898) and attempted to clarify the confused taxonomy. He retained Pisidia lamarckii Leach, 1820   , Porcellana dentata H. Milne Edwards, 1837   , Porcellana pulchripes White, 1847   , Porcellana speciosa Dana, 1852   , Porcellana bellis Heller, 1865   , and Petrolisthes obtsusifrons Miyake, 1937   b, in the synonymy of Petrolisthes lamarckii   . All the species are characterized by the possession of an epibranchial spine and usually of three teeth on the dorsoflexor margin of the carpus of the cheliped. However, Kropp (1984) did not examine the types of all the species included in the synonymy of P. l a m a rc k i i. Thus, it is not entirely clear what the true identities of the species considered by Kropp (1984) as synonyms of P. lamarckii   really are. Kropp (1984) also mentions that a photograph of the type of Porcellana dentata   shows four fairly well-developed teeth which the late Janet Haig told him is suggestive of Petrolisthes haswelli   . Examination of the holotype of P. obtsusifrons   (Shika, Ishigaki-jima, Ryukyu, coral reef, coll. S. Miyake, 6 July 1933: ovig. female CL 5.9 mm, ZLUK 4272) has revealed that it is conspecific with P. varicolor Osawa, 1998   c on the basis of the subparallel median branchial margins of the carapace and chelae with several short setae on the proximal extensor margin. Petrolisthes obtsusifron   is excluded from the synonymy of P. l a m a rc k i i, but regarded as the senior synonym of P. varicolor   .

Examination of the specimens keyed out to P. l a m a rc k i i from scattered Indo-West Pacific localities has revealed that they have variations in the shapes of the rostrum and merus of the third maxilliped, development of the dorsoflexor teeth of the carpus of the cheliped, and armature on the distoflexor margin of the merus of the first ambulatory legs, in addition to coloration in life. The material examined from New Caledonia is tentatively referred to P. lamarckii   until more detailed examination is made on the P. l a m a rc k i i species complex.

Distribution. Throughout the tropical Indo-West Pacific, westward to African coast, eastward to Line and Tuamotu Islands; intertidal, under rocks ( Haig 1979).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Decapoda

Family

Porcellanidae

Genus

Petrolisthes

Loc

Petrolisthes lamarckii ( Leach, 1820 )

Osawa, Masayuki 2007
2007
Loc

Porcellana bellis

Heller 1865: 76
1865
Loc

Petrolisthes lamarckii

Haig 1992: 315
Kropp 1984: 100
Miyake 1942: 342
Borradaile 1898: 464
Stimpson 1858: 227
1858
Loc

Porcellana speciosa

Dana 1852: 417
1852
Loc

Porcellana pulchripes

White 1847: 129
1847
Loc

Porcellana dentata H. Milne Edwards, 1837 : 251

Milne 1837: 251
1837
Loc

Pisidia lamarckii

Leach 1820: 54
1820