Macromalthinus brasiliensis ( Pic, 1906 )

Biffi, Gabriel & Constantin, Robert, 2018, A revision of Macromalthinus Pic, 1919 with description of six new species (Coleoptera: Cantharidae: Chauliognathinae), Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (Pap. Avulsos Zool., S. Paulo) 58, pp. 1-22: 16-17

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11606/1807-0205/2018.58.58

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03821672-FFD1-1D54-50B8-FF31FD92FBAC

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Macromalthinus brasiliensis ( Pic, 1906 )
status

 

Macromalthinus brasiliensis ( Pic, 1906)   ( Figs. 50 View Figures 49-54 , 59-65 View Figures 59-65 )

Maronius brasiliensis Pic, 1906: 22   ; Delkeskamp, 1939: 214; Blackwelder, 1945: 369; Delkeskamp, 1977: 465.

Macromalthinus brasiliensis   ; Brancucci, 1981a: 268; Biffi &

Casari, 2017: 131. Material examined: LECTOTYPE ♂: BRAZIL. Minas Gerais:  

CaraÇa, XII.1885, E. Gounelle ( MNHN) ( Fig. 50 View Figures 49-54 ).

PARALECTOTYPE: BRAZIL. Minas Gerais: CaraÇa, XII.1885, E. Gounelle (1 ♂ MNHN).

Other specimens: BRAZIL. Minas Gerais: Serra do CaraÇa , 27.XI-05.XII.1972, Exp. Mus. Zool. leg. (3 ♀ MZSP 30642-30644 View Materials )   ; Nova Lima (mata), 19°58’07.4”S, 43°51’22.7”W, 07-22.XI.2015, malaise, A.R. Lima leg. (1 ♀ UFMG ICO 1800203 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 08.XI.2015 - 29.XI.2015 (1 ♀ UFMG ICO 1800202 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; PoÇos de Caldas ( Morro São Domingos ), 12.II.1969, J. Becker, O. Roppa & O. Leoncini leg. (2 ♀ MNRJ)   ; Itajubá (Reserva Biológica Municipal da Serra dos Toledos ), 25.VIII.2016, S.P. Rosa & A.C. Lopes col. (1 ♀ MZSP 10344 View Materials )   ; idem, IX-X.2015, malaise, Rosa col. (1 ♂ MZSP)   ; idem, 24.IX-15.X.2015, Rosa & Dias col. (3 ♂, 4 ♀ MZSP)   ; idem, 15.X-08.XI.2015, Rosa col. (15 ♂, 8 ♀ MZSP)   ; idem, 08.XI-06.XII.2015, malaises 1 and 3, Dias & Rosa col. (6 ♂, 19 ♀ MZSP)   ; XI.2015 - I.2016, malaise, Rosa & Dias col. (2 ♂ MZSP)   ; idem, 06.XII.2015 - 04. II.2016, malaise, Rosa col. (3 ♀ MZSP)   ; idem, 02.XI-05. XII.2017, Rosa col. (17 ♂, 14 ♀ MZSP)   ; idem, 08.XI-06. XII.2017, malaise, Rosa & Dias col. (2 ♂, 2 ♀ MZSP). Espírito Santo: Atílio Vivácqua (Serra das Torres), 20°59’52.6”S, 41°12’49.8”W, 14-19.IV.2007, Malaise, Ponto 5, C. Waichert & equipe col. (N.01017) (1 ♀ UFES) GoogleMaps   ; Santa Teresa (EstaÇão Biológica de Santa Lúcia), Malaise P 2 Trilha , 11-14.XII.2012, M.T. Tavares & eq. col. (N.1718) (1 ♀ UFES)   ; idem, Malaise P 2 Bosque , 11-14.XII.2012 M.T. Tavares & eq. col. (N.1719) (1 ♂ UFES)   ; Santa Teresa (Reserva Biológica de Augusto Ruschi), Trilha da Cachoeira , 812 m 19°54’29”S, 40°33’19”W, 10-17. XII.2012, arm. Malaise 6, C.O. Azevedo e eq. col. (N.1745) (4 ♀ UFES) GoogleMaps   ; idem, arm. Malaise 12, C.O. Azevedo e eq. col. (N.1751) (1 ♀ UFES) GoogleMaps   ; Ibitirama (Parque Nacional do Caparaó, Santa Marta ), alt. 1.050 m, 20°29’42”S, 41°43’56”W, arm. 01, 06-13.III.2013, arm. Malaise, C.O. Azevedo & F.B. Fraga col. (N.01769) (2 ♀ UFES) GoogleMaps   ; idem, arm. 04, 06-13.III.2013, arm. Malaise, C.O. Azevedo & F.B. Fraga col. (N.01772) (2 ♀ UFES) GoogleMaps   ; idem, trilha da Toca de São Jorge , alt. 1230 m, 20°27’57”S, 41°44’42”W, arm. 31, 16-23.III.2013, arm. Malaise, C.O. Azevedo & F.B. Fraga col. (N.01799) (1 ♀ UFES) GoogleMaps   ; idem, arm. 39, 16-23.III.2013, arm. Malaise, C.O. Azevedo & F.B. Fraga col. (N.01807) (1 ♀ UFES) GoogleMaps   ; Divino de São LourenÇo (Parque Nacional do Caparaó), trilha do Facão de Pedra , alt. 1,500 m, 20°24’30”S, 41°47’06”W, arm. 22, 15-22.III.2013, arm. Malaise, C.O. Azevedo & F.B. Fraga col. (N.01790) (1 ♀ UFES) GoogleMaps   ; idem, arm. 23, 15-22.III.2013, arm. Malaise, C.O. Azevedo & F.B. Fraga col. (N.01791) (1 ♀ UFES) GoogleMaps   ; Rio de Janeiro: Friburgo , II.1933, C.F. M.L. leg. (1 ♀ MNRJ)   ; Petrópolis , 05-07.III.1962, J. Bechyné leg. (1 ♀ MZSP)   ; Teresópolis , 02-05.XII.1958, Martinez, Werner, Alvarenga e Seabra leg. (1 ♀ DZUP 273511 View Materials )   ; Teresópolis,Pq. N. Serra dos Órgãos , casa do pesquisador, 16.xii.2016, Simeão Moraes leg. (1 ♀ MZSP)   ; São Paulo: São Paulo ( Jardim Botânico ), 23°38’20”S, 46°37’10”W, 25.I.2013, Biffi, G. col. (1 ♀ MZSP 30648 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 07.XII.2013, Biffi, G. col. (2 ♂, 1 ♀ MZSP 30654-30656 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Jundiaí ( Reserva Biológica Serra do Japi ), I-III.2008, malaise, L.C. Lecci leg. (1 ♂ MZSP 30640 View Materials )   ; idem, (Reserva Biológica Serra do Japi, trilha da cachoeira do Paraíso, riacho Paraíso ), 23°14’S, 46°57’W, 1,050 m, 25.II-12.III.2008, malaise, Lecci LC & Nascimento EA leg. (1 ♂ MZSP 30641 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 23°14’20”S, 46°57’27”W, 23-25.I.2012, Nascimento E.A., Biffi G & Fernandes F.R. col. (1 ♀ MZSP 30652 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Salesópolis ( EstaÇão Biológica de Boracéia ), 23°38’29”S, 45°51’22”W, 24.XII.2008 - 07.I.2009, malaise, Nihei col. (4 ♂ MZSP 30647 View Materials , 30649-30651 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 23°39’26.0”S, 45°53’32.1”W, 06-09.XII.2012, Ferreira, V.S. col. (1 ♂ MZSP 30645 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 11-13.II.2012, ExpediÇão MZUSP col. (1 ♀ MZSP 30661 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 23°39’15”S, 45°53’22”W, 16-21.XI.2017, arm. luz, ExpediÇão MZUSP col. (1 ♀ MZSP) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 08.I.2008, malaise 1, A.S. Soares col. (2 ♂ MZSP 30660 View Materials , 30663 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Trilha do PoÇo Verde (área fechada), 23°38’55.0”S, 45°52’49.3”W, 867 m, 09-15.I.2003, malaise 1, ACC Macedo & JS Freitas col. (1 ♀ MZSP 30653 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Campos do Jordão , 15.IX.2017, Rosa col. (1 ♀ MZSP)   ; idem, 10.XII.2017, Rosa col. (1 ♀ MZSP)   ; Bertioga ( Parque Estadual Restinga de Beritoga , fazenda IÇassu), 23°45’06”S, 46°03’09”W, 16.II.2013, Biffi, G. & Ament, D.C. col. (1 ♂ MZSP 30662 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 05.I-16.II.2013, malaise, Biffi, Cezar & Fuhrmann col. (1 ♂, 2 ♀ MZSP 30657-30659 View Materials ) idem, 23.XI.2012 - 05.I.2013 (1 ♂, 2 ♀ RPSP). Paraná: Antonina ( Reserva Sapitanduba ), 22.XII.1986, malaise (Lev. Ent. PROFAUPAR) (1 ♀ DZUP 273501 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 24.XI.1986 (1 ♀ DZUP 273502 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Jundiaí do Sul ( Fazenda Monte Verde ), 14.XII.1987,malaise(Lev.Ent. PROFAUPAR) (3 ♂, 1 ♀ DZUP 273533 View Materials , 273545 View Materials , 273546 View Materials , 273550 View Materials )   ; idem, 16.XI.1987 (4 ♂ DZUP 273539-273542 View Materials )   ; idem, 02.XI.1987 (1 ♂ DZUP 273543 View Materials )   ; idem, 21.XII.1987 (3 ♀ DZUP 273547-273549 View Materials )   ; idem, 23.XI.1987 (7 ♂, 3 ♀ DZUP 273527-273532 View Materials , 273535-273538 View Materials )   ; idem, 04.I.1988 (1 ♂, 1 ♀ DZUP 273554-273555 View Materials )   ; idem, 07.XII.1987 (1 ♂ DZUP 273544 View Materials )   ; idem, 09.XI.1987 (1 ♂ DZUP 273534 View Materials )   ; Ponta Grossa ( Passo do Pupo ), -25.101 -49.937, 14-15. XI.2015, Biffi, G. Nascimento, E.A., Prado, L.R. & Ray, A. col. (3 ♀ MZSP 30665-30667 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, PN Campos Gerais, 25°06’02.85”S, 49°56’20.32”W, 18.XII.2014, Nascimento, E.A. & Bressan, T.D. col. (1 ♀ MZSP 30664 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Reserva IAPAR,BR 376, 07.XII.1987,malaise(Lev.Ent. PROFAUPAR) (2 ♂, 1 ♀ DZUP 273551-273553 View Materials ). Santa Catarina: Nova Teutonia , II.1936, B. Pohl (1 ♀ MZSP 30646 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Differential diagnosis: Pronotum subquadrate, entirely orangish yellow, without dark patches; elytra brown with apical yellow patches; males: fore femur swollen, with distinct ventral tooth; ventrite VIII smooth, without ridges; aedeagus with right prolongation of tegmen truncate, short, narrow; left setiferous prolongation absent; females: ventrite VII short, wide, distal margin projected posteriorly.

This species differs from M. xerophilus   sp. nov. by having larger size, pronotum, thorax and abdomen spotless, pale to orangish yellow, fore femur of males with a truncate ventral tooth.

Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina states) ( Fig. 66-67 View Figures 66-69 ).

Localities description: This species is widely found along the southeastern and southern Atlantic forest, from the seashore to highlands over to 1,600 m, and from humid costal to dryer inland areas.

Natural history: Macromalthinus brasiliensis   is a rath- er common species in southeastern Brazil, frequently collected with malaise traps. Despite the abundance of specimens, little is known about their natural history. Mendes et al. (2015) studied the range of altitudinal distribution of Macromalthinus brasiliensis   in the Atlantic forest in Parque Nacional da Serra dos Orgãos, Rio de Janeiro state. The authors collected 799 specimens distributed between 350 m and 1,250 m altitude, with a peak of abundance at 700 m altitude and equivalent ration between males and females. Larvae of this species were found in a gully and fed on termites ( Biffi & Casari, 2017). In the laboratory, females of M. brasiliensis   were observed laying large masses of eggs under the substrate.

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

UFMG

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

UFES

Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo

RPSP

Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Cantharidae

Genus

Macromalthinus

Loc

Macromalthinus brasiliensis ( Pic, 1906 )

Biffi, Gabriel & Constantin, Robert 2018
2018
Loc

Macromalthinus brasiliensis

Brancucci, M. 1981: 268
1981
Loc

Maronius brasiliensis

Delkeskamp, K. 1977: 465
Blackwelder, R. E. 1945: 369
Delkeskamp, K. 1939: 214
Pic, M. 1906: 22
1906