Haplidia tarsensis Kraatz, 1882

Montreuil, Olivier, Uliana, Marco & Sehnal, Richard, 2020, The genus Haplidia Hope in Lebanon (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Rhizotrogini), Zootaxa 4718 (4), pp. 536-548: 543

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4718.4.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B51E0-E6CB-4E6D-BC49-963066E70506

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688905

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038287BB-FFBB-FF8B-6A8A-FDF650F6F8CB

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Haplidia tarsensis Kraatz, 1882
status

 

Haplidia tarsensis Kraatz, 1882  

Figs. 3 View FIGURES 3 A–O

Haplidia tarsensis Kraatz, 1882: 37   ; Reitter, 1902: 185 (new data, key to species); Dalla Torre, 1912: 210 (catalogue); Baraud, 1988: 564 (new data, key to species); Montreuil, 2005: 131 (new data); Keith & Lo Cascio, 2005: 142 (catalogue).

Material examined. LEBANON: 4 males, Bcharre, North Lebanon, Alt. 1300 m, JULY 2011, Andre Kairouz lgt. ( NMPC, RSCV)   ; 1 male, Tannourine El Faouka, Casa El Batroun 1420 m, Aout 2011, A. Kairouz Nord Liban ( COM)   ; 2 males, 1 female, Bahnès , VI.2004, O. Montreuil leg. ( COM)   ; 1 male, Baskinta ( Metn ), 3.IV.2005, M. Moubarak leg. ( ULB)   ; 1 male, 2 females, Aarsal , 09.VII.1997 ( NHM, CMU)   ; 5 males, 1 female, North. Gov., Tannourine, 2 Km N Harissa, Cedars Nat. Res. , 1750 m, 34°12’34”N, 35°55’45”E, 18.VI.2016, A. Kotan leg. ( NHM, CMU) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, Tannourine , 23.III.2001 N. Nemer leg. ( HNHM)   ; 11 males, 2 females, Jbeil, Laqlouq , 1300 m, 34°09’N 35°51’E, 02.VII.2009, A. Kairouz leg. ( CGS) GoogleMaps   ; 5 males, 1 female, same data, 17.VII.2009 ( CGS) GoogleMaps   ; 8 ex, Bcharre , 14.VI.1998, D. Baiocchi leg. ( CGS)   ; 1 male, Mtein, Matn , 33°53’N 35°44’E, V.2009 ( CGS) GoogleMaps   . SYRIA: 2 males, Damas ( CGS)   . TURKEY: 1 male, 1 female, prov. Mersin, Taurus (city) 50 m, 36.917, 34.896, 29.4.2018 ( CMU) GoogleMaps   ; 4 males, Gaziantep, 30km NW, 7.6.2001, Snížek leg. ( RSCV)   ; 5 males, 3 females, Iskanderun , 10. 6. 1999, R. Sehnal leg. ( RSCV)   ; 30 males, 15 females, Aslani , 35 km N of Erdemli, 6.-14.VI.1996, Martin Johanides ( RSCV)   ; 5 males, 5 females, Mersin, Kuzucubelen , 1.6.2001, M. Šárovec leg. ( RSCV)   ; 1 male, Taurus, Erdemli , 25.V.1995 R. Reitmaier lgt. ( RSCV)   ; 2 males, 2 females, Erdemli - Aslanli , 4.-8. VI. 1996. P. Viktora lgt. ( CPV)   .

Remarks. Study of 108 specimens referable to Haplidia tarsensis   from the full span of its geographic distribution ( Turkey, Lebanon, Syria) enabled us to critically evaluate the characters that have been used in the keys to species ( Baraud 1988). Our observations show that characters such as setation and punctation of the head, pronotum and elytra, the shape of paramere apex, and the shape of sclerites in the endophallus are markedly variable, which could lead to difficulties in routine identification of specimens.

Such situation can also cast some doubts on the current taxonomic treatment of such populations. However, in specimens of H. tarsensis   collected at the same time (IV. 1996) in Erdemli, Turkey, all the said characters were found variable. Setation of the pronotum and humeral area of the elytra varied from none (due to wear) to short and recumbent ( Figs. 3 View FIGURES 3 A–E), punctation of the pronotum varied from fine and even to coarse and uneven ( Figs. 3 View FIGURES 3 A–E), and the shape of the parameres ( Figs. 3 View FIGURES 3 F–J) and of the sclerites in the endophallus ( Figs. 3 View FIGURES 3 K–O) were also considerably variable. A similar variability was also present in other populations from Turkey, Lebanon and Syria. We therefore regard all the examined populations as belonging to a single species, H. tarsensis   .

These findings suggest that the variability of conditions usually regarded as diagnostic should be scored across the entire genus, similarly to what has recently been done for the Cypriote fauna of Haplidia   by Miessen (2016), resulting in the identification of two new synonymies. It would of course be ideal to combine the traditional morphological approach with molecular analyses, but we are not aware of any molecular study of Haplidia   in progress at the present time.

Distribution. Lebanon ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ), Turkey (Tarsus, type locality), Syria.

NMPC

National Museum Prague

COM

Colombo Museum

NHM

University of Nottingham

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Melolonthidae

Genus

Haplidia

Loc

Haplidia tarsensis Kraatz, 1882

Montreuil, Olivier, Uliana, Marco & Sehnal, Richard 2020
2020
Loc

Haplidia tarsensis

Montreuil, O. 2005: 131
Keith, D. & Lo Cascio, P. 2005: 142
Baraud, J. 1988: 564
Dalla Torre, K. W. von 1912: 210
Reitter, E. 1902: 185
Kraatz, G. 1882: 37
1882