Scoliokona nanlingensis Kallies & Arita

Kallies, Axel, Arita, Yutaka, Owada, Mamoru, Wu, Guo-Yi & Wang, Min, 2014, The Paranthrenini of Mainland China (Lepidoptera, Sesiidae), Zootaxa 3811 (2), pp. 185-206: 195

publication ID

publication LSID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Scoliokona nanlingensis Kallies & Arita

sp. nov.

Scoliokona nanlingensis Kallies & Arita   sp. nov.

( Figs 21, 22 View FIGURES 21 – 28 , 36 View FIGURES 36 – 37 )

Material examined. Holotype. 1 ♂, Prov. Guandong, Shaoguang, Nanling, 800 m, 8.IX. 2005 ( SCAU). Paratypes. 1 ♂, same data as holotype ( NSMT, Fig. 22 View FIGURES 21 – 28 ); 1 ♂, same locality, 1.VIII. 2006 ( NSMT); 2 ♂, same locality, 900 m, 11.– 14.VII. 2010 ( NSMT, CAK, Gen. Prep. AK 719); 1 ♂, Guangxi, Guilin, Maoershan, 730 m, 16.VIII. 2009; 2 ♂, 1 ♀, same locality, 500–1500 m. 6–10.VIII. 2007 ( Fig. 21 View FIGURES 21 – 28 , NSMT, CAK).

Description. Male ( Figs 21–22 View FIGURES 21 – 28 ). Wingspan 32.5 mm; forewing length 14.5 mm; body length 20 mm. Most body parts black; hindwings with distinctive transparent areas. Head: labial palps subdorsally white, except from the tip; ventral scales with white tips; frons dark grey to black, with some white laterally; pericephalic scales black and white dorsally, white ventrally. Thorax: black, with few yellow scales dorsal posteriorly, fore coxa with some white scales at the base. Forewing: opaque, black with a bluish sheen; covered with indistinct reddish brown scales between cubital stem and anal margin, and in the area of the cell; ventrally similar but reddish brown scales more extensive, covering about 2 / 3 of the wing. Hindwing: with two large transparent areas basad of discal spot and small transparent area distad of the discal spot. Abdomen: tergite 2 with very narrow yellow line at distal edge; sternites with small yellow wedge-shaped marks in distal part; anal tuft well-developed, fan like. Female. Very similar to male.

Biology. One specimen collected on the flowers of Patrinia   .

Genitalia. Male (Gen. prep. AK 719, Fig. 36 View FIGURES 36 – 37 ). Valva very broad and relatively short; with a well separated extensive field of multifurcate setae dorso-basally, each with 3 to 4 finger-like projections; with a simple medial crista with 1–2 simple setae; ventrally with a narrow row of simple setae, short and soft towards the apex, very strong towards the base; gnathos simple, uncus without setae; phallus with apical plate very small.

Variability. One of the specimens smaller with 30 mm wingspan. Some specimens show larger transparent areas, ie with three transparent cells distal of the hindwing discal spot.

Diagnosis. S. nanlingensis   cannot be confused with any other known species of Scoliokona   . It is however, similar to the females of S. zygophora   , which was described from Sarawak (Borneo) and S. cyanogama   comb. nov., described from Johor, Malaysia. The females of all three taxa show a similar hindwing pattern; however, both S. cyanogama   and S. zygophora   have all scaled parts of fore and hindwings with a strong bluish to greenish shine. Importantly, and unlike S. nanlingensis   sp. nov., S. cyanogama   shows strong sexual dimorphism, with the male bearing entirely clear hindwings and simple brown forewings, thus appearing like a species of Nokona   . S. zygophora   is known only from a single female, which is very similar to that of S. cyanogama   . It has a larger outer transparent area than both S. nanlingensis   sp. nov. and S. cyanogama   , almost extending to the apex of the hindwings.


National Science Museum (Natural History)