Nokona chrysoidea (Zukowsky, 1932), Zukowsky, 1932

Kallies, Axel, Arita, Yutaka, Owada, Mamoru, Wu, Guo-Yi & Wang, Min, 2014, The Paranthrenini of Mainland China (Lepidoptera, Sesiidae), Zootaxa 3811 (2), pp. 185-206: 190-191

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3811.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3EB522C3-C8F1-41A2-A576-E1FB296E3B25

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038287D3-F829-FFF7-FF14-FCC2E842FE0A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nokona chrysoidea (Zukowsky, 1932)
status

 

Nokona chrysoidea (Zukowsky, 1932)  

( Figs 7–12 View FIGURES 7 – 12 , 32 View FIGURES 31 – 32 , 33 View FIGURES 33 – 34 )

Material examined. 2 ♂, Guangxi, Guilin, Maoershan, 500–1500 m, 6.– 10.VIII. 2007 ( CAK, Gen. Prep. AK 720, Fig. 8 View FIGURES 7 – 12 ); 2 ♂, same locality, 730 m, 14.– 19.VIII. 2009 ( CAK, Gen. Prep. AK 721); 1 ♂, Prov. Guandong, Shaoguang, Nanling, 1000 m, 23.VI. 2008 ( CAK); 2 ♂, same locality, 800 m, 2–6.VII. 2012 ( CAK); 11 ♂, 10 ♀, Prov. Guangdong, Guangzhou city, 11.V.– 1.VI. 2011 e. l., ex Paederia scandens   ( Figs 9, 11, 12 View FIGURES 7 – 12 , NSMT, CAK); 10 ♂, 3 ♀, same locality, 3.– 24.V. 2012 e. l., ex Paederia scandens   ( Figs 7, 10 View FIGURES 7 – 12 , NSMT, CAK); 9 ♂, 13 ♀, same locality, 29.IV.– 25.V. 2013 e. l., ex Paederia scandens   ( NSMT); 1 ♂, Prov. Hainan, Atuling, Mt. Wuzhishan, 17.IX. 2008; 2 ♂, Prov. Shaanxii, Lueyang, 20.– 29.VII. 2011 ( CAK); 1 ♂, Prov. Zhejiang, 17.XI. 1995, on flowers of Ostericum grosseserratum   ( NSMT).

Nokona chrysoidea   was described from Taiwan and belongs to the Nokona pernix (Leech, 1889)   species complex. The population that occurs in Guangzhou city is very variable but in particular its yellow forms are indistinguishable from Taiwanese N. chrysoidea   . Dark forms of the Guangzhou population are very similar to N. pernix   from Japan or N. inexpectata Arita & Gorbunov, 2001   , described from Taiwan. Similar individuals are known from several provinces in southern and eastern China, but it is currently unclear whether they belong to a single species or represent a species complex. Arita (2011) figured specimens from Nanling under the name Nokona semidiaphana ( Zukowsky, 1929)   ; however, the figured specimen belongs to the N. pernix   species complex and is here considered belonging to N. chrysoidea   . Typical N. pernix   occur in Japan; but, this species has also been recorded from Mainland China. Until a more detailed study can be undertaken, we here propose to apply the name N. chrysoidea   to these specimens. The taxa Nokona inexpectata   and Nokona pilamicola   (Strand, [1916]) may be junior and senior synonyms, respectively, of N. chrysoidea   . Published illustrations of these taxa (Arita & Gorbunov 2001) show no significant differences in external appearance or in genitalia morphology in comparison to N. chrysoidea   . However, since the type material could not be reexamined we refrain from formal synonymization at this stage.

Genitalia. Male (Gen. prep. AK 720 [ Fig. 33 View FIGURES 33 – 34 ], AK 721 [ Fig. 32 View FIGURES 31 – 32 ]). Valva long and narrow, tapering into a blunt apex; dorsal field of hand-shaped setae wide, each with ca 10 finger-like projections; with central narrow line of hand-shaped setae; ventral setae simple, basal patch with strong simple setae; gnathos ( Fig. 33 View FIGURES 33 – 34 a) with two pointed ventral processes; saccus broad and blunt ending, phallus shorter that valva.

Variability. A very variable species, both in size and coloration. Alar expanses range from 21–31 mm in males, and 27–31 mm in females. The forewings can be orange-brown to dark brown, sometimes with minimal remnants of transparent areas; however, even in dark specimens some orange-brown scales can be found on the forewings. Furthermore, the forewings typically lack all bluish lustre. The hindwings have dark outer margins of variable width. The number of yellow bands on the abdominal tergites varies between 2 and 5, however, they are always present at the distal margins of tergites 2 and 4. The triangular anal tuft is typically black with a narrow white lateral margin.

Biology. Larvae of this species (or species complex) feed in vines of Paederia scandens   ( Rubiaceae   ). According to label data, one specimen was collected on the flowers of Ostericum grosseserratum   ( Apiaceae   ).

Distribution. Specimens belonging to this species complex have been collected in Taiwan, Mainland China and northern Vietnam (unpublished).

NSMT

National Science Museum (Natural History)

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Sesiidae

Genus

Nokona

Loc

Nokona chrysoidea (Zukowsky, 1932)

Kallies, Axel, Arita, Yutaka, Owada, Mamoru, Wu, Guo-Yi & Wang, Min 2014
2014
Loc

N. inexpectata

Arita & Gorbunov 2001
2001
Loc

Nokona semidiaphana (

Zukowsky 1929
1929
Loc

Nokona pernix

Leech 1889
1889