Telemiades gallius ( Mabille, 1888 ),

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 63-64

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4721.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:74A3BD73-28A2-4AB7-B93E-6B743F750DFF

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scientific name

Telemiades gallius ( Mabille, 1888 )
status

 

Telemiades gallius ( Mabille, 1888) 

( Figs 106–109View FIGURES 96–111, 168View FIGURES 166–169, 214View FIGURE 214)

Telegonus gallius Mabille, 1888  . Le Nat. (2)2 (33): 170, fig. 5 (d, v); male, Chiriqui, [ Panama]; Staudinger collecion.— Shepard, 1931. Lep. Cat. 47, p. 73.

Thymele gallius  ; Godman & Salvin, 1893. Biol. Centr.–Amer., Lep.–Rhop. 2, p. 315.— Mabille, 1903, in Wytsman. Gen. Ins. 17, p. 27.— Mabille & Boullet, 1912. Ann. Sc. nat., Zool., Paris, (9)16: 104.— Draudt, 1922, in Seitz. Gross–Schmett. Erde 5, p. 867, pl. 168b (d, v).—Martin, 1941. Bol. Mus. Hist. Nat. “Javier Prado”, Lima, 5: 455.

Astraptes gallius  ; Hayward, 1947. Acta zool. Lill. 4: 251.

Telemiades centrites gallius  ; Evans, 1953. Cat. Amer. Hesp. 3, p. 25, pl. 27 (male gen.); syn.: chrysorrhoea  .—Bridges, 1983. Lep. Hesp. 1, p. 25, 47; 2, p. 36; syn.: chrysorrhoea  .—Bridges, 1988. Cat. Hesp. 1, p. 40, 74; 2, p. 59; syn.: chrysorrhoea  .— Mielke, 2004. Hesperioidea, p. 56, in Lamas (ed.). Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea, in Heppner (ed.). Atlas Neotrop. Lep.  5A; syn.: chrysorrhoea, chrysorrhaea  .— Mielke, 2005. Cat. Amer. Hesperioidea 3, p. 744; syn.: chrysorrhoea, chrysorrhaea  . — Beccaloni et al., 2008. Monografías Tercer Milenio 8: 103; host plant.—Garwood & Lehman, 2013. Butt. C. Amer. 3, Hesp., p. 60, figs (d, v).

(no genus) gallius; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 150.

Telemiades gallius  ; Burns & Janzen, 2005. Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 107 (4): 777.

Type material. Telegonus gallius Mabille, 1888  was described based on male specimens from Chiriqui [ Panama] in the Otto Staudinger collection. One male syntype was found at NHMUK with the same characteristics published in the original description ( Mabille 1888, p. 170, fig. 5), and illustrated on Butterflies of America ( Warren et al. 2018) with the following labels: / Origin/ Chiriqui Ribbe/ Tel. gallius Mab.  / gallius Mab.  / gallius Mab.  /. In order to stabilize the identity of this species, this male specimen is hereby designated lectotype of Telegonus gallius  and the following labels will be attached: / Lectotypus / Lectotypus Telegonus gallius Mabille, 1888  , Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande det. 2019/. These labels will be sent to the curator for the collection.

Diagnosis. FW length: males 25 mm (n=2) and females 26 mm (n=1). Telemiades gallius  resembles T. chrysorrhoea  but is distinguished by the following characters: presence of the three apical hyaline spots in R 3 –R 4, R 4 –R 5, and R 5 –M 1 in FW, and a yellowish patch on outer margin in HW, while T. chrysorrhoea  has an orangish patch.

Natural history. Janzen & Hallwachs (2009) partially illustrated the immatures stages of T. gallius  found at Area de Conservación de Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Immatures have been reported on some species of Inga  ( Fabaceae  ): I. chocoensis  , I. oerstediana  , and I. sapindoides  .

Distribution. Telemiades gallius  was recorded in Costa Rica, Panama, and Colombia.

Taxonomic discussion. Telegonus gallius Mabille, 1888  has been transferred to the genera Thymele ( Godman & Salvin 1893)  and Astraptes ( Hayward 1947c)  . Subsequently, Evans (1953) transferred it to Telemiades  and interpreted it as a subspecies of Telemiades centrites (Hewitson, 1870)  . In addition, Evans (1953) synonymized T. chrysorrhoea  with T. centrites gallius  . Burns & Janzen (2005) raised Telemiades gallius  back to species and took T. chrysorrhoea  out of the synonym. The analysis of the type material of T. gallius  and T. chrysorrhoea  reinforces the interpretation of Burns & Janzen (2005) who treated them as a distinct species from T. centrites  . Besides the morphological characters, Burns & Janzen (2005) indicated that the distinction between the two species is corroborated by molecular data. In the Area de Conservación de Guanacaste, Costa Rica, T. gallius  is considered rare and occurs in rainforest areas between 600–900 m, while T. chrysorrhoea  is typical of a misty forest environment occurring between 800–1400 m ( Burns & Janzen 2005).

Examined material. COSTA RICA: Cartago— Tuis , 900 m, 10–IX–1987, ex–coll. R. Brabant ( RBINS)  .

PANAMA: Chiriqui— no specific locality, 2 males, OM 41.502, OM 41.510 * ( DZUP–OM); Fortuna Valley , Rio Hornito, 1 female  , 5–IX–1901, ex–coll. Majerus, NHMUK 010242181View Materials ( NHMUK)  . Panama— Cerro Campana, 800 m, 1 female, 2–IX–1967, Small leg., DZ 26.355 ( DZUP)  .

COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca— no specific locality, 1 male ( ZSM)  .

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

RBINS

Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Hesperiidae

Genus

Telemiades

Loc

Telemiades gallius ( Mabille, 1888 )

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins 2020
2020
Loc

chrysorrhoea

Godman & Salvin 1893
1893
Loc

chrysorrhoea

Godman & Salvin 1893
1893
Loc

chrysorrhoea

Godman & Salvin 1893
1893
Loc

chrysorrhoea, chrysorrhaea

Godman & Salvin 1893
1893
Loc

chrysorrhoea, chrysorrhaea

Godman & Salvin 1893
1893
Loc

Telegonus gallius

Mabille 1888
1888