Telemiades dawkinsi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande,

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 55-57

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4721.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:74A3BD73-28A2-4AB7-B93E-6B743F750DFF

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0383CD7A-FF8A-FFFF-D790-F8BB30E9FE4E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Telemiades dawkinsi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande
status

sp. nov.

Telemiades dawkinsi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  , sp. nov.

( Figs 88–91View FIGURES 78–95, 163View FIGURES 161–165, 200View FIGURES 198–200, 213View FIGURE 213)

Telemiades epicalus  ; Francini et al., 2011. Revta bras. Ent. 55 (1): 67.

Diagnosis. Telemiades dawkinsi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  , sp. nov. is distinguished from the other species of the “ epicalus  group” by the following characters: ground color ochre yellow in males and dark brown in females, and FW with two apical spots in R 3 –R 4 and R 4 –R 5. Additionally, T. dawkinsi  sp. nov. is the only known species of the “ epicalus  group” restricted to Brazilian Atlantic Forest.

Description. Head: frons and vertex dark brown, with yellow scales in males and white scales in females. Eyes surrounded by yellow scales in males and white scales in females. Labial palpi with first and second segments dark brown with yellow scales in males and white scales in females; third segment dark brown. Antennae dark brown, base of each segment cream, apiculus ventrally cream; nudum of 25–29 segments.

Thorax: dorsally and ventrally dark brown with yellow scales in males and white scales in females.

FW: length of males 18–21 mm (n=29) and females 23–36 mm (n=19). DFW ( Figs 88, 90View FIGURES 78–95): ground color ochre yellow in males and dark brown in females; four dark brown spots: two cellular (upper and lower) and two discal in CuA 1 –CuA 2 e CuA 2 –2A; two apical rectangular spots in R 3 –R 4 and R 4 –R 5; in some females specimens there is an apical spot in R 5 –M 1; six dark brown submarginal spots as an irregular band in M 1 –M 2, M 2 –M 3, M 3 –CuA 1, CuA 1 –CuA 2, and CuA 2 –2A.

DHW ( Figs 88, 90View FIGURES 78–95): ground color ochre yellow in males and dark brown in females; four dark brown discal spots in Sc+Rs–R1, upper cell, lower cell, and CuA 2 –2A; six dark brown submarginal spots as an irregular band in Rs–M 1, M 1 –M 2, M 2 –M 3, M 3 –CuA 1, CuA 1 –CuA 2, and CuA 2 –2A.

VFW ( Figs 89, 91View FIGURES 78–95): as DFW; ground color brown with yellow sparse scales and spots darker.

VHW ( Figs 89, 91View FIGURES 78–95): as DHW; ground color brown with yellow sparse scales; dark brown patch on tornus; females with white sparse scales in anal margin.

Abdome: dorsally dark brown; ventrally dark brown with yellow scales.

Male genitalia ( Fig. 163View FIGURES 161–165): tegumen rectangular, posterior margin with two pairs of lateral apophysis, the distal one shorter. Anterior projection of saccus triangular, anterior margin rounded. Uncus rectangular, almost same size as tegumen, distal margin pointed. Valva rectangular, twice as long as wide; costa rounded, covered by small spines on internal margin; distal margin rounded and serrated; dorso–distal projection as a triangular process; sacculus rectangular, about 1/2 the length of valva. Fultura inferior distally bifid, with distal margin rounded. Aedeagus cylindrical, slightly sinuous on proximal half; insertion of manica in third proximal of aedeagus; opening for ejaculatory bulb rounded; distal margin pointed; opening for vesica dorsal, about 1/4 of size of aedeagus; cornuti forming two lines of sharp and conic spines, the first line with small spines located at third proximal, and second line with spines more developed and located at central region of aedeagus.

Female genitalia ( Fig. 200View FIGURES 198–200): tergum VIII rounded; papilla analis covered by scales on apical third; posterior apophysis twice as longer than papilla. Lamella antevaginalis with distal margin rounded. Lamella postvaginalis rectangular, about 2/3 narrower than lamella antevaginalis; distal margin bilobed, concave in median region and with a smooth sulcus. Ductus bursae membranous, sclerotized near ostium, dilated and rough region near of corpus bursae; corpus bursae membranous and globular, with same size of ductus; third proximal region rough. Signa absent.

Natural history. Adults were registered feeding on flowers of “Cambará–roxo” ( Lantana fucata  ) ( Verbenaceae  ) in Morretes, Paraná, south Brazil.

Distribution. Telemiades dawkinsi  sp. nov. occurs in areas from Brazilian Atlantic Forest, with records from Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul.

Etymology. This species is named to honor Clinton Richard Dawkins, an English biologist, and author of several books, including The Selfish Gene, The Extended Phenotype, and The God Delusion.

Taxonomic discussion. Telemiades dawkinsi  sp. nov. is the only species of the “ epicalus  group” with distribution in areas of the Atlantic Forest. In addition, there are significant differences in the male and female genitalia when compared to other species of the “ epicalus  group”, thus discarding the possibility of T. dawkinsi  sp. nov. being a subspecies or a variation of T. epicalus  .

Type material. Holotype male deposited at DZUP with the following labels  : / HOLOTYPUS / 6–IV–2001 CACATU, ANTONINA, P[a]R[aná] [ Brazil] 10m, MIELKE LEG./ OM 52.913  / Holotypus Telemiades dawkinsi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/. Allotype female deposited at DZUP with the following labels: / ALLO- TYPUS/ 6–IV–2001 CACATU, ANTONINA, P[a]R[aná] [ Brazil] 10m, MIELKE LEG./ OM 53.241  / Allotypus Telemiades dawkinsi Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/.

Paratypes. BRAZIL: Bahia— Camacan , Reserva Serra Bonita, 15°23’S, 39°33’W, 3–10–XII–2016, 1 male, Mielke, Carneiro, Dias, Dolibaina & Santos leg.GoogleMaps  , DZ 34.050 ( DZUP). Espírito Santo— Conceição da Barra, 5–V– 1968, 1 female, C. & C. T. Elias leg.  , DZ 25.891 ( DZUP); Linhares , 5–VII–1972, 1 male  , 11–VIII–1972, 1 male  ,

6–III–1973, 1 male, 9–14–IV–1973, 1 male, 11–16–IV–1973, 1 female, 9–15–V–1973, 2 males, 1–9–VI–1973, 1 male, 18–23–VI–1973, 1 female, 25–30–VI–1973, 1 male, 1–8–IX–1973, 1 male e 1 female, 1–8–VI–1974, 1 male, 20–III–1974, 1 male, 4–VII–1974, 2 females, I–1978, 1 female, VII–1980, 1 male e 1 female, VIII–1980, 3 females, VII–1981, 3 females, V–1982, 5 males and 5 females, C. Elias leg., DZ 25.899, DZ 25.927, DZ 25.903, DZ 25.916, DZ 25.935, DZ 25.913, DZ 25.915, DZ 25.924, DZ 26.941, DZ 25.909, DZ 25.921, DZ 25.889, DZ 25.925, DZ 25.895, DZ 25.877, DZ 25.890, DZ 25.876, DZ 25.923, DZ 25.938, DZ 25.886, DZ 25.939, DZ 25.940, DZ 25.888, DZ 25.892, DZ 25.937, DZ 25.910, DZ 25.917, DZ 25.918, DZ 25.920, DZ 25.922, DZ 25.884, DZ 25.934, DZ 25.944, DZ 25.945, DZ 2.953 ( DZUP). Minas Gerais— no specific locality, 1 female  , OM 41.192 ( DZUP–OM); 1 male  , OM 41.232 * ( DZUP–OM); Marliéria, Parque Estadual do Rio Doce , 200 m  , 27–VII–1977, 2 males, H. & H. D. Ebert leg., DZ 25.929, DZ 25.931 ( DZUP); 14–XII–1977, 1 male, H. & H. D. Ebert leg., DZ 25.933 ( DZUP). Rio de Janeiro— no specific locality, 1 male  , NHMUK 010242153View Materials * ( NHMUK); Angra dos Reis   , VIII–1934, 1 male, L. Travassos leg., OM 12.770 ( DZUP–OM); Cachoeiras de Macacu, Boca do Mato   , 11–IX–1992, 1 male, Tangerini leg., ex–coll. N. Tangerini, DZ 36.129 ( DZUP)  ; 4–VI–2001, 1 female, Tangerini leg., ex–coll. N. Tangerini, DZ 36.131 ( DZUP)  ; 16–VI–2001, 1 female, Tangerini leg., ex–coll. N. Tangerini, DZ 36.130 ( DZUP); Duque de Caxias , 25 m  , 6–II–1955, 1 male, DZ 25.928 ( DZUP); 22–II–1967, 1 male, H. Ebert leg., DZ 25.932 ( DZUP); Petrópolis, Alto da Serra   , 15–IV–1962, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 2.981 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 10–V–1964, 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 5.861 ( DZUP–OM); Rio de Janeiro  , 18–II–1981, 1 male, ex–coll. Gagarin, OM 5.454 ( DZUP–OM); Gávea , 1 male ( MNRJ)  ; Jacarépagua, VII–1933, 1 male, L. Travassos leg., OM 12.751 ( DZUP–OM). São Paulo— Ariri   , 26–V–1980, 1 female, Miers leg., DZ 25.885 ( DZUP); Cananéia   , 22–IV–1999, 1 female, Mielke & Casagraned leg., OM 49.862 ( DZUP–OM); Registro   , 1–IX–1967, 1 female, L. Travassos leg., DZ 25.883 ( DZUP). Paraná— Antonina, Cacatu  , 60 m  , 17–IV–1971, 2 males, Moure & Mielke leg., DZ 25.898, DZ 25.902 ( DZUP); 20–IV–1972, 1 female, 16–IV–1977, 4 females, 20–IV–1987, 1 female, 20–IV–1987, 1 male, 25–IV–1987, 11 males and 27 females, 18–IV–1998, 1 male and 3 females, 21–IV–1998, 1 male and 2 females, 3–IV–1999, 1 male and 1 female, 6–IV–2001, 3 males and 6 females, 9–IV–2003, 1 female, 15–IV–2003, 1 female, 26–IV–2003, 1 female, 27–III–2004, 1 female, 8–IV–2004, 1 male and 1 female, Mielke leg., DZ 25.894, DZ 25.875, DZ 25.878, DZ 25.879, DZ 25.887, OM 14.045, OM 14.042, OM 14.152, OM 14.153, OM 14.154, OM 14.155, OM 14.156, OM 14.157, OM 52.308, OM 52.322, OM 52.336, OM 52.357, OM 52.392; OM 14.133, OM 14.134, OM 14.135, OM 14.136, OM 14.137, OM 14.138, OM 14.139, OM 14.140, OM 14.141, OM 14.142, OM 14.143, OM 14.144, OM 14.145, OM 14.146, OM 14.147, OM 14.148, OM 14.149, OM 14.150, OM 14.151, OM 14.158, OM 14.159, OM 14.160, OM 14.161, OM 52.378, OM 52.385, OM 52.399, OM 52.406, OM 48.616, OM 48.752, OM 49.008, OM 49.016, OM 49.545, OM 48.719, OM 49.000, OM 49.686, OM 49.901, OM 52.912, OM 53.340, OM 53.039, OM 53.032, OM 53.102, OM 53.164, OM 53.248, OM 53.262, OM 53.920, OM 60.968, OM 60.955, OM 60.782, DZ 34.062, DZ 34.063, DZ 34.061 ( DZUP and DZUP–OM)  ; 21–IV–2007, 6 females, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 25.946, DZ 25.947, DZ 25.948, DZ 25.949, DZ 25.950, DZ 25.951 ( DZUP); Cedro   , 14–IV–2013, 1 female, Mielke & Callaghan leg., DZ 36.128 ( DZUP); Guaraqueçaba, Tagaçaba   , 17–IV–1971, 1 male and 3 females, Moure & Mielke leg., DZ 25.900, DZ 25.880, DZ 25.882, DZ 25.942 ( DZUP); Guaratuba, Limeira , 10 m  , 15–IV–2000, 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 51.670 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 21–IV–2000, 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 51.581 ( DZUP–OM); Matinhos   , 8–IV–1989, 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 22.018 ( DZUP–OM); Morretes , 10 m  , 12–IV–1997, 5 males and 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 45.690, OM 45.682, OM 45.698, OM 45.714, OM 45.722, OM 45.754 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 19–IV–1997, 2 males and 2 females, Mielke leg., OM 45.627, OM 45.874, OM 45.691, OM 45.866 ( DZUP–OM); Alto da Serra , 800 m  , 19–II–1989, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 21.500 ( DZUP–OM); Morro Alto , 400 m  , 8–IV–2000, 1 male and 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 51.863, OM 51.856 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 11–IV–2000, 1 male and 2 females, Mielke leg., OM 51.766, OM 51.556, OM 51.591 * ( DZUP–OM)  ; 11–IV–2015, 1 male, Mielke & Dolibaina leg., DZ 31.175 ( DZUP); Paranaguá, Alexandra   , 11–IV–1970, 1 female, Mielke leg., DZ 25.943 ( DZUP); 17–IV–1971, 1 female, Mielke leg., DZ 25.893 ( DZUP). Santa Catarina— no specific locality, 2 females, Schlm. leg.  , ex–coll. Staudinger ( ZMHU); 2 females  , NHMUK 010242152View Materials, NHMUK 010242154View Materials ( NHMUK); Anitápolis   , III–1934, 1 female ( MZUSP)  ; Corupá [ex Hansa Humboldt], III–1938, 1 male, B. Pohl leg. ( MZUSP)  ; Joinville, 1 male, Schmidt leg., 18/846 ( MNRJ); III–1940, 1 male, B. Pohl leg. ( MZUSP)  ; III–1943, 1 male, B. Pohl leg. ( MZUSP)  ; 6–III–1966, 2 males, 21–III–1967, 1 male, 20–III–1967, 1 male, 9–III–1977, 1 male, Miers leg., OM 10.553 *, OM 10.568, DZ 25.926, DZ 25.919, DZ 25.908 ( DZUP and DZUP–OM)  ; 9–III–1969, 1 male, 22–III–1969, 2 males, 10–III–1971, 1 male, 2–XI–1971, 1 male, 6–III–1973, 1 male, 9–III–1974, 2 males and 1 female, 4–V–1978, 2 males, Mielke & Miers leg., DZ 25.907, DZ 25.905, DZ 25.906, DZ 25.896, DZ 25.901, DZ 25.904, DZ 25.897, DZ 25.914, DZ 25.936, DZ 25.911, DZ 25.912 ( DZUP); 1–XI–2017, 1 male, Rank leg., DZ 34.040 ( DZUP); Serrinha , 200 m  , 24–V–1998, 1 male, C. Mielke leg., OM 49.531 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 22-II-2018, 1 male, Rank leg., OM 89.581 ( DZUP-OM); São Bento do Sul, Rio Natal , 500 m  , 13–III–1990, 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 25.244 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 11–IV–2014, 1 male, Rank leg., DZ 36.127 ( DZUP); São Francisco do Sul, Enseada   , 27–30–I–1988, 2 males and 1 female, O.–C. Mielke leg., OM 17.410, OM 17.411, OM 17.409 ( DZUP–OM); Seara, Nova Teutônia , 300–500 m  , II–1961, 1 female, Plaumann leg., DZ 25.881 ( DZUP). Rio Grande do Sul— no specific locality, 1 female  , ex–coll. Fruhstorfer, OM 12.412 ( DZUP–OM)  .

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

OM

Otago Museum

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo