Telemiades choricus (Schaus, 1902),

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 49-50

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scientific name

Telemiades choricus (Schaus, 1902)
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Telemiades choricus (Schaus, 1902) 

( Figs 78–81View FIGURES 78–95, 161View FIGURES 161–165, 198View FIGURES 198–200, 213View FIGURE 213)

Graius [sic] choricus Schaus, 1902  . Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 24: 429; female type, n° 5.974, Paso de San Juan, [Veracruz], Mexico; USNM.

Grais choricus  ; Draudt, 1922, in Seitz. Gross–Schmett. Erde 5, p. 897.— Shepard, 1934. Lep. Cat. 64, p. 172.—C. Hoffmann, 1941. An. Inst. Biol., Mexico, 12: 255.—C. Hoffmann, 1976. Publ. Esp. Soc. Mex. Lep. 1: 129.

Telemiades epicalus megallus  [misidentification]; Evans, 1953. Cat. Amer. Hesp. 3, p. 27, pl. 27 (male gen.).—Evans, 1956. Cat. Amer. Hesp. 4, Add. (sep., 1956), p. 2.—J. de la Maza E. & R. G. de la Maza E., 1985. Rev. Soc. Mex. Lep. 9: 42.—R. F. de la Maza R., 1987. Marip. Mexicanas, p. 148, pl. 66, fig. 7 (male d).—Maes et al., 1999, in Maes. Cat. Ins. Art. Nicaragua 3, p. 1259.

Grais stigmaticus choricus  ; Evans, 1953. Cat. Amer. Hesp. 3, p. 179.—Okano, 1981. Tokurana 1: 101.—Bridges, 1983. Lep. Hesp. 1, p. 25; 2, p. 15.—Bridges, 1988. Cat. Hesp. 1, p. 40; 2, p. 24.—Maes et al., 1999, in Maes. Cat. Ins. Art. Nicaragua 3, p. 1270.

(no genus) choricus  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 111.

Telemiades choricus  ; Steinhauser, 1989. Bull. Allyn Mus. 127: 14, figs 13, 14 (male d, v), 15, 16 (female d, v), 74 (male gen.), 103 (female gen.).—Llorente–Bousquets; Luis–Martínez & Vargas–Fernández, 1990. Publ. esp. Mus. Zool., Mexico, 1: 28.—J. de la Maza E.; White & R. G. de la Maza E., 1991. Rev. Soc. Mex. Lep. 14: 17.—R. G. de la Maza E. & J. de la Maza E., 1993. Marip. Chiapas, p. 207.—Llorente–Bousquets et al., 1995. Rev. Soc. Mex. Hist. Nat. 46: 39.—Vargas–Fernández et al., 1996. Jour. Lep. Soc. 50: 109.—Warren et al., 1996. Dugesiana 3 (1): 4.—Austin et al., 1999. Trop. Lep. 9, Suppl. 2: 16.—Warren & Llorente–Bousquets, 1999. Dugesiana 6: 21.—Warren, 2000, in Llorente; González & Papavero (eds). Biodiv., Tax., Biogeogr. Art. Mex. 2, p. 550.—Luis–Martínez et al., 2003. Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 105: 222.—Llorente et al., 2004. Jour. Lep. Soc. 58: 208.— Mielke, 2004. Hesperioidea, p. 56, in Lamas (ed.). Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea, in Heppner (ed.). Atlas Neotrop. Lep.  5A.—Luis Martínez et al., 2004, in García– Mendoza; Ordóñez & Briones–Salas. Biodiv. Oaxaca, p. 353.—Garwood & Lehman, 2005. Butt. Northeastern Mexico, p. 132, figs (d), 186.— Mielke, 2005. Cat. Amer. Hesperioidea 3, p. 744.—Glassberg, 2007. Swift Guide Butt. Mexico and C. America, p. 179, figs (male, female d, v); host plant.—Luis Martínez et al., 2011, in Cruz A. (ed.). Biodiv. Veracruz. Apénd. VIII.25, p. 4.—Luis–M., Salinas–G. & Llorente–B., 2011, in Álvarez (coord.). Chiapas: estudios diversidad biol., Inst. Biol., UNAM, Mexico, p. 387.—Garwood & Lehman, 2013. Butt. C. Amer. 3, Hesp., p. 62, figs (male d, v, female v).—Luis–Martínez et al., 2016. Southw. Ent. 41 (1): 189.

Telemiades megallus  [misidentification]; Glassberg, 2007. Swift Guide Butt. Mexico and C. America, p. 179, figs (male, female d, v); host plant.—Garwood & Lehman, 2013. Butt. C. Amer. 3, Hesp., p. 62, figs (male d, v, female v).

Type material. Graius [sic] choricus Schaus, 1902  was described based on the female [holo]type from Paso de San Juan, México. The female holotype is deposited at the USNM with the following labels: / Paso San Juan, V. Cruz./ Collection W. Schaus / not [?]/ Graius choricus  type Sch/ Type No. 5974 U.S.  N.M./.

Diagnosis. FW length: males 19–20 mm (n=18) and females 22–23 mm (n=4). Telemiades choricus  is the only known species of the “ epicalus  group” occurying in Central America. The males have the aedeagus with dorso–lateral left margin serrated and VHW of females with a whitish patch covering half of its posterior surface.

Natural history. Immatures of T. choricus  were erroneously illustrated as T. megallus  by Janzen & Hallwachs (2009) at Area de Conservación de Guanacaste, Costa Rica. The specimens were registered on the following Inga  ( Fabaceae  ) species: I. edulis  , I. leiocalycina  , I. mortoniana  , I. oerstediana  , I. punctata  , I. samanensis  , I. sapindoides  , I. spectabilis  e I. umbellifera  .

Distribution. Telemiades choricus  occurs in Central America, with records from Mexico to Panama, and one single record in Colombia.

Taxonomic discussion. Evans (1953: 179) interpreted Grais choricus Schaus, 1902  as a subspecies of G. stigmaticus (Mabille, 1883)  . In the same study, Evans (1953: 27, plate 27) illustrated the male genitalia of T. choricus  and misinterpreted it as T. epicalus megallus  . This probably happened because females of T. choricus  and males of T. megallus  are very similar externally. Subsequently, Steinhauser (1989: 14, figures 13–16) transferred the species to Telemiades  , describing and illustrating in detail the male and female of T. choricus  and the male of T. megallus  .

Examined material. MEXICO: Guerrero— no specific locality, 1 female, O. T. Baron leg., NHMUK 010242085View Materials ( NHMUK). Chiapas— San Quintin   , 20–26–XI–1973, 1 male, R. Wind leg. ( OUMNH). Jalisco— Atoyac, 1 male, H.H.S. May leg., NHMUK 010242117View Materials ( NHMUK); 1 female, H.H.S. May leg., NHMUK 010242118View Materials ( NHMUK). Oaxaca— Candelaria Loxicha , 500 m  , 15–VII–1972, 1 male, Welling leg., DZ 25.872 ( DZUP)  ; 4–VIII–1972 *, 1 male, Welling leg., DZ 25.869 ( DZUP)  ; 15–VIII–1972, 1 male, Welling leg., DZ 25.865 ( DZUP)  ; 16–IX–1972, 1 male, Welling leg., DZ 25.871 ( DZUP)  ; 7–IX–1973, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 44.214 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 2–VI–1974, 1 female, Welling leg., DZ 25.874 ( DZUP)  ; 23–VII–1975, 1 female, Welling leg., DZ 25.867 ( DZUP)  ; 25–VII–1976, 1 male, Welling leg., DZ 25.870* ( DZUP)  ; 26–VII–1976, 1 male, Welling leg., DZ 25.873 ( DZUP)  ; 5–IX–1976, 1 male, Welling leg., DZ 25.866 ( DZUP)  ; 19–III–1978, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 44.062 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 3–VIII– 1978, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 44.255 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 5–VIII–1978, 1 male, Welling leg., DZ 25.868 ( DZUP)  ; 19–VIII–1978, 1 female, Welling leg., OM 44.070 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 4–IX–1978, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 44.311 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 24–IX–1978, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 44.102 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 28–VII–1982, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 44.079 * ( DZUP–OM)  ; 27–VIII–1982, 1 female, Welling leg., OM 44.039 * ( DZUP–OM)  ; 28–VIII–1983, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 43.695 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 10–X–1983, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 43.552 ( DZUP–OM); Chimalapa   , VIII–52, 1 male, T. Escalante leg., ( OUMNH). Quintana Roo — Playa del Carmen, Ak’luum, 3 Km   , 1– 15–IX–2012, 1 female, OM 88.621 ( DZUP–OM); 3 Km N Río Secreto   , 30–I–4–II–2017, 2 males, OM 88.720, OM 88.640 ( DZUP–OM); Nuevo X–Can  , 9–VII–1965, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 44.902 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 29–V–1967, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 44.844 ( DZUP–OM). Veracruz— no specific locality, 1 female, H.H.S. May leg., NHMUK 010242084View Materials ( NHMUK). Catemaco   , IX–1957, 1 female, T. Escalante leg. ( OUMNH); Presidio   , VIII–40, 1 female, T. Escalante leg. ( OUMNH)  .

HONDURAS: no specific locality, 1 female, ex–coll. Hamilton Druce , NHMUK 010242086View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

NICARAGUA: Chontales— no specific locality, 1 male, T. Belt leg., NHMUK 010242083View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

PANAMA: Chiriquí— no specific locality, 1 male ( ZMHU)  .

COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca — no specific locality, 1 male ( ZSM)  .

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Hesperiidae

Genus

Telemiades

Loc

Telemiades choricus (Schaus, 1902)

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins 2020
2020
Loc

Grais choricus

Schaus 1902
1902
Loc

Telemiades choricus

Schaus 1902
1902
Loc

Telemiades epicalus megallus

Mabille 1888
1888
Loc

Telemiades megallus

Mabille 1888
1888