Telemiades corbulo ( Stoll, 1781 ),

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 42-44

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https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4721.1.1

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scientific name

Telemiades corbulo ( Stoll, 1781 )
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Telemiades corbulo ( Stoll, 1781) 

( Figs 62–65View FIGURES 62–77, 158View FIGURES 158–160, 194View FIGURES 194–197, 212View FIGURE 212)

Papilio corbulo Stoll, 1781  , in Cramer. Uitland. Kap. 4, p. 122, pl. 354A (d); Suriname; W. van der Meulen collection.—Stoll, 1782, in Cramer. Uitland. Kap. 4, Essai, p. 15.—Jung, 1791. Alphabet. Verz. 1, p. 138.

Celaenorrhinus corbulo  ; Hübner, [1819]. Verz. bek. Schmett., p. 106.—Plötz, 1879. Stett. ent. Ztg. 40: 179.— Plötz, 1882. Berl. ent. Ztschr. 26: 253.

Hesperia corbulo  ; Verloren, 1837. Cat. Syst. Cramer, p. 131, 220.

Nisoniades corbulo  ; Westwood, 1852, in Doubleday. Gen. Diurn. Lep. 2, p. 520.—Ménétriés, 1855. Enum. Corp.Anim. Mus. Petrop., Lep. 1, p. 64; syn.: obscurus.

Achlyodes corbulo  ; Kirby, 1871. Syn. Cat. Diurn. Lep., p. 632; syn.: obscurus.—H. Druce, 1876. Proc. zool. Soc. London, p. 249.—Kirby, 1880. Proc. r. Dublin Soc. 2: 329.—Reuter, 1896. Acta Soc. Sc. Fenn. 22: 194.—Weeks, 1901. Ill. unfig. Lep., p. 21.—Weeks, 1905. Ill. Diurn. Lep. 1, p. 21.—Weeks, 1911. Ill. Diurn. Lep. 2, p. XV.

Eudamus praestes Hewitson, 1876  . Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. (4)18: 353; Cayenne, [ French Guiana]; Hewitson collection.

Pellicia corbulo  ; Möschler, 1877. Verh. zool.–bot. Ges. Wien 26: 339; syn.: obscurus.

Telegonus praestes  ; Kirby, 1877. Syn. Cat. Diurn. Lep., Suppl., p. 817.—Weeks, 1911. Ill. Diurn. Lep. 2, p. XIV.

Telemiades corbulo  ; Mabille, 1878. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 21: 27.— Burns & Janzen, 2005. Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 107 (4): 770–781, figs 4–6 (male gen.), 15–18 (male, female d, v), 19 (hind wing d); syn.: insulsus, praestes  ; host plant.—Mielke; Carneiro & Casagrande, 2012. Acta Amaz. 42 (2): 255.—Garwood & Lehman, 2013. Butt. C. Amer. 3, Hesp., p. 65, figs (d, v).—Sambhu & Nankishore, 2018. Zootaxa 4371: 14.

Eudamus proestes  [sic]; Kirby, 1879. Cat. Coll. Diurn. Lep. Hewitson, p. 214.

Anastrus corbulo  ; Watson, 1893. Proc. zool. Soc. London, p. 54.—Lindsey, 1925. Denis. Univ. Bull., Jour. Sc. Lab. 21: 82, pl. 27, fig. 2 (male gen.).

Pyrdalus corbulo  ; Mabille, 1903, in Wytsman. Gen. Ins. 17, p. 60.— Draudt, 1922, in Seitz. Gross–Schmett. Erde 5, p. 893, pl. 174e (d).—Lindsey, 1925. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 18: 99.— Williams & Bell, 1933. Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 59: 83, pl. 4, fig. 3 (male gen.); syn.: praestes  .— Shepard, 1934. Lep. Cat. 64, p. 148; syn.: praestes  .—Hall, 1939. Agric. Jour. Brit. Guiana 10: 223.—Hall, 1940. Ent. Bull. Brit. Guiana Dept. Agric. 3: 59.—K. Brown & Mielke, 1967. Jour. Lep. Soc. 21: 164.—Ebert, 1968, in Silva et al. Quarto Cat. Ins. viv. Plantas Brasil 2 (2), p. 238; syn.: corbolo  .—Lewis, 1973. Butt. World, p. 86, fig. 19 (female d), p. 248.—Lewis, 1975. Marip. Mundo, p. 86, fig. 19 (female d), p. 248.—de Jong, 1983. Tijd. Ent. 126: 241.—Bridges, 1983. Lep. Hesp. 1, p. 29, 59, 96; 2, p. 29; syn.: insulsus, praestes  .—K. Brown, 1987. An. Prim. Simp. Pantanal, Brasília, p. 167.—Bridges, 1988. Cat. Hesp. 1, p. 46, 91, 153; 2, p. 48; syn.: insulsus, praestes  .—Austin; Brock & Mielke, 1993. Trop. Lep. 4, Suppl. 2: 6; ecol.—Mielke & Schröder, 1994. Senckenb. biol. 73: 136, fig. 5 (female gen.); syn.: insulsus  .— Murray, 2000. Jour. Res. Lep. 35: 52.— Beccaloni et al., 2008. Monografías Tercer Milenio 8: 96; host plant.

Pyrdalus corbulo corbulo  ; Evans, 1953. Cat. Amer. Hesp. 3, p. 32, pl. 28 (male gen.); syn.: praestes, insulsus  .— Mielke, 1973. Acta biol. paranaense 2: 28.—Th. Emmel & Austin, 1990. Trop. Lep. 1: 8.— Mielke, 1993. Revta bras. Ent. 37: 614, fig. 22 (female gen.); syn.: insulsus  .—Robbins et al., 1996, in Wilson & Sandoval. Manu, p. 246.— Mielke, 2004. Hesperioidea, p. 53, in Lamas (ed.). Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea, in Heppner (ed.). Atlas Neotrop. Lep.  5A; syn.: praestes, insulsus, corbolo  .— Mielke, 2005. Cat. Amer. Hesperioidea 1, p. 7; 3, p. 664; syn.: praestes, proestes, insulsus, corbolo  . —Gareca et al., 2006, in Gareca & Reichle. Marip. diurn. Bolivia, p. 17.—Soares et al., 2011. Trop Lep. Res. 21 (2): 72.

Pyrdalus corbolo  [sic]; Silva et al., 1968. Quarto Cat. Ins. viv. Plantas Brasil 2 (1), p. 319; host plant.—J. Zikán & W. Zikán, 1968. Pesq. agropec. bras. 3: 62.

(no genus) corbulo  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 117.

(no genus) praestes  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 238.

Telemiades corbulo  ssp. Mielke; Emery & Pinheiro, 2008. Revta bras. Ent. 52 (2): 286.

Telemiades corbulo corbulo  ; Casagrande et al., 2012. Revta bras. Ent. 56 (1): 27.

Type material. Papilio corbulo Stoll, 1781  was described based on an unspecified number of specimens from Suriname in the der Meulen collection. In the same study, Stoll (1781) described Telemiades epicalus  , which the syntypes were found at NBCN. However, no syntypes of P. corbulo  were found in this museum. In order to stabilize the identity of this species, a male specimen is hereby designated neotype of Papilio corbulo  . The chosen neotype specimen has the same morphological characteristics of the male illustrated by Stoll (1781, pl. 354A (d)) and is deposited at the DZUP with the following labels: / Neotypus / Brasil, Pará, S.[anto] Antonio de Tauá, Reserva Sonho Azul 19–III–2005 P. Jauffret leg./ Telemiades corbulo ( Stoll, 1781) O. Mielke  det. 2009/ Neotypus Papilio corbulo Stoll, 1781 Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/ DZ 26.357/.

Eudamus praestes Hewitson, 1876  , was described based on an unspecified number of specimens from Cayenne [ French Guiana]. One male syntype was found at NHMUK with the same characteristics published in the original description, and illustrated in Butterflies of America ( Warren et al. 2018) with the following labels: / Type [verso from the same label:] praestes, Hew.  / Type [verso from the same label:] H 720/ praestes  / [red label]/ Cayenne. Hewitson Coll. 79–69. Eudamus praestes  . 1./ BMNH(E) 1669512/. In order to stabilize the identity of this species, this male specimen is hereby designated lectotype of Eudamus praestes Hewitson, 1876  and the following labels will be attached: / Lectotypus / Lectotypus Eudamus praestes Hewitson, 1876 Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/. These labels will be sent to the curator for the collection.

Diagnosis. FW length: males 17–19 mm (n=15) and females 20–21 mm (n=6). Telemiades corbulo  is distinguished from other species of this group by the following characters: ground color of males metalic blue and females lilac/purple; VFW of males with a creamy androconial patch in CuA 2 –2A; DHW with a tuft of long dark hair–like scales in Sc+R 1 –Rs and oval creamy patch under the tuft of androconial scales; uncus with distal margin concave; lamella antevaginalis rectangular, anterior margin rounded; lamella postvaginalis rectangular, bifid, distal margin truncated; corpus bursae with a strong sclerotized area.

Variation. The ground color varies in its intensity.

Natural history. Immatures have been reported on Inga  sp. and Inga semialata (Mimosoidea) ( Beccaloni et al. 2008)  . Several males were collected using the Ahrenholz technique ( Lamas et al. 1993) at National Park of Serra do Divisor, Mâncio Lima, Acre, Brazil.

Distribution. Telemiades corbulo  has been recorded in Panama, Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil, commonly found in Amazonian forested areas from Amazonia.

Taxonomic discussion. Papilio corbulo Stoll, 1781  has been transferred to Celaenorrhinus ( Hübner [1819])  , Hesperia ( Verloren 1837)  , Nisoniades ( Westwood 1852)  , Achlyodes ( Kirby 1871)  , Pellicia (Möschler 1877)  , Telemiades ( Mabille 1878)  and Anastrus ( Watson 1893)  . Later, Mabille (1903) described Pyrdalus  and designated P. corbulo  as the type species of the genus. This proposal was followed until Burns & Janzen (2005) considered Pyrdalus  a junior synonym of Telemiades  , consequently transferring the species again to the latter. As discussed by Burns & Janzen (2005), T. corbulo  and T. oiclus  form a subgroup of Telemiades  and, although they have unique characters (such as the secondary androconial organs in males), these features do not seem important enough to put them into a separate genus. The morphology of the male and female genitalia is characteristic of Telemiades  . Its synonym, Eudamus praestes Hewitson, 1876  , was transferred to Telegonus ( Kirby 1877)  and again to Eudamus ( Kirby 1879)  . Williams & Bell (1933) synonymized E. praestes  with Pyrdalus corbulo  . After examination of the type material of E. praestes  this synonym has been confirmed.

Examined material. No data: 1 male (NBC).

PANAMA: Chiriqui —no specific locality, 1 male ( ZSM)  .

PERU: no specific locality: 3 males and 2 females, NHMUK 010241986View Materials, NHMUK 010241988View Materials, NHMUK 010242023View Materials, NHMUK 010242024View Materials, NHMUK 010241987View Materials ( NHMUK). Loreto— Agua Blanca , 130 m, 22–IX–2003, 1 male, J. J. Ramírez leg. ( MHNL)GoogleMaps  ; Caballococha , V–VII–1884, 1 male and 2 females, M. de Mathan leg., NHMUK 010241998View Materials, NHMUK 010242000View Materials, NHMUK 010242001View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; Contamana , Contaya , 200–600 m, XI–2005, 2 males, OM 67.976, OM 68.362 ( DZUP–OM)GoogleMaps  ; Iquitos , VI–1932, 1 female, G. Klug leg., NHMUK 010241999View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; IX–1932, 1 male, Goeldi leg., NHMUK 010242010View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; Pebas , 1880, 1 female, M. de Mathan leg., NHMUK 010242007View Materials ( NHMUK). Yurimaguas , 1 female, DZ 12.428* ( DZUP). Madre de Díos— Parque Nacional del Manu, Pakitza, 11° 55’ 48’’ S, 71° 15’ 18’’ W, 340 m, 2–X–1991, 1 female, R. Robbins leg. ( MHNL)GoogleMaps  ; Shintuya, 3,3 Km NE, Albergue Pantiacolla, 12° 39’ 21’’S, 71° 13’ 53’’W, 4–8–XI–2017, 2 males, Mielke leg., OM 85.738, OM 85.948 ( DZUP–OM)GoogleMaps  ; 18-22-VI-2019, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 89.280 ( DZUP-OM). Ucayali— Pucallpa, XI–1981, 1 male, Schunke leg., OM 65.900 *, OM 65.907 ( DZUP–OM)GoogleMaps 

.

BOLIVIA: Beni— Reyes , 7–VIII–1895, 1 male and 1 female, Stuart leg., NHMUK 010242002View Materials, NHMUK 010242003View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

GUYANA: Rio Carimang, 1 female, H. Whitely leg., NHMUK 010241995View Materials ( NHMUK); Demerara— Demerara Castell  , 1 female, NHMUK 010241997View Materials ( NHMUK); Rio Demerara   , 1 female, NHMUK 010241996View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

SURINAME: no specific locality, 1 male and 1 female ( ZSM); Paramaribo — Paramaribo, VII–1892, 1 male, NHMUK 010241994View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

FRENCH GUIANA: no specific locality, 1 female, C. Bar leg., NHMUK 010241989View Materials ( NHMUK)  . Rimior , 27–III–1986, 1 female, Covell leg., OM 33.558 ( DZUP–OM); Caiena, 4 males, NHMUK 010241990View Materials, NHMUK 010241991View Materials, NHMUK 010241992View Materials, NHMUK 010241993View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

BRAZIL: no specific locality, 1 male, NHMUK 010242021View Materials ( NHMUK). Acre—  Bujari, 50 Km NO, 200 m, 18–20–IX–2001, 1 male and 1 female, O.–C. Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 26.360, DZ 26.361 ( DZUP)  ; Mâncio Lima, Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor , 7° 26’ 50’’ S, 73° 39’ 52’’ W, 200–400 m, 20–27–VI–2013, 1 male, Mielke, Casagrande, Carneiro, Dias & Dolibaina leg., DZ 36.159 ( DZUP); 23–30–VIII–2014, 1 male, Mielke, Casagrande, Carneiro, Dias, Dolibaina, Siewert & Salik leg., DZ 36.157 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Marechal Thaumaturgo, Foz do Rio Tejo, 23–VIII–1997, 1 male, Brown & Freitas leg., OM 46.667 ( DZUP–OM); Rio Juruá , 3–IX–1997, 1 male, Brown & Freitas leg., OM 46.561 ( DZUP–OM); Porto  Acre, Reserva Humaitá , 200 m, 8–10–IX–2004, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 26.364 ( DZUP)  ; Senador Guiomard, Reserva Catuaba , 200 m, 27–VIII–5– IX–2011, 1 male, Dolibaina & Moura leg., DZ 36.158 ( DZUP). Amazonas— no specific locality, 1 male, NHMUK 010242008View Materials ( NHMUK), 2 females ( ZSM)  . Barcelos, Rio Negro , 30–VII–1927, 1 female, J. F. Zikán leg., OM 8.145 ( DZUP)  ; Manaus, 41 Km N, 24–IV–2002, 1 male, R. Vieira & A. Reis leg., DZ 26.365 ( DZUP)  ; Maraã, II–1995, 1 male, M. Buchë leg., OM 43.205 ( DZUP–OM)  ; Nhamundá, Rio Nhamundá, Cupiranga , 1° 53’ 58’’S, 57° 02’ 59’’W, 20–22–V–2008, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 26.359 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Tapajós, 1 male and 1 female, H. W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242004View Materials, NHMUK 010242009View Materials ( NHMUK)  ; Tefé, 2 males and 1 female, H. W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242019View Materials, NHMUK 010242006View Materials, NHMUK 010242005View Materials ( NHMUK). Bahia— no specific locality, 1 female, NHMUK 010242020View Materials ( NHMUK). Maranhão—  Imperatriz, 12–VII–1974, 1 male, Exc. Depto. Zool., DZ 26.363 ( DZUP). Mato Grosso— Chapada dos  Guimarães, 1 female, H. H. Smith leg., NHMUK 010242022View Materials ( NHMUK). Pará— no specific locality, 1 male, Dr. Goeldi leg., NHMUK 010242011View Materials ( NHMUK); 2 males and 2 females, A. M. Moss leg., NHMUK 010242013View Materials, NHMUK 010242014View Materials, NHMUK 010242012View Materials, NHMUK 010242015View Materials ( NHMUK); 1 male, H. W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242017View Materials ( NHMUK)  . Acará, Alça Viária , 8–VII–2007, 1 male, Jauffret & Jauffret leg., DZ 26.366 ( DZUP)  ; Belém, 20 m, I–1984, 1 male, Becker leg., OM 50.802 ( DZUP–OM); Parque Estadual do Utinga , 1 female, Roppa & Mielke leg., 100/392 ( MNRJ)  ; Santa Bárbara do Pará, 2–3–II– 2010, 1 female, Carneiro, Dolibaina, Dias & Moreira leg., DZ 26.358 ( DZUP)  ; Santo Antônio do Tauá, Reserva Sonho Azul , 11–I–2005, 1 male, P. Jauffret leg., DZ 26.356 ( DZUP); 19–III–2005, 1 male, P. Jauffret leg., DZ 26.357 ( DZUP)  ; Santarém, 1 male and 1 female, H. H. Smith leg., NHMUK 010242018View Materials NHMUK 010242016View Materials ( NHMUK). Rondônia—  Cacaulândia, 8–19–XI–1994, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 39.334 ( DZUP–OM). Roraima—  Amajari, Tepequem , 1-15-XII-2016, 1 male, Boldrini & Rafael leg., DZ 47.081 ( DZUP)  .

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

MHNL

Musee Guimet d'Histoire Naturelle de Lyon

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Hesperiidae

Genus

Telemiades

Loc

Telemiades corbulo ( Stoll, 1781 )

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins 2020
2020
Loc

insulsus, praestes

Siewert & Mielke & Casagrande 2020
2020
Loc

insulsus, praestes

Siewert & Mielke & Casagrande 2020
2020
Loc

insulsus, praestes

Siewert & Mielke & Casagrande 2020
2020
Loc

insulsus

Siewert & Mielke & Casagrande 2020
2020
Loc

insulsus

Siewert & Mielke & Casagrande 2020
2020
Loc

praestes, proestes, insulsus, corbolo

Gareca et al. 2006
2006
Loc

praestes, insulsus, corbolo

Mielke 2005
2005
Loc

corbolo

Lewis 1973
1973
Loc

praestes, insulsus

Mielke 1973
1973
Loc

Pyrdalus corbolo

Silva et al. 1968
1968
Loc

praestes

Hall 1939
1939
Loc

praestes

Shepard 1934
1934
Loc

Pyrdalus corbulo

Mabille 1903
1903
Loc

Eudamus proestes

Kirby 1879
1879
Loc

Celaenorrhinus corbulo

Hübner 1819
1819
Loc

Papilio corbulo

Stoll 1781
1781