Telemiades avitus ( Stoll, 1781 ),

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 21-22

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https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4721.1.1

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scientific name

Telemiades avitus ( Stoll, 1781 )
status

 

Telemiades avitus ( Stoll, 1781) 

( Figs 24, 25View FIGURES 24–33, 148View FIGURES 148–150, 207View FIGURE 207)

Papilio avitus Stoll, 1781  , in Cramer. Uitland. Kap. 4, p. 123, pl. 354, figs D, E (male, female d); Suriname; van der Meulen collection.—Stoll, 1782, in Cramer. Uitland. Kap. 4, Essai, p. 15.—Jung, 1791. Alphab. Verz. 1, p. 66.

Telemiades avitus  ; Hübner, [1819]. Verz. bek. Schmett., p. 106.—Herrich–Schäffer, 1869. Corr.–Blatt zool.–min. Ver. Regensburg 23: 188, 189.—Herrich–Schäffer, 1870. Corr.–Blatt zool.–min. Ver. Regensburg 24: 156.— Butler, 1870. Ent. monthly Mag. 7: 57.— Kirby, 1871. Syn. Cat. Diurn. Lep., p. 575.— Mabille, 1878. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 21: 27.—Plötz, 1879. Stett. ent. Ztg. 40: 179.— Plötz, 1882. Berl. ent. Ztschr. 26: 73.— Watson, 1893. Proc. zool. Soc. London, p. 27.— Godman & Salvin, 1893. Biol. Centr.–Amer., Lep.–Rhop. 2, p. 317; 3, pl. 78, fig. 16 (male gen.).— Mabille, 1903, in Wytsman. Gen. Ins. 17, p. 28.— Mabille & Boullet, 1912. Ann. Sc. nat., Zool., Paris, (9)16: 115, 121.— Draudt, 1922, in Seitz. Gross–Schmett. Erde 5, p. 869, pl. 168f (d).—Lindsey, 1925. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 18: 103.— Shepard, 1931. Lep. Cat. 47, p. 76.—Williams & Bell, 1931. Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 57: 255.—Shepard, 1936. Lep. Cat. 74, p. 616.— Evans, 1953. Cat.Amer. Hesp. 3, p. 29, pl. 27 (male gen.); syn.: lurideolus, lamus, xantho  .—Lewis, 1973. Butt. World, p. 87, fig. 25 (d), p. 249.—Lewis, 1975. Marip. Mundo, p. 87, fig. 25 (d), p. 249.—Bridges, 1983. Lep. Hesp. 1, p. 13, 63, 68, 127; 2, p. 36; syn.: lamus, lurideolus, xantho  .—de Jong, 1983. Tijd. Ent. 126: 241.—Bridges, 1988. Cat. Hesp. 1, p. 21, 99, 108, 201; 2, p. 59; syn.: lamus, lurideolus, xantho  .—Lamas, 1994, in Foster et al. RAP Working Papers 6: 174.— Vargas, 2003. Bol. cient. mus. hist. nat., Manizales, 7: 203.— Mielke, 2004. Hesperioidea, p. 56, in Lamas (ed.). Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea, in Heppner (ed.). Atlas Neotrop. Lep.  5A; syn.: lurideolus, lamus, xantho  .— Vargas & Henao, 2004. Bol. cient. mus. hist. nat., Manizales, 8: 349.— Mielke, 2005. Cat. Amer. Hesperioidea 3, p. 743; syn.: lurideolus, lamus, xantho  .

Hesperia avitus  ; Latreille, [1824], in Latreille & Godart. Enc. Méth. 9, p. 750.— Verloren, 1837. Cat. Syst. Cramer, p. 131, 220.

Goniloba avitus  ; Westwood, 1852, in Doubleday. Gen. Diurn. Lep. 2, p. 513.—Lucas, 1857, in Sagra. Hist. phys. pol. nat. l’Ile Cuba 7, p. 637.

Eudamus avitus  ; C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862. Wien. ent. Monatschr. 6: 181; syn.: amphion  .— Kirby, 1879. Cat. Coll. Diurn. Lep. Hewitson, p. 214.

Telemiades lurideolus Mabille, 1877  . Pet. Nouv. Ent. 2, p. 165; Brazil; Mabille collection.— Mabille & Boullet, 1912. Ann. Sc. nat., Zool., Paris, (9)16: 113, 121.— Draudt, 1922, in Seitz. Gross–Schmett. Erde 5, p. 868.— Shepard, 1931. Lep. Cat. 47, p. 78.

(no genus) avitus  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 90.

(no genus) lurideolus  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 188.

Type material. Papilio avitus Stoll, 1781  was described and illustrated based on an unspecified number of specimens from Suriname deposited in the van der Meulen collection. In the same study, Stoll (1781) interpretated the specimen from figure E as the female of P. avitus  . Later, Hübner [1819] described Telemiades  and designated P. avitus  as the type species of the genus. Besides, Hübner [1819] interpretated the female of T. avitus  figured by Stoll (1781) as a distinct species, describing it as T. epicalus  . The syntypes of Telemiades epicalus  are deposited at NBC. In contrast, no specimens that could correspond to P. avitus  , as identified by Evans (1953), were found in this museum. Thus, a male neotype of Papilio avitus Stoll, 1781  is hereby designated in order to stabilize the identity of this species. The neotype has the same morphological characters than the male figured by Stoll (1781, pl. 354, fig. D), was collected near the same type locality ( Suriname) and is deposited at DZUP with the following labels: / Neotypus / II.1968 Obidos, Pará [ Brasil] Kesselring leg/ DZ 26.211/ Neotypus Papilio avitus Stoll, 1781 Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/.

Telemiades lurideolus Mabille, 1877  , was described based on an unspecified specimens from ‘Brasilia’. One male syntype was found at NHMUK with the same characteristics published in the original description, and illustrated on Butterflies of America ( Warren et al. 2018) with the following labels: / Type/ Colombia / T. lurideolus  Type Mab/ Ex Oberthür Coll. Brit. Mus. 1927–3./ BMNH(E) 1236493/. In order to stabilize the identity of this species, this male specimen is hereby designated lectotype of Telemiades lurideolus Mabille, 1877  and the following labels will be attached: / Lectotypus / Lectotypus Telemiades lurideolus Mabille, 1877 Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/. These labels will be sent to the curator for the collection.

Diagnosis. FW length: males 16–17 mm (n=3). Telemiades avitus  is distinguished from the remaining species of “ avitus  group” by the following characters: tegumen with apophysis slightly curved inwards and saccus with anterior margin dorsally curved.

Variation. The distal margin of hyaline spots of discal area in FW could be truncated or triangular in some specimens.

Distribution. Telemiades avitus  occurs in forested areas in the Amazonia, with records in Peru, Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Pará, and Rondônia states), Suriname, Venezuela and French Guiana.

Taxonomic discussion. Hübner ([1819]) described the genus Telemiades  and designated Papilio avitus Stoll, 1781  as the type species. In the same publication, Hübner considered the specimen that Stoll (1781) had previously illustrated as the female of P. avitus  as a distinct species, which he described as Telemiades epicalus  . After the description of T. avitus  , the species was transferred to Hesperia Fabricius, 1793  ( Latreille [1824]), Goniloba Westwood, [1852] ( Westwood 1852)  and then to Eudamus Swainson, 1831  (C. Felder & R. Felder 1862). Kirby (1871) transferred it back to Telemiades  and later to Eudamus ( Kirby 1879)  . Plötz (1882) returned the species to Telemiades  . Telemiades lurideolus Mabille, 1877  was described from an unknown number of specimens from ‘Brasilia’. Subsequently, Mabille & Boullet (1912) indicated ‘ Amazone sup.’ as its distribution range. Evans (1953) considered this species as synonymous with T. avitus  . After examining type material of T. lurideolus  deposited in the NHMUK the synonym with T. avitus  has been corroborated.

Examined material. No data, 2 males, NHMUK 010242359View Materials, NHMUK 010242365View Materials ( NHMUK)  ; 1 female ( ZMHU)  ; 1 male ( ZMHU)  ; 1 male, 5032 ( ZMHU)  ; 1 male, ex–coll. Weymer ( ZMHU)  .

PERU: Loreto— Pebas , 1 male ( ZMHU)  . Rio Sucussari , Explornapo–Aceer, 140 m, 8–IX–1995, 1 female, R. Robbins leg. ( MHNL)  . Madre de Díos— Reserva Tambopata, Boca do Rio La Torre, 300 m, 1–VI–1992, 1 male, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ;

VENEZUELA: Carabobo— Puerto Cabello , 1 male, Hahnel leg. ( ZMHU)  .

SURINAME: no specific locality, 1 male ( ZMHU)  .

FRENCH GUIANA: Caiena, 1 female, Sahike leg. ( ZMHU)  .

BRAZIL: Acre— Bujari , 200 m, 10–12–IX–2004, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 26.205* ( DZUP). Amazonas— sem localidade específica, 1 male, NHMUK 010242171View Materials ( NHMUK); 1 male, Saunders leg., NHMUK  010242362 (NHMUK); Maués, Rio Preto, 15–30–XI–2007, 1 male, OM 69.460* (DZUP–OM); Rio Tapajos, 1 male, H. W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242366 (NHMUK); Tefé, 1 male, ex coll. Staudinger, NHMUK 010242367 (NHMUK). Pará— no specific locality, 1 male, ex–coll. Weymer (ZMHU); 1 male, Saunders leg., NHMUK 010242361 (NHMUK); Óbidos, VI–1923, 1 male, B. Pohl leg. (MZUSP); Santarém, 1 male and 1 female, H. H. Smith leg., NHMUK 010242364, NHMUK 010242358 (NHMUK); 1 male, H. W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242360 (NHMUK); Alter do Chão, 2 males, H. W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242357, NHMUK 010242369 (NHMUK); Itaituba, 1 male, ex–coll. Staudinger (ZSM); 1 male, Michael leg. (ZMHU); Itaituba a Obidos, I–IV–06, 1 male, W. Hoffmans leg., NHMUK 010242368 (NHMUK). Rondônia— Cacaulândia, 8–19–XI–1994, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 39.036* (DZUP–OM).

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet

MHNL

Musee Guimet d'Histoire Naturelle de Lyon

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Hesperiidae

Genus

Telemiades

Loc

Telemiades avitus ( Stoll, 1781 )

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins 2020
2020
Loc

lamus, lurideolus, xantho

Mabille 1888
1888
Loc

lamus, lurideolus, xantho

Mabille 1888
1888
Loc

lurideolus, lamus, xantho

Mabille 1877
1877
Loc

lurideolus, lamus, xantho

Mabille 1877
1877
Loc

lurideolus, lamus, xantho

Mabille 1877
1877
Loc

Telemiades lurideolus

Mabille 1877
1877
Loc

Hesperia avitus

Latreille 1824
1824
Loc

Papilio avitus

Stoll 1781
1781