Telemiades fides Bell, 1949,

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 14-16

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https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4721.1.1

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persistent identifier

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scientific name

Telemiades fides Bell, 1949
status

 

Telemiades fides Bell, 1949 

( Figs 10–13View FIGURES 2–23, 144View FIGURES 142–147, 182View FIGURES 180–184, 206View FIGURE 206)

Telemiades fides Bell, 1949  . Amer. Mus. Novit. 1385: 6, fig. 7 (gen. male); holotype male, Balboa, Canal Zone, Panama; AMNH.—Freeman, 1951. Field & Lab. 19: 47.—Llorente–Bousquets; Luis–Martínez & Vargas–Fernández, 1990. Publ. esp. Mus. Zool., Mexico, 1: 28.—Llorente–Bousquets et al., 1995. Rev. Soc. Mex. Hist. Nat. 46: 39.—Vargas–Fernández et al., 1996. Jour. Lep. Soc. 50: 109.—Warren et al., 1996. Dugesiana 3 (1): 4.—Raguso & Llorente, 1997, in González; Dirzo & Vogt (eds). Hist. Nat. Tuxtlas. Inst. Biol., UNAM, p. 290.—Warren & Llorente–Bousquets, 1999. Dugesiana 6: 21.—Warren, 2000, in Llorente; González & Papavero (eds). Biodiv., Tax., Biogeogr. Art. Mex. 2, p. 550.—Llorente et al., 2004. Jour. Lep. Soc. 58: 208.—Luis Martínez et al., 2004, in García–Mendoza; Ordóñez & Briones–Salas. Biodiv. Oaxaca, p. 353.—Warren; Ogawa & A. Brower, 2008. Cladistics 24: 31.—Warren; Ogawa & A. Brower, 2009. Syst. Ent. 34: 482, 517; host plant.—Luis Martínez et al., 2011, in Cruz A. (ed.). Biodiv. Veracruz. Apénd. VIII.25, p. 4.— Janzen et al., 2011. PLoS ONE 6 (8): 6, 13.—Luis–M., Salinas–G. & Llorente–B., 2011, in Álvarez (coord.). Chiapas: estudios diversidad biol., Inst. Biol., UNAM, Mexico, p. 387.—J. Miller et al., 2012. Insecta Mundi 205: 41.—Garwood & Lehman, 2013. Butt. C. Amer. 3, Hesp., p. 64, figs (male, female d).—Luis–Martínez et al., 2016. Southw. Ent. 41 (1): 189.

Telemiades amphion fides  ; Evans, 1953. Cat. Amer. Hesp. 3, p. 30.— Steinhauser, 1975. Bull. Allyn Mus. 29: 11.—DeVries, 1983, in Janzen. Costa Rican Nat. Hist., p. 676.—Bridges, 1983. Lep. Hesp. 1, p. 43; 2, p. 36.—Bridges, 1988. Cat. Hesp. 1, p. 68; 2, p. 59.—R. G. de la Maza E. & White, 1990. Rev. Soc. Mex. Lep. 13: 84.—J. de la Maza E.; White & R. G. de la Maza E., 1991. Rev. Soc. Mex. Lep. 14: 17.—R. G. de la Maza E. & J. de la Maza E., 1993. Marip. Chiapas, p. 202.—Austin et al., 1999. Trop. Lep. 9, Suppl. 2: 12.—Maes et al., 1999, in Maes. Cat. Ins. Art. Nicaragua 3, p. 1259.— Mielke, 2004. Hesperioidea, p. 56, in Lamas (ed.). Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea, in Heppner (ed.). Atlas Neotrop. Lep.  5A.— Mielke, 2005. Cat. Amer. Hesperioidea 3, p. 742.—Barrios; Méndez & Austin, 2006, in Cano (ed.). Biodiversidad de Guatemala 1, p. 439.—Anderson, 2007. Bull. Allyn Mus. 146: 5.—Glassberg, 2007. Swift Guide Butt. Mexico and C. America, p. 180, fig. (d).— Beccaloni et al., 2008. Monografías Tercer Milenio 8: 102; host plant.

(no genus) fides  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 145.

Cogia amphion fides  ; Okano, 1981. Tokurana 1: 47.

Type material. Telemiades fides Bell, 1949  was described based on the male holotype and female allotype from Balboa, Canal Zone, Panamá, and the following paratypes: a male from the same locality, a male from Ponte Tapia, Panamá, a female from Lascascadas, Panamá and a male from Presidio, Veracruz, Mexico. The male holotype is deposited at the AMNH and illustrated on Butterflies of America (Warren et al. 2016) with the following labels: / HOLOTYPE / Balboa Canal Zone V.27.1914 Acc: 5690/ G1 753/ Telemiades fides  Holotype ♂ Bell/. The female allotype is also deposited at the AMNH and illustrated on Butterflies of America (Warren et al. 2016) with the following labels: / T. Hallinan Balboa, C. Z. Panama Nov. 19.1914 Ac. 5690/ ALLOTYPE / Telemiades fides Allotype  ♀ Bell/. These labels will be sent to the curator for the collection.

Diagnosis. FW length: males 16–19 mm (n=24) and females 18–21 mm (n=24). Telemiades fides  resembles T. marpesus  in size but can be distinguished by the brown ground color and the absence of submarginal dark spots in the FW. Additionally, T. fides  occurs at Central America while T. marpesus  is only known from the south Brazilian and Argentinian Atlantic Forest. Telemiades fides  is distinguished from the remaining species of the “ amphion  group” by the following characters: uncus with median–distally projection slightly rounded; valva with a developed distal process, slightly curved inwards and with small spine–like projections on internal margin; fultura inferior distally bifid with distal margin and base concave; lamella antevaginalis with distal margin concave on median region; lamella postvaginalis with lateral margin truncated.

Variation. Some specimens from Candelaria Loxicha, Oaxaca, Mexico have reduced hyaline spots in the FW.

Natural history. Immatures have been reported on Inga  spp. and Zygia  spp. ( Fabaceae  ) ( Janzen & Hallwachs 2009). According to available data, T. fides  flies from July to December.

Distribution. T. fides  occurs in Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.

Taxonomic discussion. Evans (1953) treated T. fides  as a subspecies of T. amphion  . The wing and male genitalia distinguish T. fides  from the other species of the “ amphion  group”, supporting its validity as a separate species (Warren 2000).

Examined material. MEXICO: Veracruz— Atoyac, 2 males and 1 female, H. H. S. March leg., NHMUK 010242507View Materials *, NHMUK 010242508View Materials *, NHMUK 010242506View Materials ( NHMUK). Oaxaca: Candelaria Loxicha   , 500 m, 3– X–1969, 1 male, 4–X–1969, 1 male, Welling leg. ( OUMNH)  ; 25–VI–1972, 1 male, 26–VII–1972, 1 male, 4–VIII– 1972, 1 male and 2 females, 15–VIII–1972, 2 males and 2 females, 25–VIII–1972, 2 males, 4–IX–1973, 1 male, 27–VII–1973, 1 male, 2–VIII–1973, 1 male, 14–VIII–1973, 1 male, 22–VIII–1973, 1 male, 4–IX–1973, 2 males, 15–IX–1973, 1 female, 24–IX–1973, 1 male, 5–VII–1975, 1 female, 6–VII–1975, 1 male, 17–VIII–1975, 1 male,

17–XII–1975, 1 female, 14–VII–1976, 1 male, 24–VII–1976, 1 male, 26–VII–1976, 1 male and 1 female, 25–VIII– 1977, 1 male and 1 female, 4–IX–1978, 1 female, 03–X–1985, 1 female, Welling leg., DZ 26.023, DZ 26.033, DZ 26.036, DZ 26.035, DZ 26.037, DZ 26.018, DZ 26.019, DZ 26.010, DZ 26.017*, DZ 26.020, OM 54.461, DZ 26.013, DZ 26.022, DZ 26.021*, DZ 26.028, DZ 26.011, DZ 26.014, DZ 26.040, DZ 26.034, DZ 26.038, DZ 26.016  , OM 44.406,  OM 44.015, DZ 26.012, DZ 26.008, DZ 26.031, DZ 26.039, DZ 26.032, DZ 26.015, DZ 26.030  , OM 44.295,  OM 44.264 ( DZUP and DZUP–OM). Tabasco— Teapa , 1 male, H. H. S. March leg.  , NHMUK 010242505View Materials * ( NHMUK)  .

GUATEMALA: Zacapa— La Union, 850 m, 15–X–1972, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 44.968 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 21–VIII–1978, 1 male, Welling leg., OM 45.153 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 27–VIII–1981, 1 male, Welling leg., DZ 26.029 ( DZUP)  ; 18–IX–1981, 1 female, Welling leg., OM 44.911 ( DZUP–OM)  .

EL SALVADOR: La Libertad— La Perla, 10 m, 18–X–1970, 1 male, Steinhauser leg. ( OUMNH)  .

NICARÁGUA: Chontales— no specific locality, 1 female, T. Belt leg., NHMUK 010242159View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

COSTA RICA: Cartago, Azahar [Cerro] de Cartago, X–08, 1 male, NHMUK 010242509View Materials * ( NHMUK)  .

PANAMA: Colón— Lion Hill, 1 male, McLeannan leg., NHMUK 010242511View Materials * ( NHMUK). Panamá— Panamá, Pacora , 16–XII–1946, 1 male, R.E.E. WSON leg., NHMUK 010242510View Materials ( NHMUK). Veraguas— Calobre, 1 male, Arcé leg., NHMUK 010242158View Materials * ( NHMUK)  .

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Hesperiidae

Genus

Telemiades

Loc

Telemiades fides Bell, 1949

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins 2020
2020
Loc

Telemiades fides

Bell 1949
1949
Loc

Telemiades amphion fides

Bell 1949
1949
Loc

fides

Bell 1949
1949