Telemiades amphion ( Geyer, 1832 ),

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 9-13

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Telemiades amphion ( Geyer, 1832 )
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Telemiades amphion ( Geyer, 1832) 

( Figs 2–5View FIGURES 2–23, 142View FIGURES 142–147, 180View FIGURES 180–184, 206View FIGURE 206)

Proteides amphion Hübner, [1819]  . Verz. bek. Schmett., p. 105; nom. nud. (ICZN, Art. 12.1.—no description).

Proteides amphion Geyer, 1832  , in Hübner. Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 4, p. 12, pl. [109], figs 631, 632 (male d, v); Indias Ocident., Berg leg.—Plötz, 1879. Stett. ent. Ztg. 40: 179. — Plötz, 1882. Berl. ent. Ztschr. 26: 71; syn.: compressa  .— Hemming, 1937. Hübner 1, p. 476, 482.

Hesperia amphion  ; Westwood, 1852, in Doubleday. Gen. Diurn. Lep. 2, p. 526.—Weidemeyer, 1864. Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. 2: 539.

Aethilla amphion  ; Butler, 1870. Ent. monthly Mag. 7: 57.— Kirby, 1871. Syn. Cat. Diurn. Lep., p. 577.—Butler, 1877. Trans. ent. Soc. London, p. 149.—Weeks, 1901. Ill. unfig. Lep., p. 30.—Weeks, 1905. Ill. Diurn. Lep. 1, p. 30.—Kirby, 1908–1912, in Hübner. Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett., reed., p. 24.

Plesioneura amphion  ; Herrich–Schäffer, 1870. Corr.–Blatt zool.–min. Ver. Regensburg 24: 156.

Plesioneura compressa Möschler, 1877  (Prittwitz in litt.). Verh. zool.–bot. Ges. Wien 26: 336, pl. 4, fig. 22 (d); 3 specimens from coast and interior of Suriname; Möschler collection.— Kirby, 1877. Syn. Cat. Diurn. Lep., Suppl., p. 832.

Eudamus amphion  ; Kirby, 1879. Cat. Coll. Diurn. Lep. Hewitson, p. 214.

Telemiades amphion  ; Mabille, 1878. Ann. Soc. ent. Belg. 21: 27. — Watson, 1893. Proc. zool. Soc. London, p. 27.— Godman & Salvin, 1893. Biol. Centr.–Amer., Lep.–Rhop. 2, p. 318.— Mabille, 1903, in Wytsman. Gen. Ins. 17, p. 28.— Godman, 1907. Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20: 135; syn.: zethos  , antiope  .— Mabille & Boullet, 1912. Ann. Sc. nat., Zool., Paris, (9)16: 112, 121; syn.: zethos, antiopa  .—Dyar, 1914. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 47: 152.— Draudt, 1922, in Seitz. Gross– Schmett. Erde 5, p. 868, pl. 168e, f (d, v); syn.: zethos, antiopa  .—Köhler, 1923. Ztschr. wiss. Insektenb. 18, Sonderb., p. 32.—J. Zikán, 1928. Ent. Rdsch., Stuttgart, 45: 26.—Köhler & Strassberger, 1928. Publ. Breyer, Buenos Aires, p. 5.— Shepard, 1931. Lep. Cat. 47, p. 77; syn.: zethos  , antiope  , compressa  .—Bell, 1931. Jour. N. Y. Ent. Soc. 39: 86.—Williams & Bell, 1931. Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 57: 255, fig. 1 (male gen.).— Bell, 1933. Ent. News 44: 266; syn.: buffumi  .— Hayward, 1933. Rev. Soc. ent. arg. 5: 180, pls 9, fig. 9 [recte 19] (male gen.), 4 [recte 14], fig. 9 (d); syn.: zethos  , antiope  , compressa  .—Hayward, 1934. Rev. Soc. ent. arg. 6: 190.—F. Hoffmann, 1934. Ent. Rdsch., Stuttgart, 51: 27.—Shepard, 1936. Lep. Cat. 74, p. 616.—Hall, 1939. Agric. Jour. Brit. Guiana 10: 219.—Hall, 1940. Ent. Bull. Brit. Guiana Dept. Agric. 3: 55.—C. Hoffmann, 1941. An. Inst. Biol., Mexico, 12: 247; syn.: zethos  , antiope  , compressa  .—Hayward, 1941. Rev. Mus. La Plata, n. s., Zool. 2: 250; syn.: compressa  , zethos  , antiope  , buffumi  .— Williams & Hayward, 1944. Acta zool. Lill. 2: 107; syn.: compressa  , zethos  , antiope  , buffumi  .— Bell, 1946. Bol. Ent. venezol. 5: 90; syn.: compressa, anthiope, zethos, buffumi  .—Bell, 1947. Bol. Ent. venezol. 6: 138.—Hayward, 1947. Acta zool. Lill. 4: 256; syn.: compressa  , zethos  , antiope  , buffumi  .— Hayward, 1948. Gen. Sp. Anim. Arg. 1, p. 134, pls 5, fig. 9 (male gen.), 20, fig. 12 (d); syn.: compressa  , zethos  , antiope  , buffumi  .—Cardoso, 1949. Rev. Ent., Rio de Janeiro, 20: 432.— Moss, 1949. Acta zool. Lill. 7: 48, pl. 4, fig. 19 (larva); biol., hostplant.—Silva et al., 1968. Quarto Cat. Ins. viv. Plantas Brasil 2 (1), p. 320; hostplant.—J. Zikán & W. Zikán, 1968. Pesq. agropec. bras. 3: 63; hostplant.—Hayward, 1969. Inst. Miguel Lillo, Misc. 31: 84.—Lewis, 1973. Butt. World, p. 87, fig. 24 (d), p. 249.—Lewis, 1975. Marip. Mundo, p. 87, fig. 24 (d), p. 249.—C. Hoffmann, 1976. Publ. Esp. Soc. Mex. Lep. 1: 121; syn.: zethos  , antiope  , compressa  .—Bridges, 1983. Lep. Hesp. 1, p. 6, 19, 28, 129; 2, p. 36; syn.: buffumi  , compressa  , zethos  .—Bridges, 1988. Cat. Hesp. 1, p. 10, 30, 44, 204; 2, p. 59; syn.: buffumi  , compressa  , zethos  .— Beccaloni et al., 2008. Monografías Tercer Milenio 8: 102; hostplant.—Garwood et al., 2009. Butt. South. Amaz., 2 nd ed., p. 308, figs (d, v).—Vargas & Salazar, 2014. Bol. Cient. Mus. Hist. Nat., U. Caldas, 18: 278.—Basset et al., 2015. PLOS ONE 10 (8) (e0136623), S1 App.—Sambhu & Nankishore, 2018. Zootaxa 4371: 14.

Proteides zethos Plötz, 1882  . Berl. ent. Ztschr. 26: 71; nº 5.038 [holotype], Pará, [ Brazil]; Mus. Berol.

Aethilla buffumi Weeks, 1906  . Can. Ent. 38: 174; I–1900, Suapure, Venezuela.—Mabille & Boullet, 1919. Ann. Sc. nat., Zool., Paris, (10)2: 203.— Draudt, 1922, in Seitz. Gross–Schmett. Erde 5, p. 877.

Telemiades buffumi  ; Shepard, 1931. Lep. Cat. 47, p. 79.

Telmiades [sic] amphion  ; Hayward, 1934. Rev. Soc. ent. arg. 6: 207.

Telemiades amphion amphion  ; Bell, 1949. Amer. Mus. Novit. 1385: 1, fig. 1 (male gen.); syn.: compressa, zethos, buffumi  .— Evans, 1953. Cat. Amer. Hesp. 3, p. 30, pl. 28 (male gen.); syn.: compressa, zethos, buffumi  .—Evans, 1956. Cat. Amer. Hesp. 4, Add. (sep., 1956), p. 2.—Biezanko, 1968, in Silva et al. Quarto Cat. Ins. viv. Plantas Brasil 2 (2), p. 251.— Mielke, 1973. Acta biol. paranaense 2: 28.—de Jong, 1983. Tijd. Ent. 126: 241; syn.: compressa  .—Lamas; Robbins & Harvey, 1996. Rev. peruana Ent. 39: 69.—Maes et al., 1999, in Maes. Cat. Ins. Art. Nicaragua 3, p. 1259.— Mielke, 2004. Hesperioidea, p. 56, in Lamas (ed.). Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea, in Heppner (ed.). Atlas Neotrop. Lep.  5A; syn.: amphion (Hübner, [1819])  , compressa, zethos, buffumi  .—Pastrana, 2004. Lep. arg., Plantas hosp., p. 214; planta hospedeira.— Mielke, 2005. Cat. Amer. Hesperioidea 3, p. 741; syn.: compressa, zethos, buffumi  . —Gareca et al., 2006, in Gareca & Reichle. Marip. diurn. Bolivia, p. 18.—Mielke; Carneiro & Casagrande, 2012. Acta Amaz. 42 (2): 254.—Casagrande et al., 2012. Revta bras. Ent. 56 (1): 27.

(no genus) amphion  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 76.

(no genus) compressa  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 116.

(no genus) zethos  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 291.

(no genus) buffumi  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 100.

Telemiades amphion misitheus  ; Lamas, 1981. Rev. Soc. Mex. Lep. 6: 36.—Lamas; Robbins & Harvey, 1991. Publ. Mus. Hist. Nat., Lima, 40: 17.—Lamas, 1994, in Foster et al. RAP Working Papers 6: 174.—Robbins et al., 1996, in Wilson & Sandoval. Manu, p. 246.— Mielke & Casagrande, 1998. Revta bras. Zool. 14: 990.–—Pinheiro & Emery, 2006. Biota Neotropica 6 (3): 5.—Mielke; Emery & Pinheiro, 2008. Revta bras. Ent. 52 (2): 286.—Mielke; Carneiro & Casagrande, 2010. Biota Neotrop. 10 (4): 296.

Timochares amphion  ; Scott, 1986. Papilio  , n. s., 3: 9.

Type material. Proteides amphion Geyer, 1832  was described based on an unspecified number of specimens from “Westindien” [=American continent based on Hübner, [1819]]. Even though Hübners’ type material is supposedly housed at ZMHU, no syntypes of P. amphion  were found there. Thus, a male neotype of Proteides amphion  is hereby designated, in order to stabilize the identity of this species. The chosen neotype specimen has the same morphological characteristics of the male illustrated by Geyer (1832, pl; [109], figs 631 and 632) and well discussed by Evans (1953), and is deposited at the DZUP with the following labels: / Neotypus / Imperatriz, MA[ranhão, Brazil] 9–VIII–1974 Exc. Depto. Zool./ Neotypus Proteides amphion Geyer, 1832 Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/ DZ 25.955/.

Plesioneura compressa Möschler, 1877  was described based on three specimens from the coast and interior of Suriname. Even though Möschlers’ type material is supposedly housed at ZMHU, no syntypes of P. compressa  were found there. Thus, a male neotype of Plesioneura compressa  is hereby designated, in order to stabilize the identity of this species. The chosen neotype specimen has the same morphological characteristics of the male illustrated by Möschler (1877, pl. 4, fig. 22) and well discussed by Evans (1953), it’s from the same type locality, and is deposited at the DZUP–OM with the following labels: / Neotypus / Suriname 1963/ [ OM] 11.935/ Neotypus Plesioneura compressa Möschler, 1877 Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/.

Proteides zethos Plötz, 1882  was described based on one specimen [holotype] from Pará [ Brazil]. The male holotype is deposited at ZMHU with the following labels: / Holotypus Nr./ 5038/ Pará Sieb[er]/ zethos Pl.  Type/.

Aethilla buffumi Weeks, 1906  was described based on an unspecified number of specimens from Suapure [Bolivar], Venezuela. Two syntypes specimens (one male and one female) of A. buffumi  were found in MCZ. The female syntype has the following labels: 1/1/90 / 733/ SUAPURE VENEZUELA / A G Weeks Collection/ M. C. Z. Type 16684./ Jan.–Jun. 2001 MCZ Image Database/. In order to stabilize the identity of this species, this female specimen is hereby designated lectotype of Aethilla buffumi Weeks, 1906  . The lectotype has a label with the same information published in the original description, and the following labels will also be attached: / Lectotypus / Lectotypus Aethilla buffumi Weeks, 1906 Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/. The male specimen is hereby designated paralectotype and the following labels will also be attached: / Paralectotypus / Paralectotypus Aethilla buffumi Weeks, 1906 Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  det. 2019/. These labels will be sent to the curator for the collection.

Diagnosis. FW length: males 14–17 mm (n=54) and females 15–18 mm (n=24). Telemiades amphion  resembles T. belli Siewert, Mielke & Casagrande  , sp. nov. and T. fides  , but is distinguished mainly by its geographical distribution from the Amazonas region to south Brazil, while T. belli  sp. nov. and T. fides  occurs on Central America. Additionally, the following genitalia characters differentiates T. amphion  from other species of the “ amphion  group”: valva with hook–like distal process, distally slightly curved; lamella antevaginalis with distal margin slightly concave; lamella postvaginalis rounded.

Variation. Specimens vary in size, in the dark spots in FW and HW, in the size of hyaline spots of discal area and in the apical hyaline spot in R 5 –M 1, which in some individuals may be smaller or absent. The male genitalia also vary in size, as well and the posterior margin of the tegumen and the distal process of the tegumen may be larger and less sharp.

Natural history. Telemiades amphion  flies throughout the year. Immatures have been reported on Inga pilosula  and Zygia cauliflora  ( Fabaceae  ) ( Moss 1949).

Distribution. This species is distributed in Amazon and interior Atlantic Forest areas, occurring in Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Brazil.

Taxonomic discussion. Hübner, [1819] proposed the name Proteides amphion  without giving a description or illustration of the species. Thus, this name is nomen nudum according to Article 12.1 of ICZN. Geyer (1832) mentioned Proteides amphion  (which he attributed to Hübner) and gave a brief description of it based on an unknown number of specimens from the “Westindien” [=American continent based on Hübner, [1819]]. By doing so, Geyer (1832) satisfied the ICZN requirements to become the author of the species. After Geyer’s description, the species was transferred to Hesperia ( Westwood 1852)  , Aethilla ( Butler 1870)  , Plesioneura (Herrich–Schäffer 1870)  , Eudamus ( Kirby 1879)  and finally to Telemiades ( Mabille 1878)  .

Plesioneura compressa Möschler, 1877  , Proteides zethos Plötz, 1882  and Aethilla buffumi Weeks, 1906  are considered synonyms of T. amphion  after Plötz (1882), Godman (1907) and Bell (1933), respectively. The examination of the type material of these species confirms that they are synonyms of T. amphion  .

Examined material. No data: 2 males and 1 female, NHMUK 010242431, NHMUK 010242481*, NHMUK 010242469 (NHMUK); 1 male, ex–coll. J. Arp, 58/354 (MNRJ).

ECUADOR: El Oro— Zaruma , 1 male, M. de Mathan leg., NHMUK 010242483View Materials * ( NHMUK)  . Los Ríos — Babahoyo, Río de Las Juntas , VI–VII–1893, 1 male, M. de Mathan leg., NHMUK 010242482View Materials * ( NHMUK)  .

PERU: no specific locality, 1 male, Garlepp leg. ( ZSM)  . Amazonas— Rodríguez de Mendoza   , 1500–2500 m, 22–X–2002, 1 male, Calderón leg., OM 60.588 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 1500 m, XII–1993, 1 male, B. Calderón leg. ( MHNL)  . Cuzco— Vale do Cosñipata , Quebrada Santa Isabel  , 1200 m, 30–III–2016, 2 males, Mielke leg., OM 80.025, OM 80.075 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 22–X–2016, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 82.657 ( DZUP–OM)  ; Quebrada Quitacalzón, 1100 m, 6–XI–2008, 1 female, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ; 29–I–2010, 1 female, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ; 5–II–2011, 1 female, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ; 20–V–2012, 1 male and 1 female, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ; 4–IV–2016, 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 79.931 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 26–X–2018, 2 males, Mielke leg., OM 87.366, OM 87.336 ( DZUP–OM)  . Junín— Vitoc, 5 Km SSE Vitoc, Rio Tulumayo   , 1100–1200 m, 19–X–1989, 1 male, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  . Loreto— Arcádia, 150 m, 30–X–1993, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ; 31–X–1993, 1 male, R. K. Robbins leg. ( MHNL)  ; Iquitos, Yanamono , 80 Km E  , 120m, 27–VII–1984, 1 male, G. Lamas & J. L. B. Mallet leg. ( MHNL)  . Madre de Díos — Alto Río Madre de Díos, 1 Km NE Atalaya (Cuzco), Albergue Amazonia, 12° 52’ S, 71° 22’ WGoogleMaps  , 500 m, 2–X–2011, 1 male, S. Kinyon leg. ( MHNL)  ; 3–X–2011, 1 male, L. Gibson leg. ( MHNL)  ; 7–11–XI–2012, 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 73.400 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 23–28–X–2013, 2 males, Mielke leg., OM 75.955, OM 75.635 ( DZUP–OM)  ; Pampas del Heath , 12°57’18’’ S, 68°53’40’’ OGoogleMaps  , 200 m, 23–VIII–2012, 1 male, Cerdeña leg., DZ 36.153 ( DZUP)  ; Parque Nacional del Manu, Pakitza , 11° 55’ 48’’ S, 71° 15’ 18’’ WGoogleMaps  , 400 m, 8–IX–1989, 1 male, D. Harvey leg. ( MHNL)  ; 340 m, 17–X–1991, 1 male, Mielke leg., DZ 26.048 ( DZUP)  , 11–X–1991, 1 male, Robbins leg., DZ 26.043 ( DZUP)  , 10–X–1991, 1 female, Lamas leg., DZ 26.047 ( DZUP)  , 30–IX–1991, 1 male, Robbins leg., DZ 26.046 ( DZUP)  ; Reserva Tambopata, Boca do Rio La Torre   , 300 m, 27–VII–1980, 1 female, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ; 28–II–1982, 1 male, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ; 26–X–1983, 1 male, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ; 2–V–1984, 1 male, G. Lamas leg. ( MHNL)  ; Shintuya , 3.6 Km NE Albergue Fantiacolla, 12°39’21’’S, 71°13’53’’WGoogleMaps  , 400 m, 4–8–XI–2017, 3 males, Mielke leg., OM 85.558, OM 85.926, OM 85.856 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 30–X–2–XI–2018, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 88.159 ( DZUP–OM)  . Loreto— Pebas, 120 m, 16–VII–2003, 1 female, J. J. Ramiréz leg. ( MHNL)  . San Martín— Rioja , El Afluente, 5º 40’ S, 77º 42’ WGoogleMaps  , VI–2011, 1 female, J. Pintado leg. ( MHNL)  ; Juanjui   , 200 m, 15–IX–2002, 1 female, OM 60.256 ( DZUP–OM)  ; 5°39’48’’S, 77°41’41W, 1.300 m, IV–2017, 1 male, J. Pintado leg., OM 83.199 ( DZUP– OM)  ; Tarapoto , V–VIII–1886, 1 female, M. de Mathan leg., NHMUK 010242492View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz— Buenavista, 5 KM NO, 500 m, 30–IX–4–X–2001, 2 males, Mielke & Casagrande leg., OM 55.123, OM 55.193 ( DZUP–OM); 750 m, VIII–06–IV–07, 1 male, Steinbach leg., NHMUK 010242475View Materials * ( NHMUK)  .

VENEZUELA: Bolívar — Sierra de Imataca — Rio Grande , 200 m, 17–V–1966, 1 male, Lichy leg., OM 40.266 ( DZUP–OM)  .

GUYANA: no specific locality, Parish leg., 1 female, NHMUK 010242420View Materials ( NHMUK); 1 female, NHMUK 010242426View Materials ( NHMUK); Rewa River, 3–XII–1962, 1 male, A. Bedford Russel leg., BMNH(E) 666103 ( NHMUK); Carimang River, 2 females, H. Whitely leg., NHMUK 010242422View Materials, NHMUK 010242424View Materials ( NHMUK). Alto Demerara: Linden, Essequibo River , 6–I–1963, 1 female, A. Bedford Russel leg., BMNH(E) 666101 ( NHMUK). Demerara–Mahaica: Georgetown, Atkinson, 23–III–1963, 1 male, A. Bedford Russel leg., BMNH(E) 666102 ( NHMUK); Paradise, Demerara river , 1 female, NHMUK 010242487View Materials ( NHMUK). Potaro–Siparuni: Mahdia, Kaieteur Falls , II–III–1936, 1 female, A. Hall leg., NHMUK 010242488View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

SURINAME: no specific locality, 1 male, 5035 ( ZMHU)  ; 1963, 1 female, DZ 11.935 ( DZUP)  ; 1 male, ex–coll. Jonkers ( NBC)  . Marowijne— Albina, Blakka Watra, Lelydorp–Bernharddorp  , III–VII–2001, 1 female, ex–coll. E. Jongerling ( CEB)  . Wanica— Lelydorp , Domburg, 26–VII–1964, 1 male, E. H. Jonkers leg., ex–coll. Jonkers ( NBC)  ; 14–VI–1973, 1 female, E. H. Jonkers leg., ex–coll. Jonkers ( NBC)  ; 10–IV–1974, 1 female, E. H. Jonkers leg., ex–coll. Jonkers ( NBC)  ; 22–II–1975, 1 female, E. H. Jonkers leg., ex–coll. Jonkers ( NBC)  .

FRENCH GUIANA: no specific locality, 2 males  e 1 female, NHMUK 010242421View Materials *, NHMUK 010242423View Materials *, NHMUK 010242428View Materials, NHMUK 010242434View Materials ( NHMUK); Caiena, 4 males and 4 females, NHMUK 010242419View Materials *, NHMUK 010242425View Materials *, NHMUK 010242489View Materials, NHMUK 010242155View Materials, NHMUK 010242430View Materials, NHMUK 010242432View Materials, NHMUK 010242436View Materials, NHMUK 010242438View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

BRAZIL: no specific locality, 1 female, NHMUK 010242444View Materials ( NHMUK). Amapá— Santana, Porto Santana, 26–II–1963, 1 male, Mielke leg., 100/388 ( MNRJ)GoogleMaps  ; Serra do Navio , 5–III–1963, 1 male, Mielke leg., 100/389 ( MNRJ)GoogleMaps  ; 20–II–1964, 1 female, Mielke leg., 100/391 ( MNRJ)GoogleMaps  ; 23–25–VII–2007, 2 males, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 33.932, DZ 33.940 ( DZUP). Amazonas —no specific locality, 1 male and 1 female, H. W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242461View Materials *, NHMUK 010242442View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; 4 males, NHMUK 010242429View Materials *, NHMUK 010242435View Materials *, NHMUK 010242437View Materials *, NHMUK 010242479View Materials * ( NHMUK). Boa Vista do Ramos , Massauari , 1 male ( ZMHU)GoogleMaps  ; Borba— Rio Abacaxis , Trilha Pirarara , 26–28–V–2008, 1 female, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 26.003 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Fonte Boa , 80 m, 2°33’22’’S, 66°03’56’’O, 11–23–VIII–2011, 1 male, Emery leg., ex–coll. Emery, DZ 46.919 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Jutaí, Rio Jutaí , 1–II–1915, 1 female, NHMUK 010242446View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; Manaus, Rio Solimões , 1 male and 2 females, NHMUK 010242477View Materials, NHMUK 010242478View Materials, NHMUK 010242496View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; Rio Preto da Eva , XI–1996, 1 female, Büche leg., OM 45.752 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Tefé, 7–IX, 1 male, M. de Mathan leg., NHMUK 010242427View Materials * ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female, NHMUK 010242462View Materials ( NHMUK). Acre — Bujari, 50 Km NO, 200 m, 18–20–IX–2003, 1 male, O.–C. Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 25.986 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Mâncio Lima, Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor , 7° 26’ 50’’ S, 73° 39’ 52’’ W, 10–21–IX–2011, 1 male, Dolibaina & Moura leg., DZ 33.908 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; 23–30–VIII– 2014, 3 males, Mielke, Casagrande, Carneiro, Dias, Dolibaina, Siewert & Salik leg., DZ 33.915, DZ 33.918, DZ 33.934 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Porto Acre —Reserva Humaitá, 200 m, 8–10–IX–2004, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 25.974* ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Santa Rosa do Purus , 13–VIII–2008, 1 female, Mielke & Carneiro leg., DZ 26.045 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Senador Guiomard— Reserva Catuaba, 200 m, 2–5–IX–2004, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 25.968 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; 20–23–VII–2004, 3 males, O.–C. Mielke leg., OM 65.555, OM 65.604, OM 65.613 ( DZUP–OM)GoogleMaps  ; Tarauacá, 250 m, 29–VI–1975, 1 male, Ebert leg., DZ 30.805 ( DZUP). Maranhão: no specific locality, 1 male and 1 female, T. Belt leg., NHMUK 010242474View Materials *, NHMUK 010242476View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; Feira Nova do Maranhão, 26 Km L, Fazenda Forquilha dos Brejos (7° 00’ 29’’ S, 46° 26’ 30’’ W), 14–21–VIII–2011, 1 male, Mielke leg., DZ 26.181 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Imperatriz, 1–VII–1974, 1 female, 2–VII–1974, 1 male, 3–VII–1974, 1 female, 9–VIII–1974, 1 male, 12–VII–1974, 1 male, 15–VII–1974, 1 male, 18–VII–1974, 1 male, 14–VIII–1974, 1 female, Exc. Depto. Zool., DZ 25.960*, DZ 25.957, DZ 25.965, DZ 25.955, DZ 25.956*, DZ 25.958, DZ 25.961, DZ 25.959 ( DZUP). Alagoas — Maceió, 23–I–1949, 1 male, Cardoso leg., DZ 26.044 ( DZUP). Bahia —no specific locality, 1 female, Luschnath leg., NHMUK 010242495View Materials ( NHMUK). Pará —no specific locality, 13 males and 11 females, A.M. Moss leg., NHMUK 010242439View Materials, NHMUK 010242441View Materials, NHMUK 010242443View Materials, NHMUK 010242447View Materials, NHMUK 010242448View Materials, NHMUK 010242451View Materials, NHMUK 010242453View Materials, NHMUK 010242457View Materials, NHMUK 010242459View Materials, NHMUK 010242463View Materials, NHMUK 010242468View Materials, NHMUK 010242470View Materials, NHMUK 010242472View Materials, NHMUK 010242455View Materials, NHMUK 010242450View Materials, NHMUK 010242454View Materials, NHMUK 010242456View Materials, NHMUK 010242458View Materials, NHMUK 010242460View Materials, NHMUK 010242464View Materials, NHMUK 010242465View Materials, NHMUK 010242466View Materials, NHMUK 010242467View Materials, NHMUK 010242471View Materials, NHMUK 010242473View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; 2 males, H. W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242445View Materials *, NHMUK 010242449View Materials * ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female, Saunders leg., NHMUK 010242452View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; 1 male ( ZMHU)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female, ex–coll. Thieme ( ZMHU)GoogleMaps  ; Belém, 20 m, 10–15–XI–1984, 1 male, Becker leg., OM 50.648 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Parque Estadual do Utinga , 1 female, ex–coll. E. May, 18/844 ( MNRJ)GoogleMaps  ; 14–VII–1936, 1 male, D’Almeida leg., ex–coll. D’Almeida, DZ 33.107 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; 31–VIII–1937, 1 female, E. May leg., DZ 33.086 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Benevides —Neópolis, 1–3–VIII–1992, 1 male and 1 female, Mielke & Casagrande leg., OM 32.667, OM 32.475 ( DZUP–OM)GoogleMaps  ; Itaituba, 1 male, 1893, Michael leg. ( ZMHU)GoogleMaps  ; 2 males and 1 female, NHMUK 010242484View Materials *, NHMUK 010242485View Materials, NHMUK 010242486View Materials * ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; Óbidos, 10–I–1934, 1 female, B. Pohl leg. ( MZUSP)GoogleMaps  ; X–1934, 1 female, B. Pohl leg. ( MZUSP)GoogleMaps  ; Ourém, Estrada Pará–Maranhão Km 28, 14–III–1964, 1 male, Mielke leg., 100/390 ( MNRJ)GoogleMaps  ; Paragominas, Água Azul, 15–VIII–1974, 1 male, Mielke leg., DZ 25.966 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Santarém, 2 males, H. H. Smith leg., NHMUK 010242156View Materials *, NHMUK 010242433View Materials * ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female, H.W. Bates leg., NHMUK 010242440View Materials ( NHMUK)GoogleMaps  ; Santo Antonio do Tauá , Reserva Sonho Azul, 15–I– 2005, 1 male, 23–II–2005, 1 male, 10–VII–2005, 1 female, 13–VIII–2005, 1 female, 28–VIII–2005, 1 female, 14– IX–2005, 1 female, 7–XI–2006, 1 female, 28–XI–2005, 1 male, 16–XII–2005, 1 male, 16–X–2006, 1 male, P. Jauffret leg., DZ 25.994, DZ 25.997, DZ 25.990*, DZ 25.993, DZ 25.992, DZ 25.995, DZ 25.991, DZ 25.998, DZ 25.996, DZ 25.978* ( DZUP). Rondônia — Ouro Preto d’Oeste, 17–31–VIII–1987, 1 male, C. Elias leg., DZ 25.967 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Vilhena, 4–XII–1986, 1 male, C. Elias leg., DZ 25.964 ( DZUP). Mato Grosso — Barra dos Bugres, 11– V–1974, 2 males, Furtado leg., DZ 25.977, DZ 25.983 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; 25–VI–1974, 1 male, Furtado leg., DZ 25.963 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Chapada dos Guimarães, 23–XII–1965, 1 male, Ebert leg., DZ 25.980 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; 600 m, 27–VI–1972, 1 male, Mielke & Brown leg., DZ 25.982 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Buriti, 17–II–1967, 2 males, Tangerini leg., DZ 25.973, DZ 33.088 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Diamantino, Fazenda São João, Alto Rio Arinos , 2–IX–1978, 1 female, Mielke & Furtado leg., DZ 25.972 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; 300–400 m, 5–IX–1979, 1 female, Furtado leg., DZ 30.651 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; São Vicente, 700 m, 15–VII–1972, 2 males, Mielke & Brown leg., DZ 25.970, DZ 25.985 ( DZUP). Goiás — Campinaçu, Fazenda Barra Mansa, X– 1992, 1 male, Tangerini leg., DZ 33.087 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Iporá, 22 Km Oeste, 420 m, 21–VI–1972, 1 male, Mielke & Brown leg., DZ 25.979 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Pirenópolis, 23–VI–2011, 1 male, Emery leg., ex–coll. Emery, DZ 46.923 ( DZUP). Distrito Federal— Brasília, Jardim Zoológico, 1–III–2002, 1 male, Emery leg., ex–coll. Emery, DZ 34.039* ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Planaltina, 13–I–2005, 1 male, Emery leg., ex–coll. Emery, DZ 46.918 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Córrego Grotão, 28–X– 2005, 1 male, Emery leg., ex–coll. Emery, DZ 46.922 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Sobradinho, 27–I–2012, 1 male, Emery leg., excoll. Emery, DZ 46.921 ( DZUP). Tocantins— Ilha do Bananal , 24–VI–1979, 1 male, Gifford leg., DZ 25.962 ( DZUP). Mato Grosso do Sul — Porto Murtinho, 29–XII, 1 male, R. Spitz leg., NHMUK 010242490View Materials ( NHMUK). São Paulo — Pereira Barreto, Fazenda Nova Estrela, 300 m, 1–V–1933, 1 male and 1 female, Ebert leg., DZ 25.981, DZ 25.984 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Poloni, 29–VI–1984, 1 male, ex–coll. Pe. F. Martins Pinto ( MZUSP)GoogleMaps  ; 2–IV–1985, 1 male, ex–coll. Pe. F. Martins Pinto ( MZUSP)GoogleMaps  ; 25–III–1985, 1 male, ex–coll. Pe. F. Martins Pinto ( MZUSP)GoogleMaps  ; 1 female, 15–V–1985, ex–coll. Pe. F. Martins Pinto ( MZUSP)GoogleMaps  ; 20–V–1985, 1 female, ex–coll. Pe. F. Martins Pinto ( MZUSP)GoogleMaps  ; 13–III–1985, 1 male, ex–coll. Pe. F. Martins Pinto ( MZUSP)GoogleMaps  ; São José do Rio Preto , 4–IV–1928, 2 females, W. Marten leg., ex–coll. Schiffweiler ( ZfB)GoogleMaps  ; Teodoro Sampaio, Parque Estadual Morro do Diabo , 250– 500 m, 20–23–II–1990, 3 males and 1 female, Mielke & Casagrande leg., DZ 25.969, DZ 25.971*, DZ 25.975, DZ 25.976 ( DZUP). Paraná— Diamante do Norte , Estação Ecológica do Caiuá , 300 m, 22–IV–2011, 2 males, 23–IV– 2011, 1 male, Dolibaina & Salik leg., DZ 25.999, DZ 26.001, DZ 26.000 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; 25–VI–2011, 2 males, 26–XI– 2011, 1 male, 14–X–2011, 1 female, Carneiro, Dolibaina & Salik leg., DZ 26.005, DZ 33.942, DZ 26.004, DZ 26.007 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Foz do Iguaçu , Parque Nacional do Iguaçu , 9–XI–2014, 1 male, Greve leg., DZ 46.920 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Paranavaí, Santo Antonio do Caiuá , 12 Km O, 300 m, 15–XII–2009, 1 female, Mielke, Maia, Carneiro & Dolibaina leg., DZ 25.987 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Santo Antonio do Caiuá , 26 Km O, 300 m, 15–XII–2009, 1 male, Mielke, Maia, Carneiro & Dolibaina leg., DZ 25.988 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Planaltina, RPPN Duas Barras (12°11’ 41’’ S, 53° 00’ 20’’ W), 13–V–2009, 1 male, Dolibaina & Carneiro leg., DZ 25.989 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; Querência do Norte , RPPN Fazenda da Mata (22° 58’ 60’’ S, 53° 31’ 59’’ W), 5–X–2012, 1 male, LABLEP, DZ 33.686 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; RPPN Fazenda Santa Fé, 23° 05’ 37’’S, 53° 35’ 43’’W, 11-12-IX-2018, 1 male, Casagrande, Mielke, Carneiro & Orlandin leg., DZ 47.082 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; São Pedro do Ivaí , RPPN Barbacena, 300 m, 8–X–2010, 1 female, Mielke, Dolibaina, Carneiro & Maia leg., DZ 26.002 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  ; 8–II–2016, 2 males, Dolibaina & Warren leg., DD 492, DD 493 ( DD)GoogleMaps  ; Terra Rica, Parque Municipal Morrinhos, 500 m, 13–X–2011, 1 male, Carneiro, Dolibaina & Salik leg., DZ 26.006 ( DZUP)GoogleMaps 

.

PARAGUAY: no specific locality, 1885, 1 male, P. Germain leg., NHMUK 010242494View Materials ( NHMUK); 1 male, Pefrens leg., NHMUK 010242480View Materials ( NHMUK)  . Paraguarí— Sapucai , 22–XII–1904, 1 male, W. Forster leg., NHMUK 010242493View Materials * ( NHMUK)  .

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

OM

Otago Museum

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

MHNL

Musee Guimet d'Histoire Naturelle de Lyon

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Hesperiidae

Genus

Telemiades

Loc

Telemiades amphion ( Geyer, 1832 )

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins 2020
2020
Loc

buffumi

Weeks 1906
1906
Loc

buffumi

Weeks 1906
1906
Loc

buffumi

Weeks 1906
1906
Loc

buffumi

Weeks 1906
1906
Loc

buffumi

Weeks 1906
1906
Loc

buffumi

Weeks 1906
1906
Loc

buffumi

Weeks 1906
1906
Loc

Aethilla buffumi

Weeks 1906
1906
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos, antiopa

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos, antiopa

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

zethos

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

Proteides zethos Plötz, 1882

Plotz 1882
1882
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa, anthiope, zethos, buffumi

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa, zethos, buffumi

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa, zethos, buffumi

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa, zethos, buffumi

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

compressa, zethos, buffumi

Moschler 1877
1877
Loc

Aethilla amphion

Butler 1870
1870
Loc

Plesioneura amphion

Herrich–Schäffer 1870
1870
Loc

Hesperia amphion

Westwood 1852
1852
Loc

Proteides amphion

Geyer 1832
1832
Loc

amphion (Hübner, [1819])

Hubner 1819
1819