Telemiades brazus Bell, 1949,

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Telemiades Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Eudaminae), with descriptions of fourteen new species, Zootaxa 4721 (1), pp. 1-111: 77-78

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4721.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:74A3BD73-28A2-4AB7-B93E-6B743F750DFF

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0383CD7A-FFF0-FF8B-D790-FB383789F87E

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Plazi

scientific name

Telemiades brazus Bell, 1949
status

 

Telemiades brazus Bell, 1949 

( Figs 136–139View FIGURES 132–139, 178View FIGURES 177–178, 205View FIGURES 204–205, 218View FIGURE 218)

Eudamus nicomedes Plötz, 1881  . Stett. ent. Ztg. 43: 99; Brazil; praeocc. (Möschler, 1879).— Godman, 1907. Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20: 135.

Telemiades nicomedes  ; Mabille & Boullet, 1912. Ann. Sc. nat., Zool., Paris, (9)16: 119, 121.

Telemiades brazus Bell, 1949  . Amer. Mus. Novit. 1385: 8, fig. 5 (male gen.); male holotype, 9–XI–1939, Neudorf [Vila Nova, Joinville], Santa Catarina, Brazil; AMNH.

Telemiades nicomedes brazus  ; Evans, 1953. Cat. Amer. Hesp. 3, p. 27, pl. 27 (male gen.); syn.: nicomedes Plötz.  —K. Brown & Mielke, 1967. Jour. Lep. Soc. 21: 164.—Bridges, 1983. Lep. Hesp. 1, p. 18, 81; 2, p. 36; syn.: nicomedes Plötz.  —K. Brown, 1987. An. Prim. Simp. Pantanal, Brasília, p. 167.—Bridges, 1988. Cat. Hesp. 1, p. 28; 2, p. 60.— Canals, 2003. Marip. Misiones, p. 457.

(no genus) nicomedes  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 212.

(no genus) brazus  ; Beattie, 1976. Rhop. Direct., p. 99.

Telemiades meris brazus  ; Mielke & Casagrande, 1998. Revta bras. Zool. 14: 990.— Mielke, 2004. Hesperioidea, p. 56, in Lamas (ed.). Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea–Papilionoidea, in Heppner (ed.). Atlas Neotrop. Lep.  5A; syn.: nicomedes (Plötz)  .— Mielke, 2005. Cat. Amer. Hesperioidea 3, p. 747; syn.: nicomedes (Plötz)  .—Giovenardi et al., 2013. Rev. colomb. Ent. 39 (2), Supl., p. 16.—Piovesan & Orlandin, 2016, in Orlandin et al .. Borb. Marip. S. Catarina, p. 80.

Type material. Telemiades brazus Bell, 1949  was described based on the male [holo]type from Neudorf [Vila Nova, Joinville], Santa Catarina, Brazil, and on the male paratype from Massaranduba–Blumenau , Santa Catarina, Brazil. The male holotype  is deposited at the AMNH with the following labels: / HOLOTYPE  / Neudorf Sta Catharina XI–19 –139 Brazil / Telemiades brazus Bell  Holotype ♂  / G1944/.

Diagnosis. FW length: males 18–20 mm (n=28) and females 20–23 mm (n=6). Telemiades brazus  resembles T. squanda  and T. trenda  but is distinguished by the morphological pattern of the genitalia. Males with same morphological pattern of the genitalia of T. meris  , but is distinguished by the developed distal portion of valva, and by the shape of elevation in the inner portion of valva (horizontal in T. brazus  ). Also, T. brazus  is larger than T. meris  .

Variation. Some specimens varies in its ground color, from light to dark brown.

Distribution. Telemiades brazus  occurs in forested areas of Atlantic Forest of Paraguay, Argentina, and in the Brazilian States of Mato Grosso, Minais Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul.

Taxonomic discussion. Plötz (1881) described Eudamus nicomedes  based on an unknown number of specimens from Brazil. However, the name is pre–occupied by Telegonus nicomedes Möschler, 1879  , now a species of Telemiades  . Bell (1949) described Telemiades brazus  and later Evans (1953) treated it as a subspecies of Telemiades nicomedes (Möschler, 1879)  . In the same work, Evans (1953) synonymized Eudamus nicomedes Plötz, 1881  with T. nicomedes brazus  . The unpublished figure of Eudamus nicomedes Plötz, 1881  confirms its synonymy with Telemiades brazus Bell, 1949  .

Mielke & Casagrande (1998) analyzed the holotype of Telemiades meris (Plötz, 1886)  and based on the similarity of the morphology of the male genitalia, considered T. brazus  as a subspecies of T. meris  . However, the external morphological differences between both species are constant. In addition, Li et al. (2019) justified its reinstated species status by molecular data.

Examined material. No data: 2 males and 2 females, NHMUK 010242091*, NHMUK 010242093, NHMUK 010242092, NHMUK 010242094 (NHMUK); 2 females, 20/308, 62/063 (MNRJ).

BRAZIL: Mato Grosso— Chapada dos Guimarães, 1 male, H.H. Smith leg., NHMUK 010242090View Materials ( NHMUK). Bahia— Amargosa, 6–8–IV–2002, 1 female, O.–C. Mielke leg., OM 56.124 ( DZUP–OM); Camacan, Reserva Serra Bonita , 15°23’S, 39°33’W, 3–10–XII–2016, 1 male, Mielke, Carneiro, Dias, Dolibaina & Santos leg., DZ 34.042 ( DZUP). Espírito Santo— Conceição da Barra, 17–X–1968, 1 male, C. & C. T. Elias leg., DZ 26.239 ( DZUP); Linhares, 28–III–1970, 1 male, 20–IX–1972, 1 male, 5–X–1972, 1 female, 19–24–VIII–1974, 1 male, 25–30–VI–1977, 1 male, C. Elias leg., DZ 26.241, DZ 26.247, DZ 26.238, DZ 4.663*, DZ 26.245 ( DZUP). Minas Gerais— no specific locality, 1 male, H. Rogers leg., NHMUK 010242089View Materials ( NHMUK); Ibirité, 800 m, 11–III–1993, 1 male, Mielke & Machado leg., OM 37.587 * ( DZUP–OM); Paracatu, 16–VI–1972, 1 male, Mielke & Brown leg., DZ 26.249 ( DZUP). Rio de Janeiro— no specific locality, 3 males, NHMUK 010242095View Materials *, NHMUK 010242096View MaterialsGoogleMaps  *, 010242097* ( NHMUK); Duque de Caxias, Imbariê, 100 m, 2–II–1965, 3 males, Ebert leg., DZ 26.236, DZ 26.240, OM 29.537 ( DZUP and DZUP–OM); 150 m, 16–VII–1960, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex–coll. Ebert, DZ 26.243 ( DZUP); 100 m, VIII–1966, 2 males, Ebert leg., DZ 26.246, DZ 26.250 ( DZUP); Serra dos Órgãos, 20–VII–1969, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex–coll. Ebert, DZ 26.235 ( DZUP); Niterói, 7–IX–1942, 1 male, OM 11.479 * ( DZUP–OM); Rio de Janeiro, 1 female, ex–coll. J. Arp, 58/593 ( MNRJ); VIII–IX–1884, 1 female, P. Germain leg., NHMUK 010242177View Materials ( NHMUK); 9–IX–1939, 1 male, D’Almeida leg., DZ 36.134 ( DZUP); 21–III–1966, 1 male, D’Almeida leg., DZ 36.133 ( DZUP); 500 m, 7–X–1956, 1 male, Ebert leg., ex–coll. Ebert, DZ 26.242 ( DZUP); Alto da Gávea, 27– VII–1940, 1 female, Gagarin leg., OM 7.354 ( DZUP–OM); Corcovado , VII–1932, 1 female, ex–coll. L. Travassos ( IOC); XII–1923, 1 male, ex–coll. L. Travassos ( IOC); Covanca de Jacarepaguá , 20–III–1960, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 3.253 * ( DZUP–OM); 28–IV–1963, 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 4.986 ( DZUP–OM); Morro do Sumaré , 7–V–1965, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 6.689 ( DZUP–OM); 10–IX–1965, 2 males, Mielke leg., OM 7.444, OM 7.445 * ( DZUP–OM); Gávea , 1 female, 62/062 ( MNRJ); Sítio Gondoia , 1 male, E.May leg., ex–coll. E. May, 62/099 ( MNRJ). Paraná— Antonina, Rio Pequeno , 20 m, 29–IV–2003, 1 male, Mielke & Casagrande leg., OM 60.235 ( DZUP–OM); Guaratuba, Limeira , 10 m, 15–IV–2000, 1 female, Mielke leg., OM 51.530 * ( DZUP–OM); Morretes, 5-IV-2001, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 53.109 ( DZUP-OM); Morro Alto , 400 m, 14–IV–2000, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 51.686 ( DZUP–OM); São Pedro do Ivaí, RPPN Barbacena , 23° 49’ 45’’S, 51° 55’ 49’’ W, 2–X–2012, 1 female, Exc. LABLEP, DZ 36.135 ( DZUP). Santa Catarina— Joinville, 1 male and 1 female, ex–coll. J. Arp, 57/664, 57/668 ( MNRJ); 1 female, Schmidt leg., 20/640 ( MNRJ); II–1938, 1 male, B. Pohl leg. ( MZUSP); 26–II– 1974, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 29.403 ( DZUP–OM); 10–200 m, 9–III–1974, 1 male, 22–II–1977, 1 male, Mielke & Miers leg., OM 29.711, OM 39.453 * ( DZUP–OM); 8–XI–1986, 1 male, Mielke leg., OM 29.837 ( DZUP–OM); São Bento do Sul, Rio Vermelho , 850 m, 6–III–1973, 1 male, Rank leg., DZ 26.237 ( DZUP); Seara, Nova Teutônia, 400–700 m, 1–II–1977, 1 male, Plaumann & Mielke leg., OM 39.561 * ( DZUP–OM). Rio Grande do Sul— Viamão, Saint Hilaire, 26–III–2004, 1 male, Silva leg., DZ 26.248* ( DZUP)GoogleMaps  .

PARAGUAY: no specific locality— 1 male, P. Germain leg., NHMUK 010242176View Materials * ( NHMUK)  . Paraguari— Sapucai , 1 male and 1 female, W. Foster leg., NHMUK 010242098View Materials *, NHMUK 010242099View Materials ( NHMUK); 26–XI–1904  , 1 male and 1 female, W. Foster leg., NHMUK 010242100View Materials *, NHMUK 010242101View Materials ( NHMUK)  .

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

IOC

Colecao de Culturas de Fungos do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Hesperiidae

Genus

Telemiades

Loc

Telemiades brazus Bell, 1949

Siewert, Ricardo Russo, Mielke, Olaf Hermann Hendrik & Casagrande, Mirna Martins 2020
2020
Loc

Telemiades brazus

Bell 1949
1949
Loc

Telemiades nicomedes brazus

Bell 1949
1949
Loc

Eudamus nicomedes Plötz, 1881

Plotz 1881
1881