Phanerotoma bonbonensis, Kittel & Austin, 2015

Kittel, Rebecca N. & Austin, Andrew D., 2015, New species of Australian arid zone chelonine wasps from the genera Phanerotoma and Ascogaster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) informed by the ‘ Bush Blitz’ surveys of national reserves, Journal of Natural History 50, pp. 211-262: 245-246

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222933.2015.1074747

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:054A948A-5B2F-4A23-BC77-A8F9239094C0

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4332190

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6E7BFEF2-AB82-4AE5-9D1E-ED6D5B5D239C

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:6E7BFEF2-AB82-4AE5-9D1E-ED6D5B5D239C

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Phanerotoma bonbonensis
status

sp. nov.

Phanerotoma bonbonensis   sp. nov.

( Figures 9a – e View Figure 9 , 16 View Figure 16 )

Description

Body measurements. Length of body 3.6 – 4.7 mm females, 3.3 – 4.2 mm males; ratio of antenna to body 0.7 – 0.87; ratio of length of fore wing to body 0.8; ratio of length of metasoma to mesosoma 1.1 – 1.3.

Head. Ratio of length of third antennomere to fourth 1.1; ratio of length of third, fourth, and penultimate antennomere 3.3 – 4.0, 3.2 – 3.5, 2.4 – 2.7 in females and males and terminal antennomere 2.0 – 3.0 in females, 4.5 – 5.0 in males times their width, respectively; ratio of length of eye in dorsal view to length of temple 3.0 – 4.0; ratio of width of face in anterior view to its height 1.6 – 1.8; ratio of width of clypeus to its height 1.5; clypeus with two teeth; ratio of length of malar space to base of mandible 0.5; face punctate; vertex and frons rugose; ratio posterior ocelli:LOL:POL:OOL 1.0:0.8:0.8 – 0.9:1.5 – 2.5.

Mesosoma. Middle lobe of mesoscutum rugose; notauli absent; mesoscutellum fine punctate; mesopleuron punctate; precoxal sulcus present; ratio of height of mesosoma to its length 1.7 – 1.9; propodeal tubercles absent in females, present in males; blister on mid tibia present; ratio of length of hind tibia to hind tarsus 1.0 – 1.2; ratio of length of posterior spur to length of basitarsus 0.3 – 0.5; ratio of hind coxa, hind femur, hind tibia and hind tarsus 2.0 – 2.3, 3.3 – 3.8, 4.0 – 5.0 and 13.0 – 17.0 times their width, respectively; fore wing: 2-R1 absent; ratio of length of 1-R1 to length of pterostigma 1.1 – 1.2; ratio of width of pterostigma to its length 2.7 – 3.3; ratio r:3-SR:SR-1:r-m 1.0:1.0 – 1.3:5.0 – 8.0:0.9 – 1.3; 1-SR+M emanating from base of parastigma; 2-SR+M interstitial or postfurcal.

Metasoma. Shape of metasoma oval from dorsal view; ratio of width of metasoma to its length 0.5 – 0.6; carapace flat in lateral view; ratio of keel to length of metasoma 0.16 – 0.21; first and second tergite longitudinal strigose; third tergite rugose; posterior end of carapace deeply indented; ratio of the three metasomal tergites 1.0:0.9:1.4 – 1.5.

Colour. Head orange, face and temple somewhat darker; metasoma dark reddish brown; lateral lobes of mesoscutum orange; wing venation, parastigma, and pterostigma brown; carapace darker around the edges; third tergite completely dark.

Diagnosis

One of only four species of Phanerotoma   that have an indented carapace. It differs from the other species by the ratio of metasoma to mesosoma being less or equal to 1 ( P. bonboniensis   : more than 1), ratio of length to width of antennomeres being less than 3.5 (P. fi licornis more than 4), and its dark colour ( P. australiensis   is yellow brown with black teeth).

Specimens examined

Holotype, Australia (South Australia): 1 ♀, “ 26 October 2010, Bon Bon Station 30° 25 ʹ 22 ″ S, 135°28 ʹ 41 ″ E, D.A. Young, manual; Bush Blitz survey SM177 ” ( SAM) GoogleMaps   . Paratypes, Australia (South Australia): 1 ♀, Bon Bon Stn , 30°24 ʹ 41 ″ S, 135°26 ʹ 52 ″ E, 25 October 2010, S GoogleMaps   . Mantel, Bush Blitz survey SM 134 in swale with Rutidosis  

helichrysoides, LT ( SAM); 1 ♂, Bon Bon Stn , 30°25 ʹ 22 ″ S, 135°28 ʹ 41 ″ E, 24 October 2010, R GoogleMaps   . Kittel, Bush Blitz survey RK093, LT ( SAM); 9 ♀♀, 5 ♂♂, Bon Bon Stn , 30°25 ʹ 29 ″ S, 135°28 ʹ 41 ″ E, 26 October 2010, S GoogleMaps   . Mantel; Bush Blitz survey SM164 under Acacia aneura   , LT ( SAM); 4 ♀♀, 3 ♂♂, Bon Bon Stn , 30°28 ʹ 22 ″ S, 135°28 ʹ 44 ″ E, 24 October 2010, S GoogleMaps   . Mantel, Bush Blitz survey SM131 Acacia aneura   , LT ( SAM); 1 ♀, Bon Bon Stn , 30°25 ʹ 28 ″ S, 135°28 ʹ 40 ″ E, 28 October 2010, S GoogleMaps   . Mantel, Bush Blitz survey, LT ( SAM); 8 ♀♀, 3 ♂♂, Bon Bon Stn , 30°25 ʹ 28 ″ S, 135°28 ʹ 40 ″ E, 28 October 2010, S GoogleMaps   . Mantel, Bush Blitz survey, LT ( SAM); 1 ♀, Bon Bon Stn , 30°25 ʹ 29 ″ S, 135°28 ʹ 41 ″ E, 26 October 2010, S GoogleMaps   . Mantel, Bush Blitz survey, Acacia aneura   , LT ( SAM)   . Other material, Australia (South Australia): 1 ♂, Bon Bon Stn , 30°28 ʹ 22 ″ S, 135°28 ʹ 44 ″ E, 24 October 2010, S GoogleMaps   . Mantel, Bush Blitz survey SM131 Acacia aneura   , LT ( SAM); 1 ♂, Bon Bon Stn , 30°25 ʹ 22 ″ S, 135° 28 ʹ 41 ″ E, 24 October 2010, R GoogleMaps   . Kittel, Bush Blitz survey RK093, LT ( SAM); Northern Territory: 1 ♀, Ewaninga Rock, Engravings , 23.59°S, 133.56°E, 27 November 1987, J GoogleMaps   . Archibald, MV light ( MAGNT)   .

Biology

Collected in the proximity of Wrinklewort ( Rutidosis helichrysoides Grey Wrinklewort   ) Asteraceae   or directly from true mulga ( Acacia aneura Benth.   ) Fabaceae   .

Etymology

Named after the type locality, Bon Bon Station   .

Distribution

South Australia ( Bon Bon Station ) and Northern Territory ( Figure 16 View Figure 16 )   .

CO1 sequence

Genbank accession numbers for this species are KJ438599 View Materials KJ438602 View Materials   .

SAM

South African Museum

MAGNT

Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory