Phanerotoma Wesmael, 1838

Kittel, Rebecca N. & Austin, Andrew D., 2015, New species of Australian arid zone chelonine wasps from the genera Phanerotoma and Ascogaster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) informed by the ‘ Bush Blitz’ surveys of national reserves, Journal of Natural History 50, pp. 211-262: 230-234

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222933.2015.1074747

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:054A948A-5B2F-4A23-BC77-A8F9239094C0

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4332194

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0384A331-D523-6C74-17FE-FA56FB78A9FA

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Phanerotoma Wesmael, 1838
status

 

Genus Phanerotoma Wesmael, 1838  

( Figures 3 View Figure 3 , 8 – 14 View Figure 8 View Figure 9 View Figure 10 View Figure 11 View Figure 12 View Figure 13 View Figure 14 , 16 – 18 View Figure 16 View Figure 17 View Figure 18 )

http://species-id.net/wiki/ Phanerotoma  

Type Chelonus dentata Wesmael, 1838: 165   (designated by Haliday, 1840: 63) IRSN (examined). Phanerotoma: Shenefelt 1973: 909   , Zettel, 1988a: 216; Zettel 1988b: 199, 1989a: 318,

1989b: 528; van Achterberg, 1990: 10; Zettel 1990a: 4, 1990b: 147, 1990d: 1, 1990e:

153, 1990f: 336, 1991: 375, 1992a: 664, 1992b: 278; Kittel and Austin, 2014. For diagnosis of Australian taxa, see (Kittel and Austin 2014).

Comments

Van Achterberg (1990) stated in his diagnosis of Phanerotoma   the presence of three distinctive clypeal teeth, although the number of teeth varies between two and three ( Zettel 1990c). However, for Australia only a minority of species have three clypeal teeth, and belong to a species group including P. behriae   , P. lutea   sp. nov., P. novaguineensis   and P. paci   fi ca which have a reduced r vein and a much longer 3- SR vein.

The subgenus Bracotritoma   was discussed by van Achterberg (1990), and a detailed key was provided to distinguish it from the subgenus Phanerotoma   ; however, Bracotritoma   was later treated as a junior synonym by Zettel (1990c). The Australian Phanerotoma   fauna consists of species which are not easily recognised as belonging to either subgenus, and thus we follow Zettel ’ s broader definition of the genus here.

Key to Phanerotoma   from the Australian arid zone

1. Three teeth present on clypeus ( Figure 8b View Figure 8 ); 3-SR long, at least 4 times as long as vein r ( Figure 8e View Figure 8 ) ........................................................................................................................... 2

- Two teeth present on clypeus ( Figure 9b View Figure 9 ); 3-SR short, shorter than the vein r or max. 2 times as long as r ( Figure 9d View Figure 9 )................................................................................... 3

2. First and second metasomal tergites white, third orange ( Figure 8d View Figure 8 ); face, vertex and frons finely rugose ( Figures 7b – c View Figure 7 )..... ..... Phanerotoma behriae Zettel, 1988a  

- All metasomal tergites completely yellow ( Figure 12c View Figure 12 ); face, vertex and frons strigose ( Figure 12b View Figure 12 ).................................................... Phanerotoma lutea   sp. nov.

3. Carapace narrowing to a pointed posterior tip, in dorsal view ( Figure 14d View Figure 14 ); ratio of first metasomal tergite to third> 1.8;........ Phanerotoma witchelinaensis   sp. nov.

- Posterior end of carapace rounded in dorsal view ( Figure 8d View Figure 8 ); ratio of first metasomal tergite to third <1.8; ........................................................................................... 4

4. Posterior end of carapace of female not indented ( Figure 13a View Figure 13 ) .............................. 5 - Posterior end of carapace of female deeply indented ( Figure 9d View Figure 9 , arrowed) ...... 6

5. Carapace with tergites longitudinally strigose; face, vertex and frons finely rugose ( Figure 7b – c View Figure 7 )................ ................ Phanerotoma nigriscapulata   sp. nov.

- Carapace with tergites rugose ( Figure 11b View Figure 11 ); face, vertex and frons finely punctate ( Figure 11d View Figure 11 )............................ Phanerotoma decticauda Zettel, 1988a  

6. All tergites of carapace rugose ( Figure 10c View Figure 10 ); metasoma shorter (females) or equal (males) in length to mesosoma ( Figure 10a View Figure 10 ).......... Phanerotoma bushblitz   sp. nov.

- First and second tergites strigose, third tergite rugose ( Figure 9d View Figure 9 ); metasoma 1.1 – 1.3 times as long as mesosoma ( Figure 9a View Figure 9 ) ................................................................. ...................................................................................... Phanerotoma bonbonensis   sp. nov.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Loc

Phanerotoma Wesmael, 1838

Kittel, Rebecca N. & Austin, Andrew D. 2015
2015
Loc

Chelonus dentata

Zettel H 1989: 318
Zettel H 1988: 216
Zettel H 1988: 199
Shenefelt RD 1973: 909
Wesmael C 1838: 165
1838