Phanerotoma behriae Zettel, 1988a, Zettel, 1988

Kittel, Rebecca N. & Austin, Andrew D., 2015, New species of Australian arid zone chelonine wasps from the genera Phanerotoma and Ascogaster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) informed by the ‘ Bush Blitz’ surveys of national reserves, Journal of Natural History 50, pp. 211-262: 234-244

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222933.2015.1074747

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:054A948A-5B2F-4A23-BC77-A8F9239094C0

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4332188

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0384A331-D527-6C42-17F1-F9DDFC3BAAAE

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Phanerotoma behriae Zettel, 1988a
status

 

Phanerotoma behriae Zettel, 1988a  

( Figures 8a – e View Figure 8 , 17 View Figure 17 )

Phanerotoma behriae Zettel, 1988a: 234   . Holotype: BNHM (examined). Type locality: Adelaide, South Australia. Host: Etiella behrii ( Zeller, 1848)   ( Pyralidae   ).

Redescription

Body measurements. Length of body 2.5 – 5.6 mm; ratio of antenna to body 0.7 – 0.8; ratio of length of fore wing to body 0.8; ratio of length of metasoma to mesosoma 1.15.

Head. Ratio of length of third antennomere to fourth 0.9 – 1.1; ratio of length of third, fourth, penultimate and terminal antennomere 2.4 – 3.3, 2.6 – 3.6, 2.3 – 2.6 and 2.0 – 3.3 times their width, respectively; ratio of length of eye in dorsal view to length of temple 1.9 – 2.4; ratio of width of face in anterior view to its height 1.8 – 2.3; ratio of width of clypeus to its height 1.5 – 2.15; clypeus with three teeth; ratio of length of malar space to base of mandible 0.6 – 0.8; face, vertex, and frons fine rugose; ratio posterior ocelli:LOL:POL:OOL 1.0:0.6 – 0.9:0.7:2.3 – 2.8.

Mesosoma. Middle lobe of mesoscutum rugose; notauli absent; mesoscutellum rugose; mesopleuron rugose; precoxal sulcus absent; ratio of height of mesosoma to its length 1.6; propodeal tubercles present; blister on mid tibia present; ratio of length of hind tibia to hind tarsus 1.0; ratio of length of posterior spur to length of basal tarsus 0.4 – 0.5; ratio hind coxa, hind femur, hind tibia and hind tarsus 1.7, 3.0 – 3.8, 4.5 – 6.0 and 16.0 – 17.5 times their width, respectively; fore wing: 2-R1 absent; ratio of length of 1-R1 to length of pterostigma 1.1 – 1.2; ratio of width of pterostigma to its length 2.7 – 3.7; ratio r:3-SR:SR- 1:r-m 1.0:5.0 – 5.8:12.3 – 14.8:1.1 – 2.0; 1-SR+M emanating from parastigma; 2-SR+M interstitial.

Metasoma. Shape of metasoma oval in dorsal view; ratio of width of metasoma to its length 0.6; carapace flat in lateral view; ratio of keel to length of metasoma 0.2 – 0.3; first and second metasomal tergite longitudinal strigose; third tergite rugose; posterior suture curved anteriorly; posterior end of carapace with a straight margin; ratio of the three metasomal tergites 1.0:0.9:1.4 – 1.5.

Colour. Head and mesosoma orange; antenna beige, gradually darker to tip; legs beige with posterior half of tibia orange; hind tibia black – white – black striped; wing venation brown, pterostigma and parastigma brown, white between them; wing hyaline; first and second metasomal tergite white, third orange.

Diagnosis

This species belongs to a species complex that have three teeth on the clypeus, a short r vein and a long 3-SR vein. The complex comprises (at least in Australia) only P. behria  

and P. lutea   . Phanerotoma behria   can be distinguished from P. lutea   by the distinct colour pattern: first and second metasomal tergites white, last tergite orange.

Specimens examined

Holotype, Australia (South Australia): ♀, Phanerotoma behriae Zettel, 1988a   , Adelaide   . Other material, Australia (New South Wales): 1♀, Evanslookout, Blue Mts National Park ( NP), 4 December 1971, G   . Daniels, Mercury vapor lamp ( MVL) ( AMS, K358164); 1 unknown sex, Congo, 8 km SEbyE of Moruya , 35.58°S, 150.09°E, 15 – 16 May 1980, M GoogleMaps   .S. Upton ( ANIC); 1 ♂, 20 mi SSW of Bourke on bank of Darling River , 25 December 1973, G   . F. Gross, LT ( SAM); 1 ♂, Fowlers Gap Res Stn , 31.05°S, 141.42°E, 8 – 9 December 1982, I GoogleMaps   .D. Naumann, ex ethanol ( ANIC); 1 ♂, 32 km E of Warren , 8 December 1976, E   .M. Exley and T. Low on Atalaya hemiglauca   ( QM)   ; Northern Territory: 1 ♂, 32 km WNW of Alice Springs , 23.36°S, 133.35°E, 8 October 1978, J GoogleMaps   .C. Cardale ( ANIC); 8 ♂♂, 1 ♀, 39 km E Alice Springs , 23.41°S, 134.15°E, 25 September 1978, J GoogleMaps   .C. Cardale, ex ethanol ( ANIC); 4 ♂♂, 1♀, 39 km E Alice Springs , 23.41°S, 134.15°E, 5 October 1978, J GoogleMaps   .C. Cardale, ex ethanol ( ANIC); 1 ♂, 53 km EbyN of Alice Springs , 23.43°S, 134.22°E, 6 October 1978, J GoogleMaps   .C. Cardale ( ANIC); 3 ♀   ,

1 ♂, Roe Creek, 12 km SWbyW Alice springs, 23.46°S, 133.47°E, 9 October 1978, J.C. Cardale, ex ethanol (ANIC); 1 ♂, 3 km SSW of Kathrine, 14.30°S, 132.15°E, 12 November 1979, I.D. Naumann, collected LT, ex alcohol collection (ANIC); 1 ♂, Robin Falls, 13.21°S, 131.08°E, 8 June 1993, E.D. Edwards (ANIC); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Camfield River, 17.01°S, 131.07°E, 4 June 1993, E.D. Edwards (ANIC); 1 ♀, 35 km S of The Granites Mine, Tanami Desert, 20.51° S, 130.16°E, 29 October – 2 November 1988, D.C.F. Rentz (ANIC); 1 ♂, Camfield HS 17.08°S 131.21°E, 17 – 18 August 1982, I. Archibald, MV light (MAGNT); 1 ♀, Ruby NP, 23°28 ʹ 50 ″ S, 134°59 ʹ 00 ″ E, 20 March 1993, J.A. Forrest and D. Hirst, MT (in ethanol) (SAM); 6 ♂♂, 8 ♀♀, 7 unknown sex, Darwin, G.F. Hill; Par on larvae of Lygraphia clylusalis Walk ‘ Currajong Bag shelter moth ’ (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 unknown sex, 10 mi NW of Yuenduni Creekbed, 20 February 1968, LT (SAM); 1 ♀, 10 mi E of Daly River, 28 June 1972, B.K. Head, LT (SAM); 1 ♂, 2.8 mi S of Renner Springs, 8 April 1966, N. McFarland, ultraviolet (UV) light (SAM); 1 ♂, Tennant Creek, 8 August 1990, R.P. McMillan ( WAM 82895 View Materials ); 1 ♀, 10mi N Mid Br Gasgoyne Ranges, 11 July 1958, R.P. McMillan ( WAM 82811 View Materials ); 3 ♀♀, Kakadu NP, 3 km S Nourlangie Camp, 17 November 1992, A.D. Austin and P.C. Dangerfield, LT, Acacia   and Pandanus   (WINC); 1 ♂, 195 km E of Ayers Rock, on Lassiter ’ s Hwy, 5 November 1992, P.C. Dangerfield, sweeping Leptospermum   sp. (WINC); 1 ♀, Magela Ck ARR, 28 May 1991, Wells and Webber, MV, LT (WINC); 1 ♀, Darwin, Alawa, 18 May 1991, A. Wells, LT (WINC); 1 ♂, Devil ’ s Marbles CP, 11 June 1992, A.D. Austin and P.C. Dangerfield, LT (WINC); 1 ♀, 5 km NNW of Cahills Crossing (East Alligator River), 12.23°S, 137.52°E, 5 October 1975 A. Allwood and T. Angeles (QM); Queensland: 1 ♂, 7 km S Batavia Downs, 12.43°S, 142.42° E, 24 October – 23 November 1992, P. Zborowski and A. Calder, MT (ANIC); 1 ♀, Mt. White, 13.58°S, 143.11°E, 12 January 1994, P. Zborowski and E.D. Edwards, LT (ANIC); 1 ♀, Mt Cook NP, 15.29°S, 145.16°E, 10 – 12 May 1981, I.D. Naumann, ex ethanol (ANIC); 1 ♂, Australia, Nth Qld, Black River, 9 December 1990 T. Woodger (ANIC); 1 ♀, Bacusia, Nth Qld, Ken., 5 November 2003, J. Sandery (ANIC); 2 ♂♂, 5 km EbyS Peak Hill, 10.44°S, 142.29°E, 20 June 1993, P. Zborowski and I.D. Naumann (ANIC); 1 ♂, Heathlands, 11.45°S, 142.35°E, 12 August 1993, P. Zborowski and J. Balderson (ANIC); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Moreton HS, 12.27°S, 142.38°E, 21 August 1992, I.D. Naumann and P. Zborowski, LT (ANIC); 1 ♂, 7 km S Batavia Downs, 12.43°S, 142.42°E, 23 November – 11 December 1992, P. Zborowski and W. Dressler, MT (ANIC); 1 ♂, 1 km WbyN Bolt Head, 12.55°S, 143.05°E, 22 October 1992, P. Zborowski and T. Weir (ANIC); 3 ♀♀, Rokeby HS, 13.40°S, 142.40°E, 23 June 1993, I.D. Naumann and P. Zborowski, LT (ANIC); 1 ♂, 3 km SbyE Coen, 13.55°S, 143.11°E, 24 June 1993, I.D. Naumann and P. Zborowski, LT (ANIC); 1 ♂, The Bend, 3 km NbyW Coen, 13.56° S, 143.12°E, 25 June 1989, I.D. Naumann, ex ethanol (ANIC); 1 ♂, Edwards River, 14.41°S, 142.16°E, 14 September 1993, P. Zborowski and S. Shattuck, LT (ANIC); 1 ♂, Mt Webb NP, 15.04°S, 145.07°E, 27 – 20 April 1981, I.D. Naumann, ex ethanol; collected LT (ANIC); 4 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, Hann R, 73 km NWbyW Laura, 15.12°E, 143.52°E, 27 June 1986, J.C. Cardale, at MV light (ANIC); 1 ♀, Battle Camp Range, 15.17°S, 144.44°E, 27 June 1993, P. Zborowski, LT (ANIC); 1 ♂, 28 km NbyE Musselbrook Camp, Amphitheatre, 18.21°S, 138.11°E, 12 May 1995, I.D. Naumann, LT (ANIC); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 8 km SEbyE Musselbrook Camp, 18.38°S, 138.11° E, 11 May 1995, I.D. Naumann, LT (ANIC); 1 ♀, 9 km SEbyE Musselbrook Camp, 18.38°S, 138.12°E, 20 May 1995, I.D. Naumann, LT (ANIC); 1 ♂, 10 km SE Musselbrook Camp, 18.39°S, 138.12°E, 13 May 1995, I.D. Naumann, LT (ANIC); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 16 km SSE Musselbrook Camp, 18.44°S, 138.12°E, 18 May 1995, I.D. Naumann, LT (ANIC); 1 ♀, Musselbrook Resources Centre, Lawn Hill NP, near monument, 160 m, 18°35'52 ″ S, 138° 07'23 ″ E, 19 April 1995, G. Daniels and M.A. Schneider, MVL (QM); 1 ♂, Border Waterhole, 15 km W of Musselbrook Resources Centre Lawn Hill NP, 18°36'44 ″ S, 137°59'30 ″ E, 200 m, 6 May 1995, G. Daniels and M.A. Schneider (QM); 1 ♂, Louie Ck Lawn Hill NP, 18.47°S, 138.31°E, 17 – 18 May 1995 I.D. Naumann (ANIC); 1 ♀, 70.23 km ENE (72°) Betoota, 25° 34'31 ″ S, 141°26'14 ″ E, 5 April 1994, G.V. Maynard and G. Davis, from Grevillea sida cordifolia   GVM-AB040256 (ANIC); 3 ♀♀, Canobie Stn, 23 – 25 November 1984, D.S. Gibson, light (ANIC); 1 ♀, Hughenden Stn, 19 – 21 November 1984, D.S. Gibson, LT (ANIC); 1 ♂, 1.5 km WNW Riversleigh HS at Gregory River ford, 20 April 1986, J.A. Forrest, blacklight (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♀, 2 km WNW Riversleigh HS, near Gregory River, 28 April 1986, J.A. Forrest, blacklight (in ethanol) (SAM); 3 ♀♀, 1 ♂, Normanton, 7 May 1963, P. Aitken and N.B. Tindale, LT (SAM); 1 ♂, Cairns, Turtle Ck Australia, 5 – 6 August 1972, B. Hooking; (QM); 1 ♀, Bamaga Capt Billy Ck Rd junction 16 km NE Heathlands HS, 11°41'S, 142°42'E, 22 March 1992, G. Daniels and M.A. Schneider, MVL (QM); 1 ♀, Cairns, Turtle Ck Australia, 6 – 7 August 1972, B. Hooking (QM); 1 ♀, Lawn Hill NP, Qld, 18°42'08 ″ S, 138°29'06 ″ E, 140 m, 26 April 1995, G. Daniels and M.A. Schneider, MVL (QM); South Australia: 1 ♀, Brachina Creek, 31.20°S 138.35°E, 8 November 1987, J.C. Cardale, LT (ANIC); 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Bon Bon Stn, 30°32'08 ″ S, 135°35'37 ″ E, 26 October 2010, S. Mantel, Bush Blitz survey SM140 sweeping on Acacia aneura   (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♂, Bon Bon Stn, 30°25'26 ″ S, 135°28'39 ″ E, 28 October 2010, R. Kittel, Bush Blitz survey RK133, LT (SAM); 1 ♀, Bon Bon Stn, 30° 28'22 ″ S, 135°28'44 ″ E, 24 October 2010, S. Mantel, Bush Blitz survey SM131 Acacia aneura   , LT (SAM); 2 ♀♀, Bon Bon Stn, 30°25'29 ″ S, 135°28'41 ″ E, 27 October 2010, R. Kittel, Bush Blitz survey RK125 LT (in ethanol) (SAM); 3 ♀♀, Bon Bon Stn, 30°18'50 ″ S, 135°32'50 ″ E, 28 October 2010, R. Kittel; Bush Blitz survey RK129 sweeping on Acacia victoriae   (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♀, Bon Bon Stn, 30°25'28 ″ S, 135°28'40 ″ E, 28 October 2010, S. Mantel, LT, Bush Blitz survey (SAM); 2 ♂♂, Bon Bon Stn, 30°23'41 ″ S, 135°26'52 ″ E, 25 October 2010, R. Kittel, LT (1 ♂ in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Chillata Springs Lake Newland Eyre Pen., 29 November 1986, J.A. Forrest, LT (in ethanol) (SAM); 22 ♀♀, Danggali CP 3 km N Tomahawk Dam, 33°19'39 ″ S, 140°42'50 ″ E, 25 November 1996, J.A. Forrest, LT (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♂, Dingly Dell Camp, Oraparinna Ck 7, 31.21°S 138.42°E, November 1987, I.D. Naumann, J.C. Cardale, ex ethanol (ANIC); 1 ♂, Flinders Ranges: Blinman, Rose Cottage, 31°05'43 ″ S, 138°40'43 ″ E, 7 April 2011, R. Kittel and G. Taylor, LT (WINC); 2 ♀♀, Flinders Ranges: Road to Warraweena, 30°46.335'S, 138°29.040'E, 7 April 2011, R. Kittel, Sweeping E. camaldulensis   and S. molle   (WINC); 1 ♀, Flinders Ranges: Wirreander 32°05.936'S, 138° 17.802'E, 3 April 201, R. Kittel and G. Taylor, Sweeping Schinus molle   (WINC); 1 ♀, 3 ♂♂, Flinders Ranges: Blinman, Rose Cottage, 31°05'43 ″ S, 138°40'43 ″ E, 7 April 2011, R. Kittel and G. Taylor, LT (in ethanol) (WINC); 2 ♂♂, Flinders Ranges, Blinman 31°05'43 ″ S, 138°40'43 ″ E, 6 April 2011, R. Kittel, LT (in ethanol) (WINC); 1 ♂, Yudnamutana Bore Arkaroola Stn, 30.10°S, 139.07°E, 22 October 1993, E.D. Edwards and E.S. Nielsen (ANIC); 1 ♂, 32 km NNE Cowell, 33.26°S, 137.03°E, 28 November 1992, I.D. Naumann and J.C. Cardale (ANIC); 1 ♀, 21 km NW Renmark, 34.02°S, 140.36°E, 8 November 1995, Cardale, Lee, Pullen and Domingues, LT (ANIC); 1 ♀, 9.6 km N of Hawker, 29 February 1972, E.G. Matthews, LT (SAM); 1 ♂, Hiltaba Bush Blitz, 32°09'21 ″ S, 135°04'12 ″ E, 20 September 2012, G. Taylor, sweeping (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♂, Hiltaba Bush Blitz, 32.24262°S, 135.05908°E, 12 September 2012, R. Kittel sweeping (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♀, Hiltaba Bush Blitz, 32°14'59 ″ S, 135°03'27 ″ E, 13 – 21 September 2012, R. Kittel, M. Cheng and G. Taylor, MT (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♀, Hiltaba Bush Blitz, 32°22'13 ″ S, 135°17'22 ″ E, 20 September 2012, R. Kittel sweeping (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Alton Downs Stn 17 km NW Karrathunka WH, 26°06'07 ″ S, 139°08'45 ″ E, 23 – 27 March 2001, pitfalls Sandy Des Surv KA00601; Dunefield Zygochloa paradoxa   , Salsola kali   and Aristida holothera   , very open hummock grassland (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♂, Monarto approx 4 km E Callington, 35.07'S, 139.05'E, 6 December 1984, Woods and Foresis, Ex Euc brockwayi   (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♂, Moonaree Stn 8.2 km ESE Moonaree Hill, 31°57'09 ″ S, 135°40'46 ″ E, 15 – 20 October 2006, WHC Moonaree Survey; ACR camp, open shrub; Ecualyptus socialis   , Casuarina   , Acacia   , Dodonea   , red brown sandy-loam flat, LT (in ethanol) (SAM); 3 ♀♀, Mt. Lyndhurst Stn, 15 September 1993, S. Donnellan, MT (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♀, ‘ Douglas Scrub ’ near McLaren Flat, 4 April 1985, L. Oveale, sweeping (in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♀, Witchelina Stn, 30°07'27 ″ S, 137°55'43 ″ E, 19 – 22 October 2010, S. Mantel, F. Colombo, R. Kittel, MT dam floods with young Eucalyptus   sp and flowering herbs Bush Blitz survey 363 (SAM); 1 ♂, Witchelina Stn, 30°09'13 ″ S, 137°53'87 ″ E, 18 – 22 October 2010, S. Mantel, F. Colombo and R. Kittel, MT well-vegetated sand dune Bush Blitz survey 356 (SAM); 1 ♀, Witchelina Stn, 30°04'38 ″ S, 137°45'13 ″ E, 30 October 2010, R. Kittel, Bush Blitz survey RK067 sweeping on Hakea leucoptera   (SAM); 3 ♂♂, Gawler Ranges 4 km SW Scrubby Peak, 12 December 1989, J.A. Forrest, LT (in ethanol) (SAM); 3 ♀♀, Witchelina Stn, 30°08'06 ″ S, 137°53'55 ″ E, 19 October 2010, R. Kittel, Bush Blitz survey RK061, sweeping, sand dune (1 ♀ in ethanol) (SAM); 1 ♀, Witchelina Stn, 30°01'20 ″ S, 138°02'46 ″ E, 13 October 2010, R. Kittel, LT, Bush Blitz survey, RK 007 (SAM); 1 ♂, Witchelina Stn, 30°11'07 ″ S, 137°58'38 ″ E, 18 – 22 October 2010, S. Mantel, F. Colombo, R. Kittel, MT, Bush Blitz survey MT2 (SAM); 1 ♂, 1 km W Koolymilka, 30°58'14 ″ S, 136°32'15 ″ E, 23 – 24 April 2007, Woomera PA survey, LT (SAM); 1 ♂, 32 km N Innamincka, 11 October 1987, J.A. Forrest, LT (SAM); 1 ♀, 9.6 km N of Hawker, 29 February 1972, E.G. Matthews, LT (SAM); 1 ♀, Clifton Hills OS (ruin), 26°31'S, 139°26'E, 21 November 1993, J.A. Forest and G. Hirst, LT (SAM); 1 ♂, Highgate, 20 – 27 February 1957, H.A. Lindsay, LT (SAM); 1 unknown sex, Springbanks, January – March 1960, R.V. Southcott, from light housing (SAM); 1 ♀, Sulphur Peninsula, Madigan Gulf, Lake Eyre North, 30 October 1966, G.F. Grossm (SAM); 1 ♂, Wirreandah Ck Crossing, 30 km S Hawker, 26 November 1975, G.F. Gross and V. Potezny, LT (SAM); 1 ♀, Douglas Scrub, McLaren Flat, 35°11'09 ″ S, 138°36'01 ″ E, 24 September 2013, R. Kittel, LT (WINC); 2 ♂♂, Muloorina HS via Maree, near bore lake, 29°14'S, 137°55'E, 9 – 10 February 1989, A.D. Austin and P.C. Dangerfield, LT (WINC); 1 ♂, 5 km WNW Myrtle Springs HS, 30°27 ʹ S, 138° 14 ʹ E, 8 February 1989, A.D. Austin and P.C. Dangerfield, sweep (WINC); 1 ♂, Meningie, 25 January 1990, G. Howard, LT (WINC); 1 ♀, Yorke Peninsula, Curramulka, 34°40'11 ″ S, 137° 43'47 ″ E, 19 October 2011, S. Mantel and H. De Graaf sweeping, in wheat crop (WINC); 1 ♀, Yorke Peninsula, Curramulka, 34°40'11 ″ S, 137°43'47 ″ E, 19 October 2011, S. Mantel and H. De Graaf sweeping, in wheat crop (WINC); Victoria: 1 ♀, Little River Ripley Rd, 20 km N of Geelong, 37°52.709'S, 144°25.401'E, 9 December 2011, R. Kittel and L. Krieger sweeping (WINC); 1 unknown sex, Birthday Tank, 50 km NE Cowangie, 10 May 1971, A. J. Coventay (MV); Western Australia: 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, ‘ The Crusher ’, CALM Site 9/1, 4 km SbyW Mining Camp Mitchell Plateau, 14.52°S, 125.50°E, 2 – 6 June 1988, I.D. Naumann, closed forest and margin (ANIC); 1 ♀, ‘ The Crusher ’, CALM Site 9/1, 4 km SbyW Mining Camp Mitchell Plateau, 14.52°S, 125.50°E, 2 – 6 June 1988, I.D. Naumann, MT and closed forest (ANIC); 1 ♀, Kalumburu Mission Airfield, 14.71°S, 126.38°E, 23 May 1993, E.D. Edwards (ANIC); 1 ♀, CALM site 25/1, Synnot Ck, 16.31°S, 125.16°E, 17 – 20 June 1988, T. A. Weir, LT, open forest (ANIC); 2 ♀♀, SSE of Fitzroy Crossing, 18.39°S, 125.49°E, 10 May 1995, M. Horak and M. Matthews (ANIC); 1 ♀, 14 km ENE of Carnarvon, 24.50°S, 113.46°E, 21 October 1992, E.D. Edwards and E.S. Nielsen (ANIC); 4 ♀♀, Lookout on loop road, Kalibarri, 27.33°S, 114.26°E, 25 October 1992, E.D. Edwards and E.S. Nielsen (ANIC); 1 ♂, Millstream, 17 – 20 April 1972, N.R. Mitchell (ANIC); 2 ♀♀, LTR1 Barrow Island, WGS84: 337551, −7699293, 15 March 2006, Callan and Graham LTR1 (WAM); 1 ♂, John Forrest NP, 8 km E of Midland, 16 November 1978, Neboiss (MV); 1 ♂, Onslow, Nov 1955, E.T. Smith (MV); 1 ♂, CALM site 25/1, Synnot Ck, 16.31°S, 125.16°E, 17 – 20 June 1988, T.A. Weir; LT, open forest (SAM); 1 ♀, 4 ♂♂, Yalgarup NP, White Hill Rd, 32°44.704 ʹ S, 115° 39.360 ʹ E, 3 November 2011, R. Kittel and L. Krieger, sweeping Acacia   and Eucalyptus   among others (in ethanol) (WAM SF008307 View Materials – 15, 20 – 23); 1 ♂, Cadjeput Rockhole 21° 31 ʹ 55 ″ S, 119°08 ʹ 57 ″ E, 29 September 1988, B.P. Hanich et al., LT (UV) at night 6:00 – 8.45 pm (in ethanol) ( WAM 82903 View Materials ); 1 ♂, 11 km SE Eurardy HS, 27°39 ʹ 17 ″ S, 114°43 ʹ 25 ″ E, 25 October 2000, T.F. Houston and O. Mueller, TFH 1056 – 1 on flowers of Persoonia bowgada   ( Proteaceae   ) ( WAM 82873 View Materials ); 1 ♂, Billy Well Creek, 20 km NE Mt Sandiman HS, 11 – 13 May 1981, B. Hanich and T.F. Houston, LT at night ( WAM 82783 View Materials ); 2 ♂♂, Eneabba, 29°49'S, 115° 16'E, 26 December 1983, R.P. McMillan, LT ( WAM 82814 View Materials , 82815); 1 ♀, 10 km ESE Meedo HS, 25°40 ’ S, 114°37 ʹ E, 7 – 8 May 1981, B. Hanich and T.F. Houston, LT at night ( WAM 82804 View Materials ); 2 ♂♂, LTR6 Barrow Island, WGS84: 341230, −7707278, 6 May 2006, Callan and Graham (in ethanol) (ANIC); 2 ♀♀, LTR6 Barrow Island, WGS84: 328389, −7699655, 6 May 2006, Callan and Graham (in ethanol) (ANIC); 2 ♀♀, LTR4 Barrow Island, WGS84: 334071, −7691818, 6 May 2006, Callan and Graham (in ethanol) (ANIC); 1 ♀, LTR3 Barrow Island, WGS84: 338064, −769438, 6 May 2006, Callan and Graham (in ethanol) (ANIC); 1 ♂, LTR5 Barrow Island, WGS84: 332894, −7697016, 6 May 2006, Callan and Graham (in ethanol) (ANIC); 1 ♂, LTR6 SUC Barrow Island, WGS 84: 341230, −7707278, 6 May 2006, Callan and Graham (ANIC); 1 ♂, LTR5 SUC Barrow Island, WGS 84: 332894, −7697016, 6 May 2006, Callan and Graham (ANIC); 1 ♀, NO4 SUC Barrow Island, WGS 84: 340413, −7707558, 06 May 2006, Callan and Graham (ANIC); 1 ♀, NW Coastal Highway 5 ml S of Karratha, 17 February 1973, E.M. Exley (QM); 1 ♀, 7 ml S of Port Hedland, 22 February 1973, E.M. Exley, on Acacia   sp (QM); 1 ♀, Karratha, 17 February 1973, E.M. Exley, on Eucalyptus   sp. (QM).

Biology

The type for this species was reared from Etiella behrii Zeller   ( Pyralidae   ). Some specimens have been reared from the ‘ Currajong Bag shelter moth ’ ( Dichocrocis clytusalis Walker   ), but due to the poor condition of the specimens it is difficult to determine whether they actually belong to a separate species or not. One specimen was reared from an unknown host on Dundas Mahogany ( Eucalyptus brockwayi C.A. Gardner   ) Myrtaceae   , and additional specimens have been collected from true mulga ( Acacia aneura F.Muell. ex Benth.   ), Gundabluie ( Acacia victoriae Benth.   ) Fabaceae   , toothbrush plant ( Grevillea   sp.), silver needlewood ( Hakea leucoptera R. Br.   ), Snottygobbles ( Persoonia bowgada P.H. Weston   ) Proteaceae   , tea tree ( Leptospermum   sp.) Myrtaceae   and American pepper ( Schinus molle   L.) Anacardiaceae   , and in a wheat crop.

Distribution

Previously only recorded from South Australia, New South Wales and Northern Territory ( Zettel 1988a), but additional material shows this species to be distributed widely across mainland Australia with new records from Queensland, Victoria, and Western Australia   . This species was also found at Bon Bon Station , Hiltaba Station and Witchelina Station ( Figure 18 View Figure 18 )   .

CO1 sequence

Genbank accession numbers for this species are KJ438611 View Materials KJ438622 View Materials   .

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

SAM

South African Museum

QM

Queensland Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Phanerotoma

Loc

Phanerotoma behriae Zettel, 1988a

Kittel, Rebecca N. & Austin, Andrew D. 2015
2015
Loc

Phanerotoma behriae

Zettel H 1988: 234
1988