Syneches moraballi Smith

Soares, Matheus M. M., Freitas-Silva, Rafael A. P. & Ale-Rocha, Rosaly, 2021, Review of Brazilian species of Syneches Walker (Diptera, Hybotidae, Hybotinae), with description of ten new species, Zootaxa 5049 (1), pp. 1-84: 48-50

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5049.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F9647501-7F6B-4286-AEEE-19B620F697ED

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5579480

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0384CB1B-A45D-C96D-9689-2B7BFBDBFD24

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Syneches moraballi Smith
status

 

Syneches moraballi Smith  

( Figs 31A–E View FIGURE 31 , 55 View FIGURE 55 )

Syneches moraballi Smith, 1963: 155   ; 1967: 167 (cat.); Yang et al., 2007: 311 (cat.); Ale-Rocha & Vieira, 2008: 118 ( Brazil); Menezes & Ale-Rocha, 2016: 424–426 View Cited Treatment , figs 73–79, 112, 121 (rev., distr.); Soares & Ale-Rocha, 2018: 640, figs 12, 17 (NE Brazil). Type locality: Essequibo River, Moraballi Creek   , Guyana.

Diagnosis. Small size (3.0 mm) ( Fig. 31A View FIGURE 31 ). Antenna yellow, with postpedicel varying from yellow to dark brown ( Fig. 31C View FIGURE 31 ). Scutum rounded, as broad as mesopleuron in lateral view, from yellow to brown, prescutellar disc and pal cal covered with dense gray pruinescence (visible without magnifying) ( Figs 31A, B View FIGURE 31 ). Femora slender; legs predominantly yellow ( Figs 31A, D View FIGURE 31 ). Wing hyaline; pterostigma inconspicuous; second section of M 1 slightly longer than crossvein r-m ( Fig. 31E View FIGURE 31 ).

Material examined. BRAZIL. Amapá: Oiapoque, Ramal km 7, 03°49′19″N 51°45′52″W, 16.xi.2014, Arm. Malaise, J.A. Rafael & F.F. Xavier F. (5 ♀, INPA) GoogleMaps   . Pará: Belem, ( Area P-1), 20.vi.1964, Shope & de Freitas (1 ♂, 2 ♀, CNC)   ; idem, 04.xi.1964 (1 ♂, 3 ♀, CNC)   ; IPEAN, 23.iii.1970, J.M. & B.A. Campbell (1 ♀, CNC)   . Maranhão: Carolina, PARNA Chapada das Mesas, Riacho Sucuruiu , 240 m, 07°07′05.6″S 47°18′31.6″W, Suspensa simples (5 m), 10–20.iii.2014, J.A. Rafael, F. Limeira de Oliveira, T.L. Rocha & G.A. Reis, cols. (1 ♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Suspensa simples (20 m) (1 ♂, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Armadilha Malaise , 1–10.vii.2014 (1 ♂, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 10–20.ix.2014 (1 ♂, 2 ♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Riacho Corrente, 288 m, 07°04′24.2″S 47°05′25.2, Armadilha Malaise , 10–20.vii.2014 (1 ♂, 1 ♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 298 m, 07°04′29.2″S 47°05′42.2″W, 10–20.ix.2014 (1♂, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Suspensa simples (15 m), 20–30.iv.2014 (1♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Riacho Cancela, 225 m, 07°06′44.2″S 47°17′56.8″W, Armadilha Malaise , 1–15.vii.2013 (2 ♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; 11–14.vi.2014 (1 ♂, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; Pov. Canto Grande, Balneário Urupuxete, Armadilha luminosa, 23–27.ii.2009, Limeira de Oliveira , A.L. Costa & M.M. Abreu, cols. (1 ♂, 1 ♀, CZMA)   ; idem, Perímetro Urbano, 07°19′40″S 47°27′14.5″W, Armadilha Luminosa , 25–26.xii.2013 (1♂, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; Mirador, Parque Est. Mirador, Base dos Cágados, 06°46′29″S 45°06′28″W, Armadilha Malaise , 26.xi–03.xii.2011, F. Limeira de Oliveira & D.W.A. Marques, cols. (3♂, 3♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Armadilha Suspensa (2 ♂, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Base Geraldina, 419 m, 06°37′25″S 45°52′08″W, 1–15.vi.2014, F. Limeira de Oliveira , L.L.M. Santos & L.S. Santos (1 ♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Armadilha Malaise (1 ♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, 16.iv.2007 (1 ♂, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Posto avançado do Mel, 06°43′50″S 44°58′59″W, Arm. Luminosa Móvel , 02–08.iv.2011, F. Limeira de Oliveira , G.A. Reis & M.S. Oliveira, cols. (2 ♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Base do Mosquito , 04–08.ii.2011 (1 ♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; Riachão, Fazenda Altos, Armadilha Malaise, 18–22.viii.2009 (1 ♂, CZMA)   ; Bom Jardim, REBIO-Res. Biol. Gurupi , 17–27.i.2010 (1 ♀, CZMA)   ; idem, 01–06.iii.2011 (1♂, CZMA)   ; Caxias, Res. Ecol. Inhamum, Arm. Malaise , 15–19.xi.2005, G.A. Cunha, col. (1 ♀, CZMA)   ; idem, 01–06.viii.2006 (1 ♂, 1 ♀, CZMA)   . Tocantins: Jalapão, Mateiros, R. Novo , 400 m, 10°33′24″S 46°35′38″W, 31.iii.2008, arm. luz, J.A. Rafael & F.F. Xavier F. (1 ♀, INPA) GoogleMaps   ; Conceição do Rio, Rio do Peixe , 420 m, 11°22′05″S 46°55′12″W, 28.iii.2008, armadilha luz, J.A. Rafael & F.F. Xavier F. (1 ♂, INPA) GoogleMaps   . Bahia: St. Terezinha, Serra Jibóia , 12°51′13″S 39°28′32″W, 800 m, 8.vi.2007, J.A. Rafael & F.F. Xavier F., luz (1 ♂, 1 ♀, INPA) GoogleMaps   . Espírito Santo: Alfredo Chaves , mata, 714 m, 20°27′53″S 40°42′35″W, 08–15.x.2007, Malaise, M. Tavares & C. Azevedo e eq. col. (4 ♀, UFES) GoogleMaps   ; Domingos Martins, Mata Pico do Eldorado , 20°22′17″S 40°39′29″W, 23.xi–03.xii.2004 (1 ♀, UFES) GoogleMaps   . São Paulo: Ribeirão Grande, Pq. Est. Intervales – Barra Grande , 24°18′16″S 48°21′53″W, 10–13.xii.2000, Arm. Malaise, trilha 1, M.T. Tavares & eq. col. (2 ♀, UFES) GoogleMaps   . COLOMBIA. Meta, San Martín, Malaise (no other data) (1 ♂, INPA)   .

Distribution. Brazil (Amapá *, Amazonas, Bahia * Espírito Santo *, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Pará, Paraná, Piauí, Rondônia, Roraima, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo * and Tocantins) ( Fig. 55 View FIGURE 55 ); Colombia *, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela. Syneches moraballi   is a widely distributed species in northern South America, occurring in the biomes of Amazon, Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado and Pantanal.

Remarks. Syneches moraballi   is easily recognized by the character set presented in the diagnosis. The previous record of S. moraballi   from the Brazilian administrative state of Goiás (Araguacema, ref. Menezes & Ale-Rocha 2016) is actually located in the state of Tocantins. Syneches moraballi   is one of the most widely distributed species of the genus in Brazil and probably one of the most often collected in the country.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

UFES

Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Hybotidae

Genus

Syneches

Loc

Syneches moraballi Smith

Soares, Matheus M. M., Freitas-Silva, Rafael A. P. & Ale-Rocha, Rosaly 2021
2021
Loc

Syneches moraballi

Soares, M. M. M. & Ale-Rocha, R. 2018: 640
Menezes, I. S. & Ale-Rocha, R. 2016: 424
Ale-Rocha, R. & Vieira, R. M. 2008: 118
Yang, D. & Yao, G. & Zhang, K. & Zhang, J. 2007: 311
Smith, K. G. V. 1967: 167
Smith, K. G. V. 1963: 155
1963