Syneches atratus Soares & Ale-Rocha

Soares, Matheus M. M., Freitas-Silva, Rafael A. P. & Ale-Rocha, Rosaly, 2021, Review of Brazilian species of Syneches Walker (Diptera, Hybotidae, Hybotinae), with description of ten new species, Zootaxa 5049 (1), pp. 1-84: 18

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Syneches atratus Soares & Ale-Rocha


Syneches atratus Soares & Ale-Rocha  

( Figs 9A–E View FIGURE 9 , 49 View FIGURE 49 )

Syneches atratus Soares & Ale-Rocha, 2018: 636–638   , figs 1–3, 10, 15. Type locality: Bom Jardim , Maranhão, Brazil.

Diagnosis. Medium size (5.1 mm) ( Fig. 9A View FIGURE 9 ). Antenna yellow, except postpedicel dark brown on apical 2/3 ( Fig. 9C View FIGURE 9 ), sometimes varying from entirely dark brown to entirely yellow; palpus and palpifer brown ( Fig. 9C View FIGURE 9 ). Prosternum isolated, not fused to proepisternum. Scutum rounded, dark brown, as broad as mesopleuron in lateral view, covered with reddish brown pruinescence ( Fig. 9B View FIGURE 9 ). Hind femur strongly swollen, brown, with a subapical dark yellow ring and 1AV row of spiniform setae inserted in short tubercles ( Fig. 9D View FIGURE 9 ). Wing dark brown; pterostigma long, oval, about 4 x longer than wide, positioned distal to apex of R 1 and not reaching apex of cell r 1; cell br as long as cell bm, both longer than cell cua; second section of M 1 2 x longer than crossvein r-m ( Fig. 9E View FIGURE 9 ).

Type material examined. HOLOTYPE ♂ ( CZMA) labelled: “ Brasil, (MA) [Maranhão], Bom Jardim, REBIO-Res [ Reserva ] Biol [ Biológica do] Gurupi , Armadilha Malaise ” “ 17–27.i.2010, F. Limeira de Oliveira , J.T. Câmara & A.A.T. Sousa, cols.” “ HOLOTYPE, Syneches atratus Soares & Ale-Rocha   ” [red label]   . Holotype condition: good, except for ocellar bristles, right postpedicel, right fore tibia and tarsus broken off; not dissected.

Distribution. Brazil (Ceará, Maranhão, Piauí and Rio Grande do Norte) ( Fig. 49 View FIGURE 49 ). Syneches atratus   is widely distributed throughout Northeast Brazil, occurring in several different biomes (Amazon, Atlantic Forest, Caatinga and Cerrado).

Remarks. Syneches atratus   differs from all other Brazilian species by the medium size and strong aspect, prosternum isolated, not fused to proepisternum and phallus long, tube-like, lacking lateral flaps and reaching the apex of the epandrial lamella.














Syneches atratus Soares & Ale-Rocha

Soares, Matheus M. M., Freitas-Silva, Rafael A. P. & Ale-Rocha, Rosaly 2021

Syneches atratus

Soares, M. M. M. & Ale-Rocha, R. 2018: 638