Syneches annulipes Bezzi

Soares, Matheus M. M., Freitas-Silva, Rafael A. P. & Ale-Rocha, Rosaly, 2021, Review of Brazilian species of Syneches Walker (Diptera, Hybotidae, Hybotinae), with description of ten new species, Zootaxa 5049 (1), pp. 1-84: 15-16

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5049.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F9647501-7F6B-4286-AEEE-19B620F697ED

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5579461

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0384CB1B-A47C-C94C-9689-2BC4FEB5FF00

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Syneches annulipes Bezzi
status

 

Syneches annulipes Bezzi  

( Figs 7A–E View FIGURE 7 , 57 View FIGURE 57 )

Syneches annulipes Bezzi, 1909: 316   ; Collin, 1933: 28 (cit.); Smith, 1967: 9 (cat.); Rafael & Ale-Rocha, 1995: 536, figs 47–49, 66 (rev.); Yang et al., 2007: 306 (cat.); Ale-Rocha & Vieira, 2008: 115 ( Brazil); Menezes & Ale-Rocha, 2016: 408–409 View Cited Treatment , figs 17–18, 118 (diagn., female, distr.); Soares & Ale-Rocha, 2018: 639, figs 9, 14 (NE Brazil). Type locality: Mapiri, La Paz, Bolivia.

Diagnosis. Small size (2.3 mm) ( Fig. 7A View FIGURE 7 ). Antenna brown to dark brown ( Fig. 7C View FIGURE 7 ). Scutum mostly rounded, broader than mesopleuron in lateral view, covered with reddish brown pruinescence, except on pprn lb and prescutellar disc, both covered with gray pruinescence, one spot of gray pruinescence on npl and other just above npl ( Figs 7B, D View FIGURE 7 ). Scutellum covered with gray pruinescence ( Fig. 7D View FIGURE 7 ). Wing hyaline to sub-hyaline, pterostigma small, set distal to apex of R 1, limited to a slight infuscation posterior to apex of R 1 or pterostigma inconspicuous, only with apex of R 2+3 darkened; R 2+3 slightly angulate near apex; second section of M 1 as long as crossvein r-m; cell bm slightly longer than cells br and cua ( Fig. 7E View FIGURE 7 ).

Material examined. BRAZIL. Roraima: Bonfim, Ig [arapé] Arraia , Varredura , v.1991, J.A. Rafael, R.A. Rocha, J. Vidal, Comparado com tipo [compared with holotype], Syneches annulipes, Det. R. Ale-Rocha   (1 ♂, INPA)   . Rondônia: Vilhena , 12°46′55″S 60°22′18″W, 25.iv.2006, J.A. Rafael & F.F. Xavier F., Arm. luz (1 ♀, INPA) GoogleMaps   . Maranhão: Mirador, Parque Est. Mirador, Base da Geraldina , 06°37′25″S 45°52′08″W, Varredura , 14–18.viii.2012, F. Limeira-de-Oliveira, J.S. Pinto Junior & D.W.A. Marques (1♂, 1♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Armadilha suspensa, 10- 16.v.2013, F. Limeira-de-Oliveira, L.L.M. Santos & L.S. Santos (1 ♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; idem, Base dos Cágados, 06°46′29″S 45°06′28″W, Armadilha de Malaise , 26.xi.2011 (1♀, CZMA) GoogleMaps   ; Carolina, PARNA Chapada das Mesas, Água Fria , 212 m, 07°04′14.11″S 47°17′16.40″W, Armadilha Suspensa (5 ♂, CZMA) GoogleMaps   , 13–20.viii.2014, J.A. Rafael, F. Limeira-de-Oliveira, T.L. Rocha & G.A. Reis, cols. (1 ♂, CZMA)   ; Caxias, Zona Rural, Olho D’água das Moças, 04°39′43″S. 43°03′13″W, Varredura , 24.vii.2012, J.A. Rafael, F.Limeira-de-Oliveira & J.S. Pinto Junior (1♂, CZMA) GoogleMaps   .

Distribution. Brazil (Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Maranhão *, Pará, Piauí, Rondônia * and Roraima) ( Fig. 57 View FIGURE 57 ); Bolivia. Syneches annulipes   was previously known to occur in the Amazon and Caatinga biomes and now is also registered in the Cerrado biome.

Remarks. Syneches annulipes   is similar to S. vidali   by the scutum broader than mesopleuron in lateral view and pruinescence pattern on scutum and scutellum. However, S. annulipes   differs from the latter in having a small pterostigma, located distal to the apex of R 1 or inconspicuous. In contrast, S. vidali   has the pterostigma divided into two dark spots.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Hybotidae

Genus

Syneches

Loc

Syneches annulipes Bezzi

Soares, Matheus M. M., Freitas-Silva, Rafael A. P. & Ale-Rocha, Rosaly 2021
2021
Loc

Syneches annulipes

Soares, M. M. M. & Ale-Rocha, R. 2018: 639
Menezes, I. S. & Ale-Rocha, R. 2016: 408
Ale-Rocha, R. & Vieira, R. M. 2008: 115
Yang, D. & Yao, G. & Zhang, K. & Zhang, J. 2007: 306
Rafael, J. A. & Ale-Rocha, R. 1995: 536
Smith, K. G. V. 1967: 9
Collin, J. E. 1933: 28
Bezzi, M. 1909: 316
1909