Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) belus ( Harold, 1880 ),

Montoya-Molina, Santiago & Vaz-De, Fernando Z., 2021, Taxonomic review of the Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) agenor species group (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae), European Journal of Taxonomy 734, pp. 1-64: 15-19

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2021.734.1233

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:663A0C2D-E3CF-4B0C-8BA1-566B174829A2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4545845

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03850669-FF9E-FFDC-FE70-212C3E34C8F5

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) belus ( Harold, 1880 )
status

 

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) belus ( Harold, 1880) 

Fig. 5View Fig, Map 3

Pinotus belus Harold, 1880: 25  (original description). Pinotus belus  – Luederwaldt 1929: 98; 1936: 213. — Blackwelder 1944: 80.

Dichotomius belus  – Roze 1955: 44. — Medina et al. 2001: 138. — Sarmiento & Amat 2014: 93–95.

Diagnosis

Dichotomius belus  is separated from other species in the group by the following combination of characters: setae on body surface sparse or absent. Clypeal teeth generally reduced in large males and in most cases completely absent in females. Male cephalic carina conical, antero-posteriorly flattened and curved anteriorly, higher than wide. Ventral clypeal process greatly emarginate.

Material examined

Lectotype (here designated) COLOMBIA • ♂, “ Medellín ” [white, hw]/ “ Belus Harold  .” [white, hw] /“Ex-Musaeo E. Harold” [white with black margins, p]/ “LECTOTYPE ♂ Pinotus belus Harold  des. F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014” [red with black margin, phw]; MNHN  .

Paralectotypes (3 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀)

COLOMBIA • 1 ♀; “Columbia Pinotus Belus Harold  ” [white, hw] / “Ex-Musaeo E. Harold” [white with black margins, p]/ “ PARALECTOTYPE ♀ Pinotus belus Harold  des. F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014” [yellow with black margin, phw]; MNHN  1 ♂; “ Medellín ” [white, hw] / “Ex-Musaeo E. Steinheil” [white with black margins, p]/ “PARALECTOTYPE ♂ Pinotus belus Harold  des. F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014” [yellow with black margin, phw]; MNHN  1 ♀; “ Medellín ” [white, hw]/ “Ex-Musaeo E. Steinheil” [white with black margins, p]/ “ PARALECTOTYPE ♀ Pinotus belus Harold  des. F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014” [yellow with black margin, phw]; MNHN  1 ♀; “ Medellín ” [white, hw] / “Ex-Musaeo E. Steinheil” [white with black margins, p]/ “ PARALECTOTYPE ♀ Pinotus belus Harold  des. F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014” [yellow with black margin, phw]; MNHN  1 ♂; “ Ocaña Landoldt ” [white, hw]/ “Ex-Musaeo E. Steinheil” [white with black margins, p]/ “ PARALECTOTYPE ♂ Pinotus belus Harold  des. F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014” [yellow with black margin, phw]; MNHN  1 ♂; “ Ambalema ” [white, hw]/ “Ex- Musaeo E. Steinheil” [white with black margins, p]/ “ PARALECTOTYPE ♂ Pinotus belus Harold  des. F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014” [yellow with black margin, phw]; MNHN. 

Additional material

COLOMBIA • 1 ♂; 1–4 Mar. 1972; dung and forest; S. and J. Peck leg.; CEMT  1 ♀; 22 Apr. 1964; CEMT  1 ♀; Sep. 1957; Gallego; CEMT  1 ♀; 21 Apr. 1964; CEMT.  – Antioquia • 1 ♂; Medellín; BMNH  7 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀; Medellín; CEMT  1 ♀; Medellín ; 15 Dec. 1962; CEMT  1 ♀; Medellín; Encorredo ; Apr. 1947; Gallego leg.; CEMT  6 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Puerto Berrio ; 300 m a.s.l.; 6º29′31.20″ N, 74º34′39.84″ W; Mar. 2015; S. Montoya-M leg.; CEMTGoogleMaps  3 specs; Puerto Berrio, Vda. La Carlota ; 590 m a.s.l.; 6.518° N, -74.582° W; Oct. 2012; J. León leg.; IAvH.GoogleMaps  – Boyacá • 1 ♂; Villa de Leyva; Pastizal ; Dec. 1998; J. Noriega leg.; CEMTGoogleMaps  1 spec.; Villa de Leyva, Rio Cane ; 2200 m a.s.l.; Jul. 1996; F. Escobar leg.; IAvH  1 spec.; Villa de Leyva ; 2200 m a.s.l.; Sep. 1996; M. Álvares leg.; IAvH  ] • 1 spec.; Villa de Leyva, Claustro San Agustín ; 2200 m a.s.l.; Aug. 1998; K. Schutze leg.; IAvH.  – Cauca • 1 spec.; Bolivar, Buenos Aires, Área de reserva Lerma ; 1700 m a.s.l.; 2º0′0″ N, 76º57′ W; Jan. 2010; W. Guzmán leg.; ECC.GoogleMaps  – Cundinamarca • 1 spec.; Beltrán, Insp. Paquiló, Fca. Santana ; 650 m a.s.l.; 4.6678° N, 74.7596° W; Nov. 2014; A. Lopera leg.; ECCGoogleMaps  1 spec.; Chinauta, Fusagasugá ; 1900 m a.s.l.; Jan. 1995; A. Amézquita and A. Lopera leg.; ECC  1 ♂; Fusagasugá ; 6 Sep. 1962; CEMT  1 ♀; Cachipay, alrededores colégio Fátima ; 1500 m a.s.l.; 14 Apr. 1991; A. Mera and R. Lozano leg.; CEMT  1 spec.; Juan de Rio Seco ; 1300 m a.s.l.; Oct. 1997; H. Pulido-Riveros leg.; IAvH  1 ♂; Bogotá; S9S2; BMNH.  – Huila • 12 specs; Garzón , Vda. El Espinal ; 1000 m a.s.l.; 2º17′45″ N, 75º35′37″ W; Sep. 2002; M. Ospina leg.; IAvHGoogleMaps  1 ♀; La Guajira, Fonseca; 10º49.488′ N, 72º49.476′ W; S. Montoya-M. leg.; CEMT.GoogleMaps  – Meta • 1 ♂; 33 Km E of Villavicencio; 2–4 Mar. 1972; S. and J. Peck; CEMT.GoogleMaps  – Nariño • 1 ♀; Aguada ; BMNHGoogleMaps  2 ♂♂, 1 ♀; Buesaco, RN El Charmolan, Vda. Hatotongosoy; 2500 m a.s.l.; 1º22′38″ N, 77º13′9″ W; pitfall, Potrero Ganadero ; 22–26 Aug. 2008; A.N.L. Hidalgo leg.; CEMTGoogleMaps  1 spec.; R.N. La Planada. 1800 m a.s.l.; Apr. 1994; F. Escobar leg.; IAvH  7 specs; Taminango, Vda. Algodonal ; 628 m a.s.l.; 1º40′6″ N, 77º17′15″ W; Oct. 2013; J. Salazar and J. Castillo leg.; IAvH.GoogleMaps  – Quindío • 1 spec.; Córdoba, La Tribuna ; 4º25′40″ N, 75º40′22″ W; Jul. 1999; J. Molina and J. Elejalde leg.; ECC.GoogleMaps  – Risaralda • 1 spec.; La Celia , Vda. La Secreta ; 1720 m a.s.l.; 5º1′1.3″ N, 76º1′13.6″ W; Jul. 2008; Cultid ACM leg.; IAVH.GoogleMaps  – Santander • 2 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀; Encino, Sector La Gorda, Fca. San Agustín ; 2000 m a.s.l.; 6º7′12″ N, 73º1′59″ W; Pastizal ; trampa de caída con excrement humano; 29 Nov.–1 Dec. 2009; J. Arias leg.; CEMTGoogleMaps  1 ♀; Santandercito ; May 1960; CEMT  1 spec.; El Encino, Vda. Las Minas, Fca. Los Nogales ; 2280 m a.s.l.; 6º6′28″ N, 73º3′7.6″ W; Dec. 2014; A. Lopera and R. Sarmiento; ECCGoogleMaps  1 spec.; Virolin, SFF Guanenta Alto rio Fonce ; 2450 m a.s.l.; 2 Feb. 1998; J. Martínez leg.; IAvH.  – Tolima • 1 ♂; Ambalema ; Nevinson leg.; BMNH 1918-14  7 specs; Armero, Guayabal, Loma Santo Tomás ; 300 m a.s.l.; 4º55′70″ N, 49º52′ W; Nov. 1995; F. Escobar leg.; IAvHGoogleMaps  • 6 specs; Armero, Guayabal Mendez Had. Bremen; 300 m a.s.l.; 5º5′31″ N, 74º45′81″ W; excr. humano; Nov. 1995; F. Escobar leg.; IAvHGoogleMaps  1 spec.; Mariquita, Bosque Municipal ; 650 m a.s.l.; 28 Sep. 2003; V. Fuentes leg.; ECC  1 spec.; R.N. La Victoria; 700 m a.s.l.; 4º14′45.9″ N, 74º35′37.9″ W; Apr. 2015; A. Lopera leg.; ECC.GoogleMaps  – Valle del Cauca • 1 spec.; Buga, La Magdalena ; 1600 m a.s.l.; Mar. 1991 spec.; C. Medina leg.; ECCGoogleMaps  1 spec.; Cali ; 1000 m a.s.l.; Oct. 1990; Jorge Aldana leg.; ECC  1 spec.; Calima ; 900 m a.s.l.; Nov. 1993; R. Bravo leg.; ECC  1 ♀; 19 mi. S of Cartago; 960 m a.s.l.; 18 Mar. 55; E.I. Schlinger and E.S. Ross leg.; CEMT  1 spec.; Dagua, Chicoral ; 1900 m a.s.l.; Jun. 1990; C. Medina and F. Escobar leg.; ECC  1 ♂; Pance, Farallones; Luz.Mar ; Apr. 1988; L.C. Reyes leg.; CEMT  2 ♂♂; Pance, Farallones; Luz ; 25 Dec.–2 Jan. 1991; L.C. Pardo leg.; CEMT  1 ♂, 1 ♀; Buenvª [possibly Buenaventura ]; Rosenberg. Fry leg.; BMNH 1905-100  1 ♂, 2 ♀♀; Cauca Valley ; Colombia; BMNH  .

Redescription

Male

MEASUREMENTS. Length: 17.9 mm. Setae on body surface sparse or absent.

HEAD. Anterior third surface rugose, not extending posteriorly to base of cephalic carina. Clypeus with central weak emargination separating two short rounded clypeal teeth ( Fig. 5A, DView Fig). Cephalic carina higher than wide, antero-posteriorly flattened, looking like triangular-shaped plate in frontal view. Anterior surface of cephalic carina smooth, with microscopic punctures. Median tubercle twice the high of lateral tubercles. Lateral tubercles acuminate apically ( Fig. 5D, GView Fig). Ventral clypeal process greatly emarginate ( Fig. 2CView Fig)

PRONOTUM. Gibbous, imperceptibly emarginate at antero-medial portion. Wider than long, as wide as elytra; pronotal disc shiny, with fine indistinct punctures. Medial sulcus weakly impressed. Ocellate punctures along posterior and anterior margins ( Fig. 5A, D, GView Fig), absent in lateral margins. Hypomeron with broad ocellate setigerous punctures separated by less than half the width of a puncture. Medial disc smooth, without punctures. External margin bearing multiple rows of disorganized long setae when seen in dorsal view (see Fig. 2EView Fig).

ABDOMEN. Mesosternum covered by large ocellate setigerous punctures, setae as long as in mesosternum. Metepisternum smooth with some weakly marked punctures. Metasternum setigerous punctures restricted mainly to lateral areas. Antero-median portion with some feebly marked punctures next to apical margins of coxa. Lateral surface of metasternum with ocellate punctures separated by two or three times width of a puncture, some punctures with long setae. Metepisternum suture clearly visible. Ocellate punctures along anterior margin of each sternite, denser in lateral areas, without reaching the centre. Pygidium surface covered by fine punctures, basal margin with wide punctures that merge at the centre.

ELYTRA. Interstriae smooth (see Fig. 2IView Fig) and shiny with fine randomly separated punctures. Striae well delimited, punctures separated by once or twice diameter of a puncture on elytral disc.

LEGS. Metacoxa glabrous. Fore calcar bifurcate.

PARAMERES AND LAMELLA COPULATRIX. As in Fig. 5CView Fig, E–F.

Morphological variation

Females ( Fig. 5BView Fig)

As males except for the following characters:

HEAD. Rounded, clypeal margin not emarginate or faintly emarginate. Surface almost completely rugose, denser on anterior portion. Fronto-clypeal carina quadridentate. Interocular space shiny and smooth.

PRONOTUM. Smooth, shiny. Hypomeron setae longer and denser than in males.

Remarks

Dichotomius belus  is endemic to Colombia and is distributed throughout the dry zones of the Andes mountains and lowlands associated with the interior of the Tropical Dry Forests. Based on the original description, specimens used to describe the species were collected in Medellín, Ambalema and Ocaña.

MNHN

France, Paris, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

CEMT

CEMT

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

IAVH

Colombia, Instituto Alexander von Humboldt

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Dichotomius

Loc

Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia) belus ( Harold, 1880 )

Montoya-Molina, Santiago & Vaz-De, Fernando Z. 2021
2021
Loc

Dichotomius belus

Medina C. A. & Lopera-Toro A. & Vitolo A. & Gill B. 2001: 138
Roze J. A. 1955: 44
1955
Loc

Pinotus belus

Blackwelder R. E. 1944: 80
Luederwaldt H. 1936: 213
Luederwaldt H. 1929: 98
Harold E. 1880: 25
1880