Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981

Kuhlmann, Michael, 2012, Revision of the South African endemic bee genus Redivivoides Michener, 1981 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Melittidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 34, pp. 1-34: 19-24

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.34

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:B4F3BFEB-60AE-4F15-BB1D-41B3E7BEC299

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038587E4-FFC4-FFFB-FD9F-F9F9939EFD9E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981
status

 

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981  

Figs 12 View Fig , 13 View Fig , 14 View Fig

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981: 121-122, figs 80, 82-84 (p. 43), 97 (p. 48), Holotype ♀ (type locality: Clanwilliam, South Africa) ( Snow Entomological Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence).  

Diagnosis

Females of R. simulans   can be separated from other Redivivoides   species by a combination of the following characters: metasomal terga at least partly red (at least on a narrow stripe on the apical part of the discs of T1 – T3), metasomal terga with surface between punctures smooth and shiny ( Fig. 12D View Fig ), scutum at least on the disc between punctures smooth and shiny ( Fig. 12C View Fig ), and head about as long as wide ( Fig. 12B View Fig ). These characters also apply to males ( Fig. 13C View Fig ) but genitalia and S6 – S8 ( Fig. 13 View Fig D–H) should be checked to avoid potential confusion with the unknown male of R. kamieskroonensis   .

Both sexes of R. simulans   were described in detail by Michener (1981).

Material examined

Specimens examined (56 specimens): SOUTH AFRICA: 2 ♀♀, 40 km N Port Nolloth [28°54’3” S, 16°44’3” E], 11 Sep. 2001 ( CUIC, RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Skurfkop St., 3118AB [31°10’ S, 18°20’ E], 18 Aug. 1983, V.B. Whitehead, white Hermannia   prostrate ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Farm Sarrisam, 3017DA [30°40’ S, 17°40’ E], 14 Aug. 1993, K. Steiner, Hermannia   sp. ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Ouberg Pass, 27 km SE Vanrhynsdorp , Fynbos [31°48’07” S, 18°55’00” E], 380 m, 9 Aug. 2011, M. Kuhlmann ( RCMK) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, near Ratelfontein [31°56’ S, 18°31’ E], 21 Sep. 2007, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Koinonia [32°01’42” S, 18°39’34” E], 24 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀♀, 1 ♂, Ratelfontein / Olaf Bergfontein [32°02’ S, 18°35’ E], 7 Oct. 1995, F.W., S.K. & R.W. Gess, visiting yellow fls. semiprostrate Hermannia   sp., Sterculiaceae   , 95/96/273 ( AMGS) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀♀, Trawal , 15 km SSW [32°02’ S, 18°35’ E], 21 Sep. 2007, T.L. Griswold ( EMUS) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, S Skurfkop [32°03’26”S, 18°40’27” E], 24 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Lamberts Bay [32°04’21” S, 18°22’12” E], 160 m, 13 Sep. 2005, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps   ; 5 ♀♀, 1 ♂, 5 km N Clanwilliam [32°08’1” S, 18°51’3” E], 94 m, 20 Sep. 2001 ( CUIC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀♀, 11 km N Clanwilliam [32°05’08” S, 18°49’25” E], 21 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 20 mi. W. of Clanwilliam [32°09’ S, 18°36’ E], 19 Sep. 1966, C.D. Michener ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 9 km W Clanwilliam [32°10’11” S, 18°48’21” E], 22 Sep. 2011, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Clanwilliam [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 8 Sep. 1966, M. & C.D. Michener ( EMUS) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Droogerivier, Sandberg Sta. , 3218BC [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 24 Aug. 1987, V.B. Whitehead, Homeria   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, Farm Droogerivier, 3218BC [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 8 Sep. 1987, K. Steiner, Lessertia rigida   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Droogerivier, Sandberg Sta. , 3218BC [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 27 Aug. 1987, V.B. Whitehead, Homeria   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀♀, 2 ♂♂, Klein Alexandershoek to Het Kruis [32°20’ S, 18°46’ E], 26 Sep. 1985, F.W. & S.K. Gess ( AMGS) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Citrusdal [32°36’42” S, 18°59’49” E], 12 Sep. 2005, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♀♀, Sauer, 26 km W Piketberg [32°50’36” S, 18°33’58” E], 21 Oct. 2008, C. Eardley ( SANC) GoogleMaps   ; 5 ♀♀, Sauer, 26 km W Piketberg [32°50'37” S, 18°33’58” E], 21 Oct. 2008, BN Danforth, on Hermannia   ( CUIC) GoogleMaps   ; 4 ♀♀, Sauer [32°50’ S, 18°34’ E], 21 Oct. 2008, T.L. Griswold ( EMUS) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Atlantis , 3 km W, [33°34’ S, 18°27’ E], 150 m, 8-12 Oct. 2002, M. E. Irwin, F.D. Parker ( EMUS) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Ganzekraal, 3318CB [33°40’ S, 18°20’ E], 22 Sep. 1999, K. Steiner, Nemesia affinis   ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   .

Additional material

Additional records from the database of the South African Museum, Cape Town (material in SAMC, no data on number or sex of specimens available): SOUTH AFRICA: Goegap Reserve, 4 km from tarred road on circular drive, Springbok [29°40’ S, 18°00’ E], 13 Aug. 1993, Whitehead, Zygophyllum   GoogleMaps   ; Klipfontein [29°44’ S, 17°33’], 3 Aug. 1988, Whitehead, Zygophyllum, Bowesdorp, L. Namaqualand [30°09’ S, 17°56’ E], Sep. 1941, South African Museum   GoogleMaps   ; Grootvlei, Kamieskroon [30°10’ S, 17°50’ E], 24 Aug. 1990, Whitehead, Indigofera   GoogleMaps   ; Farm Dik Nek on road to Hondeklipbaai [30°19’ S, 17°17’ E], 14 Aug. 1993, Whitehead GoogleMaps   ; Farm Dik Nek [30°19’ S, 17°17’ E] 130 m, 9 Aug. 1991, 14 Aug. 1993, Steiner ( SAMC) GoogleMaps   ; Diknek, Garies [30°19’ S, 17°17’ E], 18 Aug. 1995, Whitehead / Macpherson, Nemesia   GoogleMaps   ; Wallekraal, Namaqualand [30°22’ S, 17°29’ E], Oct. 1950, South African Museum GoogleMaps   ; Garies, Little Namaqualand [30°33’ S, 17°58’ E], Jun. 1930, South African Museum GoogleMaps   ; Garies , 9 km E. of Soutfontein [30°33’ S, 17°58’ E], 22 Aug. 1990, Whitehead, Lebeckia   GoogleMaps   ; Kotzesrus, 12.6 km N. on rd to Groenrivier [30°58’ S, 17°49’ E], 12 Aug. 1997, Whitehead, Heliophila   GoogleMaps   ; Kotzesrus, Hardevlei [30°58’ S, 17°49’ E], 28 Aug. 1997, Whitehead, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; Nieuwoudtville [31°22’ S, 19°07’ E], 31 Aug. 1985, Whitehead / Macpherson, Lotonotis serpens   GoogleMaps   ; Garies , Farm Sariesaam [30°40’ S, 17°40’ E], 14 Aug. 1993, Steiner GoogleMaps   ; 6.5 km N of Klawer t/o on N7 [31°45’ S, 18°39’ E], 6 Aug. 1989, Steiner, Homeria minuata   GoogleMaps   ; Skurfkop station [31°56’ S, 18°36’ E], 18 Aug. 1983, Whitehead, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; Lamberts Bay [32°05’ S, 18°18’E], 28Sep.1977, Whitehead GoogleMaps   ; Farm Skarpdam [32°05’S, 18.22’E], 9Sep.1987, Steiner / Whitehead, Nemesia     ; 12 km N of Clanwilliam [32°05’ S, 18°52’ E], 11 Aug. 1985, Whitehead, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; 11 km N of Clanwilliam [32°06’ S, 18°52’ E], 21 Aug. 1985, Whitehead / Macpherson GoogleMaps   ; Kompagniesdrif , 19 km E. of Lamberts Bay [32°08’ S, 18°29’ E], 14 Sep. 1984, Whitehead, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; Graafwater [32°08’ S, 18°35’ E], Oct. 1947, South African Museum Expedition GoogleMaps   ; 10 km E of Bidouw Valley [32°08’ S, 19°19’ E], 8 Sep. 1985, Picker GoogleMaps   ; Clanwilliam [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 11 Aug. 1984, Picker GoogleMaps   ; Ramskop campsite, Clanwilliam [32°10’ S, 18°53’ E], 22 Aug. 1984, Whitehead / Macpherson, Trachyandra muricata   GoogleMaps   ; Leipoldtville, Elands Bay [32°12’ S, 18°28’ E], Oct. 1947, South African Museum Expedition GoogleMaps   ; Elands Bay [32°17’ S, 18°20’ E], 20 Sep. 1988, Whitehead, Polycarena seluginoides   GoogleMaps   ; Elands Bay [32°17’ S, 18°20’ E], 26 Sep. 1985, Whitehead, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; Farm Skerpheuwel [32°18’ S, 18°20’ E], 28 Aug. 1987, Steiner, Nemesia   GoogleMaps   ; Farm Droogerivier [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 8 Sep. 1987, Steiner GoogleMaps   ; Droogerivier ( Droërivier ), Sandberg sta. [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 27 Aug. 1987, Whitehead, Homeria   GoogleMaps   ; 11 Aug. 1988, Whitehead, Cysticapnos     ; 8 Sep. 1987, Steiner, Lessertia rigida     ; Farm Droogerivier ( Droërivier ) [32°18’ S, 18°37’ E], 27 Aug. 1987, 8 Sep. 1987, Steiner, Lessertia rigida   / Cysticapnos vesicarius   GoogleMaps   ; Paleisheuwel, Alexanderhoek [32°18’ S, 18°43’ E], 12 Sep. 1991, Whitehead, Cysticapnos   GoogleMaps   ; Holfontein , 20 km S of Clanwilliam [32°20’ S, 18°55’ E], 29 Aug. 1984, Whitehead / Steiner, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; 28.8 km N of Citrusdal t/o [32°20’ S, 19°00’ E], 8 Aug. 1984, Whitehead, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; Farm Klawervlei , 23 km south of Clanwilliam [32°23’ S, 18°56’ E], 20 Aug. 1984, Whitehead, Hermannia   , Lachenalia mutabilis   GoogleMaps   ; Koraanshoogte , 13.5 km north of Citrusdal t/o [32°28’ S, 19°00’ E], 20 Aug. 1984, Whitehead / Macpherson, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; Oorwinningsfontein , 33 km N of Piketberg [32°36’ S, 18°44’ E], 30 Aug. 1987, Whitehead, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; 30 Jul. 1987, Whitehead, Hermannia     ; Eendekuil, Aroenfontein [32°40’ S, 18°53’ E], 19 Aug.1992, Whitehead GoogleMaps   ; 1 km S of Droëryskloof Sta., Eendekuil [32°40’ S, 18°53’ E], 30 Aug. 1986, Whitehead, Hermannia   GoogleMaps   ; Sauer, Suurfontein [32°50’ S, 18°40’ E], 1 Sep. 1994, Whitehead / Macpherson, Nemesia   GoogleMaps   ; Piketberg [32°54’ S, 18°44’ E], 21 Sep. 1985, Whitehead GoogleMaps   ; Berg River, Jantjiesfontein [33°05’ S, 18°25’ E], 25 Sep. 1991, Whitehead GoogleMaps   ; Hopefield, Jantjiesfontein [33°05’ S, 18°25’ E], 17 Sep. 1991, Whitehead, Indigofera   GoogleMaps   ; 12 km SE of Yzerfontein t/o [33°20’ S, 18°17’ E], 28 Sep. 1988, Whitehead, Nemesia versicolor   GoogleMaps   ; between Darling and Yzerfontein [33°20’ S, 18°17’ E], 18 Sep. 1986, Steiner, Heliophila   GoogleMaps   ; Montagu Rocks, Bainskloof [33°35’ S, 19°08’ E], 31 Sep. 1990, Steiner, Moraea ramosissima   GoogleMaps   ; Ganzekraal [33°40’ S, 18°20’ E], 22 Sep. 1999, Steiner, Nemesia affinis   GoogleMaps   ; Darling road, 18 Sep. 1986, Whitehead, Heliophila     .

Distribution

This is the most common and widespread of all Redivivoides   species and has been found in most parts of the winter rainfall area ( Fig. 14 View Fig ).

Floral hosts

Asphodelaceae   : Trachyandra muricata   ; Brassicaceae   : Heliophila   spec.; Fabaceae   : Indigofera   spec., Lebeckia   spec., Lessertia rigida   , Lotonotis hirsuta   (= serpens   ); Fumariaceae   : Cysticapnos vesicaria   ; Hyacinthaceae   : Lachenalia mutabilis   ; Iridaceae   : Moraea miniata   , M. ramosissima   , Moraea   spec.; Scrophulariaceae   : Nemesia affinis   , N. versicolor   , Nemesia   spec., Polycarena phyllopodioides   (= seluginoides   ); Sterculiaceae   : Hermannia   spec.; Zygophyllaceae   : Zygophyllum   spec.

Seasonal activity

(June) July – October.

CUIC

Cornell University Insect Collection

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

SANC

Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute

AMGS

Albany Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Melittidae

Genus

Redivivoides

Loc

Redivivoides simulans Michener, 1981

Kuhlmann, Michael 2012
2012
Loc

Redivivoides simulans

Michener 1981: 121
1981