Melaloncha xanthocauda, Brown, 2006

Brown, Brian V., 2006, Revision of the untreated taxa of Melaloncha s. s. bee-killing flies (Diptera: Phoridae), Zootaxa 1280 (1), pp. 1-68: 22

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1280.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:55F01BD6-4319-49C1-AA45-AAF0B27AEF15

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5072647

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03870D30-FF82-631D-7313-0434FD2D454A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Melaloncha xanthocauda
status

new species

Melaloncha xanthocauda   new species

Fig. 6 View FIGURES 5–8

Recognition. Within the M. digitalis   group, this species is immediately recognizable by the yellow ovipositor.

Description. Female (male unknown). Body length 2.0 mm. Frons yellowish­brown, bare of setulae; ocellar triangle black. Head unusually narrow, frons 0.53 head width. Dorsal ocular setae black, lateral ocular and genal setae yellow. Flagellomere 1 orange; arista dark brown. Palpus yellow; palpal setulae yellow, except apical seta black; all setae short, fine. Scutum medium brown, except light brown at anteroventral corners; with dark medial line. Scutellum light brown. Pleuron yellowish­brown, except basalare and anepimeron dark brown. Legs yellowish­brown. Combined length of foretarsomeres approximately 1.1 length of foretibia. Foretarsal claws simple, unmodified, without basal lobe. Costa 0.52 wing length. Halter white. Abdominal tergites dark brown with silver pollinosity. Venter of abdomen dark gray. Ovipositor yellow; tube­shaped, dorsally curved; densely setose.

Host. Unknown. A second specimen, which subsequently was lost, was collected at a mixed aggregation of bees attracted to sprayed honey, including A. mellifera   and Plebeia spp.  

Geographical distribution. Argentina (specimen lost) and Peru.

Derivation of specific epithet. The name is based on Latin for yellow tail, referring to the color of the ovipositor.

Holotype. ♀, PERU: Madre de Dios: Zona Reserva Manu, Pakitza , 11.95°S, 71.28°W, 1–6.iii.1992, R. Cambra, Malaise trap [ LACM ENT 054801 View Materials ] ( LACM). GoogleMaps  

A second specimen, apparently now lost, had the following data: ARGENTINA: Misiones : Reserva Vida Silvestre Urugua­í, 25.97°S, 54.11°W, 18.xii.2003, L. Gonzalez, G. Kung, honey­sprayed undergrowth GoogleMaps   .

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Phoridae

Genus

Melaloncha