Melaloncha Brues

Brown, Brian V., 2006, Revision of the untreated taxa of Melaloncha s. s. bee-killing flies (Diptera: Phoridae), Zootaxa 1280 (1), pp. 1-68: 7

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1280.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:55F01BD6-4319-49C1-AA45-AAF0B27AEF15

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03870D30-FF91-630E-7313-0434FE95451A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Melaloncha Brues
status

 

Melaloncha Brues  

Melaloncha Brues, 1904: 374   . Type species Melaloncha pulchella Brues   , by subsequent designation ( Brues 1906). Syntypes (one male, one female) of M. pulchella   lost in Hungarian Revolt. For further literature see Brown (2004a).

Melanoloncha Becker et al., 1907: 176 (unjustified emendation).

Udamochiras Enderlein, 1912: 42   . Type species U. colossia Enderlein   , by original designation. Synonymized by Brues (1912).

Diagnosis. Frons narrow. Supra­antennal setae absent. Forefemur with posterodorsal seta near apex. Apical tarsomere of foreleg lacking claws in male. Hind femur with erect dorsal setae. Mid­ and hind tibia with sinuous rows of enlarged setulae anterodorsally. Tergites and often pleuron with silver pollinosity. Female abdominal segment 7 completely sclerotized, forming parasitic ovipositor. Intersegment 7–8 modified, with sclerotization of various forms. Posterior segments (9–10) of female abdomen forming sharp, pointed, piercing stylet. Male with subepandrial plate with long, posterolateral lobes; aedeagus extremely elongate.

Most species also have a pair of large, round maculae comprising most of the anterior one­half of the scutellum. They are differentiated from the surrounding surfaces not only by color, but by being slightly raised, and can thus be seen even in species with a completely black scutellum. These maculae are absent from Melittophora salti Brues   , most Phalacrotophora Brues species   (considered to be close relatives of Melaloncha   by Brown 2004a), and many other phorid genera examined, but are also present in a few Neotropical Phalacrotophora   (although less distinctly), and in the phylogenetically unrelated genera Chaetocnemistoptera Borgmeier   and yellow species of Neopleurophora Brown   (which are regarded as segregates of Chaetopleurophora Schmitz   by some authors).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Phoridae

Loc

Melaloncha Brues

Brown, Brian V. 2006
2006
Loc

Udamochiras

Enderlein, G. 1912: 42
1912
Loc

Melaloncha

Brues, C. T. 1904: 374
1904