Abrahamia littoralis Randrian. & Lowry

Randrianasolo, Armand, Lowry II, Porter P. & Schatz, George E., 2017, Taxonomic treatment of Abrahamia Randrian. & Lowry, a new genus of Anacardiaceae from Madagascar, Boissiera 71, pp. 1-152: 90-93

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Abrahamia littoralis Randrian. & Lowry

spec. nova

18. Abrahamia littoralis Randrian. & Lowry   , spec. nova (Fig. 15).

Typus: MADAGASCAR. Prov. Toamasina: Rég. Analanjirofo, Fénérive-Est, Tampolo forestry station, along the “Grand Layon”, just 20 m before the first bridge going toward the Indian Ocean , 0-5 m, 25.X.1996, fl., A. Randrianasolo 509 (holo-: MO-04895278!; iso-: G!, K!, P [ P06775163]!, TAN [ TAN001996 View Materials ]!, WAG!)   .

Abrahamia littoralis Randrian. & Lowry   is easily distinguished from its congeners by its medium sized (4-17 3 1.3-5.2 cm), oblanceolate leaves bearing scattered, very often obscure tertiary venation, its long petiole (10-30 mm), and its axillary inflorescences.

Trees 4-15 m tall, 12-18 cm DBH, bark with white milky or translucid latex; young twigs pubescent or ferruginously scabrous. Leaves alternate; blades oblanceolate, 4-17 3 1.3-5.2 cm, coriaceous to subcoriaceous, apex very often shortly acuminate, rounded, retuse or emarginate, margin entire, base acute, adaxial surface sericeous when young, later glabrescent, abaxial surface sericeous when young, glabrescent, venation craspedodromous, slightly prominent adaxially, midvein prominent abaxially, secondary veins c. 25 pairs, more or less parallel, 2-10 mm apart, prominent abaxially, forming an acute angle with the midrib, tertiary veins widely spaced, often obscure on adaxial surface; petiole 10-30 mm long, canaliculate on adaxial surface, pubescent when young, later glabrescent. Inflorescence axillary, a panicle, 2-5 cm long, axes, strigose. Male and female flowers 5-merous; pedicel 0.3-0.5 mm long, with short, appressed indument; calyx lobes triangular, 1.5 3 1 mm, imbricate, adaxial surface glabrous, abaxial surface with short appressed indument, persistent on fruit; corolla lobes narrowly ovate, 2-3 3 c. 1 mm, imbricate, adaxial surface glabrous, abaxial surface strigose, pale yellow, whiter inside; stamens 5. Male flowers with filaments 1.2-1.5 mm long, glabrous, white, anthers 0.8-1 mm long, obloid to slightly ovoid, white, glabrous; disk cupuliform, c. 1.5 mm in diam., glabrous; ovary rudimentary. Female flowers with filaments c. 1 mm long, glabrous, white, anthers c. 0.2-0.3 mm long, subglobose, sterile, white, glabrous; disk c. 1.5 mm in diam., glabrous; ovary widely ovoid to obovoid, c. 1.5 3 c. 1 mm, glabrous, placentation subapical; style very shortly trifid, apical, c. 1-1.1 mm long, glabrous, stigmas capitate. Fruits 2-2.5 3 1-1.5 cm, ellipsoid, slightly asymmetrical, glabrous, with longitudinal striations.

“Hazombarorana’’, “Tarantana’’.

Abrahamia littoralis   is found in eastern littoral or sublittoral forests near sea level on sandy substrates (Map 7). It flowers in October and very young fruits have been collected in November.

92 Conservation status



With an EOO of 18,722 km 2, a minimum AOO of 56 km 2, and 10 recorded localities, with a subpopulation in a single protected area (Agnalazaha), comprising 8 locations subjected to pressure from habitat degradation due to forest exploitation and land clearing, A. littoralis   is assigned a preliminary conservation assessment of “Vulnerable” [VU B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)] using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria ( IUCN, 2012).

With its oblanceolate leaf blade, craspedodromous venation, axillary inflorescence, presence of a rudimentary ovary in male flowers, and glabrous fruit, A. littoralis   most closely resembles A. elongata   but differs by its much smaller leaves (4-17 3 1.3-5.2 vs 8.5-26.5 3 2.5-6.5 cm), fewer secondary veins (25 vs 25-50), and obscure (vs prominent) tertiary venation on the abaxial surface.

MADAGASCAR. Prov. Fianarantsoa: Farafangana, Mahabo , forêt littorale d’Apoakafo , 23°11’02’’S 47°41’38’’E, 34 m, 19.IX.2003, fl., Ludovic et al. 435 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, 23°11’10’’S 47°43’02’’E, 30 m, 5.VIII.2004, fl., Ludovic et al. 880 ( G, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, 23°11’S 47°41’E, 21 m, 29.X.2004, fr., Ludovic et al. 928 ( MO, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Mahabo, Baboaka, forêt d’Andranomainty , 23°10’S 47°44’E, 21 m, s.d., fr., Ludovic & Emilson 1006 ( G, K, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; near Mahabo village , 23°10’51’’S 47°42’29’’E, 30 m, 5.XI.2001, fr., McPherson & Rabenantoandro 18338 ( G, K, MO, NY, P, TEF, WAG) GoogleMaps   ; Fokontany Mahabo, Firaisana Mahabo-Mananivo , 23°11’01’’S 47°42’44’’E, 17 m, 6.XI.2001, fr., Rabenantoandro et al. 701 ( MO, P, TAN, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, 23°11’01’’S 47°42’44’’E, 17 m, 6.XI.2001, y. fr., Rabenantoandro et al. 706 ( MO, P, TAN, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, 23°10’39’’S 47°43’06’’E, 10 m, 25.IX.2002, fr., Rabenantoandro et al. 1011 ( G, MO, P, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, 23°11’26’’S 47°43’17’’E, 11 m, 1.IX.2007, bud, Rakotoarivelo 198 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, 23°11’13’’S 47°42’27’’E, 22 m, 26.VIII.2003, fl., Razakamalala et al. 708 ( G, K, MO, P, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; Farafangana, Nosiala , [23°12’00’’S 47°42’30’’E], 19.XI.1955,fr., Service Forestier 16211 ( P, TEF) GoogleMaps   . Prov. Toamasina: Fénérive-Est, Station forestière de Tampolo , 17°16’52’’S 49°24’44’’E, 0-15 m, 24. I.1995, ster., Raholivelo et al. 150 ( MO) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, 0-5 m, 1.VIII.1996, ster., A. Randrianasolo 467, 467a ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, 25.X.1996, y. fr., A. Randrianasolo 510 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Brickaville, Vohibola forest , 18°33’39’’S 49°14’33’’E, 27 m, 28.XI.2002, fl., A. Randrianasolo et al. 737 ( G, K, MO, P) GoogleMaps   ; Ambila Lemaitso , [18°49’S 49°08’E], 26.X.1950, y. fr., Service Forestier 1583 ( G, MO, P, TAN, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; Tampolo , [17°17’00’’S 49°23’30’’E], 15.X.1954, fl., Service Forestier 11071 ( MO, P [2 sheets]) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, [17°17’00’’S 49°23’30’’E], 19.X.1955, fl., Service Forestier 15187 ( MO, P, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; ibid. loco, [17°17’S 49°23’E], 28.IX.1957, fl., Service Forestier 17797 ( G, MO, NY, P, TEF) GoogleMaps   ; forêt sublittorale de Vohibola , W de Tampina, [18°31’S 49°17’E], 12-14.VIII.1957, y. fr., Service Forestier 18086 ( G, MO, P [2 sheets]) GoogleMaps   ; forêt sublittorale, entre Foulpointe et l’embouchure de l’Onibe , [17°40’30’’S 49°29’30’’E], 29.IX.1963, fl., Service Forestier 22764 ( P) GoogleMaps   . Prov. Toliara: Tolagnaro (Fort-Dauphin), Mandena Forest , along road SW of QIT Fer et Titane work camp, 24°57’S 47°00’E, 0-10 m, 19.IV.1989, ster., Gereau et al. 3393 ( MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps   ; Tolagnaro, Ambinanibe, port d’Ehoala , 25°03’S 46°56’E, 2 m, 5.III.2007, ster., Rabenantoandro et al. 1777 ( MO) GoogleMaps   . Sine loco: s.d., fl., Humblot 358 ( P)   ; s.d., fl., Louvel 147 ( P)   .



Distribution, ecology and phenology

Conservation status



Harvard University - Arnold Arboretum


Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève


Royal Botanic Gardens


Museum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN) - Vascular Plants


Parc de Tsimbazaza


Wageningen University


Missouri Botanical Garden


William and Lynda Steere Herbarium of the New York Botanical Garden


Centre National de la Recherche Appliquée au Developement Rural


"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University


Naturhistorisches Museum Wien