Argyresthia (Argyresthia) mala, Liu, Tengteng, Wang, Shuxia & Li, Houhun, 2017

Liu, Tengteng, Wang, Shuxia & Li, Houhun, 2017, Review of the genus Argyresthia Hübner, [1825] (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea: Argyresthiidae) from China, with descriptions of forty-three new species, Zootaxa 4292 (1), pp. 1-135: 40-42

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.827746

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:48A417CD-CA76-4CA1-8E2C-93DE2E681CCC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0389878F-9921-FFB8-FF6C-319EFE070995

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Argyresthia (Argyresthia) mala
status

sp. nov.

29. Argyresthia (Argyresthia) mala   , sp. nov. ( Figs. 37 View FIGURES 36 – 43 , 78 View FIGURES 76 – 83 , 106 View FIGURES 102 – 107 , 162 View FIGURES 162 – 165 , 218 View FIGURES 209 – 220 , 267 View FIGURES 265 – 267 )

Argyresthia assimilis Moriuti   : Ma & Sun, 1982: 315; Sun & Ma, 1999: 11; Jin & Wang, 2012: 234. [misidentification]

Description. Adult ( Figs. 37 View FIGURES 36 – 43 , 78 View FIGURES 76 – 83 ) wingspan 13.0̄ 16.5 mm. Head with vertex pale yellowish white, face yellowish white. Labial palpus yellowish white, fuscous laterally on basal two segments. Antenna with scape pale yellowish white, yellow on anterior margin, pecten brownish yellow; flagellum white, ringed with black. Foreleg with femur blackish fuscous on inner surface, tibia and tarsus black on inner surface, tibia dotted with black near base, at middle, and on distal part dorsally, tarsus black on distal part of each tarsomere dorsally, remainder yellowish white; midleg mostly yellowish white, femur dotted with black ventrally at middle, tibia dotted with blackish near base, at middle, and on distal part dorsally, tarsus lined black on outer surface, black on distal part of each tarsomere; hindleg mostly grayish white, tibia with distal half blackish gray on outer surface, tarsus with first tarsomere blackish gray on outer surface, other tarsomeres blackish gray on outer surface distally. Thorax pale yellowish white; tegula golden fuscous. Forewing ratio 4.3; blackish gray, distal 1/3 sometimes suffused with yellowish-white scales; costa interspersed with black and indistinct yellowish-white dots on basal 4/5, black dot before middle largest, large white spot at distal 1/10; black spot at middle of cell; dark brownish-fuscous streak below basal half of fold; dorsal band yellowish white, extending to before end of fold; dorsal fascia black, from middle of wing to basal 5/8 of costa, narrowed towards costa, sometimes interrupted near costa; tornal dot black; cilia white adjacent to large white costal spot, black around apex, blackish gray near tornus. Hindwing and cilia uniformly gray. Abdomen blackish fuscous.

Male genitalia ( Figs. 106 View FIGURES 102 – 107 , 162 View FIGURES 162 – 165 , 218 View FIGURES 209 – 220 ): Tuba analis shorter than width of valva. Socius covered with 21̄25 scale-like setae, bearing two setae posteriorly ( Fig. 218 View FIGURES 209 – 220 ). Gnathos inflated distally, with four to nine long thick setae apically. Valva widest beyond middle, dorsal margin slightly convex at about basal 1/3, straight in distal 2/3; a clump of thick setae in disc near ventral margin, a few similar setae on distal area. Saccus shorter than width of valva, with distal half linear. Phallus nearly straight, 3.2 times as long as width of valva ( Fig. 162 View FIGURES 162 – 165 ). Second sternite with about 20 micro-setae in each row; eighth sternite V-shaped. Coremata present.

Female genitalia ( Fig. 267 View FIGURES 265 – 267 ): Ovipositor 2.5 times as long as eighth segment. Anterior apophysis 4/5 length of posterior apophysis, bifurcate at middle, branches fused, forming ventral margin of ostium bursae. Lamella postvaginalis rectangular. Antrum funnel-shaped, half length of eighth segment. Ductus bursae sparsely spinulate before and near opening of ductus seminalis; ductus seminalis originating from beyond middle of ductus bursae. Corpus bursae oval, narrower on anterior 1/3, with sparse micro-denticles; signum with basal plate band-shaped, horns extending straight outward, anterior margin straight or sometimes slightly concave medially.

Type material. CHINA: Holotype, Ƌ, Mt. Mian , Jiexiu County, Shanxi Province, 1370 m, 25.vii.2013, leg. Tengteng Liu and Peixin Cong. Paratypes   : Shanxi Province: 7Ƌ, 11♀, same data as holotype, slide nos   . LTT12314♂, LTT12748♂, LTT12751♀, LTT12753♀; 1♂, 7♀, Mt. Mian (36.87°N, 111.99°E), Jiexiu County, 1370 m, 15, 19, 20.vii.2014, leg. Tengteng Liu, Meiqing Yang and Sihan Lu, slide nos GoogleMaps   . LTT12739♀, LTT12743♂; 1♀, Mt. Lingkong (36.61°N, 112.08°E), Qinyuan County, 1560 m, 31.vii.2013, leg. Tengteng Liu and Peixin Cong, slide no. LTT12747 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, Mt. Lingkong (36.61°N, 112.08°E), Qinyuan County, 1560 m, 26.vii.2014, leg. Tengteng Liu, Meiqing Yang and Sihan Lu GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 1♀, Xiyao Village (38.67°N, 112.01°E), Ningwu County, 1475 m, 21.vii.2011, leg. Shulian Hao and Jiayu Liu, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12838♂; 4♀, Luyashan Nature Reserves (38.67°N, 112.03°E), Ningwu County, 1450 m, 19, 20.vii.2011, leg. Shulian Hao and Jiayu Liu, slide no. LTT12754 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, Dahe Forest Farm (35.46°N, 111.94°E), Linfen City , 1202 m, 24.vii.2013, leg. Shulian Hao and Mingjing Li, slide no. LTT12836 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 2♀, Dahe Forest Farm (35.46°N, 111.94°E), Yicheng , Linfen City , 1340 m, 13.vii.2012, leg. Qiang Gao and Na Chen, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12746♀; 1♂, Xixiakou (35.41°N, 112.00°E), Mt. Li Nature Reserves , Qinshui , Jin County, 1513 m, 27.vii.2013, leg. Shulian Hao and Mingjing Li, slide no. LTT12829 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; 2♀, Erhezhuang Village (37.82°N, 111.50°E), Pangquangou , Mt. Guandi , Jiaocheng County, 1626 m, 2.vii.2011, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang GoogleMaps   ; 2♂, 1♀, Mt. Tianlong (37.73°N, 112.37°E), Taiyuan City , 1280 m, 14, 16.vii.2013, leg. Tengteng Liu and Peixin Cong, slide nos GoogleMaps   . LTT12744♂, LTT12745♀, LTT12789♂; 1♂, Dadian Forest Station (36.55°N, 111.21°E), Mt. Wulu, Linfen City , 1620 m, 20.vii.2013, leg. Tengteng Liu and Peixin Cong, slide no. LTT12758 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Dongxia (35.82°N, 112.28°E), Xiachuan , Qinshui County, Jincheng City , 1620 m, 18.vii.2012, leg. Qiang Gao and Na Chen GoogleMaps   . Shaanxi Province: 13Ƌ, 13♀, Xinjiashan Forest Farm (34.21°N, 106.61°E), Feng County, 1600 m, 9.vii.1988, leg. Houhun Li, slide nos. JQ07342 ♀, JQ07343 ♀, JQ07344 ♂ GoogleMaps   ; 6♂, 15♀, Jiefangmen Village (33.86°N, 107.85°E), Houzhenzi , Zhouzhi County, 1750 m, 16̄ 18.vii.1987, leg. Houhun Li, slide no. JQ07308 ♀, JQ07309 ♂, JQ07334 ♂ GoogleMaps   , LTT12784♂; 1♂, Yangling (34.27°N, 108.08°E), 450 m, 18, 28.vi.1993, leg. Houhun Li, slide no. JQ07310 GoogleMaps   . Gansu Province: 6Ƌ, 17♀, Dangchuan Forest Farm (34.34°N, 106.16°E), Tianshui City , 1342 m, 28.vii.2006, leg. Xinpu Wang and Xiangfeng Shi, slide no. JQ08119 ♂ GoogleMaps   ; 5♂, 6♀, Huamiao (34.25°N, 106.17°E), Dangchuan Forest Farm, Tianshui City , 1331 m, 29.vii.2006, leg. Xinpu Wang and Xiangfeng Shi, slide nos GoogleMaps   . LTT12330♀, LTT12330 View Materials W; 1♀, Mt. Xinglong (35.80°N, 104.07°E), Yuzhong County, 26.vi.1992, leg. Houhun Li, slide no GoogleMaps   . L93013 View Materials . Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region: 15Ƌ, 15♀, Xiaonanchuan plant garden (35.34°N, 106.31°E), Erlonghe Forest Farm, Mt. Liupan , 1900 m, 27, 28.vi.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12828♂; 3♂, 12♀, Dongshanpo Forest Farm (35.39°N, 106.35°E), Mt. Liupan , 2050 m, 7, 8.vii.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang GoogleMaps   ; 6♂, 12♀, Qiuqianjian Forest Station (35.56°N, 106.44°E), Qiuqianjia Forest Farm, Mt Liupan , 1700 m, 1, 2.vii.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang, slide nos GoogleMaps   . LTT12078♀, LTT12770♀, LTT12818♂; 6♂, 5♀, Miaomiaotai Forest Station (35.50°N, 106.29°E), Xixia Forest Farm, Mt. Liupan , 2300 m, 23.vi.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang GoogleMaps   ; 6♂, 10♀, Heshangpu Forest Farm (35.68°N, 106.25°E), Mt. Liupan , 2100 m, 9, 10.vi.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang, slide nos GoogleMaps   . LTT12826♀, LTT1301W; 2♂, 1♀, Qiuqianjia Forest Farm (35.56°N, 106.44°E), Mt Liupan , 1700 m, 1.vii.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang GoogleMaps   ; 2♂, 1♀, Lvyuan Forest Farm (35.39°N, 106.35°E), Mt. Liupan , 1600 m, 6.vii.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12830♂; 3♂, 2♀, Hougou Forest Station (35.67°N, 106.32°E), Woyangchuan Forest Farm, Mt. Liupan , 1700 m, 3.vii.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12079♂; 1♀, Hongxia Forest Farm (35.50°N, 106.29°E), Mt. Liupan , 2600 m, 22.vi.2008, by net, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Fengtai Forest Farm (35.65°N, 106.17°E), Mt. Liupan , 2330 m, 12.vii.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang, slide no. LTT12822 View Materials GoogleMaps   . Shandong Province: 1♀, Guanli (35.83°N, 116.03°E), Lianshan County, 8.viii.1995, leg. Shijin Li, slide no. LTT12817 View Materials GoogleMaps   . Hebei Province: 1Ƌ, 1♀, Shuangyuanfeng (40.61°N, 117.45°E), Mt. Wuling , Xinglong County, 16.vii.2011, leg. Houhun Li and Yanpeng Cai, slide nos GoogleMaps   . LTT12319♂, LTT12328♀; 1♂, Mt. Wuling (40.61°N, 117.45°E), Xinglong County, 800 m, 3.vii.2009, leg. Qing Jin, slide no. LTT12805 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; Tianjin: 1♀, Mt. Baxian , Ji County, 600 m, 4.vii.2010, leg. Yinghui Mou and Shurong Liu   ; Henan Province: 1♀, Mt. Baiyun (33.68°N, 111.85°E), Luoyang City , 1560 m, 23.vii.2001, leg. Dandan Zhang, slide no. LTT12792 View Materials GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Mt. Baiyun (33.68°N, 111.85°E), Luoyang City , 1580 m, 21.vii.2002, leg. Xinpu Wang GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, Mt. Baotianman (33.52°N, 111.94°E), Neixiang County, 1350 m, 15.vii.1998, leg. Houhun Li, slide no. YHL00171 View Materials GoogleMaps   . Hubei Province: 1Ƌ, Songbai Village (31.75°N, 110.67°E), Shennongjia , 1200̄ 1400 m, 17.vii.2003, leg. Shulian Hao, slide no. LTT12329 View Materials GoogleMaps   . Liaoning Province: 1Ƌ, Laotudingzi (41.32°N, 124.90°E), Huanren Man Autonomous County, 8– 9.vii. 009, leg. Weichun Li and Jiayu Liu, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12801 View Materials . Heilongjiang Province: 1♀, Mt. Maoershan forest park (45.29°N, 127.53°E), Shangzhi City , 18.vi.2010, leg. Jiayu Liu and Yanpeng Cai, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12800 View Materials ; 3♀, Liangshui National Nature Reserves (47.15°N, 128.87°E), Yichun City, 21-vii.2009, leg. Weichun Li and Jiayu Liu, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12802 View Materials . Sichuan Province: 1♀, Kangding (30.00°N, 101.96°E), 2400 m, 8.vii.2001, leg. Houhun Li and Wangxin Pu, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12506 View Materials ; 1♂, 1♀, Wolong (30.34°N, 103.42°E), 2008 m, 23, 24.vii.2005, leg. Haili Yu, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12783 View Materials ♀. Yunnan Province: 1Ƌ, Zhongdian (27.59°N, 99.79°E), 3150 m, 14.vii.2001, leg. Houhun Li and Xinpu Wang, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12851 View Materials . Xizang Autonomous Region: 1Ƌ, Yadong County (27.49°N, 88.91°E), 2950 m, 28.vii.2003, leg. Xinpu Wang and Huaijun Xue, slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12495 View Materials ; 1♂, Baishulin (29.65°N, 94.37°E), Bayi Village , Linzhi County, 3100 m, 9.viii.2010, leg. Houhun Li et al., slide no GoogleMaps   . LTT12852.

Other material: Shanxi Province: 1Ƌ (without abdomen), Mt. Li (35.59°N, 111.97°E), Jin City , 1520 m, 16.viii.2006, leg. Xu Zhang and Haiyan Bai GoogleMaps   . Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region: 3Ƌ (without abdomen), 5♀ (without abdomen), Xiaonanchuan plant garden (35.34°N, 106.31°E), Erlonghe Forest Farm, Mt. Liupan , 1900 m, 28.vi.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ (without abdomen), 1♀ (without abdomen), Qiuqianjian Forest Station (35.56°N, 106.44°E), Qiuqianjia Forest Farm, Mt Liupan , 1700 m, 2.vii.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang GoogleMaps   ; 2♂ (without abdomen), Miaomiaotai Forest Station (35.50°N, 106.29°E), Xixia Forest Farm, Mt. Liupan , 2300 m, 23.vi.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ (without abdomen), 1♀ (without abdomen), Qiuqianjia Forest Farm, Mt. Liupan , 1700 m, 1.vii.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang   ; 1♂ (without abdomen), Fengtai Forest Farm (35.65°N, 106.17°E), Mt. Liupan , 2330 m, 11.vii.2008, leg. Shulian Hao and Zhiwei Zhang GoogleMaps   . Shaanxi Province: 1Ƌ, 2♀, Xinjiashan Forest Farm (34.21°N, 106.61°E), Feng County, 1600 m, 9.vii.1988, leg. Houhun Li GoogleMaps   ; 4♂ (without abdomen), 3 exs (without abdomen and hindwings), Jiefangmen Village (33.86°N, 107.85°E), Houzhenzi , Zhouzhi County, 1750 m, 16, 18.vii.1987, leg. Houhun Li GoogleMaps   ; Heilongjiang Province: 1Ƌ (without abdomen), Liangshui National Nature Reserves (47.15°N, 128.87°E), Yinchun City , 21.vii.2009, leg. Weichun Li and Jiayu Liu GoogleMaps   .

Host plant: Malus pumila Mill.   ( Rosaceae   ) ( Ma & Sun 1982).

Distribution. China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Liaoning, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tianjin, Xizang, Yunnan).

Diagnosis. This new species resembles A. (A.) niphospora Meyrick, 1938   . It can be separated by the forewing with indistinct yellowish-white dots on the costa and having a yellowish-white dorsal band; A. (A.) niphospora   has distinct white dots on the costa and a white dorsal band on the forewing. Additionally, A. (A.) mala   is similar to A. (A.) gephyritis Meyrick, 1938   in the female genitalia, but it differs remarkably in superficial characters. Argyresthia (A.) mala   has a dark brownish-fuscous streak below the basal half of the fold, but lacks a transverse fascia from the base of the costa to the basal 1/4 of the dorsum in the forewing; A. (A.) gephyritis   lacks a streak below the fold, but has a transverse fascia from the base of the costa oblique to basal 1/4 of the dorsum. Argyresthia (A.) mala   resembles A. (A.) decurtata   , and the diagnosis is given under the latter species.

Etymology. The specific name is derived from the genus name of the host plant, Malus pumila   , referring to the host association of this species.

Remarks. Ma & Sun (1982) misidentified this species as A. (A.) assimilis   based on specimens collected from Shaanxi and Gansu. We describe it as a new species based on specimens collected from more localities. Argyresthia (A.) mala   is sympatric with A. (A.) conjugella   in China, and the two species are economically important pests of apple ( Ma & Sun 1982).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Yponomeutidae

Genus

Argyresthia

Loc

Argyresthia (Argyresthia) mala

Liu, Tengteng, Wang, Shuxia & Li, Houhun 2017
2017
Loc

Argyresthia assimilis

Jin 2012: 234
Ma 1982: 315
1982