Metacryptoseius persicus Kazemi & Moraza

Kazemi, Shahrooz, Moraza, Mar A L., Kamali, Karim & Saboori, Alireza, 2008, A new genus and three new species of Eviphididae (Acari: Mesostigmata) associated with scarab beetles in Iran, Zootaxa 1852, pp. 1-20: 4-9

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.183438

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038987C3-BA30-FFFB-B3A6-F9D1FF010334

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Metacryptoseius persicus Kazemi & Moraza
status

sp. nov.

Metacryptoseius persicus Kazemi & Moraza   sp. nov.

( Figs 1–15 View FIGURES 1 – 3 View FIGURES 4 – 5 View FIGURES 6 – 9 View FIGURES 10 – 15 )

Diagnosis. Dorsal shield elongate-oval with irregular lateral and posterior margins, slightly narrowed posteriorly; dorsal setal length of adults and nymphs slightly variable; setae JV 5 nearly five times longer than J 5 and Z 5 in female; s 2 approximately equal in length with z 2 and slightly longer than j 3; j 2 three times longer than z 1; dorsal characters of adult male like those of female, except JV 5, that is shorter, nearly twice longer than J 5 and other setae subequal in length. Sternal setae st 2 shorter than distance to st 3. Peritreme terminates between coxae I and II or anterior to margin of coxae II. Anal shield pear-shaped.

Description. Female. Idiosoma. Length: 620–753, width: 483–516 (n= 5).

Dorsal idiosoma ( Fig. 6 View FIGURES 6 – 9 ). Dorsal shield 644–647 long, 390–411 wide, with striations antero-laterally, elongate-oval, with irregular margins and 26 pairs of simple and smooth setae: setae z 2 (45) and s 2 (41) subequal in length; j 2 (53) approximately three times longer than z 1 (20); j 2> j 3 (28–34 long); opisthonotal central setae are shortest (16–18 long); longest dorsal setae not more than three times longer than J 5 (16 long); setae on soft cuticle, r 5 (ca 42), s 6 (47), R 1 (29), R 3 (42), R 4 (38), R 5 (42–50). Anterolateral incisions of dorsal shield reaching to level of setae j 3. Dorsal poroidotaxy and adenotaxy typical of genus.

Ventral idiosoma ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 10 – 15 ). Tritosternal base 33 long, laciniae 90 long; sternal shield granulated and reticulate-striate anteriorly (174 long, 130 wide at level of setae st 2), with posterior margin almost straight, bearing setae st 1 (41), st 2 (52), st 3 (51) and two pairs of lyrifissures, first pair oriented diagonally, but not always stable; st 4 (55) and third pair of sternal lyrifissures on minute metasternal plates ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 10 – 15 ). Genital shield (160 long, 101 wide at level of genital setae) as defined in genus, with convex posterior margin; st 5 58 long. Opisthogaster with five pairs of simple setae: JV 1 (48), JV 2 (46), JV 5 (70), ZV 2 (36) and ZV 3 (30). Peritremes 257 long. Anal shield narrow, pear-shaped, with rounded anterior margin (132 long, 101 wide); para-anal setae 32 long, postanal 49 long.

Gnathosoma   . Gnathotectum triangular, with slightly serrate margin ( Fig. 8 View FIGURES 6 – 9 ); subcapitulum typical for genus ( Fig. 7 View FIGURES 6 – 9 ). Hypostomal (h 1, h 2, h 3) and capitular setae simple and smooth, 23, 39, 20 and 20 long respectively. Corniculi wide and stout, 36–38 long. Chelicerae 174 long and 37 wide, with movable digit (63 long from tip to base) longer than fixed digit (44 long from tip to the dorsal lyrifissure) ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 6 – 9 ).

Legs. Leg chaetotaxy typical for genus; av - 1 (18 long) thickened and three dentate apically; legs I –IV lengths, 461, 404, 413 and 532 respectively.

Male. Idiosoma. Length: 609–639, width: 425–446 (n= 3).

Dorsal idiosoma ( Fig. 12 View FIGURES 10 – 15 ). Dorsal shield 593–620 long, 360–382 wide. Dorsal characters similar to female, but lengths of setae vary, setae S 4 are off shield; podonotal setae 23–32 long (except z 1 = 12, j 1 = 19, z 2 = 46> s 2 = 32); opisthonotal setae 14–27 long; J 5 14 long.

Ventral idiosoma. Tritosternal base shorter than that of female (19 long), laciniae 94 long; sternogenital shield (303 long, 120 wide at level of st 2 and 70 at level of st 5) with anterior half reticulate, remainder evenly granulate, except area between setae st 5 which is finely punctate, with setae st 1, st 2, st 3, st 4, st 5 thickened (38, 37, 39, 34, 37 long respectively) and three pairs of lyrifissures; genital opening 31 wide. Peritremes longer than those of female (270 long). Ventral adenotaxy and poroidotaxy as in female; JV 5 (36–39 long) shorter than those of female, almost twice J 5; ventral setae JV 1 (30) and JV 2 (33) longer than ZV 2 (24) and ZV 3 (13 long); anal shield pear-shaped, 130 long and 111 wide.

Gnathosoma   . Curniculi with rounded tips ( Fig. 14 View FIGURES 10 – 15 ); chelicera 157 long, 40 width; fixed chela 29 long, movable chela 52 long; spermatodactyl 18 long ( Fig. 13 View FIGURES 10 – 15 ).

Legs. Chaetotaxy typical of genus. Tarsal seta av - 1 (10 long) approximately conical, bifid; tarsal seta pv - 1 with basal third broad and rest very slender ( Fig. 15 View FIGURES 10 – 15 ). Length of legs I-IV, 385, 385, 400 and 470 respectively.

Deutonymph. Idiosoma. Length: 471–523, width: 323–349 (n= 4).

Dorsal idiosoma ( Fig. 4 View FIGURES 4 – 5 ). Dorsal shield (465–483 length, 259–271 width) finely punctate, with 24 pairs of setae; setae j 1 -j 6 18-25 long; setae z 1 11 long, z 2 16-22, z 4, z 5, s 2 and s 4 16 and s 5 19 long; soft cuticle with setae r 2 = r 3 = r 5 = s 6 (26 long) in podonotal region and setae R 1 (10-19), R 3 -R 5 (16) and sometimes S 4 (16) in opisthonotal region; setae on opisthonotal region 12-13 long (setae J and Z) and 20 long (setae S).

Ventral idiosoma ( Fig. 5 View FIGURES 4 – 5 ). Tritosternal base ca 39 long, laciniae ca 65 long; sternal shield with four pairs of setae (st 1 = st 2 = st 3, 35-36 long and st 4 25 long), three pairs of lyrifissures; setae st 5 (22 long) and paragenital lyrifissures iv 5 inserted on soft cuticle at level of posterior margin of the shield. Endopodal shields present between coxae II-III and coxae III-IV present. Opisthogaster with five pairs of ventral setae JV 1 (29), JV 2 (22), JV 5 (28), ZV 2 (18) and ZV 3 (16). Peritreme extending to posterior margin of coxae I, 247 long; peritrematal shield originating opposite middle of coxae I, with ip 1 on anterior edge of peritrematal shield and glands gp 1 situated mediad to peritreme, between coxae II and III; poststigmatic glands gp 2 on soft cuticle. Anal shield subtriangular (81 long, 101 wide).

Gnathosoma   . Gnathotectum, subcapitulum and deutosternum typical of genus; corniculi with pointed tips and wide bases; movable digit of chelicerae 45 long, fixed digit (from dorsal lyrifissure) 32 long.

Legs. Pretarsi, claws, and chaetotaxy of legs I-IV as those of adult female. Length of legs I-IV: 361, 318, 333 and 376 respectively. Seta av - 1 (14 long) on tarsi II-IV modified like in female.

Protonymph. Idiosoma. Length: 510, width: 293.

Dorsal idiosoma ( Fig. 1 View FIGURES 1 – 3 ). Dorsum with sclerotized podonotal (294 long, 258 wide) and opisthonotal (161 long, 242 wide) shields with punctate cuticle. Central opisthonotal setae ca 10 long; other dorsal setae longer (14–19 long).

Ventral idiosoma ( Fig. 2 View FIGURES 1 – 3 ). Tritosternum with smooth base (46 long) and free pilose laciniae (61 long). Sternal shield with indistinct outline; setae st 1, st 2, st 3 smooth, 20–22 long; st 5 14 long; ventral setae with larval complement of smooth setae JV 1, JV 2, JV 5 and ZV 2 (14–20 long); pores gv 2 close to posterior margin of coxa IV. Anal shield (74 long, 56 wide) pear-shaped, with rounded anterior margins; circum-anal setae as other ventral setae. Peritreme (43 long) and peritrematal shield short and extending to posterior margin of coxae III or anterior margin of coxae IV.

Gnathosoma   . Gnathotectum triangular, serrate ( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1 – 3 ); length of chelicera 93, width 32; fixed chela 24 long; movable chela 35 long.

Legs. Leg chaetotaxy typical of genus. Seta av - 1 (10 long) on tarsi II –IV modified. Length of legs I, II, III and IV 285, 242, 251 and 279 respectively.

Material examined. Holotype. Female. NE Iran, North Khorasan province, Esfarayen (36 º 55 ' 29 " N, 57 º 44 ' 08" E), altitude 1,471 m, ex Scarabaeus transcaspicus   , 26 June 2007 [deposited in Acarological Collection, Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran ( AETMU)]. Paratypes. 27 females, 7 males, 14 deutonymphs, 1 protonymph, same locality and host data as holotype (deposited in AETMU); 2 females, 1 male, 1 deutonymph, same data as holotype [deposited in Museum of Zoology, Navarra University, Pamplona, Spain (MZUNAV)]; 2 females: NE Iran, Razavi Khorasan province, Sarakhs, Bazangan Lake (36 º 18 ' 549 " N, 60 º 29 ' 061" E), altitude 858 m, ex Copris hispanus   , 5 May 2007 (deposited in AETMU); 31 females, 5 males and 2 deutonymphs, same locality data as previous specimens, but from Scarabaeus transcaspicus   (deposited in AETMU); 1 female, 1 male, with same locality and host data as latter paratypes [deposited in Museum of Zoology, Tehran University, Karaj, Iran ( MZTU)].

Etymology. The species epithet “ persicus   ” refers to the Latin name of Iran, the country of origin of this species.