Ischnothyreus peltifer (Simon)

Platnick, Norman I., Dupérré, Nadine, Ubick, Darrell & Fannes, Wouter, 2012, The Goblin Spider Genus Ischnothyreus (Araneae, Oonopidae) in the New World, American Museum Novitates 2012 (3759), pp. 1-32 : 7-26

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1206/3756.2

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/038B87D7-FFD4-FF81-7D84-FC32407FF917

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Ischnothyreus peltifer (Simon)
status

 

Ischnothyreus peltifer (Simon)

Figures 1–99

Ischnaspis peltifer Simon, 1891: 562 (four female syntypes from St. Vincent, in BMNH, one female syntype from St. Vincent, in MNHN; examined).

Ischnothyreus peltifer: Simon, 1893a: 298 (not male, fig. 264, = Camptoscaphiella simoni Baehr ). – Petrunkevitch, 1929: 66, figs. 51, 52. – Chickering, 1951: 219, fig. 7. – Chickering, 1968: 80, figs. 1–10. – Dumitresco and Georgesco, 1983: 96, pl. 17, figs. 1–9, pl. 18, figs. 1–4. – Saaristo, 2001: 345, figs. 146A, 147A–C, 148A–B, 149, 150, 152–154, 155A, 156, 157A–B. – Saaristo and van Harten, 2006: 135, figs. 15a–b, 16a–c, 17. – Platnick et al., 2012a: 12 View Cited Treatment , figs. 16–20, 22, 23, 25 (not figs. 21, 24, = I. velox ).

Dysderina antillana Bryant, 1942: 324 , figs. 1, 7 (male holotype from Christiansted, St. Croix, Virgin Islands, in MCZ; examined). First synonymized by Chickering, 1968: 80.

Ischnothyreus velox (misidentification): Bristowe, 1948: 890 (in part, male, fig. 1). – Locket and Millidge, 1951: 76 (in part, male, fig. 38E).

Ischnothyreus omus Suman, 1965: 226 , figs. 1–8 (male holotype from Kailua, Oahu, Hawaii, in Bishop Museum; not examined). – Chen and Zhang, 1991: 63, figs. 54.1–5 ( I. onus , lapsus). – Song, Zhu, and Chen, 1999: 69, figs. 28I–K. – Ono, 2009: 103, figs. 25– 31. First synonymized by Saaristo, 2001: 345 ( I. omosus , lapsus).

Ischnothyreus formosus Brignoli, 1974: 80 , figs. 12–18 (male holotype from Akau, Taiwan, in Zoological Museum, Hamburg; not examined). – Song, 1987: 91, fig. 55. – Chen and Zhang, 1991: 62, figs. 53.1–7. – Song, Zhu, and Chen, 1999: 69, figs. 28F–H. First synonymized by Saaristo, 2001: 345.

Ischnothyreus sechellorum Benoit, 1979: 208 , figs. 7A–E (female holotype from Mahe, Sechelles, in MRAC; examined). First synonymized by Saaristo, 1999: 3.

DIAGNOSIS: Males can easily be separated from those of I. velox by the large protuberance on the base of the cheliceral fang (figs. 5–8, 83), females by the narrow, posteriorly situated, sinuous ridge on the postepigastric scutum (fig. 72).

MALE (PBI_ OON 16071 View Materials , figs. 1–45, 76–87): Total length 1.48. Cephalothorax: Carapace olive green, with dark brown egg-shaped patches behind eyes, ovoid in dorsal view (fig. 1), pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view (fig. 2), anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners with slightly sclerotized triangular projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides reticulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; nonmarginal pars cephalica setae light, needlelike, scattered; nonmarginal pars thoracica setae absent; marginal setae light, needlelike. Clypeus margin unmodified, straight in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more (fig. 3), median projection absent; setae light, needlelike. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME oval, PLE oval; posterior eye row procurved from both above and front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME touching (fig. 4). Sternum slightly longer than wide (fig. 12), pale orange, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I–II, II–III, III–IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infracoxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings (figs. 13, 14), distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of precoxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae scattered, light, needlelike, more abundant on anterior half, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; with one tooth on both promargin and retromargin (figs. 5, 6); fangs without toothlike projections, directed posteriorly, shape normal, with prominent basal process (figs. 7, 8), tip unmodified; setae light, needlelike, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin with many medial denticles, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with six or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae (fig. 9). Endites distally excavated, serrula absent (fig. 10), anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-shaped projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. Labrum with triangular projection (fig. 11); palps connected to complexly modified endosternite (figs. 43–45). Abdomen: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, interscutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, elliptical, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scutopedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose setae, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel all absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, olive green, without color pattern, covering 1/2 to 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width, fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, short, almost rectangular, covering about 2/3 of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsal, epigastric, postepigastric setae light, needlelike; epigastric setae not basally enlarged; spinneret scutum with fringe of needlelike setae; dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent; interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, very small, bearing two hairs. Spinnerets (fig. 17): ALS with one major ampullate gland spigot and three piriform gland spigots (fig. 18); PMS with single spigot (fig. 19); PLS with three spigots (fig. 20). Legs: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I–III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I, II mesoapical comb absent, metatarsi III, IV weak ventral scopula absent, tarsi III, IV with “false claws” (figs. 23, 27, 28). Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae I, II v4-2-2; metatarsi I, II v2-2-0. Tarsal proclaws and retroclaws inner face striate, with zero teeth on lateral surface, three teeth on median surface (figs. 21–28); inferior claw absent. Trichobothria: tibia each with three, metatarsi each with one; hood covered by numerous low, closely spaced ridges (fig. 33). Tarsal organ with three receptors on legs I, II, two receptors on legs III, IV, palps (figs. 29–32). Genitalia: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, triangular with rounded angles (figs. 15, 16), situated in front of anterior spiracles, unmodified; epigastric furrow apparently absent (fig. 15). Palp slightly reduced in size, strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments almost black; trochanter normal size, with ventral projection; femur normal size, one to two times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella about as long as femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia with three trichobothria; cymbium almost black, ovoid in dorsal view, fused with bulb but with clearly defined seam between, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae, stout setae, distal patch of setae all absent; bulb almost black, 1–1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, gradually tapering apically, obtusely bent before apex (figs. 34, 35), middle part with two protuberances on ventral side (fig. 36); embolus light, prolateral excavation absent, set off from bulb by ventral collar, tip with multiple, complex processes (figs. 37–42).

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 16071 View Materials , figs. 46–75, 88–99): Total length 1.70. As in male except as noted. Carapace without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view (fig. 46), pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view (figs. 47, 48). Sternum anterior margin unmodified (fig. 52). Fangs directed medially, without prominent basal process (figs. 49, 50). Labium anterior margin not indented at middle. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row (figs. 51, 97, 99), anteromedian tip unmodified; labral projection rounded (fig. 98). Palpal claw absent (figs. 53, 54); femur with three spiniform setae ventrally (fig. 55); patella without prolateral row of ridges; tibia with three trichobothria (fig. 56); tarsus unmodified. Dorsal scutum between 1/4 and 1/2 abdomen width, not fused to epigastric scutum. Epigastric scutum slightly protruding, small lateral sclerites present (fig. 93), without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum widely hexagonal, covering about 1/3 of abdominal length, not fused to epigastric scutum, with short, posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinnerets (fig. 68): ALS as in male (fig. 69); PMS with four spigots (fig. 70); PLS with seven spigots (fig. 71). Leg spination: femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae I, II v4-2-2; metatarsi I, II v2-2-0. Tarsal organs (figs. 64–67) and claws (figs. 57–63) as in male except claws of leg IV with elongated distal tooth, tip therefore appearing bifid (fig. 59). Posterior margin of epigastric scutum with transverse row of large setae. Postepigastric scutum with narrow, sinuous, elevated ridge at about two-thirds its length (fig. 72); narrow, slit-shaped copulatory opening situated on midline near anterior edge of postepigastric scutum (fig. 73), followed posteriorly by series of tiny pores (fig. 74). Posterior genitalic tube originating at middle of anterior edge of postepigastric scutum, squiggled, ending at level of external ridge (fig. 75); anterior receptaculum small, T-shaped.

MATERIAL EXAMINED: NORTH AMERICA: Canada: Ontario: African Pavilion, Toronto Metropolitan Zoo, Mar. 17, 1987 (J. Swann, CNC PBI_ OON 38143 View Materials ), 3♂, 2♀. United States: Florida: Alachua Co.: San Felasco State Park, Gainesville, Sept. 24, 2007, leaf litter (X. Wang, AMNH PBI_ OON 31070 View Materials ), 1♂; Univ. of Florida campus, Gainesville, Sept. 24, 2007, leaf litter (X. Wang, AMNH PBI_ OON 31071 View Materials ), 3♂, 1♀. Collier Co.: Collier-Seminole State Park, Apr. 1, 1985, leaf litter (W. Maddison, MCZ 70476 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26768 View Materials ), 1♂, 2♀. Lee Co.: Fort Myers, 26°38′N, 81°50′W, Mar. 18, 1954 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 1025), 2♀. Martin Co.: Bluefield, Aug. 4, 1983, on casuarina (K. Hibbard, FSCA PBI_ OON 21194 View Materials ), 1♀. Miami-Dade Co.: Deering Estate Park, SW 167 St., SW 72 Ave., Miami, Nov. 15, 1985, hammock forest litter (S. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1971), 1♂, Feb. 21–June 1, 1986, young hammock forest, malaise flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1040), 2♂, 1♀, June 1–Aug. 25, 1986, same (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1038), 11♂, 9♀, July 26–Dec. 11, 1986, old hammock, malaise flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1032), 1♀; Grossman Hammock, Chekika State Recreation Area, 50 km SW Miami, Nov. 15, 1985 – Feb. 24, 1986, malaise flight intercept traps (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1026), 2♀; Homestead, Mar. 12–25, 1968, avocado grove (A. Chickering, MCZ 68268 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27430 View Materials ), 1♂, 5♀; Long Pine Key, Everglades National Park, May 28–June 8, 1986, pinelands, malaise flight intercept traps (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1034, 1041), 2♂, 2♀, June 8–Dec. 9, 1986, same (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1972, 1973), 3♂, 15♀, Aug. 28–Sept. 5, 1986, same (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1036), 1♂, 1♀; Royal Palm Hammock, Everglades National Park, July 1981, malaise trough (S. Peck, CNC PBI_ OON 38144 View Materials ), 3♂, 2♀, Nov. 1, 1984 – Mar. 3, 1985, hammock forest, malaise flight intercept traps (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1039), 1♂, 6♀, May 2–Aug. 2, 1985, same (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1027), 1♂, 2♀, Dec. 9, 1986, forest litter (S. Peck, Klimaszweski, AMNH PBI_OON 158), 1♀. Palm Beach Co.: 5 mi S Lake Harbor on Miami Canal, Aug. 18, 1978, pitfall, sugarcane field (C. Adams, CNC PBI_ OON 38140 View Materials ), 1♀, Oct. 20, 1978, same ( CNC PBI_ OON 38139 View Materials ), 1♀. Saint Lucie Co.: Bluefield, Aug. 24, 1983, on casuarina (K. Hibbard, FSCA PBI_ OON 21195 View Materials ), 2♀; Indrio, Aug. 17, 1983, on cenchrus (K. Hibbard, FSCA PBI_ OON 21193 View Materials ), 1♀; White City, Aug. 11, 1983, on casuarina (K. Hibbard, FSCA PBI_ OON 21196 View Materials ), 1♂, 1♀, Sept. 27, 1983, on casuarina (K. Hibbard, FSCA PBI_ OON 21192 View Materials ), 2♀. Mexico: Quintana Roo: Cozumel, July 14, 1951 (L. Stannard, AMNH PBI_OON 1968), 2♀. Tabasco: Parque La Venta, Villahermosa, 18°00′N, 92°53′W, Aug. 13, 1966 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 160, 1385, 1967, 1970), 9♂, 6♀; Peje Lagartero, 18°03′N, 93°10′W, Aug. 14, 1966 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 135), 2♂, 2♀; Villahermosa, Apr. 3, 1969 ( AMNH PBI_OON 1969), 1♀. Veracruz: 7 mi W Coatzacoalcos, 18°08′N, 94°30′W, Aug. 31, 1964 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 168, 187), 4♂; 10 mi W Coatzacoalcos, 18°08′N, 94°32′W, Aug. 15, 1966 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 132), 1♂, 2♀. Yucatán: Mérida. Feb. 2, 1939 ( AMNH PBI_OON 1012), 1♀. CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize: Belize: Burrell Boom, July 28, 1972, Berlese (C. Goodnight, AMNH PBI_OON 1016), 1♀. Costa Rica: Alajuela: Monterrey de Upala, Jan. 10–12, 2009, elev. 50 m (A. Solis, C. Víquez, R. Guries, INBIO PBI_ OON 49460 View Materials ), 1♂; Muelle, San Carlos, Nov. 7, 2007, in termite nest (C. Víquez, INBIO PBI_ OON 49459 View Materials ), 1♀; Upala, Montecristo, 10°54′22″N, 84°58′09″W (INBIO PBI_ OON 49451 View Materials , 49453, 49455, 49456, 49461, 49462), 4♂, 6♀, Apr. 13–June 8, 2007, humus, elev. 60 m (C. Víquez, INBIO PBI_ OON 26369 View Materials , 26371, 26372, 26374, 26375, 36979), 5♂, 3♀, 10.9668°N, 85.04363°W, Aug. 12–19, 2007, cacao farm (C. Víquez, INBIO PBI_ OON 49457 View Materials ), 3♀, Aug. 15–17, 2009, cacao (A. Solis, C. Víquez, R. Guries, INBIO PBI_ OON 49458 View Materials ), 1♂. Cartago: Turrialba, 9°58′N, 83°38′W, July 25–Aug. 15, 1965 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68267 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26769 View Materials ), 19♂, 90♀, Feb. 17, 1981, banana stem (A. Young, AMNH PBI_ OON 49442 View Materials ), 1♀. Heredia: La Selva, 10.422159°N, 84.001525°W, Berlese, Aug. 9–15, 2010 (INBIO 99380, PBI_ OON 49454 View Materials ), 1♀; Llorente de Flores, Feb. 4–Mar. 17, 2007, coffee plantation, leaf litter (C. Víquez, INBIO PBI_ OON 29680 View Materials , 29682, 49463), 3♂, 3♀; Parque Municipal Nacimiento, 9°58′57″N, 84°10′28″W, Jan. 27–28, 2010, humus, elev. 950 m (C. Víquez, B. Hernandez, A. Solis, INBIO PBI_ OON 49452 View Materials ), 1♂, 2♀; San Joaquín, July 6, 1997, humus (C. Víquez, INBIO PBI_ OON 26368 View Materials ), 2♂, 10.006214°N, 84.153652°W, Sept. 8, 2007, garden humus, elev. 1050 m (C. Víquez, INBIO PBI_ OON 26370 View Materials ), 2♂, 1♀; San Lorenzo, road to San Pedro, Río Secundo bridge, 10°01′13″N, 84°08′46″W, Feb. 24, 2007, Berlese, elev. 1090 m (C. Víquez, INBIO PBI_ OON 29681 View Materials ), 1♂; Santa Bárbara , San Juan, 10.02153°N, 84.16626°W, May 18, 2008, Berlese, coffee plantation, elev. 1065 m (C. Víquez, INBIO PBI_ OON 31119 View Materials ), 1♂. Limón: Parque Nacional Tortuguero, Apr. 17–23, 1983, wet second growth forest (D. Ubick, CDU PBI_ OON 35943 View Materials ), 1♂. Puntarenas: Sendero Río Madrigal, Estación La Leona, Península de Osa, Apr. 4, 2002, humus, secondary forest (A. Azofeifa, INBIO PBI_ OON 26373 View Materials ), 1♀. Panama: Colón: Frijoles, Jan. 25, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71371 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27254 View Materials ), 2♂, 5♀; Gamboa, July 24, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71394 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27246 View Materials ), 1♀, Jan. 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71392 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27249 View Materials ), 18♂, 47♀, Feb.–Mar. 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71393 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27241 View Materials ), 1♂, 1♀; Gatún, Jan. 30, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71381 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27270 View Materials ), 2♀, Feb. 15, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71383 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27271 View Materials ), 38♂, 98♀, Feb. 27, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71384 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27262 View Materials ), 17♂, 56♀, Mar. 6, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71382 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27272 View Materials ), 20♂, 85♀; Pipeline Road, Gamboa, Aug. 7, 1983, jungle, elev. 10 m (J., F. Murphy, AMNH PBI_OON 1548), 2♀. Los Santos: Tonosí, Aug. 12, 2003, fallen trunks (R. Mirando, A. Santos, MIUP PBI_ OON 37745 View Materials ), 1♀. Panamá: Arraijan, July 6, 1950 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71375 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27268 View Materials ), 1♀; Balboa, May 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71391 View Materials ; PBI_ OON 27244 View Materials ), 13♂, 54♀; Barro Colorado Island, July 30, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71395 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27251 View Materials ), 1♀, May 18, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71396 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27264 View Materials ), 1♀; Chilibre, July 27, 1939 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71374 View Materials ; PBI_ OON 27247 View Materials ), 1♀; Chilibrillo Cave, near Chilibre, Feb. 7, 1959, drift along stream in cave (H. Dybas, FMNH 33657, PBI_ OON 10159 View Materials ), 1♀; Coccoli, Jan. 13, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71372 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27261 View Materials ), 4♀; Corozal, July 10, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71400 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27256 View Materials ), 1♂, 9♀, Dec. 23, 1957 – Jan. 4, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71398 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27260 View Materials ), 3♂, 8♀, May 25, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71399 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27255 View Materials ), 5♂, 9♀; Diablo, Dec. 19, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71373 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27267 View Materials ), 18♀; Forest Preserve, July 1939 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71390 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27257 View Materials ), 1♀, July 23, 1950 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71389 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27258 View Materials ), 1♀, July 28, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71388 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27243 View Materials ) 5♀, Dec. 24, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71386 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27252 View Materials ), 3♀, Feb. 14, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71387 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27240 View Materials ), 2♂; Madden Dam, Feb. 12, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71385 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27250 View Materials ), 1♀; 2 mi N Paraíso, Jan. 21, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68264 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27259 View Materials ), 1♂, 1♀; Parque Metropolitano, near canopy crane, 8.99483°N, 79.54366°W, Dec. 30, 2007, sifting rainforest litter (M. Draney et al., FMNH 34885, PBI_ OON 10598 View Materials ), 1♀; Pedro Miguel, Aug. 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71401 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27248 View Materials ), 11♂, 36♀, Dec. 26, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71397 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27263 View Materials ), 10♂, 17♀, Jan.–Mar. 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71402 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27245 View Materials ), 3♂, 17♀; Summit, July–Aug. 1950 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71380 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27253 View Materials ), 3♂, 9♀, Aug. 17, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71379 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27265 View Materials ), 2♂, 13♀; Summit Gardens, July–Aug. 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71377 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27242 View Materials ), 6♂, 36♀, Dec. 12, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71378 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27266 View Materials ), 6♂, 20♀, May 13, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71376 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27269 View Materials ), 3♂. WEST INDIES: Cuba: Camagüey: Hoyo de Bonet, Sierra de Cubitas, Feb. 2009 (Y. Martínez, MNH PBI_ OON 49444 View Materials ), 1♂, 5♀, Sept. 2009 (Y. Martínez, MNH PBI_ OON 49445 View Materials ), 1♀. Cienfuegos: Soledad, Aug. 1–11, 1934 (P. Darlington, MCZ 71320 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27427 View Materials ), 1♀. Guantánamo: Valle del Río Jojo, 20°07′35″N, 74°28′42″W, May 11, 2010, litter (N. Platnick, A. Pérez, A. Sánchez, G. Alayón, AMNH PBI_ OON 49448 View Materials ), 1♀. Holguín: Bahía de Taco, Moa, Nov. 9, 2004, under rock (A. Sánchez, BSC PBI_ OON 49446 View Materials ), 1♀. La Habana: Havana, June 12 (Baker, MCZ 66705 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27421 View Materials ), 1♀. Santiago de Cuba: Arroyo Grovert, 10 km NE Caney, 1995, leaf and log litter, elev. 300 m (S. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 49443 View Materials ), 1♀; Reserva Ecológica Siboney-Juticí, 19°57′39″N, 75°42′52″W, May 5, 2010, dry litter, elev. 30 m (N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón, AMNH PBI_ OON 49447 View Materials ), 1♂; Río Bacanao tributary, Mata Yegua, 2 km NE El Escandel, 20°05′34″N, 75°41′49″W, May 10, 2010 (N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón, AMNH PBI_ OON 49449 View Materials ), 3♂, 4♀. Jamaica: Clarendon: 2.5 mi N May Pen, Nov. 10, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 65630 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27296 View Materials ), 1♀; Salt River, Nov. 24, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68262 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27297 View Materials ), 3♀. Kingston: Kingston, Aug. 27–29, 1934 (P. Darlington, MCZ 42624 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27282 View Materials ), 2♀. Portland: Port Maria, Dec. 31, 1951, under litter (C. Perraton, MCZ 66523 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27278 View Materials ), 1♀. St. Andrew: no specific locality, May 5, 1956 (C. Hoff, MCZ 65094 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27289 View Materials ), 3♂; Hermitage Rd., Nov. 28, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71328 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27284 View Materials ), 1♂, 3♀; Hope Gardens, Nov. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71330 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27279 View Materials ), 9♂, 38♀, Dec. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71331 View Materials , 27293), 10♂, 76♀; Liguanea, Oct.15, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71329 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27294 View Materials ), 1♀, Dec. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71327 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27276 View Materials ), 2♂, 4♀; Mona, Nov. 11, 1957, pasture (A. Chickering, MCZ 71332 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27288 View Materials ), 1♀, Nov. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71336 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27287 View Materials ), 4♂, 6♀, Dec. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71326 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27290 View Materials ), 1♀; Red Hills Road, Oct. 28, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71340 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27280 View Materials ), 1♀; Richards Reservoir, Nov. 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71333 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27292 View Materials ), 1♀, Dec. 18, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71335 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27283 View Materials ), 1♂, 2♀; Stony Hill, Oct. 18, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71334 View Materials , 71337, PBI_ OON 27274 View Materials , 27281), 2♂, 1♀. St. Ann: Ferry, Claremont, June 19, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 65909 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27273 View Materials ), 1♀. Saint Catherine: 3 mi. E Old Harbour, Oct. 21, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71138 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27295 View Materials ), 3♀; School of Agriculture, Nov. 23, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 32461 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27291 View Materials ), 1♀. St. Thomas: 6 mi NE Bath, Dec. 10, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66522 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27286 View Materials ), 1♀; Roselle Falls, Oct.–Nov. 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71339 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27275 View Materials ), 1♂, 6♀. Puerto Rico: Fajardo: Isleta Marina, Isla Obispo, Nov. 7, 1964 (H. Heatwole, F. McKenzie, AMNH PBI_OON 1954), 1♂. Guayama: Punta Pozuela, Dec. 25, 1985 (V., B. Roth, CAS 26297 View Materials , PBI_OON 2587), 1♀. Lajas: Laguna Cartagena, Valle de Lajas, Jan. 8, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71370 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27391 View Materials ), 2♂, 3♀. Loíza: 15 km E San Juan, Jan. 26, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71368 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27380 View Materials ), 1♀. Maricao: El Vivero, Jan. 9, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71365 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27383 View Materials ), 1♂; Montañas de Uroyan, Rt. 108, km 12–22, Jan. 12, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71369 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27392 View Materials ), 3♂, 2♀. Mayagüez: 3 mi S Mayagüez on road to Hormigueros, Jan. 8, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71361 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27379 View Materials ), 1♂, 14♀; 5 km E Mayagüez on Route 106, Jan. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71363 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27381 View Materials ), 5♂, 22♀; woods near Nuclear Center, Jan. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71366 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27386 View Materials ), 4♂, 19♀; University campus, Jan. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71359 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27384 View Materials ), 16♂, 42♀; 5 km N University campus, Jan. 5, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71362 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27387 View Materials ), 1♂, 2♀; University farm, E campus, Jan. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71360 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27385 View Materials ), 3♂, 3♀; University farm, N campus, Jan. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71357 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27393 View Materials ), 3♂, 11♀, Feb. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71358 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27382 View Materials ), 7♂, 27♀, Feb. 2, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68265 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27389 View Materials ), 1♂, 1♀. Río Grande: El Yunque Biological Station, Jan. 25, 1964, elev. 2100 ft (A. Chickering, MCZ 71364 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27390 View Materials ), 1♂, 2♀. San Germán: Port Grilo, Feb. 23–Apr. 4, 1955 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_OON 1975), 1♀. San Juan: Rio Piedras, Dos Pinos, Sept. 21, 1963, under boards (E. Nelson, MCZ 71367 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27388 View Materials ), 1♀; between Toa Alta and Toa Baha, ca. 17.5 km from San Juan, forest ( AMNH PBI_OON 1955), 1♀ (details from Petrunkevitch, 1929). Virgin Islands: St. Croix: no specific locality, Sept. 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71351 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27410 View Materials ), 13♂, 16♀; Christiansted (Beatty, MCZ PBI_ OON 49466 View Materials ), 1♂ (holotype); Frederiksted, Mar. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71341 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27425 View Materials ), 7♂, 10♀; vicinity of King’s Hill, Mar. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71347 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27405 View Materials ), 1♂, 9♀; Lavaetz Gardens, Mar. 24, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71349 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27416 View Materials ), 1♂, 8♀. St. John: no specific locality, Feb. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71348 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27407 View Materials ), 1♂, 2♀, Mar. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71350 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27406 View Materials ), 1♀, July 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71346 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27413 View Materials ), 4♂, 10♀. St. Thomas: no specific locality, Feb. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71352 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27420 View Materials ), 4♂, 2♀, July 27, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71353 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27403 View Materials ), 1♂, 18♀, Aug. 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71319 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27424 View Materials ), 26♂, 52♀; High School grounds, Feb. 22, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71189 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27404 View Materials ), 4♀, Mar. 10–11, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71354 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27402 View Materials ), 25♂, 43♀. Tortola: no specific locality, July 30–Aug. 5, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71190 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27414 View Materials ), 20♀. Leeward Islands: St. Kitts: no specific locality, Sept.14–22, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68261 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27417 View Materials ), 1♀. Windward Islands: Barbados: Turners Hall Woods, Feb. 23, 1979, Berlese, termite nest (S. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 1236), 1♂, same ( FMNH PBI_ OON 49468 View Materials ), 1♂. St. Lucia: no specific locality, Oct.5–13, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71316 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27412 View Materials ), 2♂, 26♀. St. Vincent: no specific locality ( MNHN 5728, PBI_ OON 32322 View Materials ), 1♀ (syntype), Oct. 15–24, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71355 View Materials , 71356, PBI_ OON 27418 View Materials , 27419), 4♂, 15♀. Richmond Estate, leeward open valley near sea level, webs under rotting banana flowers ( BMNH PBI_ OON 32324 View Materials ), 4♀ (syntypes). Trinidad and Tobago: Trinidad: no specific locality (N. Weber, MCZ 71342 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27409 View Materials ), 2♂. Arima: Simla, Arima Valley, Apr. 10–22, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71343 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27426 View Materials ), 10♂, 27♀, Apr. 23–27, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 67071 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27422 View Materials ), 11♂, 20♀. St. Andrew: Salybia, Feb. 1972 (J. Cooke, AMNH PBI_ OON 49450 View Materials ), 7♀. St. George: Curepe, Nov. 21–Dec. 11, 1977, pan trap (W. Mason, CNC PBI_ OON 38142 View Materials ), 1♀; Curepe, Santa Margareta, Sept. 26–Oct. 26, 1974, yellow pan trap (N. Beg, AMNH PBI_ OON 37072 View Materials ), 2♀; Saint Augustine, Nov. 16, 1943 – Feb. 23, 1944 (Strickland, AMNH PBI_OON 1956), 1♂; St. Augustine, University Campus, Apr. 1–6, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71344 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27408 View Materials ), 10♂, 20♀, Apr. 7–9, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71345 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27411 View Materials ), 14♂, 39♀. SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia: Amazonas: Leticia, June 18, 1965, grass at night (P. Craig, J. Robb, CDU PBI_ OON 35946 View Materials ), 2♀. Cauca: Poblado, Parque Nacional Gorgona, July 5, 2003, elev. 5 m (A. Rico et al., ICN 2510, PBI_ OON 49469 View Materials ), 1♀. Tolima: Espinal, Granja los Marañones, 4°09′10″N, 74°53′19″W, July 2004, cotton field, elev. 320 m (L. Gomez, C. Perafan, ICN 4098, PBI_ OON 49470 View Materials ), 1♀. Venezuela: Portuguesa: Guanare, Sept. 10–13, 1957 (B. Malkin, CAS 26296 View Materials , PBI_OON 2586), 1♀. Sucre: 6 km SE Río Caribe, July 24, 1987, soil and litter, gallery forest (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1957), 1♂. Brazil: Pará: Bosque Rodrigues Alves , 1°25′49.0″S, 48°27′22.3″W (J. Barreiros, MPEG 10478, 10479, PBI_ OON 40726 View Materials , 40727), 2♀; Ilha de Cotijuba, Belém, 1°14′S, 48°35′W, Nov. 2004 ( MPEG 10271, PBI_ OON 40724 View Materials ), 1♀; Mata, Várzea, Belém, Oct. 2005 (L. Macambira, MPEG 10709, PBI_ OON 40692 View Materials ), 1♂, 2♀. Galapagos Islands : Pinta : no specific locality, July 18, 1977, sweeping, beating, dry perennial grass, elev. 400 m (W. Reeder, TMM PBI_ OON 49471 View Materials ), 2♀. Santa Cruz : no specific locality, May 7, 1980, turning rocks and downed wood, fern zone, elev. 150 m (W. Reeder, TMM 57847 View Materials , PBI_ OON 36930 View Materials ), 1♀; Bellavista, Feb. 3–8, 1989, banana traps (S. Peck, Sinclair, KBIN PBI_ OON 49504 View Materials ), 1♀, Apr. 10–30, 1996, pitfall trap, guava forest. elev. 350 m (S. Peck, KBIN PBI_ OON 49497 View Materials ), 2♀; near Bellavista, Apr. 9, 1981 (Y. Lubin, MCZ 71323 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27429 View Materials ), 1♀; 2 km N Bellavista, May 14–July 13, 1985, flight intercept trap, guava thicket, elev. 360 m (S., J. Peck, KBIN PBI_ OON 49501 View Materials , 49502, 49514), 5♂, 12♀; Caseta Occidente, Feb. 11–Mar. 18, 1982, elev. 170 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, KBIN PBI_ OON 49484 View Materials , 49488), 1♂, 8♀; Caseta Tortuga, Feb. 19, 1988, elev. 180 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, K. Desender, KBIN PBI_ OON 49483 View Materials ), 1♂; El Carmen farm, Mar. 10–21, 1998, elev. 350 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, K. Desender, KBIN PBI_ OON 49503 View Materials ), 2♂, 4♀; Hornemann farm, Bellavista, Apr. 3, 1975, screening litter at base of bamboo, elev. 200 m (W. Reeder, TMM 59909 View Materials , PBI_ OON 36931 View Materials ), 2♂, 3♀; Los Gemelos, Feb. 12–Apr. 2, 1986 –1988, scalesia, pampa, elev. 580–600 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, K. Desender, KBIN PBI_ OON 49474 View Materials . 49477, 49479–48481, 49490, 49498, 49512, 49515, 49519), 82♂, 128♀; Media Luna , June 21–July 21, 1992, elev. 600 m (J. Palacios, KBIN PBI_ OON 49506 View Materials ), 1♂, 3♀, Apr. 10–30, 1996, pitfall, miconia, elev. 575 m (S. Peck, KBIN 49499), 1♂, 2♀; Media Luna trail, Mar. 10, 1982, elev. 200–250 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, KBIN PBI_ OON 49489 View Materials ), 2♀; Feb. 15–Apr. 4, 1986 –2000, transition zone, elev. 350 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, K. Desender, KBIN PBI_ OON 49486 View Materials , 49487, 49491, 49505, 49513), 7♂, 8♀, Feb. 15–Apr. 2, 1986 –1989, miconia, elev. 500–550 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, K. Desender, KBIN PBI_ OON 49473 View Materials , 49493, 49507, 49517), 15♂, 30♀; northern transect, Feb. 12–Apr. 2, 1988, elev. 400–560 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, K. Desender, KBIN PBI_ OON 49478 View Materials , 49510, 49516), 4♂, 7♀; 5 km N Puerto Ayora, May 1–30, 1991, malaise-flight intercept trap, elev. 110 m (S., J. Peck, KBIN PBI_ OON 49496 View Materials ), 1♀; 4 km E Santa Rosa, Apr. 10–May 4, 1996, pitfall trap, elev. 350 m (S. Peck, KBIN PBI_ OON 49500 View Materials ), 1♂; 10 km N Santa Rosa, Mar. 1–30, 1992, elev. 500 m (S. Peck, KBIN PBI_ OON 49508 View Materials ), 1♀; southern transect, Feb. 15–Mar. 25, 1986, elev. 140–500 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, K. Desender, KBIN PBI_ OON 49475 View Materials , 49476, 49482, 49485, 49492, 49494, 49495), 7♂, 12♀; southern transect, E Santa Rosa, Mar. 30–Apr. 10, 1996, elev. 350 m (L. Baert, K. Desender, P. Verdijck, KBIN PBI_ OON 49509 View Materials ), 1♀; southern transect, N Santa Rosa, Apr. 3, 2000, elev. 500 m (L. Baert, J. Maelfait, K. Desender KBIN PBI_ OON 49511 View Materials ), 1♀. OLD

WORLD: Equatorial Guinea: Micomeseng , July 18–27, 1989, pitfall, swamp with ferns near river (M. Alderweireldt, MRAC 169997 View Materials , PBI_ OON 29241 View Materials ), 1♂ . Gabon: Estuaire: Ntoum , July 1985, forest litter (A. Pauly, MRAC 220031 View Materials , PBI_ OON 28807 View Materials ), 1♀ . Comoros: Anjouan: Domoni, road to Tatinga bridge, May 19, 2003, litter, forest remnants (R. Jocqué, D. Van den Spiegel, MRAC 213420 View Materials , PBI_ OON 29284 View Materials ), 1♂ ; Mutsamudu, May 20, 2003, mango litter, hospital garden (R. Jocqué, D. Van den Spiegel, MRAC 213152 View Materials , PBI_ OON 29281 View Materials ), 1♀ . Mayotte: Coconi , campus of DAF, July 18–Aug. 2, 1998, Winkler, sifting litter (R. Jocqué, MRAC 208204 View Materials , 208268 View Materials , 208316 View Materials , PBI_ OON 28806 View Materials , 29234, 29333), 4♀ . Mohéli: Hoani , May 23, 2003, sifting litter on road (R. Jocqué, D. Van den Spiegel, MRAC 213155 View Materials , PBI_ OON 29285 View Materials ), 1♀ . Madagascar: Antsiranana: Lokobe Forest, Nosy Be , 13°24′58″S, 48°18′26″E, Aug. 11–14, 1992 (V., B. Roth, CAS 30882 View Materials , PBI_OON 3371), 1♀ GoogleMaps . Fianarantsoa: Ranomafana town , 21°14.9′S, 47°27.7′E, Apr. 30, 1998, on tree bark (C. Griswold et al., CAS 29564 View Materials , PBI_OON 3369), 1♀ GoogleMaps . Toamasina: Foulpointe, Sept. – Dec. 1993 (A. Pauly, MRAC 177947 View Materials , 200227 View Materials , 200344 View Materials , 200380 View Materials , 220052 View Materials , 220054 View Materials , 220086 View Materials , PBI_OON 9768, 9779–9781, 9787, 9789, 9790), 5♂, 5♀ , July–Sept. 1994 (A. Pauly, MRAC 220055–220057 View Materials , 220085 View Materials , PBI_ OON 9766, 9769. 9770, 9774), 1♂, 3♀ ; Île Sainte-Marie , east beach (R. Legendre, MNHN PBI_ OON 36330 View Materials ), 1♀ . Toliara: Forêt Classee Tsikongambarika, Ivolo forest, Andily, ca. Fort Dauphin , 24°56′13.5″S, 46°55′58.4″E, Mar. 13, 2003, Ludd tree trunks, litter, elev. 20 m (D. Andriamalala et al., CAS 15863 View Materials , PBI_OON 3370), 1♀ GoogleMaps . Seychelles: no specific locality, Jan. 23–Feb. 5, 1977 (A. Rundle, AMNH PBI_OON 1556, 1558, 1559), 3♀ . Mahé : Baie Lazare, June 26, 1972, border of beach (P. Benoit, J. Van Mol, MRAC 143253 View Materials , 146758 View Materials , PBI_ OON 49522 View Materials , 49523), 2♂, 2♀ (holotype, allotype, paratypes) ; Dugand , June 25, 1972 (P. Benoit, J. Van Mol, MRAC 143182 View Materials , PBI_ OON 49524 View Materials ), 1♂ . Praslin: Fond Ferdinand , July 24, 1972, lodoicea forest (P. Benoit, J. Van Mol, MRAC 143397 View Materials , PBI_ OON 49525 View Materials ), 1♂ . Silhouette: Anse Lacars-Anse Paptes , Jan. 12, 1999 (M. Saaristo, ZMUT 1233 View Materials , PBI_ OON 16071 View Materials ), 2♂, 2♀ . Mascarene Islands: La Réunion: St. Philippe, Mare-Longue Forest , May 27, 2009 (M. Dierkens, CMD PBI_ OON 49472 View Materials ), 1♂ . China: Hong Kong: New Territories, Mai Po , Feb. 27, 1988, mangroves, elev. 5 m (J., F. Murphy, AMNH PBI_OON 1549), 1♀ . Singapore: Kranji , July 7, 1992, mangroves, elev. 1 m (J., F. Murphy, AMNH PBI_ OON 31308 View Materials ), 2♀ ; University , Jan. 22, 1986, water tanks, elev. 40 m (J., F. Murphy, AMNH PBI_ OON 31306 View Materials ), 2♀ . Caroline Islands: Palau Islands : Koror Island , Mar. 15, 1973, compost near biology lab ( AMNH PBI_ OON 38558 View Materials ), 1♀ , Apr. 3, 1973, litter, taro patch ( AMNH PBI_ OON 38601 View Materials ), 1♀ , Mar. 26–May 9, 1973, litter, taro patch (J. Beatty, J. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 37430 View Materials , 38614), 3♂, 3♀ ; Malakal Island , Apr. 17, 1973, around grass roots in field ( AMNH PBI_ OON 38552 View Materials ), 2♀ . Hawaii : Hawaii: Iliahi St., Hilo, Feb. 1, 1995, litter (J. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 38603 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Isaac Hale Beach Park, Puna District , Feb. 24, 1995, pandanus litter (J., E. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 38374 View Materials ), 1♀ ; 1 mi W Mackenzie State Park, Route 137, Puna District , Jan. 31, 1997, casuarina litter (J., E. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 37438 View Materials ), 1♂, 3♀ ; Naalehu, Route 11, mile marker 61, Kau District , Feb. 7, 1997, litter along driveway (J. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 38542 View Materials ), 1♂, 2♀ , same, mile marker 66, Feb. 8, 1997, forest litter on hill, elev. 1000–1100 ft (J., E. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 38373 View Materials , 38378), 1♂, 5♀ . Kauai: Haena State Park , Jan. 15, 1998, litter, almond/ ficus forest (J., E. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 37439 View Materials ), 4♂, 3♀ ; Kahili Mountain , 5 mi N Koloa, Jan. 11, 1998, mixed forest, elev. 920 ft (J., E. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 38375 View Materials ), 1♂ ; Makaha Ridge Road , Jan. 23, 1998, pine forest litter, elev. 2000 ft (J., E. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 38376 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Moloaa Beach, Kuaehu Point , Jan. 11, 1988 (J. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 38543 View Materials ), 1♀ ; National Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai , Jan. 21, 1998, litter (J. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 38616 View Materials ), 3♀ , Feb. 4, 1998, litter on bank beside stream at waterfall and pool (J. Berry, AMNH PBI_ OON 37763 View Materials ), 1♀ . Oahu: Wahiawa (H. Hagan, ex MCZ 71324 View Materials , PBI_OON 96), 1♀ .

DISTRIBUTION: Pantropical, and also introduced in north temperate buildings; sometimes sympatric with I. velox . However, not all the published records of the species are accurate. For example, the specimens from St. Helena described by Benoit (1977: 41, figs. 15a–c), including his invalid “ ♂ allotype,” belong neither to I. peltifer nor I. velox .

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

MNH

Musei Nacionalis Hungarici

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

ICN

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

TMM

Texas Memorial Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Oonopidae

Genus

Ischnothyreus

Loc

Ischnothyreus peltifer (Simon)

Platnick, Norman I., Dupérré, Nadine, Ubick, Darrell & Fannes, Wouter 2012
2012
Loc

Ischnothyreus sechellorum

Saaristo, M. I. 1999: 3
Benoit, P. L. G. 1979: 208
1979
Loc

Ischnothyreus formosus

Saaristo, M. I. 2001: 345
Song, D. X. & M. S. Zhu & J. Chen 1999: 69
Chen, Z. F. & Z. H. Zhang 1991: 62
Song, D. X. 1987: 91
Brignoli, P. M. 1974: 80
1974
Loc

Ischnothyreus omus

Ono, H. 2009: 103
Saaristo, M. I. 2001: 345
Song, D. X. & M. S. Zhu & J. Chen 1999: 69
Chen, Z. F. & Z. H. Zhang 1991: 63
Suman, T. W. 1965: 226
1965
Loc

Ischnothyreus velox

Locket, G. H. & A. F. Millidge 1951: 76
Bristowe, W. S. 1948: 890
1948
Loc

Dysderina antillana

Chickering, A. M. 1968: 80
Bryant, E. B. 1942: 324
1942
Loc

Ischnothyreus peltifer:

Platnick, N. I. 2012: 12
Saaristo, M. I. & A. van Harten 2006: 135
Saaristo, M. I. 2001: 345
Dumitresco, M. & M. Georgesco 1983: 96
Chickering, A. M. 1968: 80
Chickering, A. M. 1951: 219
Petrunkevitch, A. 1929: 66
Simon, E. 1893: 298
1893
Loc

Ischnaspis peltifer

Simon, E. 1891: 562
1891