TUBOSPHAERIDAE Suzuki

Suzuki, Noritoshi, Caulet, Jean-Pierre & Dumitrica, Paulian, 2021, A new integrated morpho- and molecular systematic classification of Cenozoic radiolarians (Class Polycystinea) - suprageneric taxonomy and logical nomenclatorial acts, Geodiversitas 43 (15), pp. 405-573: 460-461

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5252/geodiversitas2021v43a15

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DC259A19-9B35-4B33-AD9F-44F4E1DA9983

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A8584914-5C69-4F52-A4B5-B93D21B66EA3

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:A8584914-5C69-4F52-A4B5-B93D21B66EA3

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

TUBOSPHAERIDAE Suzuki
status

n. fam.

Family TUBOSPHAERIDAE Suzuki   , n. fam.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:A8584914-5C69-4F52-A4B5-B93D21B66EA3

Staurostylida Haeckel, 1882: 450 [nomen dubium, as a tribe].

TYPE GENUS. — Tubosphaera Popofsky, 1917: 268 [type species by monotypy: Tubosphaera quadrispina Popofsky, 1917: 268].

INCLUDED GENERA. — Staurosphaerella Haeckel, 1887: 154   . — Stauroxiphos Haeckel, 1887: 163   (= Staurolonchidium   n. syn.). — Stylostaurus Haeckel, 1882: 450   . — Tubosphaera Popofsky, 1917: 268.

NOMINA DUBIA. — Staurosphaeromma   , Staurostylus   .

DIAGNOSIS. — Skeleton consists of four radial spines and one to three spherical shells.

STRATIGRAPHIC OCCURRENCE. — late Middle Eocene-Living.

REMARKS

This new family is represented by some genera previously included in the “Staurostylidae”. Because the type genus Staurostylus   is a nomen dubium based on a poorly illustrated Mesozoic specimen, a new family name is required. There are some doubts regarding the phylogenetic relationships among the assigned genera, but no other appropriate family is yet available.

VALIDITY OF GENERA

Stauroxiphos  

Real specimens with two shells and four decussate radial spines aligned on the equatorial plane are quite rare. Staurolonchidium   is synonymized with Stauroxiphos   for an easy identification until new information is provided in the future.

Incertae   familiae spumellarians

INCLUDED GENERA. — Peritiviator Pessagno, 1976: 45   . — Tanochenia Dumitrica, 2014b: 95   . — Tepka Sanfilippo & Riedel in Sanfilippo et al., 1973: 228.

REMARKS

Hollis (1997: 43; pl. 4, fig. 16) regarded Peritiviator   as a genus of Phorticiidae   (originally Pyloniidae   ). However, the high contrast photo makes this impossible to confirm. Tepka was once considered as Nassellaria ( Riedel & Sanfilippo 1977: 870)   but nothing is known about the complete appearance of this genus, making this grouping impossible to confirm. Tanochenia   seems to be an endemic form; its internal skeletal structure was already illustrated ( Dumitrica 2014b: pl. 1, figs 1-4).

Orphaned spumellarian family ranks

Discida Haeckel, 1862: 239-240, 476-485 [invalid name, as a family]; 1882: 456 [as a family]; 1884: 29 [as a family]. — Claus 1876: 160 [as a family]. — Dunikowski 1882: 190 [as a family]. — Lankester 1885: 849 [as a family].

Polysphaerida Zittel, 1876-1880: 120 [invalid name, rank un- known]. — Stöhr 1880: 90 [as a family].

Dyssphaeriden [sic] Hertwig, 1879: 179-185 [invalid name] (= Dyosphaeriden) [as a family].

Disciden – Hertwig 1879: 185-196 [invalid name, as a family].

Discidae   – Pantanelli 1880: 48 [invalid name].

Sphaerida Haeckel, 1882: 448 [invalid name, as a family]. — Dunikowski 1882: 184 [as a family].

Dyosphaerida Haeckel, 1882: 451 [invalid name, as a subfamily].

Polysphaeria Haeckel, 1882: 454 [invalid name, as a subfamily].

Pylocapsida Haeckel, 1882: 463 [nomen nudum, as a subfamily].

Pylophormida Haeckel, 1882: 463 [invalid name, as a subfamily].

Sphaeroida – Haeckel 1884: 28-29 [invalid name, as a family].

Diplozonaria Haeckel, 1887: 632, 640 [invalid name]. — Schröder 1909: 53 [as a subfamily]. — Tan & Chen 1990: 111-113 ( sensu emend.   ); Tan & Chen 1999: 243 [as a subfamily]. — Tan 1998: 252 [as a subfamily]. — Chen et al. 2017: 151 [as a subfamily].

Haplozonaria Haeckel, 1887: 632 [invalid name, as a subfamily]. — Schröder 1909: 53 [as a subfamily]. — Tan & Chen 1990: 124-125; 1999: 257 [as a subfamily]. — Tan 1998: 270 [as a subfamily]. — Chen et al. 2017: 150 [as a subfamily].

Triplozonaria Haeckel, 1887: 632, 656 [invalid name, as a subfamily]. — Schröder 1909: 53 [as a subfamily]. — Tan & Chen in Tan 1998: 267 [as a subfamily]. — Tan & Chen 1999: 255 [as a subfamily].

Monostomida Dreyer, 1889: 12 [invalid name, as a subfamily].

Amphistomida Dreyer, 1889: 25 [invalid name, as a subfamily].

Sphaeroidea – Deflandre 1953: 415 ( sensu emend.   ) [invalid name, as a superfamily].

Discoidea – Deflandre 1953: 416, 422 [invalid name, as a superfamily]. — Chediya 1959: 120 [as a superfamily].

Diplozonarinae – Chediya 1959: 154 [invalid name].

Haplozonarinae – Chediya 1959: 154 [invalid name].

Triplozonarinae – Chediya 1959: 155 [invalid name].

REMARKS

Families with no assigned species that are identified as probable Spumellaria   and nomen nudum without any taxonomic information are simply listed herein. This list does not include any higher rank than the family-rank (e.g., Discida).

Family

Tubosphaeridae

Loc

TUBOSPHAERIDAE Suzuki

Suzuki, Noritoshi, Caulet, Jean-Pierre & Dumitrica, Paulian 2021
2021
Loc

Discidae

PANTANELLI D. 1880: 48
1880