Antipathes furcata Gray, 1857

Lima, Manuela M., Cordeiro, Ralf T. S. & Perez, Carlos D., 2019, Black Corals (Anthozoa: Antipatharia) from the Southwestern Atlantic, Zootaxa 4692 (1), pp. 1-67: 8

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4692.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F054DC68-6A7E-4C80-9094-8ECCA4502CD6

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038F878B-C914-FF9E-F9EB-FB73FDEDF4ED

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Antipathes furcata Gray, 1857
status

 

Antipathes furcata Gray, 1857  

Fig. 35 View FIGURE 35

Antipathes furcata Gray, 1857: 291   ; Schultze, 1903:92; Opresko, 1974: 60–67, fig. 2; Loiola & Castro, 2001: 2–4, figs 2, 3, 4; Opresko, 2003: 487, fig. 3d; Opresko & Sanchez, 2005: 497, fig. 4; Molodtsova, 2006: 148.

Type and type locality. BMNH 1843.2.6 or 8 (holotype, see Opresko, 2003), Madeira, depth unknown   .

Diagnosis. “Small colonies (less than ~ 20 cm in height) fan-shaped, branched mostly in one plane; with very long, straight, ascending branches. Larger colonies (20–40 cm in height) densely branched, in a thick plane with numerous overlapping branches. Branches directed upward and away from the centre, with most reaching to the top of the corallum; branch angles very narrow, 30° or less. Spines short, triangular, smooth, 0.05–0.1 mm tall and 0.07– 0.1 mm wide at their base; arranged in 6–8 rows with 30–40 spines per centimeter in each row. Spines occasionally bifid or forked. Polyps 0.7–1.0 mm in transverse diameter; arranged in a single series on one side of branches; 6–8 polyps per centimeter. Colonies white in color when alive.” ( Opresko & Sanchez, 2005).

Distribution. Madeira Island ( Gray, 1857), Caribbean Sea ( Opresko, 1974; Opresko & Sanchez, 2005), and Brazil (fig. 35) ( Loiola & Castro, 2001); from 15 m, in Caribbean Sea ( Opresko & Sanchez, 2005) to 2480 m, in Northeastern Atlantic ( Molodtsova, 2006).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Antipatharia

Family

Antipathidae

Genus

Antipathes

Loc

Antipathes furcata Gray, 1857

Lima, Manuela M., Cordeiro, Ralf T. S. & Perez, Carlos D. 2019
2019
Loc

Antipathes furcata

Molodtsova, T. N. 2006: 148
Opresko, D. M. & Sanchez, J. A. 2005: 497
Gray, D. R. 1857: 291
1857