Antipathes Pallas, 1766

Lima, Manuela M., Cordeiro, Ralf T. S. & Perez, Carlos D., 2019, Black Corals (Anthozoa: Antipatharia) from the Southwestern Atlantic, Zootaxa 4692 (1), pp. 1-67: 6

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Antipathes Pallas, 1766


Genus Antipathes Pallas, 1766  

Type-species. Antipathes dichotoma Pallas, 1766   (by subsequent designation: Brook, 1889).

Diagnosis. Corallum sparsely to densely branched; bushy or flabellate, rarely monopodial. Branches variable in length, irregularly disposed or bilaterally, but never pinnulated. Spines usually triangular to conical in side view, smooth or papillose; frequently laterally compressed; apex multilobate or bifurcated. Polyps 1 to 3 mm in diameter, sometimes elongate in saggital axis in relation to the transverse axis (adapted from Opresko, 2005 and Brugler et al., 2013).

Distribution. Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans (Opresko, 2003; Opresko, 2005; Opresko & Sanchez, 2005).