Stichopathes occidentalis (Gray, 1860)

Lima, Manuela M., Cordeiro, Ralf T. S. & Perez, Carlos D., 2019, Black Corals (Anthozoa: Antipatharia) from the Southwestern Atlantic, Zootaxa 4692 (1), pp. 1-67: 12

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4692.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F054DC68-6A7E-4C80-9094-8ECCA4502CD6

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/038F878B-C918-FF92-F9EB-FA7DFAB6F5D0

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Stichopathes occidentalis (Gray, 1860)
status

 

Stichopathes occidentalis (Gray, 1860)  

Fig. 35 View FIGURE 35

Cirrhipathes setacea var. occidentalis Gray, 1860: 311   .

Stichopathes occidentalis: Brook, 1889: 92–93   , figs. 7,8; Opresko & Sanchez, 2005: 500–501, figs. 9,10; Opresko, 2009: 362; Cordeiro et al., 2012: 826–828, figs 1,2; Opresko, 2014: 1–2, fig 1a.

Type and type locality. BMNH, Turks Island (Gray, 1860), depth unknown   .

Diagnosis. “Gray’s type of this form is 2.74 m long, very slender and tapering; the base is 2 mm in diameter, and the apex 0.2 mm. The whole stem is like a slender whip lash, and shows no signs of spiral curvature. The spines are short and conical, but somewhat compressed. In more slender portions of the specimen they are arranged in dextrorse spirals which are about twice the length of a spine apart. Nearer the base the spiral arrangement is lost, and the spines are thicker and stand out horizontally” ( Brook, 1889).

Distribution. Turks Island (Gray, 1860), off West Africa, Islas das Rolas (Broch, 1920 apud Opresko, 2014), Caribbean Sea ( Opresko & Sanchez, 2005; Opresko, 2009), off Pernambuco, Brazil ( Cordeiro et al., 2012); and Ascension Island (fig. 35) (Opresko, 2014); from 30 m (Opresko, 2014) to 70 m depths ( Opresko, 2009).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Antipatharia

Family

Antipathidae

Genus

Stichopathes

Loc

Stichopathes occidentalis (Gray, 1860)

Lima, Manuela M., Cordeiro, Ralf T. S. & Perez, Carlos D. 2019
2019
Loc

Stichopathes occidentalis

: Brook 1889: 92
1889
Loc

Cirrhipathes setacea var. occidentalis

Gray 1860: 311
1860